Sec. 9-4.2402.  Parking spaces required.
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   Every use hereby inaugurated and every building or structure hereafter erected or altered shall have permanently maintained parking spaces in accordance with the provisions as set forth in this section.
   The number of off-street parking spaces required shall be no less than the following:
 
Use
Parking Spaces Required
(a) Residential types
 
(1) Dwellings, single-family in the R-A, R-E, R-O, R-1 and R-2 zones
2 spaces (enclosed) per unit; 3 spaces (2 enclosed) per unit with 5-6 bedrooms; 4 spaces (enclosed) per unit with 7 or more bedrooms. Covered parking may be authorized only in special circumstances as determined by the Community Development Director
(2) Dwellings, single-family in the RPD and HPD zones
2 spaces (enclosed) per unit; 3 spaces (enclosed) per unit with 5-6 bedrooms; 4 spaces (enclosed) per unit with 7 or more bedrooms
(3) Dormitories or clubs with sleeping facilities
1 for each sleeping room; in case of dormitories, 100 square feet of floor area with sleeping facilities shall be considered a sleeping room
(4) Dwellings, apartments
(i) unrestricted units
(i) Studio and one bedroom apartments, 1 space (covered) per unit; two bedroom apartments, 1-1/2 spaces (1 covered) per unit; three or more bedroom apartments, 2 spaces (1 covered) per unit; plus an additional 1/2 space per each unit for guest parking
(ii) for senior citizens (defined by Cal. Civil Code Sec. 51.3, as amended)
(ii) 1 covered space per unit, plus an additional 1/4 space per unit for guest parking
(iii) for persons with disabilities
(iii) parking shall be based on a study provided by the developer to substantiate parking need
(iv) density bonus program incentive
(iv) Refer to Sec. 9-10.503(b)(9) concerning the density bonus program
(5) Dwellings, attached townhomes, condominiums
(i) unrestricted units
(i) 2 spaces (enclosed or covered) per unit, plus 1 additional space per unit for guest parking
(ii) density bonus program incentive
(ii) Refer to Sec. 9-10.503(b)(9) concerning the density bonus program
(6) Mobile home parks
2 spaces (may be in tandem, 1 covered for each site); plus 1 space per each unit for guest parking
(7) Dwelling, accessory
As provided in Section 9-4.2521
(b) Institutional types
 
(1) Hospitals
The required spaces shall be based on a parking demand analysis and expressed as spaces/bed when expansion includes beds, and spaces/s.f. when building expansion does not include additional beds
(2) Children’s homes
1 for each 3 beds.
(3) Convalescent hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, nursing homes
0.75 for each bed.
(4) Churches and mortuaries
1 for every 4 fixed seats or 28 square feet where no permanent seats are maintained in the main assembly area.  Every 20 inches on a bench shall be considered as one seat for parking purposes.  Additional parking shall be provided for connected uses such as schools, day care facilities, etc., unless alternating use of the facilities can be established.
(5) Libraries, museums, and galleries
1 for each 225 square feet of gross floor area.
(6) Elementary and junior high schools
1 for each classroom and 1 for every 5 fixed seats or for every 35 square feet of nonfixed seating area in the auditorium.
(7) High schools
6 for each classroom and 1 for every 5 fixed seats or for every 35 square feet of nonfixed seating area in the auditorium, plus additional parking for dormitories
(8) Colleges and universities
7 for each classroom and 1 for every 5 fixed seats or for every 35 square feet of nonfixed seating area in the auditorium, plus additional parking for dormitories.
(9) Day nurseries, preschools
1 for every 5 children maximum enrollment, plus provision for loading/unloading facilities.
(10) Assisted living facilities
0.6 for each bed.
(11) Continuing care retirement communities
1.4 for each independent living unit, plus parking required for the assisted living and skilled nursing components of the community.
(c) Commercial types
 
