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§ 4.405  AIRPORT/AIRFIELD (“AO”) OVERLAY DISTRICT.
   (a)   Purpose and intent. The purpose of the airport/airfield overlay district is the regulation of land uses in the vicinity of the city’s airports and airfields and to ensure the protection of the airports where it has been determined that they are an essential economic element of the city and surrounding cities. It is also the purpose of this section to protect the health, safety and general welfare of the public where it is recognized that aircraft accidents and excessive noise have the potential for endangering or harming the lives and or property of users or occupants of land in the vicinity of the airports that serve Fort Worth.
   (b)   Generally.
      (1)   Applicability.
         a.   Airport zoning regulations shall apply to all of the incorporated areas of the City of Fort Worth which are located within an accident potential zone or clear zone as described herein. The use of all land and any buildings or structures located upon the land, and the height, construction, reconstruction, alteration, expansion or relocation of any building or structure upon the land shall conform to all regulations applicable to this section. No land, building, structure or premises shall be constructed and/or used for any purpose or in any manner other than is permitted in this section.
         b.   The airport zoning regulation shall also be in accordance with prescribed regulations contained in V.T.C.A. Local Government Code §§ 241.001 et seq.
      (2)   Electrical interference. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, no use shall be made of land or water nor institution within an airport/airfield overlay district in such a manner as to create electrical interference with navigational signals or radio communications between the airport and aircraft, make it difficult for pilots to distinguish between airport lights and others, impair visibility in the vicinity of the airport, create bird strike hazards or otherwise endanger or interfere with the landing, takeoff or maneuvering of aircraft utilizing the City of Fort Worth airports or the Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base (NAS FW JRB).
      (3)   Maps. Maps identifying the boundaries of the airport/airfield overlay district for the applicable airports and further described by each applicable airport subsection are hereby incorporated into the city’s official zoning map.
      (4)   Zoning classification.
         a.   Airport/airfield overlay district. The airport/airfield overlay district is designed as an overlay to the base zoning district. Property located within this zoning overlay must also be designated as being within one of the base zoning districts. Permitted uses must be allowed in both the base zoning district and the overlay district and must comply with height, yard, area and parking requirements of the base zoning district.
         b.   Zoning designation. The zoning designation of the property located within the airport/airfield overlay district shall consist of the base zoning symbol and the overlay symbol as a suffix. For example, if a parcel is zoned “A-5” and is also located in the airport/airfield overlay district, the zoning of the parcel would be “A-5/AO.” The zoning designation of parcels located within a compatible use zone shall consist of the base zoning symbol and the following as a suffix: “AO-CUZ.”
      (5)   Height considerations.
         a.   14 C.F.R. Part 77, Subpart C establishes the following imaginary surfaces for airports: approach surface; conical surface; horizontal surface; primary surface; and transitional surface as defined in the applicable airport layout plan.
            1.   Structures cannot penetrate Federal Aviation Regulation Part 77 imaginary surfaces and elevation at the site of construction.
            2.   Construction or alteration requiring notice: any person proposing construction or alteration whether permanent, temporary or of natural growth in the area surrounding any municipal or military airport shall notify the manager, Air Traffic Division of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Regional Office and the manager of the municipal airport or community liaison or other appointee of the NAS FW JRB, as applicable, if such construction or alteration exceeds any of the following height standards.
               i.   The height limits are defined in terms of imaginary surfaces in the airspace extending about two to three miles around airport runways and approximately nine and one-half miles from the ends of the runways having a precision instrument approach.
               ii.   Notice must be provided for all structures measuring 200 feet above ground level measured at the point of highest elevation of the foundation or where it has been determined that the proposed construction penetrates the Federal Aviation Regulation Part 77 imaginary surfaces.
            3.   When requested by the FAA, any construction or alteration that would be in an instrument approach area and available information indicates the height might exceed any FAA obstruction standard, must be submitted for review.
         b.   Notice to FAA: nothing in this section shall be construed as relieving any property owner, sponsor or agent from the requirement for filing a notice of proposed construction or alteration with the appropriate Federal Aviation Administration.
         c.   A copy of a determination of no hazard or similar documentation will be required from the FAA, and the NAS FW JRB, as applicable, before release of a building permit by the City of Fort Worth.
      (6)   Marking of nonconforming structures. The owner of any nonconforming structure or object of natural growth deemed an operational hazard by the City of Fort Worth and/or Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base is required to install and maintain thereon markers and lighting to indicate to the operators of aircraft in the vicinity of the airport the presence of such airport hazards. Such markers and lights shall be installed, operated and maintained at the expense of the property owner, as required by the FAA.
