1125.06  INSTALLATION AND OPERATION REGULATIONS.
   (a)   Buildings. No permit shall be issued for the location of a coinoperated dry cleaning machine in any building more than one story in height or in any building used in part as a dwelling. All such buildings shall be of masonry construction with concrete floors. The walls of such buildings shall be of masonry and this shall include partition walls between adjoining premises, and these walls shall be carried to the roof of the building and shall be as airtight as if they were parapet walls. With the exception of the prohibition against use as a dwelling, the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to buildings in which coin-operated dry cleaning machines are in use at the time of passage of this chapter. However, the standards for licensing and operation herein contained shall in all other respects apply.
   (b)   Diking. No coin-operated dry cleaning machine shall be placed or installed unless there is provided, either in the base of the machine or on the floor of the building directly beneath the machine, a system of diking at least four inches high composed of a nonporous material which forms an enclosure of sufficient size to hold a liquid volume equal to twenty percent of the maximum quantity of solvent which is contained in such machine. Each such diked enclosure shall be fitted with a two-inch drain which shall lead to a buried tank of sufficient size to accept all the solvent contained in the machine system for which it is to be used.
   (c)   Sources of Danger. In any premises in which there are located coin-operated dry cleaning machines, all storage tanks, power boxes and other sources of danger shall be so situated as to be inaccessible to the general public.
   (d)   Dryers. No coin-operated dry cleaning machines shall be located within ten feet of any gas-fired dryer or similar gas-fired device, provided, however, that gas-fired dryers, when vented to the outside and fitted with air intakes as required by this chapter and when located in an airtight enclosure which allows only the face of the machine to be exposed, shall not fall within this prohibition.
   (e)   Air Intakes. In any premises in which there are located coinoperated dry cleaning machines, all combustion air intakes for heat processing equipment shall be located outside the premises and, if such air intakes are located on the roof of any such premises, no part of the aperture through which the air enters the intake shall be lower than any parapet or similar structure capable of trapping or confining vapors from fluids used in the dry cleaning equipment, but in no event shall it be less than five feet above the roof line, but may be greater at the discretion of the Department of Public Safety.
   (f)   Exits. In any premises in which there are located coin-operated dry cleaning machines, there shall be provided no less than two exits, both of which must lead directly to the outside. These exits shall be at least twentyfive feet apart, except that in those instances where the premises in which the machines are located has a frontage of less than thirty feet, such exits shall be separated by a distance at least equal to the frontage of such premises, less the width of the exits.
   (g)   Underwriters' Laboratory Approval. All coin-operated dry cleaning machines operated in this City must have the Underwriters' Laboratory seal of approval.
   (h)   Solvent Storage. All premises in which there are located coinoperated dry cleaning machines shall be equipped with storage facilities for the solvent used in the dry cleaning process, which shall be airtight and shall be designed to prevent spillage, leakage or evaporation and which aggregate capacity shall not exceed 220 gallons. The solvent shall be transferred from such facilities through a line free of leaks. If a pump is used it must be a suction pump. No filling of such facilities shall take place anywhere within the premises except in the machine service area.
   (i)   Machine Service Area. All coin-operated dry cleaning machines shall be installed so that only the front or customer side of the machine is exposed to the public; the balance of the machine shall only be accessible from the machine service area. This shall be accomplished by designing and constructing a wall in the premises which makes provision for the placement of the machines in its face in such a manner that when the machines are in place, they and the wall form a solid partition which separates and seals off the machine service area from the public area. Access to the machine service area shall be gained through doors equipped with locks and shall be kept locked at all times. The wall shall be designed to allow an air flow from the public area to the machine service area through grilles or ducts located as close as practicable to the machines, and sized on the basis of 500 c. f. m. per square foot of grille area.
   (j)   Exhaust System. All coin-operated dry cleaning machines shall be equipped with an exhaust system capable of maintaining a minimum of 100 feet per minute face velocity through the loading door when opened. This system shall terminate at vent stacks projecting not less than five feet above the roof. These stacks shall be located not less than fifteen feet from any air intake, shall not be closer than twenty-five feet to any opening of any building or within 100 feet of a residential dwelling. Such machines shall also be equipped with one or more two-inch scavenger pipes, or the equivalent, extending to a point not less than six inches from the floor and connected to the machines' exhaust system.
