1041.01  DEFINITIONS.
   Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, as used in this chapter:
      Federal Government
      (1)   Federal Act or Act means the Federal Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. 466 et seq.), as amended (Pub. L. 95-217).
      (2)   Administrator means the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
      (3)   Federal grant means U.S. government participation in the financing of construction of treatment works as provided for by Title II of the Act (Grants for Construction of Treatment Works) and implementing regulations.
      State Government
      (4)   State Act means the Illinois Anti-Pollution Bond Act of 1970.
      (5)   Director means the Director of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA).
      (6)   State Grant means State participation in the financing of construction of treatment works, as provided for by the Illinois Anti-Pollution Bond Act, and in making such grants as are filed with the Secretary of State of the State.
         Local Government.
      (7)   Approving Authority means the Commissioner of Public Works and Streets or his or her designated representative.
      (8)   NPDES permit means any permit or equivalent document or requirement issued by the Administrator or, where appropriate, by the Director, after enactment of the Federal Clean Water Act, to regulate the discharge of pollutants pursuant to Section 402 of the Federal Act.
      Wastewater and its Characteristics.
      (9)   Wastewater means the spent water of a community, including a combination of liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions, together with any ground water, surface water and storm water that may be present.
      (10)   Sewage means and is used interchangeably with "wastewater."
      (11)   Effluent criteria means those criteria defined as such in any applicable NPDES permit.
      (12)   Water quality standards are as defined in the Water Pollution Regulations of Illinois.
      (13)   Unpolluted water is water quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefitted by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
      (14)   Ppm means parts per million by weight.
      (15)   Milligrams per liter (mg/l) means a unit of the concentration of water or wastewater constituent. It is 0.001 g of the constituent in 1,000 ml of water. It has replaced the unit formerly used commonly, parts per million, to which it is approximately equivalent, in reporting the results of water and wastewater analysis.
      (16)   Suspended solids (SS) mean solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or industrial waste and which are removable by a laboratory filtration device. Quantitative determination of suspended solids shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in the IEPA Division of Laboratories Manual of Laboratory Methods.
      (17)   BOD means biochemical oxygen demand, which is the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at twenty degrees Centigrade, expressed in milligrams per liter.
      (18)   pH means the logarithm (base ten) of the reciprocal of the hydrogen ion concentration expressed by one of the procedures outlined in the IEPA Division of Laboratories Manual of Laboratory Methods.
      (19)   Garbage means solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of food.
      (20)   Properly shredded garbage means wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
      (21)   Floatable oil means oil, fat or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. Wastewater shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection system.
      (22)   Population equivalent is a term used to evaluate the impact of industrial or other waste on a treatment works or stream. One population equivalent is 100 gallons of sewage per day, containing .09932 pounds of BOD and 0.1402 pounds of suspended solids.
      (23)   Slug means any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which, in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow, exceeds, for any period of duration longer than fifteen minutes, more than five times the average twenty-four hour concentration or flows during normal operation.
      (24)   Industrial waste means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance discharged, permitted to flow or escaping from any industrial, manufacturing, commercial or business establishment or process or from the development, recovery or processing of any natural resource as distinct from sanitary sewage.
      (25)   Major contributing industry means an industrial user of the publicly-owned treatment works for which any of the following is true:
         A.   Has a flow of 50,000 gallons or more per average work day;
         B.   Has a flow greater than ten percent of the flow carried by the Municipal system receiving the waste;
         C.   Has in its waste a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts as defined in standards issued under section 307(a) of the Federal Act; or
         D.   Is found by the permit issuing authority, in connection with the issuance of the NPDES permit to the publicly-owned treatment works receiving the waste, to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on that treatment works or upon the quality of effluent from that treatment works.
      Sewer Types and Appurtenances.
      (26)   Sewer means a pipe or conduit for conveying sewage or any other waste liquids, including storm, surface and ground water drainage.
      (27)   Public sewer means a sewer provided by or subject to the jurisdiction of the Village, including sewers within or outside the Village boundaries that serve one or more persons and ultimately discharge into the Village sanitary or combined sewerage system, even though such sewer may not have been constructed with Village funds.
      (28)   Sanitary sewer means a sewer that conveys sewage or industrial wastes, or a combination of both, and into which storm, surface and ground waters or polluted industrial wastes are not intentionally admitted.
      (29)   Storm sewer means a sewer that carries storm, surface and ground water drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes other than unpolluted cooling water.
      (30)   Combined sewer means a sewer which is designed and intended to receive wastewater and storm, surface and ground water drainage.
      (31)   Building sewer means the extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
      (32)   Building drain means that part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer or other approved point of discharge, beginning five feet (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.
      (33)   Storm water run-off means that portion of the precipitation that is drained into the sewers.
      (34)   Sewerage means the system of sewers and appurtenances for the collection, transportation and pumping of sewage.
      (35)   Easement means an acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.
      Treatment.
      (36)   Pretreatment means the treatment of wastewaters from sources before introduction into the wastewater treatment works.
      (37)   Wastewater treatment works means an arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes and sludge, sometimes used as synonymous with "waste treatment plant" or "wastewater treatment plant" or "pollution control plant."
      (38)   Wastewater facilities means the structures, equipment and processes required to collect, carry away and treat domestic and industrial wastes and transport effluent to a watercourse.
      Watercourse and Connections.
      (39)   Watercourse means a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
      (40)   Natural outlet means any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
      User Types.
      (41)   User class means the type of user. "residential," "institutional/ "governmental," "commercial" or "industrial," as defined in this section.
      (42)   Residential user means all dwelling units, including houses, mobile homes, apartments and permanent multifamily dwellings.
      (43)   Commercial user means and includes transit lodging, retail and wholesale establishments or places engaged in selling merchandise or rendering services.
      (44)   Institutional/ governmental user means and includes schools, churches, penal institutions and users associated with Federal, State and local governments.
      (45)   Industrial users means and includes establishments engaged in manufacturing activities involving the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials of substance into products.
      (46)   Control manhole means a structure located on a site from which industrial wastes are discharged. Where feasible, the manhole shall be an interior drop. The purpose of a control manhole is to provide access for the Village representative to sample and/or measure discharges.
      Types of Charges.
      (47)   Wastewater service charge means the recurring charge levied on all users of wastewater facilities. The service charge shall be computed as outlined in Section 1040.27.
      (48)   User charge  means a charge levied on users of treatment works for the cost of operation, maintenance and replacement.
      (49)   Basic user charge means the basic assessment levied on all users of the public sewer system.
      (50)   Debt service charge  means the amount to be paid each billing period for payment of interest, principal and coverage of outstanding debts (loans, bonds, etc.).
      (51)   Capital improvement charge means a charge levied on users to improve, extend or reconstruct the sewage treatment works.
      (52)   Local capital cost charge  means a charge for costs other than operation, maintenance and replacement costs, i. e. debt service and capital improvement costs.
      (53)   Surcharge means the assessment in addition to the basic user charge and debt service charge which is levied on those persons whose wastes are greater in strength than the concentration values established in Section 1041.05, as provided in Section 1041.05(h).
      (54)   Replacement means expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary during the useful life of the treatment works to maintain the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed. The term "operation and maintenance" includes replacement.
      (55)   Useful life  means the estimated period during which the collection system and/or treatment works will be operated.
      (56)   Sewer Maintenance and Extension Fund  means the principal accounting designation for all revenues received in the operation of the sewerage system.
(Ord. 1989-54a. Passed 4-10-89; Ord. 1995-16. Passed 5-22-95.)