   (c)   Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base.
      (1)   Purpose and intent. The City of Fort Worth has designated a NAS FW JRB compatible use zone (AO-CUZ) in order to promote the public health, safety, peace, comfort, convenience and general welfare of the inhabitants of and near military airport environs and to prevent the impairment of military airfields and the public investment therein. The land areas below military airport take off and final approach paths are exposed to significant danger of aircraft accidents. It is, therefore, necessary to limit the density of development and intensity of uses in such areas. The NAS FW JRB compatible use zone is intended to: guide, control and regulate future growth and development; promote orderly and appropriate use of land; protect the character and stability of existing land uses; enhance the quality of living in the areas affected; protect the general economic welfare by restricting incompatible land uses; prevent the establishment of any land use which would endanger aircraft operations and the continued use of the NAS FW JRB.
      (2)   Boundaries. The specific boundaries of the NAS FW JRB compatible use zone are shown on the official zoning map maintained by the city and depicted and attached as Exhibit B.27. The compatible use zones include the clear zones and accident potential zones (APZs).
      (3)   Use restrictions in accident potential zones and clear zone.
         a.   Permitted uses shall be allowed in accordance with Table 1, attached and incorporated hereinto the zoning ordinance.
         b.   Certain uses, unless stated otherwise, within Table 1 shall be prohibited within the APZs. Prohibited uses include, but are not limited to, new residences, schools, places of public assembly and outdoor recreation uses. Other prohibited uses include the manufacture of flammable or combustible liquids or materials, the generation of any substance that would impair visibility or otherwise interfere with the operation of aircraft including steam/dust/smoke; and uses that may encourage the congregation of birds or waterfowl increasing the chance of a bird strike including landfills.
         c.   Above ground fuel storage facilities shall be permitted only in accordance with the Uniform Fire Code.
         d.   All new nonresidential uses indicated on the table as “N” Not Compatible on Table 1 are considered prohibited.
      (4)   Residential uses. In lieu of the requirements of Chapter 7, Nonconformities regarding construction, the following shall be allowed within the AO-CUZ.
         a.   Existing residential one-family uses located within a platted residential subdivision will be permitted to reconstruct a single-family residential structure.
         b.   New residential construction shall be permitted only on vacant lots that are within an existing platted residential subdivision. This section does not apply to residential properties located within the clear zone.
         c.   Tracts or lots may not be subdivided.
      (5)   Existing nonresidential uses and structures. In lieu of the requirements of Chapter 7, Nonconformities regarding construction and continuation of use, the following shall be allowed within the AO-CUZ
         a.   Existing nonresidential uses or structures may reconstruct a structure for the same nonconforming use with equal or less square footage that had previously existed on the property or for such other use that has a density equal to or less than the prior use. Density will be measured from the occupancy count as determined by the city’s building official.
         b.   A nonresidential structure that is vacant for any period of time will be allowed to request a certificate of occupancy for a new tenant or property owner provided that the use requested is identical to the use identified on the last certificate of occupancy for the structure, or is for a use that has a density equal to or less than the previous use of the structure. Density will be measured from the occupancy count as determined by the city’s building official.
         c.   A certificate of occupancy may be issued for new tenants or property owners and changes of use for any use allowed in a shopping center with multiple tenant spaces or an existing regional mall site, as stated in Table 1, Note 7 and Note 8.
         d.   In an existing structure, a use not allowed in Table 1 will be allowed provided that the proposed nonconforming use has a density equal to or less than the previous use of the structure. A use changed to a lower density than had previously existed may not thereafter be returned to a use of higher density, provided however the aforementioned shall not apply to a shopping center or an existing regional mall site.
         e.   Any tenant or property owner of a building within an existing regional mall site shall be permitted to construct, re-construct, relocate and redevelop the square footage existing within the APZ-I area as of the effective date of this ordinance plus an additional 25,000 square feet of building improvements at any location solely within 400 feet of the eastern APZ-I boundary. The additional 25,000 square feet within 400 feet of the eastern APZ-1 boundary shall be allocated to and located upon the applicable portion of the property described as Parcel 1 in the special warranty deed filed of record under Instrument No.D205100827, Real Property Records, Tarrant County, Texas (the “developer’s parcel”) or such other tract within 400 feet of the eastern APZ-I boundary designated by the owner of the developer’s parcel.
         f.   A nonconforming use if changed to a conforming use may not thereafter be changed to a nonconforming use, provided however the aforementioned shall not apply to a shopping center or an existing regional mall site.
