§ 150.007  DEFINITIONS.
   (A)   Construction of terms. In construing the intended meaning of terminology used in this chapter, the following rules shall be observed:
      (1)   Words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise; terms not defined in this section shall have their standard English meanings;
      (2)   Words denoting the masculine gender shall be deemed to include the feminine and neuter genders;
      (3)   Words used in the present tense shall include the future tense;
      (4)   Words used in the singular number shall include the plural number, and the plural the singular;
      (5)   The term SHALL is mandatory;
      (6)   The term MAY is discretionary;
      (7)   The term THIS MUNICIPALITY shall mean the City of Litchfield, Illinois;
      (8)   The words LOTS, PARCEL, TRACT, and SITE shall be synonymous;
      (9)   The phrases USED FOR, ARRANGED FOR, DESIGNED FOR, INTENDED FOR, MAINTAINED FOR, and OCCUPIED FOR shall be synonymous;
   (B)   Selected definitions.  For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
      ABUTTING.  As applied to lots, ABUTTING means having a common lot line, or so located in relation to each other than there would be a common lot line but for the existence of a street, alley, or other public right-of-way.
      ACCESS WAY.  A curb cut, ramp, or other means for providing vehicular access to an off-street parking or loading area from a street.
      ACCESSORY USE.  Any structure or use that is:
         (a)   Subordinate in size or purpose to the principal use or structure which it serves;
         (b)   Necessary or contributing to the comfort and convenience of the occupants of the principal use or structure served; and
         (c)   Located on the same lot as the principal use or structure served.
      ADJACENT.  Next to or adjoining.
      ADULT-USE CANNABIS BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT. An adult-use cannabis cultivation center, craft grower, processing organization, infuser organization, dispensing organization or transporting organization.
      ADULT-USE CANNABIS CRAFT GROWER. A facility operated by an organization or business that is licensed by the Illinois Department of Agriculture to cultivate, dry, cure and package cannabis and perform other necessary activities to make cannabis available for sale at a dispensing organization or use at a processing organization, per the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (P.A. 101-0027), as it may be amended from time to time, and regulations promulgated thereunder.
      ADULT-USE CANNABIS CULTIVATION CENTER. A facility operated by an organization or business that is licensed by the Illinois Department of Agriculture to cultivate, process, transport and perform necessary activities to provide cannabis and cannabis-infused products to licensed cannabis business establishments, per the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (P.A. 101-0027), as it may be amended from time to time, and regulations promulgated thereunder.
      ADULT-USE CANNABIS DISPENSING ORGANIZATION. A facility operated by an organization or business that is licensed by the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation to acquire cannabis from licensed cannabis business establishments for the purpose of selling or dispensing cannabis, cannabis-infused products, cannabis seeds, paraphernalia or related supplies to purchasers or to qualified registered medical cannabis patients and caregivers, per the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (P.A. 101-0027), as it may be amended from time to time , and regulations promulgated thereunder.
      ADULT-USE CANNABIS INFUSER ORGANIZATION or INFUSER. A facility operated by an organization or business that is licensed by the Illinois Department of Agriculture to directly incorporate cannabis or cannabis concentrate into a product formulation to produce a cannabis-infused product, per the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (P.A. 101-0027), as it may be amended from time to time, and regulations promulgated thereunder.
      ADULT-USE CANNABIS PROCESSING ORGANIZATION or PROCESSOR. A facility operated by an organization or business that is licensed by the Illinois Department of Agriculture to either extract constituent chemicals or compounds to produce cannabis concentrate or incorporate cannabis or cannabis concentrate into a produce formulation to produce a cannabis produce, per the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (P.A. 101-0027), as it may be amended from time to time, and regulations promulgated thereunder.
      ADULT-USE CANNABIS TRANSPORTING ORGANIZATION or TRANSPORTER. An organization or business that is licensed by the Illinois Department of Agriculture to transport cannabis on behalf of a cannabis business establishment or a community college licensed under the Community College Cannabis Vocational Training Pilot Program, per the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (P.A. 101-0027), as it may be amended from time to time, and regulations promulgated thereunder.
