§ 156.092  DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF PARKING FACILITIES.
   (A)   Use of residential parking facilities.  Off-street parking facilities accessory to residential uses in (1) any residential zoning district, or (2) the downtown commercial zoning district shall be used solely for parking passenger automobiles owned by occupants of the dwelling units to which the facilities are accessory or by guests of the occupants. Required parking facilities accessory to residential uses shall not be used for storage of commercial vehicles, or parking of automobiles belonging to employees, owners, tenants, visitors or customers of any business or manufacturing establishments.
   (B)   Joint parking facilities.  Off-street parking facilities for different buildings, structures or uses, or for mixed uses, may be provided collectively in any zoning district in which separate parking facilities for each constituent use would be permitted, provided that the total number of spaces so located, together, shall not be less than the sum of the separate requirements for each use, unless authorized under § 156.095, Shared Parking.
   (C)   Size.
      (1)   Required off-street parking spaces and aisles shall meet the dimensional standards specified below in Table 092-1 and Figure 092-1.
      (2)   Required off-street parking spaces shall have a minimum vertical clearance of seven feet and must meet all ADA standards as required.
      (3)   In measuring the length of a parking space, the area safely occupied by a vehicle beyond a curb stop, whether paved or unpaved, may be included.
Table 092-1
 
Parking Angle
Stall Width (A)
Stall Length (B)
One-Way Aisle Width (C)
Two-Way Aisle Width (D)
Parallel (0)
8'
20'
10'
NA
30
9'
18'
11'
20'
45
9'
18'
13'
20'
60
9'
18'
18'
20'
90
9'
18'
24'
24'
 
Figure 092-1   (D)
 
   (D)   Access, aprons and driveways.  Each required off-street parking space shall open directly to an aisle or driveway of a width and design providing safe and efficient means of vehicular access to the parking space. All off-street parking facilities shall be designed with appropriate means of vehicular access to a street or alley in a manner that will least interfere with traffic movements.
      (1)   Residential driveway apron width.
         (a)   Maximum width.  The maximum residential driveway apron width (the areas between the platted lot line and the curb line) shall be in accordance with § 153.50.080(B) of the city's development code.
         (b)   Exception. Any residential driveway apron entering onto a state or county highway or road must have a valid state or county driveway permit and cannot exceed 24 feet in width, as required under IDOT, 1990 Handbook for Policy on Permits for Access Driveways to State Highways, or as may be revised per state update of such requirements.
      (2)   Business, office and research, and industrial driveway aprons shall have a width equal to that of the driveway or aisle at the property line. Curb cut width shall be determined by the access control technique used.
      (3)   No driveway shall be located within 40 feet of the nearest point of the intersection of any two streets.
      (4)   Driveway separation within individual lots shall be in accordance with the following table.
Highway Speed
(mph)
Minimum Spacing
(feet)
Highway Speed
(mph)
Minimum Spacing
(feet)
20
85
25
105
30
125
35
150
40
185
45
230
50
275
 