(1) Any commercial use listed as permitted in the C-1, C-2, or C-3 Zones, irrespective of where it is maintained, except as specifically provided below:
1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area.
(2) Bowling lanes
3 for each bowling lane, plus additional parking for connected commercial uses, such as eating and drinking establishments.
(3) Automotive dealerships and other open air sales
1 for each 1,000 square feet of gross lot area devoted to display and sales plus 1 for each 5,000 square feet over 10,000 square feet of gross lot area, or a minimum of one for each employee plus additional parking for connected commercial uses.
(4) Automotive car washes (conveyor)
1 for each employee on the largest shift plus provision of adequate ingress/egress stacking.
(5) Automotive car washes (self- service)
1 for each employee on the largest shift plus 1.5 for each washing bay.
(6) Automotive service stations (self-service fuel dispensing only)
2 plus 1 for each employee on the largest shift.
(7) Automotive service stations (fuel dispensing and mechanical service and/or repair)
3 plus 2 for each service bay.
(8) Automotive repair facilities
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area.
(9) Furniture, carpet, appliance stores and other similar uses utilizing large showroom area for display of bulk goods excluding lamp shops, plumbing accessory shops, and similar specialty uses
1 for each 750 square feet of gross floor area.
(10) Hotels and motels
1.25 for each unit, plus additional parking for connected commercial uses such as restaurants, retail shops, entertainment and assembly facilities contained within the hotel/motel complex unless alternating or mixed use of the facilities can be established.
(11) Spectator entertainment, theaters, sports arenas, stadiums and similar uses
1 for every 5 fixed seats or for every 35 square feet of nonfixed seating area in the auditorium.
(12) Participating entertainment, dance halls and similar uses
1 for each 45 square feet of gross floor area in the activity area plus 1 for each 250 square feet of other floor area.
(13) Skating rinks and similar recreational uses
1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area plus provision for loading/unloading facilities.
(14) Restaurants and similar dining establishments
1 for each 45 square feet of customer area and 1 for each 250 square feet of all other floor area plus additional parking for connected commercial uses such as drinking establishments; no additional spaces are required for outdoor customer dining areas within the seating limits set forth in Section 9-4.2523(a)(1).
(15) Cocktail lounges, taverns, bars and similar drinking establishments
1 for each 35 square feet of gross floor area.
(16) Golf courses
10 per hole and 1 for each 35 square feet of gross floor area in assembly buildings connected with the course, plus 1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area for connected commercial uses.
(17) Golf driving ranges
1.25 for each tee.
(18) Miniature golf courses
2 per hole and 1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area for connected commercial uses.
(19) Game courts (tennis, racquetball, etc.)
3 for each court plus additional parking for connected commercial uses.
(20) Public swimming pools, swim clubs
1 for each 500 square feet of gross land area for pool and related facilities, plus 1 for each 45 square feet of pool water area.
(21) Exercise rooms, dance and aerobics studios and similar uses
1 for each 45 square feet of gross floor area in the activity area plus 1 for each 250 square feet of other floor area.
(22) Health clubs, gymnasiums, figure salons and similar uses with affixed athletic equipment and/or mechanical training facilities
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area in the activity area plus 1 for each 250 square feet of other floor area.
(23) Game arcades
1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area plus provision for adequate bicycle parking.
(24) Trade schools, business colleges and similar adult schools
1 for every employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for each student maximum enrollment at any one time.
(25) Instructional clinics, commercial educational facilities, and other training schools for children under 16 years of age
1 for every employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 250 square feet of gross floor area.
(26) Business and professional offices
1 for each 250 square feet of floor area as calculated under Section 9-4.2403(d).
(27) Medical, dental, surgical and physical therapy offices
1 for each 200 square feet of gross floor area.
(28) Psychologists, psychiatrist, chiropractors, counselors and other similar uses with individualized patient programs
1 for each 250 square feet of floor area as calculated under Section 9-4.2403(d).
(29) Bicycle stores
1 for each 500 square feet of gross floor area; plus bicycle racks for 1 bicycle per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
(30) Martial arts studios (karate, judo and similar self-defense schools)
1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area.
(31) Garden center
1 for each 250 square feet of building gross floor area plus 1 for each 2,000 square feet of outdoor display and sales area
(32) Home improvement centers
One (1) for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of building floor area up to fifty thousand (50,000) square feet, plus one (1) for each three hundred thirty-three (333) square feet of building floor area above fifty thousand (50,000) square feet, plus one (1) for each two thousand (2,000) square feet of outdoor display and sales area
(d) Manufacturing types:
 
(1) Industrial uses listed as permitted in the M-1 and M-2 Zones, except as specifically provided below
1 for each 500 square feet of gross floor area or 1 for every 2 employees on the largest shift, whichever is greater, plus 1 for each company vehicle, plus 1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area for incidental office use.
(2) Research and development facilities
1 for each 300 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 for each company vehicle, plus 1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area for incidental office use.
(3) Automated or semi-automatic public or quasi-public utilities
1 for every employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for each company vehicle (2 minimum) plus 1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area for incidental office use.
(4) Warehouses, exclusive of any assembly, manufacturing, or sales activity
1 for every 1,000 square feet of gross floor area for the first 5,000 square feet of gross floor area, then 1 for every 5,000 square feet additional, plus 1 for each 250 square feet of gross floor area for incidental office use.
(5) Technology and/or life sciences
One (1) parking space for every 500 square feet of net floor area. A total of 20 percent of an occupant’s gross area may be devoted to office use in support of the principal use without providing parking spaces at a ratio greater than one space per 500 square feet of net office floor area. However, office area which supports a principal use, and which exceeds 20 percent of an occupant’s area, shall provide parking spaces for the entire office area at a ratio of one space per 300 square feet of net office floor area.
 
(§ 8161.2, T.O.O.C., as amended by § 17, Ord. 86, § I, Ord. 208, §§ I and II, Ord. 243, and § I, Ord. 149-NS, eff. May 7, 1970, as renumbered by § XIV, Ord. 173-NS, eff. November 5, 1970, as amended by § III, Ord. 683-NS, eff. August 10, 1978, § 1, Ord. 857-NS, eff. April 24, 1984, Ord. 1175-NS, eff. April 13, 1993, § 1, Ord. 1211-NS, eff. May 24, 1994, § 1, Ord. 1290-NS, eff. August 21, 1997, § 5, Ord. 1323-NS, eff. June 25, 1998, § 1, Ord. 1368-NS, eff. November 23, 2000, and § 29, Ord. 1392-NS, eff. June 7, 2002, § 4, Ord. 1412-NS, eff. August 14, 2003, § 7, Ord. 1485-NS, eff. October 11, 2007, § 2, Ord. 1541-NS, eff. October 20, 2010, § 6, Ord. 1554-NS, eff. May 13, 2011, § 6, Ord. 1569-NS, eff. March 9, 2012; § 17, Ord. 1614-NS, eff. April 22, 2016, § 2, Ord. 1623-NS, eff. September 30, 2016,§ 6, Ord. 1631-NS, eff. July 14, 2017, § 4, Ord. 1664-NS, eff. October 25, 2019, and Part 8, Ord. 1678-NS, eff. February 28, 2020)