      AGRICULTURE.  Any 1 or any combination of the following:  the growing of farm crops, dairying, pasturage, horticulture, floriculture, or animal/poultry husbandry.  The term AGRICULTURE encompasses the farmhouse, and accessory uses and structures customarily incidental to agricultural activities.
      ALLEY.  A public right-of-way which affords vehicular access to abutting premises that front on a nearby street.
      ALTER. To change the size, shape, or use of a structure.
      AMENDMENT.  A change in the provisions of this chapter (including those portions incorporated by reference), and the procedures set forth herein.
      APARTMENT.  A dwelling unit situated in a multiple-family dwelling.
      APARTMENT HOTEL.  A multiple-family dwelling which furnishes for its tenants services customarily provided by hotels, but which does not furnish such services to the transient public.
      ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY.  A building, or part thereof, housing persons, on a 24-hour basis, who, because of age or other reasons, live in a residential environment.  It is designed as an alternative to nursing home care by providing apartment-style housing with personal care and other services.  The occupants are capable of responding to an emergency situation with limited physical assistance from the staff.  This classification shall include, but is not limited to, the following:  supported living facilities, residential care facilities, assisted living facilities and social activities facilities intended for the residents.  Each dwelling unit shall provide a complete, independent living facility for 1 or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.
      ATTACHED.  As applied to buildings, ATTACHED means having a common wall and/or a common roof (includes breezeways, car ports, garages, etc.).
      AUDITORIUM.  A room, hall or building made a part of a church, theater, school, recreation building or other building assigned to the gathering of people.
      BASEMENT.  A story having 1/2 or more of its height below the average level of the adjoining ground.
      BILLBOARD.  A sign advertising a commodity, business, service, or event not available or conducted upon the premises where such sign is located or to which it is affixed.
      BUILDING.  Any covered structure permanently affixed to land and designed or used to shelter persons or movable, personal property.
      BUILDING, ACCESSORY.  A subordinate building(s) or structure(s) detached from the main building, located in the rear yard, the use of which is incidental to the use of the principal structure or main building.
      BUILDING HEIGHT.  The vertical distance measured from the average elevation of the proposed finish grade at the front wall of the building to the highest point of the roof.
      BOARDING HOUSE. A building or portion thereof other than a hotel, motel or apartment hotel, containing lodging rooms for 3 or more persons who are not members of the keeper’s family, and where lodging and/or meals are provided by prearrangement and for definite periods.
      BUILDING INSPECTOR.  The official appointed by the Mayor with the advice and consent of the City Council to administer this chapter.
      BUILDING LINE.  The line nearest the front of and across a lot, delineating the minimum open space required between the front of a structure and the street right-of-way line.
      BULK.  Any 1 or any combination of the following:
         (a)   Size or height structure;
         (b)   Location of exterior walls at all levels in relation to lot lines, streets, or other structures;
         (c)   Floor/area ratio;
         (d)   Yards or setbacks;
         (e)   Lot coverage.
      CAMPING TRAILER.  A mobile structure designed for temporary occupancy.
      CAMPING TRAILER PARK.  A lot developed with facilities for accommodating temporarily occupied camping trailers.
      CERTIFICATE OF ZONING COMPLIANCE, FINAL. A permit issued by the Administrator indicating that a newly completed structure complies with all pertinent requirements of this chapter and may, therefore, be occupied or used.
      CERTIFICATE OF  ZONING COMPLIANCE, INITIAL.  A permit issued by the Administrator indicating that proposed construction work is in conformity with the requirements of this chapter and may, therefore, proceed.
      CHURCH.  A building designed or used for regularly scheduled worship services.
      CLINIC.  A building, arranged, intended, designed for and used solely as a place for the treatment and diagnosis of patients.
      CLUB/LODGE.  A nonprofit association or persons who are bona-fide members organized for some purpose(s) and paying regular dues and whose facilities are restricted to members and their guests.