   (k)   Required Equipment. All coin-operated dry cleaning machines shall be equipped with an interlock system to prevent the loading door from being opened during the normal cycle of the machine. This system shall be either electrical or mechanical and should be constructed so that in the event of malfunction it shall fail safe. Such machines shall also be equipped with lint traps.
   (l)   Ductwork. All ductwork in any premises in which there is conducted coin-operated dry cleaning must be sealed (soldered or taped) and all discharge stacks must extend to a minimum of five feet above the roof line.
   (m)   Minimum Air Flow Rate. All premises in which there are located coin-operated dry cleaning machines must be equipped with an exhaust system capable of maintaining a minimum flow rate of air from the customer area through the partition required in subsection (i) hereof to the machine service area as follows:
Number of Machines   Minimum Air Flow Rate per Machine (C. F. M.)
1 - 3   500
4 - 8   400
9 - 16   375
17 or more   360
   (n)   Emergency Ventilation Equipment. The machine service area of any coin-operated dry cleaning machine site shall be equipped with one or more general ventilation fans to be used only in the event of solvent leakage or other emergency. This ventilation equipment shall be capable of changing the air in the machine service area once a minute.
   (o)   Tempered Make-up Air. All premises in which there are located coin-operated dry cleaning machines shall be provided with equipment which induces a supply of tempered make-up air in an amount equal to or greater than the volume of air exhausted from the building by the ventilating equipment required for the operation of the machines in order to eliminate a negative pressure condition.
   (p)   Wiring Plan. The wiring plan for any premises in which there is conducted coin-operated dry cleaning must be so designed that the coinoperated dry cleaning machines cannot be operated unless the ventilation system required for the operation of the machine is simultaneously in operation.
   (q)   Fire and Respiratory Equipment. Fire equipment and respiratory equipment of a type approved by the South Euclid Bureau of Fire Prevention shall be provided for use by maintenance personnel and such equipment must be kept in good repair and available for immediate use.
   (r)   Change in Ownership. Every permit holder under this chapter shall notify the Director of Public Safety prior to any sale, assignment or change in ownership of the premises named in the permit.
   (s)   Qualified Attendant. A qualified attendant employed by the permit holder shall be present at all times when premises where coin-operated dry cleaning machines are located are open for business. A qualified attendant shall be deemed to be a person over twenty-one years of age who is generally familiar with the equipment in the permit holder's premises, who has a knowledge of what action to take to protect the public in the event of an emergency arising by virtue of a malfunction in the equipment and who has been approved by the Department of Public Safety as a person of the required age and possessed of this knowledge.
   (t)   Signs. All premises in which coin-operated dry cleaning is conducted shall prominently display one or more signs setting forth step-bystep instructions for the use of the machines. A telephone number must be listed for emergency assistance. It shall also clearly warn of the danger of excessive solvent vapor inhalation and the danger of skin irritation from contact with the dry cleaning solvent.
   (u)   Solvent. Coin-operated dry cleaning machines shall be operated only with the solvent specified by the machines' manufacturer, but in no event shall solvents classified as flammable at ordinary temperatures and in normal use be employed in any machine or on the premises, and in the event that perchloroethylene or any fluorinated hydrocarbon is used, its odor shall not be masked or altered in any way.
   (v)   Vapor. No coin-operated dry cleaning machine shall be used if the concentration of perchloroethylene or fluorinated hydrocarbon is greater than one hundred parts to 1,000,000 parts of air anywhere in the building in which the machines are located.
   (w)   Residue. Filter residue and other residue-containing cleaning solvent used in coin-operated dry cleaning machines shall be disposed of under the direction of the Safety Department. Temporary storage of this material shall be in a covered metal container, either kept in the machine service area or locked and anchored outside the building.
   (x)   Maintenance. All ventilation equipment, piping, ducting and all other equipment required by this chapter shall be kept clean and in good operating condition.
(Ord. 35-62. Passed 11-26-62)