TITLE I:  GENERAL PROVISIONS
Chapter
   10.   GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER 10:  GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section
   10.01   Title of code
   10.02   Interpretation
   10.03   Application to future ordinances
   10.04   Captions
   10.05   Definitions
   10.06   Rules of interpretation
   10.07   Severability
   10.08   Reference to other sections
   10.09   Reference to offices
   10.10   Errors and omissions
   10.11   Official time
   10.12   Reasonable time; computing time
   10.13   Ordinances repealed
   10.14   Ordinances unaffected
   10.15   Effective date of ordinances
   10.16   Repeal or modification of ordinances
   10.17   Ordinances which amend or supplement code
   10.18   Section histories; statutory references
 
   10.99   General penalty
§ 10.01  TITLE OF CODE.
   This codification of ordinances by and for the city of Roxboro shall be designated as the Code of Roxboro, North Carolina, and may be so cited.
§ 10.02  INTERPRETATION.
   Unless otherwise provided herein, or by law or implication required, the same rules of construction, definition, and application shall govern the interpretation of this code as those governing the inter-pretation of state law.
§ 10.03  APPLICATION TO FUTURE ORDINANCES.
   All provisions of Title I compatible with future legislation shall apply to ordinances hereafter adopted amending or supplementing this code unless otherwise specifically provided.
§ 10.04  CAPTIONS.
   Headings and captions used in this code other than the title, chapter and section numbers are employed for reference purposes only and shall not be deemed a part of the text of any section.
§ 10.05  DEFINITIONS.
   (A)   General rule.  Words and phrases shall be taken in their plain, or ordinary and usual sense.  However, technical words and phrases having a peculiar and appropriate meaning in law shall be understood according to their technical import.
   (B)   Definitions.  For the purpose of this code, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
      CITY.  The City of Roxboro.
      CODE,THIS CODE or THIS CODE OF ORDINANCES.  This  municipal code as modified by amendment, revision and adoption of new titles, chapters or sections.
      COUNTY.  Person County, North Carolina.
      MAY.  The act referred to is permissive.
      MONTH.  A calendar month.
      OATH.  An affirmation in all cases in which, by law, an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in such cases the words SWEAR and SWORN shall be equivalent to the words AFFIRM and AFFIRMED.
      OFFICER, OFFICE, EMPLOYEE, COMMISSION or DEPARTMENT.  An officer, office, employee, commission or department of this city unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
      PERSON.  Extends to and includes person, persons, firm, corporation, copartnership, trustee, lessee or receiver. Whenever used in any clause prescribing and imposing a penalty, the terms PERSON or WHOEVER, as applied to any unincorporated entity, shall mean the partners or members thereof, and as applied to corporations, the officers or agents thereof.
      PRECEDING or FOLLOWING.  Next before or next after, respectively.
      SHALL.  The act referred to is mandatory.
      SIGNATURE or SUBSCRIPTION.  Includes a mark when the person cannot write.
      STATE.  The State of North Carolina.
      SUBCHAPTER.  A division of a chapter, designated in this code by a heading in the chapter analysis and a capitalized heading in the body of the chapter, setting apart a group of sections related by the subject matter of the heading. Not all chapters have subchapters.
      WRITTEN.  Any representation of words, letters or figures, whether by printing or otherwise.
      YEAR.  A calendar year, unless otherwise expressed.
§ 10.06  RULES OF INTERPRETATION.
   The construction of all ordinances of this city shall be by the following rules, unless such construction is plainly repugnant to the intent of the legislative body or of the context of the same ordinance:
   (A)    AND or OR.  Either conjunction shall include the other as if written "and/or,” if the sense requires it.
   (B)   Acts by assistants.  When a statute or ordinance requires an act to be done which, by law, an agent or deputy as well may do as the principal, such requisition shall be satisfied by the performance of such act by an authorized agent or deputy.
   (C)   Gender; singular and plural; tenses.  Words denoting the masculine gender shall be deemed to include the feminine and neuter genders; words in the singular shall include the plural, and words in the plural shall include the singular; the use of a verb in the present tense shall include the future, if applicable.
   (D)   General term.  A general term following specific enumeration of terms is not to be limited to the class enumerated unless expressly so limited.
§ 10.07  SEVERABILITY.
   If any provision of this code as now or later amended or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.
§ 10.08  REFERENCE TO OTHER SECTIONS.
   Whenever in one section reference is made to another section hereof, such reference shall extend and apply to the section referred to as subsequently amended, revised, recodified or renumbered, unless the subject matter is changed or materially altered by the amendment or revision.
§ 10.09  REFERENCE TO OFFICES.
   Reference to a public office or officer shall be deemed to apply to any office, officer or employee of this city exercising the powers, duties or functions contemplated in the provision, irrespective of any transfer of functions or change in the official title of the functionary.
§ 10.10  ERRORS AND OMISSIONS.