      (6)   Boundaries. The specific boundary of the Naval Air Station Fort Worth Joint Reserve Base Airport Overlay is shown on the official zoning map maintained by the city and depicted and attached as Exhibit B.27A.
      (7)   Communications facilities and electrical interference. No use shall cause electrical interference with navigational signals or radio communications at the airport or with radio or electronic communications between the airport and aircraft. Proposals for the location of new or expanded radio, radio-telephone, television transmission facilities, electrical transmission lines and wind turbines shall be coordinated through the Department of the Navy Representative, FAA Central Service Area prior to approval.
      (8)   Outdoor lighting.
         a.   No use shall project lighting directly onto an existing runway or taxiway or into existing airport approach and landing paths except where necessary for safe and convenient air travel.  Lighting for any new or expanded use shall incorporate shielding in their designs to reflect light away from airport approach and landing paths.  Control of outdoor lighting shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement.
         b.   Criteria. Lighting shall meet the following criteria:
            1.   Lighting arrangement. Lighting arrangements that mimic runway lighting (i.e., long linear parallel rows of lighting) that could be confused with runway or taxiway lighting are not permitted.
            2.   Illumination levels. Lighting shall have intensities, uniformities and glare control in accordance with the recommended practices of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), unless otherwise directed by the City of Fort Worth.
            3.   Lighting fixture design.
               i.   Fixtures shall be of a type and design appropriate to the lighting application.
               ii.   For the lighting of predominantly horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to parking areas, roadways, vehicular and pedestrian passage areas, merchandising and storage areas, automotive-fuel dispensing facilities, automotive sales areas, loading docks, cul-de-sacs, active and passive recreational areas, building entrances, sidewalks, bicycle and pedestrian paths, and site entrances, fixtures shall be aimed straight down and shall meet IESNA full-cutoff criteria.  Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection.  In the case of decorative street lighting, the City of Fort Worth may approve the use of luminaires that are fully shielded or comply with IESNA cutoff criteria. 
               iii.   For the lighting of predominantly non-horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, facades, landscaping, signs, billboards, fountains, displays and statuary, fixtures shall be fully shielded and shall be installed and aimed so as to not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward.  Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection. 
               iv.   “Barn lights,” aka “dusk-to-dawn lights,” shall be shielded. 
            4.   Billboards and signs.
               i.   Externally illuminated billboards and signs shall have fixtures mounted at the top of the billboard or sign and aimed downward.  The fixtures shall be designed, fitted and aimed to shield the source from off-site view and to place the light output onto and not beyond the sign or billboard.  The face of the sign or billboard and the illumination shall not exceed 30-vertical footcandles during the hours of darkness.
               ii.   The light source for internally illuminated signs and billboards shall not exceed 1,000 initial lumens per square foot of sign face.
               iii.   Rotating, traveling, pulsing, flashing or oscillating light sources, lasers, beacons, searchlights or strobe lighting shall not be permitted.
               iv.   The use of highly reflective signage that creates nuisance glare or a safety hazard is not permitted.
      (9)   Glare.
         a.   No use shall cause glare by highly reflective materials, including but not limited to unpainted metal or reflective glass, on the exterior of structures located within airport approach and landing paths or on nearby lands where glare could impede a pilot’s vision. Proposed solar arrays shall be coordinated through the Department of the Navy Representative, FAA Central Service Area prior to approval. The control of glare shall meet the following criteria:
         b.   Criteria.
            1.   Vegetation screens shall not be employed to serve as the primary means for controlling glare.  Rather, glare control shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement.  Glare surface suppressants that effectively reduce glare may also be utilized.
            2.   All lighting shall be aimed, located, designed, fitted and maintained so as not to present a hazard to pilots or the safe operation of aircraft.
            3.   Directional fixtures such as floodlights and spotlights shall be shielded, installed and aimed that they do not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward.
            4.   Except as permitted for certain recreational lighting, fixtures not meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 16 feet above finished grade. Fixtures meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 20 feet above finished grade. 
            5.   Flag lighting sources shall have a beam spread no greater than necessary to illuminate the flag and shall be adequately shielded.
      (10)   Emissions. No use shall, as part of its regular operations, cause emissions of smoke, ash, vapor, gas, dust, steam or other emissions that could obscure visibility of pilots or conflict with airport operations.
      (11)   Wildlife attractants. No use shall foster an increase in wildlife population and thereby increase the likelihood of a bird impact problem.