      COMMERCIAL, PRIVATE OR PUBLIC, EDUCATION, TRAINING AND CONFERENCE FACILITY.  An establishment consisting of a building, part of a building,  or adjacent buildings designed and used for teaching,  learning,  training, conference assemblies,  and meetings.  This facility may be operated by educational,  technical, vocational,  or belief-based organizations;  corporations including not-for-profits, business enterprises,  or governments.  It is permitted only as a special use and may, but only if permitted as a condition of a special use, operate activities that are permitted or accessory uses in the C-1 and C-2 zoning districts per Appendix B:  Schedule of Permitted Uses and Accessory Uses, Prohibited Uses; Special Uses. Industrial and warehousing uses are prohibited. A COMMERCIAL, PRIVATE, OR PUBLIC EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND CONFERENCE FACILITY is NOT a convention center.
         (1)   No activities/functions shall be allowed or conducted, even as part of an approved special use permit that will interfere with the rights to quiet enjoyment, security, sense of security, or access to and from, of any adjacent or close by residences or residential area, other businesses, or interfere with access to wind or solar resources.  This includes functions, activities, or design and appearance that would detract from or negatively impact the general character of the neighborhood in which the facility is located.
         (2)   Special use permits may be made contingent upon the operator/owner obtaining and maintaining outside (non-city) agency approvals, inspections, licenses, or meeting any and all such regulations, especially those related to the protection, health, and well-being of children and youth, imposed by federal,  state, county or other competent authority that regulates any activity conducted in such facility.  Parking requirements shall consider not only bulk regulations but additionally provide for meeting the total designed functions, intensity, and approved occupancy capacities of the facility.
         (3)   Size, scope, and capacities, of facilities shall be established by engineering design standards appropriate for the function, site, and the area where the facility is located; and as provided by bulk regulations, fire codes, building codes, building and/or occupancy permits and any other permitting or codes required by law,  ordinance, or conditions of the special use permit.
         (4)   Special use permits may be made contingent upon the owner/operator having a system in place that complies with all Department of Homeland Security and immigration laws regarding monitoring and reporting of immigrant and non-immigrant/foreign students, attendees or exchange visitors and also protects the public health.
         (5)   The city may administratively require professional studies regarding drainage, soils,  traffic, engineering, environmental, survey, and others as may be determined reasonably applicable by city officials to be completed and submitted as part of the special use permit application process.
      COMMERCIAL USE/ESTABLISHMENT. Any use or establishment wherein goods are purchased, converted or sold, whether to the consuming public (retail) or to other businesses (wholesale), but excluding any heavy industrial use.  Operations on commercial property shall be such that they are not noxious or offensive by reason of the emission of smoke, dust, gas, fumes, odors, noise, or other vibrations beyond the confines of the buildings used therefore.
      COMMUNITY RESIDENCE.  A group home or specialized residential care home serving unrelated persons with handicaps which is licensed, certified or accredited by appropriate local, state or national bodies.  COMMUNITY RESIDENCE does not include a resident which serves persons as an alternative to incarceration for a criminal offense, or persons whose primary reason for placement is substance or alcohol abuse or for treatment of communicable disease.
      COMMUNITY RESIDENCE, LARGE.  A community residence serving 9 to 15 persons with handicaps.
      COMMUNITY RESIDENCE, SMALL.  A community residence serving 8 or fewer persons with handicaps in a family-like atmosphere.
      CONFORMING.  In compliance with the applicable provisions of this chapter.
      CONVENIENCE SHOP.  Any retail, commercial or service establishment offering goods/services.
      DAY CARE CENTER.  See “Nursery School”.
      DECK.  An open porch which has no roof, is generally open on the sides, is above ground level, and its intended use is for leisure enjoyment.
      DETACHED.  As applied to buildings, DETACHED means surrounded by yards, parking lots, etc. on the same lot as the building.
      DEVELOP.  To erect any structure or to install any improvements on a tract of land, or to undertake any activity (such as grading) in preparation therefore.
