Skip to code content (skip section selection)
101.02 GENERAL DEFINITIONS.
As used in the Codified Ordinances, unless another definition is provided or the context otherwise requires:
(a) "And" may be read "or", and "or" may be read "and", if the sense requires it.
(b) "Another" when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property.
(c) "Bond" includes an undertaking and "undertaking" includes a bond.
(ORC 1.02(D), (E))
(d) "Council" means the legislative authority of the City.
(e) "County" means Cuyahoga County, Ohio.
(f) "Keeper" or "proprietor" includes all persons, whether acting by themselves or as a servant, agent or employee.
(g) "Land" or "real estate" includes rights and easements of an incorporeal nature.
(h) "Municipality" or "City" means the City of Shaker Heights, Ohio.
(i) "Oath" includes affirmation and "swear" includes affirm.
(j) "Owner", when applied to property, includes any part owner, joint owner or tenant in common of the whole or part of such property.
(k) "Person" includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership and association.
(l) "Premises", as applied to property, includes land and buildings.
(m) "Property" means real and personal property.
"Personal property" includes all property except real.
"Real property" includes lands, tenements and hereditaments.
(n) "Public authority" includes boards of education; the Municipal, County, State or Federal government, its officers or an agency thereof; or any duly authorized public official.
(o) "Public place" includes any street, sidewalk, park, cemetery, school yard, body of water or watercourse, public conveyance, or any other place for the sale of merchandise, public accommodation or amusement.
(p) "Registered mail" includes certified mail and "certified mail" includes registered mail.
(q) "Rule" includes regulation. (ORC 1.59(F))
(r) "Sidewalk" means that portion of the street between the curb line and the adjacent property line intended for the use of pedestrians.
(s) "This State" or "the State" means the State of Ohio.
(t) "Street" includes alleys, avenues, boulevards, lanes, roads, highways, viaducts and all other public thoroughfares within the City.
(u) "Tenant" or "occupant", as applied to premises, includes any person holding a written or oral lease, or who actually occupies the whole or any part of such premises, alone or with others.
(v) "Whoever" includes all persons, natural and artificial; partners; principals, agents and employees; and all officials, public or private.
(w) "Written" or "in writing" includes any representation of words, letters, symbols or figures. This provision does not affect any law relating to signatures.