      (5)   The City Engineer, or their designee, may approve adjustments to driveway spacing for aligning access points across roadways, optimizing sight distances, improved safety and operations, aligning medians, and enabling shared driveways. If a driveway cannot achieve standard spacing within an existing subdivided lot, the City Engineer, or their designee, will approve a driveway location that best balances safety, efficient operation, and the guidelines referenced herein. This may include limiting access to right turn in and right turnout or similar configuration.
   (E)   Off-street parking and loading in nonresidential zoning districts.  The following regulations apply to off-street parking and loading areas, including all parking spaces and drive aisles, in nonresidential zoning districts.
      (1)   Off-street parking areas shall not be located in a vision triangle, nor cause an unsafe or hazardous condition.
      (2)   Off-street parking areas shall not be located within 20 feet of an adjacent residential zoning district.
      (3)   Off-street parking areas along arterial roadways must be setback a minimum of 15 feet from property lines.
      (4)   Off-street parking areas along collector and local streets must be setback a minimum of seven feet from property lines.
      (5)   Open storage of inoperable vehicles, vehicles awaiting repair, or vehicles in the process of being repaired is limited to one month. Upon demonstrating a hardship, this time frame may be reasonably extended by the Zoning Administrator.
      (6)   No overnight parking of recreational vehicles shall be permitted on a property in a nonresidential zoning district, when that vehicle is located to act as sleeping quarters or a residential use.
   (F)   Off-street parking and loading in residential zoning districts.   
      (1)   Residential zoning lots.  The following regulations apply to all vehicles parked, standing or stored on a residential zoning lot.
         (a)   Number.
            1.   Not more than five off-street parking spaces may be located in a required front or corner side yard. All cars shall be located on a surface as outlined in § 156.092(F)(1)(c).
            2.   No loading spaces shall be located in any required yard in any residential zoning district.
            3.   Other than those fully enclosed in a garage, shed or similar structure, there shall be a maximum of five passenger vehicles stored on a zoning lot.
            4.   A vehicle exceeding a 12-person capacity shall be classified as a recreational vehicle, not a passenger vehicle.
         (b)   Residency requirement.  Except for temporary guest parking, the owner of any vehicle that is stored, standing or parked on a property shall reside at that property.
         (c)   Surfacing. Any vehicle parked or stored outside shall be accessible only from a residential driveway and on an approved all-weather surface.   
            1.   Approved all-weather surfaces include asphalt, brick, concrete and other similar surfaces as approved by the Director of Public Works or their designee.
            2.   The surface under any vehicle must be free of weeds, over-growth or debris.
            3.   To reduce the amount of pavement, ribbon strips under tire areas are permitted as approved by the Director of Public Works or their designee.
      (2)   Recreational vehicles and trailers.  The following regulations apply to all recreational vehicles and trailers parked on a residential zoning lot.
         (a)   Number.  Not more than two recreational vehicles may be parked or stored in the open on a lot in a residential zoning district.
         (b)   Size.
            1.   Recreational vehicles, including but not limited to, camping trailers, boat trailers, boats, camping buses, camping trucks, house trailers, passenger vehicles exceeding a 12-person capacity, and buses, or any other kind of trailers or motor vehicles, shall not exceed nine feet in height, or 34 feet in length, or 10,000 pounds in gross weight.
            2.   Recreational vehicles exceeding these size restrictions shall not be stored or parked in any residential zoning district.
            3.   The length of a recreational vehicle shall be measured from the front to the back of the vehicle or equipment, and shall include all appurtenances, accessories and attachments.
         (c)   Location and time restrictions.
            1.   Recreational vehicles may be parked or stored in the interior side yard and rear yard, provided the vehicle is located a minimum of three feet from side lot lines, and five feet from rear property lines.
            2.   Only one interior side yard may be used for parking or storage of recreational vehicles.
            3.   Recreational vehicles shall not be parked in a front or corner side yard, except for loading and unloading purposes as described herein.   
            4.   Parking for loading and unloading shall be on an approved all-weather surface, and the time frame shall not exceed a period of 48 hours prior and subsequent to a trip. This time frame may be reasonably extended by the Zoning Administrator to accommodate additional loading and unloading.
         (d)   Condition.
            1.   Recreational vehicles must be in usable condition and not in a state of disrepair.
            2.    Tires on recreational vehicle must be fully inflated, shall not have their wheels removed, nor be affixed to the ground so as to prevent ready removal of the vehicle.
         (e)   Licensed and registered.  The recreational vehicle must be properly licensed if required by the state, and registered to the particular location in which it is situated.
         (f)   Prohibited uses.
            1.   At no time shall a parked or stored recreational vehicle be used for living, sleeping or housekeeping purposes.
               a.   No recreational vehicle shall be connected to gas, water or sanitary sewer service.
               b.   Temporary electrical hookup shall be permitted.
            2.   Recreational vehicles shall not be parked or stored in such a way as to create a dangerous or unsafe condition.
            3.   Recreational vehicles, including attachments and appurtenances, shall not be parked or stored within one foot of a public sidewalk.
            4.   Recreational vehicles shall not be used as accessory structures in any zoning district.
   (G)   Parking or storage of trucks.
      (1)   Parking or storage restrictions in residential zoning districts and areas.
         (a)   No semi-tractor and/or semi-trailer parking is allowed in a residential area. This includes single- or dual-axle trucks with a slip hitch.
         (b)   Trucks with a "J" license plate (26,001 pounds) or higher are not allowed to be parked in a residential area.
         (c)   Trucks with an "H" license plate must be parked inside a residential garage.
         (d)   Trucks with an "F" license plate (16,000 pounds or less) must be parked on a residential driveway within the lot area or inside a garage, except that passenger trucks higher than nine feet must be parked behind the front line of the residence.
         (e)   No commercial truck taller than nine feet shall be parked on a residential driveway.
         (f)   Motorized equipment accessory to the truck or commercial vehicle shall not operate while the vehicle is parked at the residence.
         (g)   Nothing in the provisions of this section shall be construed to prohibit trucks or other service vehicles from being parked temporarily for the purpose of making deliveries or rendering services to the property owner.
         (h)   Vehicles associated with home occupation businesses shall also comply with the requirements of § 156.024(H).
      (2)   Parking or storage restrictions in nonresidential zoning districts.  This section applies to semi-tractors and/or semi-trailers, including single- or dual-axle trucks, that are openly parked, standing or stored in a nonresidential zoning district.
         (a)   Such trucks shall not be used for the purposes of lodging, resting or sleeping of inhabitants.
         (b)   Such trucks shall be parked only on property in which they are conducting business.
         (c)   Such trucks shall be on the premises only as long as required for their purpose at the site.
   (H)   Pedestrian access and safety.
      (1)   All parking lots with two or more double-loaded rows must provide internal pedestrian walkways within the parking lot and outside of the parking row.   
         (a)   The walkway must be a minimum of five feet in width.
         (b)   One walkway is required for every two double-loaded aisles.   
         (c)   The walkway must be located within the parking lot to serve the maximum number of parking stalls.
         (d)   All walkways must meet all ADA accessibility requirements, see § 156.098, Accessible Parking.
      (2)   All parking lots must include walkways that provide direct connections to building entrances from the spaces furthest from the entrance. At least one walkway must provide a direct connection between the building entrances and the adjacent public rights-of-way and associated sidewalk.
      (3)   All pedestrian walkways must be clearly marked with high-visibility striping, or through the use of alternative materials, such as pavers. Where walkways cross a drive aisle, the walkway must have a continuous surface treatment across the drive aisle.
(Ord. 21-016, passed 8-18-21)