      DISTRICT ZONING.  A portion of the territory in this municipality wherein certain uniform requirements apply to structures, lots and uses under the terms of this chapter.
      DRIVEWAY.  An area established or used for ingress or egress of vehicles from a street or thoroughfare to any point on private or public property.
      DWELLING.  A building or portion thereof designed or used primarily as living quarters for 1 or more families, but not including hotels, motels, and other accommodations for the transient public.  Modular dwellings on permanent foundations shall be treated in the same manner as conventionally constructed dwellings (see definitions for”modular” and “permanent foundation”).
      DWELLING, MULTIPLE-FAMILY.  A building or portion thereof containing 3 or more dwelling units.
      DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY.  A detached dwelling containing 1 dwelling unit and intended for the occupancy of 1 family.
      DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY.  A dwelling containing 2 dwelling units.
      DWELLING UNIT.  One or more rooms designed or used as living quarters by 1 family.  A DWELLING UNIT always includes a bathroom and a kitchen.
      ENLARGE.  To increase the size (floor area, height, etc.) of an existing principal structure or accessory use, or to devote more land to an existing use.
      ERECT.  To put up by the fitting together of materials or parts such as a building.
      ESTABLISHMENT.  Either of the following:
         (a)   An institutional, business, commercial, or industrial activity that is the sole occupant of 1 or more buildings; or
         (b)   An institutional, business, commercial, or industrial activity that occupies a portion of a building such that:
            1.   The activity is a logical and separate entity from the other activities within the building and not a department of the whole; and
            2.   The activity has either a separate entrance from the exterior of the building, or a separate entrance from a common and clearly defined entryway that has direct access to the exterior of the building.
      EXISTING.  Existing, constructed or in operation, on the effective date of this chapter.
      EXTEND.  To increase the amount of floor area or land area devoted to an existing use.
      EXTRA TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION AREA.  ILCS Ch. 65, Act 5, §11-12-6 grants municipalities in the State of Illinois planning and zoning authority 1 1/2 miles beyond their corporate limits.
      FAMILY.  Any number of persons related by blood, marriage or adoption, living, cooking and dining together as a single housekeeping unit, including also not more than 2 boarders or lodgers.
      FENCE.  A structure which is intended to be an enclosure or barrier and is used as a means of protection, privacy or confinement, which is made of manufactured material, such as, but not limited to wire mesh, chain link, wood or stone material.  This definition shall not include dog runs.
      FILLING STATION.  A building and premises or portion thereof designed and primarily used for the retail sale of gasoline or other automotive fuel, oil, and automotive parts, supplies, and accessories.  A filling station may include secondary facilities for washing vehicles and for making minor automotive repairs.
      FLOOR AREA, GROSS.  As used in determining floor/area ratios and parking requirements, the sum of the gross horizontal areas of the several floors of a building, measured from the exterior faces of the exterior walls or from the center of the common walls of attached buildings.  Gross floor area includes all of the following:  basement floors; attic floor space; halls, closets, stairwells; space devoted to mechanical equipment; enclosed porches.
      FREIGHT TERMINAL.  A building to which freight is brought by truck, air or railroad freight cars for later distribution.
      FRONTAGE.  The lineal extent of the front (street-side) of a lot.
      GARAGE, PRIVATE.  An accessory building or portion of a main building designed or used for the primary purpose of parking and storage of motor vehicles of the occupants of the premises.
      GASOLINE SERVICE STATION.  See “Filling Station”.
      GRANDFATHERED.  Creating an exemption based on circumstances previously existing to the effective date of this chapter.
      HEAVY INDUSTRIAL.  A use engaged in the basic processing, fabricating and/or manufacturing of materials or products, or a use engaged in storing of or manufacturing processes using flammable or explosive materials or storage or manufacturing processes that involve hazardous or commonly recognized offensive conditions or hazardous materials.
      HOME OCCUPATION.  An occupation or profession customarily carried on by an occupant of a dwelling unit as a secondary use which is clearly subservient to the use of the dwelling for residential purposes.
