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(A) Residential construction. New construction or substantial improvements of any residential structure (including manufactured homes) shall have the reference level, including basement, elevated no lower than the regulatory flood protection elevation, as defined in§ 154.07 of this chapter.
(B) Non-residential construction. New construction or substantial improvement of any commercial, industrial or other non-residential structure shall have the reference level, including basement, elevated no lower than the regulatory flood protection elevation, as defined in § 154.07of this chapter. Structures, located in A, AO, AE and A1-30 Zones may be floodproofed to the regulatory flood protection elevation in lieu of elevation provided that all areas of the structure below the required flood protection elevation are watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water, using structural components having the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and the effect of buoyancy. A registered professional engineer or architect shall certify that the standards of this division (B) are satisfied. Such certification shall be provided to the official as set forth in § 154.28 along with the operational and maintenance plans.
(C) Manufactured homes.
(1) New or replacement manufactured homes shall be elevated so that the reference level of the manufactured home is no lower than the regulatory flood protection elevation, as defined in §154.07 of this chapter.
(2) Manufactured homes shall be securely anchored to an adequately anchored foundation to resist flotation, collapse and lateral movement in accordance with the State Regulations for Manufactured/Mobile Homes, 1995 Edition, and any revision thereto adopted by the Commissioner of Insurance pursuant to G.S. § 143-143.15 or a certified engineered foundation. Additionally, when the elevation would be met by an elevation of the chassis 36 inches or less above the grade at the site, the chassis shall be supported by reinforced piers or engineered foundation. When the elevation of the chassis is above 36 inches in height, an engineering certification is required.
(3) All foundation enclosures or skirting shall be in accordance with § 154.41.
(4) An vacation plan must be developed for evacuation of all residents of all new, substantially improved or substantially damaged manufactured home parks or subdivisions located within floodprone areas. This plan shall be filed with and approved by the Floodplain Administrator and the local Emergency Management Coordinator.
(C) Elevated buildings. Enclosed areas, of new construction or substantially improved structures, which are below the regulatory flood protection elevation:
(1) Shall not be designed or used for human habitation, but shall only be used for parking of vehicles, building access or limited storage of maintenance equipment used in connection with the premises. Access to the enclosed area shall be the minimum necessary to allow for parking of vehicles (garage door) or limited storage of maintenance equipment (standard exterior door) or entry to the living area (stairway or elevator). The interior portion of such enclosed area shall not be partitioned or finished into separate rooms, except to enclose storage areas;
(2) Shall be constructed entirely of flood resistant materials below the regulatory flood protection elevation;
(3) Shall include, in Zones A, AO, AE and A1-30, measures to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on walls by allowing for the entry and exit of floodwaters. To meet this requirement, the openings must either be certified by a professional engineer or architect or meet the following minimum design criteria:
(a) Provide a minimum of two openings on different sides of each enclosed area subject to flooding;
(b) The total net area of all openings must be at least one square inch for each square foot of enclosed area subject to flooding;
(c) If a building has more than one enclosed area, each area must have openings to allow floodwaters to automatically enter and exit;
(d) The bottom of all required openings shall be no higher than one foot above the adjacent grade;
(e) Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers or other opening coverings or devices, provided they permit the automatic flow of floodwaters in both directions; and
(f) Foundation enclosures made of flexible skirting are not considered enclosures for regulatory purposes and, therefore, do not require openings. Masonry or wood underpinning, regardless of structural status, is considered an enclosure and requires opening as outlined above.
(D) Additions improvements.
(1) Additions and/or improvements to pre-FIRM structures when the addition and/or improvements in combination with any interior modifications to the existing structure are:
(a) Not a substantial improvement, the addition and/or improvements must be designed to minimize flood damages and must not be any more non-conforming than the existing structure;
(b) A substantial improvement, both the existing structure and the addition and/or improvements must comply with the standards for new construction;
(c) Additions to post-FIRM structures with no modifications to the existing structure other than a standard door in the common wall shall require only the addition to comply with the standards for new construction;
(d) Additions and/or improvements to post-FIRM structures when the addition and/or improvements in combination with any interior modifications to the existing structure are:
1. Not a substantial improvement, the addition and/or improvements only must comply with the standards for new construction; and
2. A substantial improvement, both the existing, structure and the addition and/or improvements must comply with the standards for new construction.
(e) Where a fire wall or independent permanent load-bearing wall is provided between the addition and the existing building, the addition(s) shall be considered a separate building and only the addition must comply with the standards for new construction:
(E) Recreational vehicles. Recreational vehicles placed on sites within a special flood hazard area shall either;
(1) Be onsite for fewer than 180 consecutive days and be fully licensed and ready for highway use (a recreational vehicle is ready for highway use if it is on its wheels or jacking system, is attached to the site only by quick disconnect type utilities and has no permanently attached additions); or
(F) Temporal non-residential structures. Prior to the issuance of a floodplain development permit for a temporary structure, applicants must submit to the Floodplain Administrator a plan for the removal of such structure(s) in the event of a hurricane, flash flood or other type of flood warning notification. The following information shall be submitted in writing to the Floodplain Administrator for review and written approval:
(1) A specified time period for which, the temporary use will be permitted. Time specified should be minimal with total time on site not to exceed one year;
(2) The name, address and phone number of me individual responsible for the removal of the temporary structure;
(3) The time frame prior to the event at which a structure will be removed (i.e., minimum of 72 hours before landfall of a hurricane or immediately upon flood warning notification);
(4) A copy of the contract or other suitable instrument with a trucking company to ensure the availability of removal equipment when needed; and
(5) Designation, accompanied by documentation of a location outside the special flood hazard area, to which the temporary structure will be moved.
(G) Accessory structures. When accessory structures (sheds, detached garages and the like) are to be placed within a special flood hazard area, the following criteria shall be met:
(1) Accessory structures shall not be used for human habitation (including working, sleeping, living, cooking or restroom areas);
(2) Accessory structures shall not be temperature-controlled;
(3) Accessory structures shall be designed to have low flood damage potential;
(4) Accessory structures shall be constructed and placed on the building site so as to offer the minimum resistance to the flow of floodwaters;
(5) Accessory structures shall be firmly anchored in accordance with § 154.40;
(6) All menace facilities such as electrical shall be installed in accordance with§ 154.40;
(7) Openings to relieve hydrostatic pressure during a flood shall be provided below regulatory flood protection elevation in conformance with § 154.40; and
(8) An accessory structure with a footprint less than 150 square feet that satisfies the criteria outlined above does not requite an elevation or floodproofing certificate. Elevation or floodproofing certifications are required for all other accessory structures in accordance with § 154.28.
(Ord. passed 11-7-2005)