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(A) Definitions. For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
DRIVEWAY. An entry from a public street to a public or private parking area used by a healthcare facility.
ENTRANCE. Any door to a healthcare facility that directly abuts the public sidewalk; provided, however, that if the door does not directly about the public sidewalk, the "entrance" shall be the point at which the public sidewalk intersects with a pathway leading to the door.
HEALTHCARE FACILITY. Shall have the same definition as used in KRS 216B.015(1) and (13), as any institution, place, building, agency, or portion thereof, public or private, whether organized for profit or not, used, operated, or designed to provide medical diagnosis, treatment, nursing, rehabilitative, or preventive care and includes alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and mental health services. This shall include but shall not be limited to health facilities and health services commonly referred to as hospitals, psychiatric hospitals, physical rehabilitation hospitals, chemical dependency programs, nursing facilities, nursing homes, personal care homes, intermediate care facilities, family care homes, outpatient clinics, ambulatory care facilities, ambulatory surgical centers, emergency care centers and services, ambulance providers, hospices, community mental health centers, home health agencies, kidney disease treatment centers and freestanding hemodialysis units, any place in which an abortion is performed, and others providing similarly organized services regardless of nomenclature; and shall include but not be limited to the buildings, grounds and driveways of each such facilities and parking lots in which each such facility has an ownership or leasehold interest.
(B) Access to a healthcare facility.
(1) No person shall knowingly obstruct, detain, hinder, impede, or block another person's entry to or exit from a healthcare facility.
(2) No person shall knowingly enter, remain on, or create any obstruction within the driveway of a healthcare facility or within a "buffer zone" on the public way or sidewalk extending from the entrance of a healthcare facility to the closest adjacent sidewalk curb and ten feet from side to side, during the facility's posted business hours, except:
(a) Persons entering or leaving such facility;
(b) Persons using the public sidewalk or street right-of-way adjacent to such facility solely for the purpose of reaching a destination other than such facility; or
(c) Law enforcement, ambulance, firefighting, construction, utilities, public works and other municipal agents acting within the scope of their employment; or
(d) Employees or agents of such facility acting within the scope of their employment.
(C) Signage. The Department of Public Works shall, at the request of a healthcare facility, paint or lay on the public way or sidewalk two easily-distinguishable demarcation lines running from either side of the facility entrance to the closest adjacent sidewalk curb and extending ten feet from each other. Healthcare facilities shall post such zone with signage stating: "Healthcare facility: No standing within this zone. [Metro Ordinance]."
(D) Reporting. Within two years of the enactment of the section, but no sooner than 18 months after the enactment of the section, the Louisville Department of Public Health and Wellness shall solicit information from any health care facility that requested the demarcation line as described in this section regarding the efficacy of the "buffer" zone in allowing patients and staff to enter and exit the facility safely, and shall prepare and submit to the Metro Council a report summarizing that information.
(E) Monitoring and documentation. Any health care facility that requests that the Louisville Department of Public Works paint or lay demarcation lines as described in subsection (C)(1), shall monitor during its hours of operation the "buffer" zone created by the demarcation lines for obstructions created by individuals or groups to allow patients and/or staff to enter and exit the facility safely. In addition, the healthcare facility shall make a good faith effort to regularly document instances where individuals or groups create an obstruction in the driveway or the "buffer" zone and instances when anyone other than those allowed by the ordinance are otherwise present in the "buffer" zone. Such documentation shall be provided to the Louisville Department of Public Health and Wellness, Louisville Department of Public Works, and LMPD every six months, beginning six months after the effective date of this section.
(1) Prior to issuing a citation for a violation of this section, a police officer or any law enforcement officer shall issue one written warning to an individual. If the individual fails to comply after one warning, such individual shall be given a citation. Failure to comply after one warning shall be cause for citation whether or not the failure or subsequent failures are contemporaneous in time with the initial warning.
(2) Any person violating any of the provisions of this section shall for each such violation, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a fine of no less than $150 and not more than $500. If any individual is convicted for a second violation of this section within one year of a previous conviction under this section, that individual shall be subject to a fine of no less than $250 and not more than $500.
(G) Severability. The provisions of this section are severable. If any provision of this section is declared invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions of the section which can be given effect without the invalid provision.
(Lou. Metro Ord. No. 65-2021, approved 6-2-2021)