      HOSPITAL.  An institution devoted primarily to the maintenance and operation of facilities around-the-clock for the diagnosis, treatment, or care for members of the general public suffering from disease, injury, or other abnormal physical conditions.  The term HOSPITAL as used in this chapter does not include institutions operating solely for the treatment of insane persons, drug addicts, and alcoholics, nor does it include convalescent or nursing homes.
      HOTEL.  An establishment containing lodging accommodations designed for use by travelers or temporary guests.  Facilities provided may include a general kitchen, maid service, desk service, meeting rooms, restaurants, cocktail lounges, and similar ancillary uses, but not cooking facilities in guest rooms.
      IMMOBILIZED MOBILE HOME.  As applied to a mobile home, “immobilize” means to remove the wheels, tongue and hitch and place on a permanent foundation.
      INTENSIFY.  To increase the level or degree of.
      INTERSECTION.  The point at which 2 or more public rights-of-way (general streets) meet.
      JUNK YARD.  Any area where waste, discarded or salvaged material are bought, sold, exchanged, baled or packed, disassembled, handled or stored:  but not including areas where such uses are conducted entirely within a completely enclosed building.
      KENNEL.  Any structure or premises or portion thereof on which more than 4 dogs or cats are maintained, boarded, bred or are cared for in return for remuneration or are kept for the purpose of sale, or any structure or premises or portion thereof on which more than 4 dogs or cats over 4 months of age are kept.
      LIGHT INDUSTRIAL.  The use engaged in the process of the assembly, packaging, storage and distribution of previously prepared materials but specifically excluding heavy industrial use.  Light Industrial use would be such a use that would normally only use light machinery and which activities are carried on entirely within the enclosed, roofed building, which does not use the area around such building for storage of matter or finished product or for loading or unloading operations, and which operations are not noxious or offensive by reason of the emission of smoke, dust, gas, fumes, odors, noise, or other vibrations beyond the confines of the building used therefor.
      LOADING SPACE.  An off-street space used for the temporary parking of commercial vehicles while loading or unloading merchandise or materials.
      LOT.  Land occupied or intended to be occupied by 1 main building and its accessory buildings and including as a minimum such open spaces exclusive of street areas as are required under this chapter and having frontage on a public or private street or road.
      LOT AREA.  The area of a horizontal plane bounded by the front, side, and rear lines of a lot.
      LOT, CORNER.  A lot having at least 2 adjacent sides that abut for their full length upon streets.  Both such side lines shall be deemed front lot lines.
      LOT COVERAGE.  The portion of a lot that is occupied by buildings or structures, including accessory buildings or structures.
      LOT DEPTH.  The average horizontal distance between the front lot line and the rear lot line of a lot.
      LOT, THROUGH.  A lot having a pair of approximately parallel lot lines that abut 2 approximately parallel streets.  Both such lot lines shall be deemed front lot lines.
      LOT LINE, FRONT.  The lot boundary abutting the street.
      LOT LINE, REAR.  An interior lot line which is most distant from and most nearly parallel to the front lot line.  The rear lot on corner lots shall be defined as the line most distant and most nearly parallel to either of the front lot lines as defined elsewhere in these definitions.
      LOT LINE, SIDE.  Any boundary of a lot which is not a front lot line or a rear lot line.
      LOT OF RECORD.  Any area of land designated as a lot on a plat of subdivision recorded or registered with the Recorder of Deeds of Montgomery County, Illinois, in accordance with state law.
      LOT SIZE/BULK VARIANCE.  A relaxation of the strict application of the lot size and/or bulk requirements applicable to a particular lot or structure.
      LOT SIZE REQUIREMENT.  Refers to the lot area, width, and depth requirements of the applicable district.
      LOT WIDTH.  The mean horizontal distance between the side lot lines of a lot measured at right angles to the depth; or the same distance measured at a point midway between the front lot line and the rear lot line; or at the rear line of the required front yard (building lines), especially on irregularly shaped lots.
