In interpreting this title, the rules and definitions contained in this section shall be observed and applied, except when the context clearly indicates otherwise.
   A.   Words used in the present tense shall include the future, and words use in singular number shall include the plural number, and the plural the singular.
   B.   The word "shall" is mandatory and not discretionary.
   C.   The word "may" is permissive.
   D.   The masculine gender includes the feminine and neuter.
ALLEY: A public or private right of way primarily designed to serve as secondary access to the side or rear of those properties whose principal frontage is on some other street.
BLOCK: A tract of land bounded by streets, or by a combination of streets and public parks, cemeteries, railroad rights of way, shorelines of waterways or boundary lines of the village.
BUILDING: Any structure built for the support, shelter, or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels or movable property of any kind and which is permanently affixed to the land.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE: A line within a lot or other parcel of land so designated on the recorded plat, between which line and the adjacent boundary of the street the erection of a building is prohibited.
COLLECTOR RESIDENTIAL STREET: A street which carries traffic from minor streets to the primary street system, including the principal entrance streets of a residence development.
CUL-DE-SAC: A local street with only one outlet and having an appropriate terminal for the safe and convenient reversal of traffic movement.
DEVELOPER: Any person or corporation or duly authorized agent who undertakes the subdivision of land as defined herein.
EASEMENT: A grant by a property owner for the use of a strip of land by the general public, a corporation, or a certain person or persons for a specific purpose or purposes.
FINAL PLAT: A map and any accompanying material prepared by the developer and approved by the village, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 3, article B of this title, to be recorded as a subdivision.
FRONTAGE: The length of the front property line of the lot, lots or tract of land abutting a public street, road, highway, or rural right of way.
GRADE: The slope of a road, street, or other public way, specified in percent and shown on the street profile plans as required herein.
IMPROVEMENT, PUBLIC: Any sanitary sewer, storm sewer, drainage ditch, water main, roadway, parkway, sidewalk, bike path, pedestrianway, planting strip, off street parking area, or other facility for which the village may ultimately assume the responsibility for maintenance and operation.
LIMITED ACCESS HIGHWAY: A state route with access control under the authority of the Illinois department of transportation.
LOT: A portion of a subdivision or other parcel of land with access to a public street intended for transfer of ownership for building development.
MINOR RESIDENTIAL STREET: A street intended primarily as access to abutting properties.
OWNER: Any person, group of persons, firm or firms, corporation or corporations, or any other legal entity having legal title to the land sought to be subdivided under this title.
PRELIMINARY PLAT: The drawings and documents presented for tentative approval. A "preliminary plat" may be either for a planned unit development or for a subdivision.
RATIONAL METHOD: A formula for calculating peak stormwater flow for watersheds. Q=CIA: Accumulated concentrated flow (Q) at the outlet of a designated drainage area (A<50 acres) during a rainfall of intensity (I, inch/hour). C = a constant based on surface condition of the drainage area.
RIGHT OF WAY: A strip of land occupied or intended to be occupied by a street, crosswalk, railroad, electric transmission line, oil or gas pipeline, water main, sanitary or storm sewer main, or for another special use. The use of the term "rights of way" for land platting purposes in Scales Mound shall mean that every right of way is to be separate and distinct from the lots or parcels adjoining such right of way, and not included with the dimensions or areas of such lots or parcels. "Rights of way" intended for streets, crosswalks, water mains, sanitary sewers, storm drains, or any other use involving maintenance by a public agency shall be dedicated to public use by the maker of the plat on which such right of way is established.
ROADWAY: A surfaced portion of the street available for vehicular traffic.
SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM, INDIVIDUAL: A septic tank seepage tile sewage disposal system or any other sewage treatment device approved and in accordance with the rules of the Jo Daviess County health department.
SIDEWALK: That portion of the street or crosswalkway, paved or otherwise surfaced, and shall be for pedestrian use only.
STREET: A public right of way which affords a primary means of vehicular access to abutting properties, whether designated as a street, avenue, highway, road, boulevard, land, or throughway, or however otherwise designated, but excepting an alley or driveway to buildings.
STREET, HALF: A street bordering one or more property lines of a tract of land in which the developer has only allocated a part of the ultimate right of way width and is not permitted by this title.
SUBDIVISION: The division of any parcel of land into two (2) or more parts, any of which parts is less than five (5) acres, for the purpose of ownership transfer or building development, or if a new street is involved, any division of a parcel of land. The term includes any division of land that attempts to avoid the requirements of this title. Where appropriate to the context, the term shall relate to the process of subdividing or to the land subdivided.
TR-55 METHOD: "Technical release 55 (TR-55)" presents simplified procedures to calculate storm runoff volume, peak rate of discharge, hydrographs, and storage volumes required for floodwater reservoirs.
ZONING ORDINANCE: The village zoning ordinance and subsequent amendments thereto. (Ord., 12-27-2007)