   If a manifest error is discovered, consisting of the misspelling of any words; the omission of any word or words necessary to express the intention of the provisions affected; the use of a word or words to which no meaning can be attached; or the use of a word or words when another word or words was clearly intended to express such intent, such spelling shall be corrected and such word or words supplied, omitted or substituted as will conform with the manifest intention, and the provisions shall have the same effect as though the correct words were contained in the text as originally published.  No alteration shall be made or permitted if any question exists regarding the nature or extent of such error.
§ 10.11  OFFICIAL TIME.
   The official time, as established by applicable state and federal laws, shall be the official time within this city for the transaction of all municipal business.
§ 10.12  REASONABLE TIME; COMPUTING TIME.
   (A)   In all cases where an ordinance requires an act to be done in a reasonable time or requires reasonable notice to be given, reasonable time or notice shall be deemed to mean the time which is necessary for a prompt performance of such act or the giving of such notice.
   (B)   The time within which an act is to be done, as herein provided, shall be computed by excluding the first day and including the last.  If the last day is Sunday, it shall be excluded.
§ 10.13  ORDINANCES REPEALED.
   This code, from and after its effective date, shall contain all of the provisions of a general nature pertaining to the subjects herein enumerated and embraced.  All prior ordinances pertaining to the subjects treated by this code shall be deemed repealed from and after the effective date of this code.
§ 10.14  ORDINANCES UNAFFECTED.
   All ordinances of a temporary or special nature and all other ordinances pertaining to subjects not embraced in this code shall remain in full force and effect unless herein repealed expressly or by necessary implication.
§ 10.15  EFFECTIVE DATE OF ORDINANCES.
   All ordinances passed by the legislative body requiring publication shall take effect from and after the due publication thereof, unless otherwise expressly provided.  Ordinances not requiring publication shall take effect from their passage, unless otherwise expressly provided.
§ 10.16  REPEAL OR MODIFICATION OF ORDINANCES.
   (A)   Whenever any ordinance or part of an ordinance shall be repealed or modified by a subsequent ordinance, the ordinance or part of an ordinance thus repealed or modified shall continue in force until the due publication of the ordinance repealing or modifying it when publication is required to give effect thereto, unless otherwise expressly provided.
   (B)   No suit, proceedings, right, fine, forfeiture or penalty instituted, created, given, secured or accrued under any ordinance previous to its repeal shall in any way be affected, released or discharged, but may be prosecuted, enjoyed and recovered as fully as if the ordinance had continued in force unless it is otherwise expressly provided.
   (C)   When any ordinance repealing a former ordinance, clause or provision shall be itself repealed, the repeal shall not be construed to revive the former ordinance, clause or provision, unless it is expressly provided.
§ 10.17  ORDINANCES WHICH AMEND OR SUPPLEMENT CODE.
   (A)   If the legislative body shall desire to amend any existing chapter or section of this code, the chapter or section shall be specifically repealed and a new chapter or section containing the desired amendment substituted in its place.
   (B)   Any ordinance which is proposed to add to the existing code a new chapter or section shall indicate, with reference to the arrangement of this code, the proper number of such chapter or section. In addition to such indication thereof as may appear in the text of the proposed ordinance, a caption or title shall be shown in concise form above the ordinance.
§ 10.18  SECTION HISTORIES; STATUTORY REFERENCES.
   (A)   As histories for the code sections, the specific number and passage date of the original ordinance, and the most recent three amending ordinances, if any, are listed following the text of the code section.  Example:  (Ord. 10, passed 5-13-60; Am. Ord. 15, passed 1-1-70; Am. Ord. 20, passed 1-1-80; Am. Ord. 25, passed 1-1-85)
   (B)   (1)   A statutory cite included in the history indicates that the text of the section reads substantially the same as the statute.  Example:  (G.S. § 160A-11) (Ord. 10, passed 1-17-80; Am. Ord. 20, passed 1-1-85).
      (2)   A statutory cite set forth as a "statutory reference” following the text of the section indicates that the reader should refer to that statute for further information.  Example:
   § 39.01 PUBLIC RECORDS AVAILABLE.
      This city shall make available to any person for inspection or copying all public records, unless otherwise exempted by state law.
   Statutory reference:
      For provisions concerning the inspection of public records, see G.S. §§ 139-1 et seq.
   (C)   If a section of this code is derived from the previous code of ordinances of the town published in 1990 and subsequently amended, the 1990 code section number shall be indicated in the history by "(`90 Code, §       ).”
§ 10.99  GENERAL PENALTY.
   Any person, firm or corporation violating any of the provisions of any section or subsection of this code of ordinances for which no other penalty is provided, or failing, neglecting or refusing to comply with same shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor and subject to a fine not to exceed $500, or imprisonment not to exceed 30 days, and each day that any of the provisions of this code of ordinances are violated shall constitute a separate offense.
(G.S. § 14-4(a))
Statutory reference:
   For provisions concerning enforcement of ordinances, see G.S. § 160A-175