      MAINTENANCE.  The routine upkeep of a structure, premises, or equipment, including the replacement or modification of structural components to the extent necessary to keep a structure in sound condition.
      MINI-WAREHOUSES.  A building, or part of one, for the storage of goods, merchandise, etc., for rent to individuals for a monthly fee.
      MOBILE HOME.  A manufactured structure designed to permit its transport on its own wheels, containing complete kitchen and sanitary facilities, and used as a long-term dwelling by 1 family.  A mobile home is built on a permanent chassis that consists of the wheel assembly, undercarriage and towing hitch assembly.  Mobile homes must meet the Federal Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards.  Compliance with this standard can be indicated by a 2-inch by 4-inch metal plate attached to the exterior tail light end of the mobile home.
      MOBILE HOME PARK.  A parcel not less than 2 acres in single ownership/control, developed with facilities for accommodating occupied mobile homes in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.
      MOBILE HOME STAND.  The part of a mobile home space beneath the mobile home that the concrete slab or runners on which the home is placed.
      MODULAR (SECTIONAL HOUSE).  Built and transported in sections or 2 halves.  A modular dwelling must have a yellow metal seal, shaped like the State of Illinois, mounted on the interior electric panel.  This will distinguish a modular from a mobile home which has a 2-inch by 4-inch metal plate mounted on the tail light (rear) end of the mobile home.  Modular housing is similar in many ways to conventionally constructed housing including construction on a permanent foundation (see definition for “permanent foundation”).  Modular housing as herein defined shall be considered as single family dwellings.
      MOTEL.  A motel for motorists, usually with blocks of rooms opening directly onto a parking area.  Also called motor court.
      NONCONFORMING.  A use, building or yard which does not, by reason of design, use or dimensions, conform to the regulations of the district in which it is situated.  It is a legal nonconforming use if established prior to the passage of this chapter.
      NURSERY.  A tract of land on which trees, shrubs, and other plants are raised for transplanting and sale, and including any structure in which said activities are conducted.
      NURSERY SCHOOL.  An establishment for the part-time care and/or instruction (at any time of day) of 4 or more unrelated children of predominantly pre-elementary school age.
      NURSING HOME.  A building used as a medical care facility for persons who need long-term nursing care and medical service, but do not require intensive hospital care.
      OFFICE.  Any building, or portion thereof, in which the business of a commercial/service enterprise or professional person is transacted.
      OFF-STREET PARKING AREA.  Land that is improved and used primarily for the storage of passenger motor vehicles, free of charge or for compensation.  An off-street parking area, depending on the circumstances of its use, may be either a principal use or an accessory use.
      PATIO.  An at-grade-paved area without any walls usually adjacent to a building, and which is intended to be used as an outdoor lounging, dining, or entertaining area.
      PERMANENT FOUNDATION.  A permanent support for buildings that are constructed of conventional foundation materials such as concrete or cement blocks.  The foundation footing shall extend below the frost line.
      PERMITTED USES.  Any use which is or may be lawfully established in a particular district(s) provided it conforms with all the requirements applicable to said district(s).
      PERSON.  Any individual, firm, association, organization, or corporate body.
      PLAN.  The geographical and topographical maps, engineering and architectural drawings and specifications, and other information indicating the location and nature of a development.
      PORCH.  A structure attached to a building to shelter an entrance or to serve as a semi-enclosed space, usually covered with a roof, generally open-sided, and usually large enough to allow seating devices.
      PREMISES.  A lot and all the structures and uses thereon.
      PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS/STRUCTURE/USE.  The main structure erected on or the main use occupying a lot, as distinguished from an accessory (subordinate) structure or use.
      PRIVATE STREET.  Any street providing access to abutting property that is not maintained by and dedicated to a unit of government.
      RECONSTRUCT.  As applied to nonconforming structures, RECONSTRUCT means to rebuild after destruction.
      RECREATIONAL VEHICLE (RV) PARK.  See “Camping Trailer Park”.
