1207.13   TRANSPORTATION/CIRCULATION/PEDESTRIAN LINKAGE.
   (a)   Purpose. The purpose of this section is to establish the street design and circulation criteria for development in Hudson, protect the integrity of the existing transportation network, support area design compatibility as established in the Hudson Comprehensive Plan, and provide for safe and efficient roadway and pedestrian systems.
   (b)   General Criteria.
      (1)   Transportation plan and functional classification system.
         A.   Establishment of transportation plan and functional classification system. The location and functional classifications of necessary freeway, arterial and collector roads have been established by ordinance. All zoning district regulations referencing arterial roads shall be guided by the definition of arterial street found in Section 1213.02, Definitions, Street, arterial.
         B.   South 91 Corridor Studies. All development adjacent to SR-91 from Stoney Hill Drive to Barlow Road necessitating road improvements must be in compliance with the South 91 Corridor Access Management Plan adopted in July, 1997, as amended. All development adjacent to SR-91 from Terex Road to Norton Road must be in compliance with the SR-91 Traffic Corridor Study adopted in February 2003, as amended.
         C.   Standard Roadway Cross Section Design and Pavement Specifications. All roadways shall be designed in compliance with the City of Hudson Engineering Standards.
         D.   State Access Management Standards. In reviewing development projects adjacent to collector and arterial roads, the Planning Commission shall require adherence to the latest edition or revision of the State of Ohio Department of Transportation's State Highway Access Management Manual.
      (2)   Road widenings and capacity.
         A.   Any increases in road capacity or proposed widenings shall be in compliance with the Transportation Policy Statements of the current City of Hudson Comprehensive Plan.
         B.   Traffic impact studies. All proposed new residential subdivisions, commercial and industrial development and changes in usage in non-residential structures shall refer to the City of Hudson Engineering Standards regarding the requirement to prepare and submit a traffic impact study in accordance with the provisions there in.
      (3)   Level of service requirements.
         A.   All developments and subdivisions required to prepare a traffic impact study shall demonstrate compliance with level of service requirements set forth in Section 1207.11, Adequate Public Facilities, division (b)(3), Transportation.
         B.   An applicant or developer shall provide roadway improvements as required by the City to maintain or improve the level of service of an arterial or collector street shown by the traffic impact study to be adversely affected by the proposed development or subdivision.
         C.   If a proposed development or subdivision does not adversely change the level of service, the developer shall pay a proportionate share necessitated by the development of traffic mitigation measures for any proposed roadway segment or intersection improvement within a one-fourth-mile radius of a proposed development or subdivision, as outlined in the Transportation Network Traffic Model Analysis dated November 4, 1997, and whose designated level of service is at or below a LOS C as found in the November 4, 1996 Analysis.
   (c)   Streets and Easements and Alleyways.
      (1)   Streets.
         A.   Streets depicted on a subdivision plat shall conform to the transportation plan map and cross section design.
         B.   All streets shall be aligned to join with planned or existing streets.
         C.   All streets shall be designed to bear a logical relationship to the topography of the land.
         D.   Streets shall be laid out so as to intersect as nearly as possible at right angles.
         E.   A proposed intersection of two streets, either one new street to an existing street or two new streets, shall not have an angle less than eighty degrees.
         F.   An oblique street should be curved approaching an intersection and shall be approximately at right angles for at least 150 feet therefrom.
         G.   No more than two streets shall intersect at any one point.
      (2)   Culs-de-sac.
         A.   Culs-de-sac should be avoided to the maximum extent feasible.
         B.   Culs-de-sac shall be permitted only if they do not exceed a maximum length of 900 feet. The measurement shall be from the mid-point of the intersection with another street to the center point of the cul-de-sac turnaround. Temporary culs-de-sac may be longer than the 900-foot maximum only when classified as a stub street.
         C.   Culs-de-sac shall have pavement with a turnaround radius of forty feet.
         D.   Cul-de-sac rights-of-way shall have minimum radius of sixty feet.
         E.   No center islands shall be allowed in culs-de-sac with a diameter of sixty feet or less.
         F.   Exceptions: Culs-de-sac in Districts 6 and 8 have no maximum length provision provided adequate emergency access is provided as approved by the Fire Department. However, proposed developments must tie into other existing developments where practicable and as required through the site plan review process.
      (3)   Stub streets. Stub streets are required to provide continued access to future development. Provisions shall be made to establish stub streets to provide for the continuation of a development between adjacent properties if the adjacent property is undeveloped and not subject to a permanent conservation easement. A temporary cul-de-sac shall be provided until such time as it will be extended. The permanent right-of-way line shall extend to the end of the property with a five-foot reservation strip along the width of the right-of-way. The party responsible for the extension of the stub street shall be responsible for the restoration, grading, and the securing of all necessary temporary agreements to complete the work for each property abutting the temporary property line/right-of-way line as approved by the City Engineer. On streets serving less than twelve residences, hammerhead turnarounds and culs-de-sac may be used instead of stub streets.
      (4)   Controlled access median strips. Controlled access median strips are permissible for residential streets only along entrance roads to subdivisions. The maximum length of the median strip shall be 350 feet.
      (5)   Curb cuts and intersections.
         A.   Curb cuts on corner lots must be set back the maximum distance feasible from the adjacent intersections.
         B.   Residential lots in a subdivision adjacent to an arterial street are not permitted curb cut access to arterial streets.
         C.   Residential development is permitted a maximum of two curb cuts per lot with a maximum width at the right-of-way of twenty feet per curb cut and a combined maximum of thirty feet per lot.
