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Whenever the off-street parking requirements in Section 1282.01 require the building of an off-street parking facility, such off-street parking lots shall be laid out, constructed and maintained in accordance with the following standards and regulations:
(a) No parking lot shall be constructed unless and until a permit therefor is issued by the Community Development Director. Applications for a permit shall be submitted to the Building Department in such form as may be determined by the Director and shall be accompanied with three sets of site plans for the development and construction of the parking lot showing that the provisions of this section will be fully complied with.
(b) Plans for the layout of off-street parking facilities shall be in accord with the following minimum requirements:
MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR SIZE OF PARKING AISLES AND DRIVEWAYS
Maneuvering Aisle Width
Parking Stall Width
Parking Stall Length
Total Width of
Two Stalls of Parking
Plus Maneuvering Aisle
Up to 53°
54° to 74°
75° to 90°
(c) All spaces shall be provided adequate access by means of maneuvering lanes. Backing directly onto a street shall be prohibited.
(d) Adequate ingress and egress to the parking lot by means of clearly limited and defined drives shall be provided for all vehicles.
Ingress and egress to a parking lot lying in an area zoned for other than single-family residential use shall not be across land zoned for single-family residential use.
(e) All maneuvering lane widths shall permit one-way traffic movement, except that the 90-degree pattern may permit two-way movement.
(f) Each entrance and exit to and from any off-street parking lot located in an area zoned for other than single-family residential use shall be at least 25 feet distant from adjacent property located in any Single-Family Residential District.
(g) The entire parking area, including parking spaces and maneuvering lanes, required under this section, shall be provided with asphaltic or concrete surfacing in accordance with specifications approved by the City Engineer. The parking area shall be surfaced within one year of the date the occupancy permit is issued.
Off-street parking areas shall be drained so as to dispose of all surface water accumulated in the parking area in such a way as to preclude drainage of water onto adjacent property or toward buildings.
(h) The Planning Commission may approve alternate parking lot surfaces which are dustless and which allow for storm water drainage directly through the parking surface or other similar surface.
(i) In order to reduce the amount of impervious surface and the corresponding storm water runoff and reduce heat given off by paved surfaces, the Planning Commission may approve alternate parking lot surfaces for overflow parking, or employee parking, or parking or maneuvering areas devoted to loading activities or parking for trucks or similar heavy equipment. Such surface may include but shall not be limited to gravel, crushed stone, or products which are installed in the ground to support vehicles but allow grass to grow within the supporting spaces or similar dustless material.
(j) Lighting fixtures used to illuminate off-street parking areas shall be so arranged as to deflect the light away from any adjoining residential properties or streets and highways. Lighting fixtures for the parking lots serving non-residential uses which are located within 50 feet of any residentially zoned property or residential use shall not exceed 20 feet in height. All other fixtures shall not exceed 35 feet in height. Light fixtures shall be designed to achieve total luminary cutoff.
(k) In all cases where a wall extends to an alley which is a means of ingress and egress to an off-street parking area, it shall be permissible to end the wall not more than ten feet from such alley line in order to permit a wider means of access to the parking area.
(l) Traffic Islands. Parking areas shall be designed to delineate access aisles or drives and to provide drivers proper sight distance at the end of parking rows where such rows intersect access aisles or drives. The Planning Commission may require traffic islands, striped pavement or other methods to achieve this requirement.
(m) Pedestrian Protection. Parking lots shall be designed to limit the number of points where pedestrians must cross in front of vehicles. In particular, vehicle access in front of building entrances and exits should be minimized. Landscaped pedestrian walkways to and from parking areas may be required to enhance pedestrian safety.
(n) Screening of Parking Area. Where off-street parking areas for non-residential uses abut residentially zoned property, a greenbelt not less than 15 feet wide shall be provided between the parking area and the residentially zoned property. The greenbelt shall be landscaped according to the landscape requirements of Section 1286.03(f) of the Zoning Code.
(o) Driveways. Driveways serving off-street non-residential parking areas shall be a minimum of 24 feet wide for two-way traffic and a minimum of 13 feet wide for one-way traffic.
(p) Snow Storage. Snow shall not be stored in areas with plantings or where it may create visibility problems for drivers or pedestrians.
(q) Barrier-free parking shall be provided as follows:
Total Parking in Lot
Minimum Number of Accessible Spaces Required
1 to 25
26 to 50
51 to 75
76 to 100
101 to 150
151 to 200
201 to 300
301 to 400
401 to 700
701 to 1,000
1 per 50 spaces provided or fraction thereof
20 plus 1 per 100 over 1,000 or fraction thereof
Requirements for barrier-free parking spaces, curbs, ramps, and signs shall be as required by local building code and the Michigan Barrier Free Rules.
(1975 Code §5.125) (Ord. 518. Passed 3-3-15.)