      REFUSE.  Garbage (food wastes) and trash, but not sewage or industrial wastes.
      RELOCATE.  To move to another portion of a lot or to a different lot.
      REPAIR.  To restore to sound condition, but not to reconstruct.
      RETAIL. Refers to the sale of goods and services directly to the consumer rather than to another business.
      RIGHT-OF-WAY, PUBLIC.  Land which the owner/subdivider has dedicated to the city or to another unit of government for streets and alleys.  Or land that has been laid out in the original plat of the city as a public right-of-way.
      SANITARY LANDFILL.  A tract of open land used for the permanent disposal of refuse in accordance with the requirements of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
      SATELLITE DISH.  Any parabolic/dish-type apparatus, external to or attached to the exterior of a building or structure, capable of receiving, for the benefit of the principal use, television or radio signals.  Satellite dishes are considered an accessory use.
      SETBACK.  The distance between the front lot line and the building line; or between a side or rear lot line and the side of the structure which faces such lot line; or between the appropriate lot line and the nearest boundary of the area of operation which is approximately parallel to such lot line.
      SKIRTING.  The cover affixed to the bottom of the exterior walls of a mobile home to conceal the underside thereof.
      SPECIAL USE.  A use that has unusual operational, physical, or other characteristics which distinguish it from the permitted uses of a district, but which can be made compatible with the intended overall development within a district.  Special uses commonly must meet special standards not necessarily applicable to permitted uses in the district and are allowed only by permit.
      STABLE.  A structure, situated on the same lot as a dwelling, and designed or used for housing horses for the private use of occupants of the dwelling, but not for hire.
      STOOP.  A small porch which is usually not covered with a roof and which is primarily used to provide access to the adjoining building.
      STREET.  A public or private way for motor vehicle travel.  The term STREET includes a highway, thoroughfare, parkway, through way, road, pike, avenue, boulevard, land, place, drive, court, and similar designations, but excludes an alley or a way for pedestrian use only.
      STREET LINE.  The street right-of-way line abutting a lot line.
      STRUCTURE.  Anything constructed or erected on the ground, or attached to something having fixed location on the ground.  All buildings are structures, but not all structures are buildings.
      STRUCTURE, TEMPORARY.  Any structure that is not attached to a permanent foundation.
      TEMPORARY USE PERMIT.  A permit issued in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and valid for not more than 1 year, which allows the erection/occupation of a temporary structure or the operation of a temporary enterprise.
      TOPOGRAPHY.  The relief features or surface configuration of an area.
      TRAILER.  See “Camping Trailer”.
      USE.  The purpose or activity for which land or a structure thereon is designed, arranged, intended, occupied, or maintained.
      UTILITY SUBSTATION.  A secondary utility facility such as an electrical substation, gas regulator station, telephone exchange facility, sewage treatment plant, etc.
      VARIANCE.  A license or permit to do some act contrary to the usual rule.
      WHOLESALE.  Refers to the sale of goods or services by 1 business to another business.
      YARD.  Open space that is unobstructed except as specifically permitted in the chapter  and that is located on the same lot as the principal building.
      YARD, FRONT.  A yard which is bounded by the front lot line and the building line.
      YARD, REAR.  A yard which is bounded by side lot lines, rear lot lines, and the rear yard line.
      YARD, SIDE.  A yard which is bounded by the rear yard line, front yard line, side yard line, and side lot line.
      YARD LINE.  A line in a lot that is parallel to the lot line along which is not nearer to such lot line at any point than the required depth or width of said yard.
      ZONING DISTRICT.  A partition of a municipality by ordinance divided into sections reserved for different purposes and uses.
      ZONING MAP.  The map(s) and any amendments thereto designating zoning districts.  The zoning map is incorporated into this chapter.
(Ord. 2831, passed 3-4-1999; Am. Ord. 3095, passed 2-10-2005; Am. Ord. 3371, passed 7-2-2013; Am. Ord. 3591, passed 1-7-2021)