         D.   Curb cuts for commercial or industrial development shall be limited to one access point on arterial and collector streets. All development adjacent to SR-91 between Stoney Hill Drive and Barlow Roads shall be subject to the provisions of the South 91 Corridor Access Management Plan.
         E.   Intersections for new streets along arterial and collector streets should be a minimum of 400 lineal feet from any intersection.
      (6)   Signalized intersections along arterials. A Traffic Signal Warrant Analysis shall be performed according to the State of Ohio Department of Transportation Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, for all residential, commercial and industrial developments creating an intersection with any street designated as an arterial or collector street in the City of Hudson Comprehensive Plan.
      (7)   Alleys. Alleys shall not be allowed except as part of a design element for proposed residential development in Zone Districts 1, 3, and 4, or as warranted by unique access conditions within District 5. Where permitted, alleys must be designed to a minimum width of sixteen feet with a two-foot strip for utility easements on each side of the alley. Accessory garages that access an alley shall be set back a minimum eight feet from the edge of the alley.
      (8)   Utility easements. Utility easements of a minimum of five feet shall be required on the sides and rear of all residential, commercial or industrial lots together with a ten-foot wide utility easement outside the right-of-way line on all properties that abut the right-of-way. All other public utility easements for specific locations as required to serve a residential, commercial or industrial subdivision shall be a minimum of thirty feet unless otherwise specified by the City.
      (9)   Street design standards.
         A.   Emergency access.
            1.   Purpose. This section is intended to ensure that emergency vehicles can gain access to and maneuver at every facility, building, or portion of a building so that emergency personnel can provide fire protection and emergency services without delays.
            2.   General standard. All developments shall provide adequate access for emergency vehicles and for those persons rendering fire protection and emergency services.
            3.   Fire protection requirements. All portions of the exterior wall of the first story of any building or portion of a building must be located within 150 feet of a public street or a fire access road in which fire apparatus can be maneuvered, as approved by the Fire Department. Fire access roads shall comply with applicable standards of the Ohio Fire Code, current edition.
                  Fire access roads may be public streets (except limited access streets) and alleys, parking lots, private streets, or similar vehicular access roads.
            4.   Fire access road width. The minimum fire access road width shall be reviewed and approved by the Fire Department.
            5.   Turnarounds. Any fire access road shall have a turnaround with a proper turning radius, as approved by the Fire Department.
            6.   [Reserved.]
            7.   Parking control. Approved "No parking - Fire Lane" signs shall be provided where parking would obstruct the minimum width and turning radius. Curbs in these areas shall be painted red.
            8.   Road surface. The surface of all fire access roads shall be of an approved hard surface or compacted road base capable of supporting fully loaded fire apparatus engineered to provide a bearing weight of 60,000 pounds. All surfaces shall be maintainable in all weather conditions including snow removal.
            9.   [Reserved.]
            10.   [Reserved.]
            11.   Easements. Any private fire access road that serves multiple properties or crosses properly lines shall have proper emergency access easements.
            12.   [Reserved.]
            13.   [Reserved.]
            14.   Access. Temporary fire access roads, turnarounds, and second points of access may be used as part of an approved phased project as confirmed by listing in a subdivision plan. Any temporary access shall meet all other fire access road criteria.
                  All required fire access roads, including public streets, shall be installed and serviceable before commencement of aboveground construction.
            15.   Signs. A reflective distance marker shall be required for fire access roads greater than 900 feet in length. A market supplied and installed by the Hudson Fire Department shall be located every 900 feet of length from the main entrance of the structure to the street.
   (d)   Pedestrian and Bicycle Paths.
      (1)   To the maximum extent feasible, all residential, commercial, and industrial subdivisions shall provide pedestrian linkages, including bikeways, to existing trail system, parks, schools, adjacent developments, and to the Village Core where applicable. (See City of Hudson Engineering Standards. Furthermore, all residential, commercial, and industrial subdivisions shall conform to the City of Hudson Connectivity Plan of current adoption, if applicable.
   (e)   Payment of Funds-in-Lieu of Providing Public Sidewalks and Other Pedestrian and Non-Vehicular Circulation Systems.
      (1)   When adjacent or abutting properties do not have public sidewalks and other pedestrian non-vehicular circulation systems with which to directly connect or link, the owner or developer may, with the approval of the Planning Commission, at the owner's or developer's option, in Districts 1, 2, 3, 7, 9 and 10, provide monetary funds in-lieu of providing public sidewalks and other pedestrian or non-vehicular circulation systems.
      (2)   For purposes of determining the value of public sidewalks and other pedestrian and non-vehicular circulation systems for funds paid in-lieu of providing the same, the Planning Commission shall establish the payment to be seventy percent of the cost the City would pay to install the system as approved by the City Engineer utilizing State of Ohio prevailing wages.
   (f)   Fund. All amounts paid by the owner or developer in-lieu of providing the improvements as set forth in division (e) of this section shall be made payable to the City of Hudson and upon receipt shall be deposited in a separate fund kept specifically for funding the construction of public sidewalks and other pedestrian and non-vehicular circulation system linkages in the City.
   (g)   Additional Regulations. See Chapter 1419 , Engineering Standards for Infrastructure Construction for additional regulations relative to transportation, circulation, and pedestrian linkage.
(Ord. 16-114, § 1 (Exh. A).  Passed 9-6-16; Ord. 18-93.  Passed 10-15-19.)