      (12)   Waste disposal facilities.
         a.   No new waste disposal facilities shall be permitted with 10,000 feet of any airport unless approval is obtained from the FAA.
         b.   Expansions of existing land disposal facilities within these distances shall be permitted only upon demonstration that the facility is designed and will operate so as not to increase the likelihood of bird/aircraft collisions.  Timely notice of any proposed expansion shall be provided to the City of Fort Worth, Texas DOT and the FAA, and any approval shall be accompanied by such conditions as are necessary to ensure that an increase in bird/aircraft collisions is not likely to result.
   (d)   Spinks Airport.
      (1)   Purpose and intent. The City of Fort Worth has designated the Spinks Airport Overlay and Runway Protection Zone (AO and RPZ) in order to promote the public health, safety, peace, comfort, convenience and general welfare of the inhabitants of and near municipal airport environs and to prevent the impairment of municipal airports and the public investment therein.
      (2)   Boundaries. The specific boundaries of the Spinks Airport Overlay and Runway Protection Zones are shown on the official zoning map maintained by the city and depicted and attached as Exhibit B.28. The Runway Protection Zones (RPZs) are as defined in the airport layout plan for the airport.
      (3)   Use restrictions in runway protection zones.
         a.   Permitted uses shall be allowed in accordance with Table 2, attached and incorporated hereinto the zoning ordinance.
         b.   Certain uses within Table 2 shall be prohibited within the RPZs. Prohibited uses include, but are not limited to, new residences, schools, places of public assembly and outdoor recreation uses. Other prohibited uses include the manufacture of flammable or combustible liquids or materials, the generation of any substance that would impair visibility or otherwise interfere with the operation of aircraft including steam/dust/smoke; and uses that may encourage the congregation of birds or waterfowl increasing the chance of a bird strike including landfills.
         c.   Above ground fuel storage facilities shall be permitted only in accordance with the Uniform Fire Code.
         d.   All new nonresidential uses indicated on the table as “N” Not Compatible on Table 2 are considered prohibited.
      (4)   Communications facilities and electrical interference. No use shall cause electrical interference with navigational signals or radio communications at the airport or with radio or electronic communications between the airport and aircraft. Proposals for the location of new or expanded radio, radio-telephone, television transmission facilities, electrical transmission lines and wind turbines shall be coordinated with the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
      (5)   Outdoor lighting.
         a.   Generally. No use shall project lighting directly onto an existing runway or taxiway or into existing airport approach and landing paths except where necessary for safe and convenient air travel. Lighting for any new or expanded use shall incorporate shielding in their designs to reflect light away from airport approach and landing paths. Control of outdoor lighting shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement.
         b.   Criteria. Lighting shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Lighting arrangement. Lighting arrangements that mimic runway lighting (i.e., long linear parallel rows of lighting) that could be confused with runway or taxiway lighting are not permitted.
            2.   Illumination levels. Lighting shall have intensities, uniformities and glare control in accordance with the recommended practices of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), unless otherwise directed by the City of Fort Worth.
            3.   Lighting fixture design.
               i.   Fixtures shall be of a type and design appropriate to the lighting application.
               ii.   For the lighting of predominantly horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, parking areas, roadways, vehicular and pedestrian passage areas, merchandising and storage areas, automotive-fuel dispensing facilities, automotive sales areas, loading docks, cul-de-sacs, active and passive recreational areas, building entrances, sidewalks, bicycle and pedestrian paths, and site entrances, fixtures shall be aimed straight down and shall meet IESNA full-cutoff criteria. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection. In the case of decorative street lighting, the City of Fort Worth may approve the use of luminaires that are fully shielded or comply with IESNA cutoff criteria.
               iii.   For the lighting of predominantly non-horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, facades, landscaping, signs, billboards, fountains, displays and statuary, fixtures shall be fully shielded and shall be installed and aimed so as to not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection.
               iv.   “Barn lights,” aka “dusk-to-dawn lights,” shall be shielded.
            4.   Billboards and signs.
               i.   Externally illuminated billboards and signs shall have fixtures mounted at the top of the billboard or sign and aimed downward. The fixtures shall be designed, fitted and aimed to shield the source from off-site view and to place the light output onto and not beyond the sign or billboard. The face of the sign or billboard and the illumination shall not exceed 30-vertical footcandles during the hours of darkness.
               ii.   The light source for internally illuminated signs and billboards shall not exceed 1,000 initial lumens per square foot of sign face.
               iii.   Rotating, traveling, pulsing, flashing or oscillating light sources, lasers, beacons, searchlights or strobe lighting shall not be permitted.
               iv.   The use of highly reflective signage that creates nuisance glare or a safety hazard is not permitted.
      (5)   Glare.
         a.   Generally. No use shall cause glare by highly reflective materials, including but not limited to unpainted metal or reflective glass, on the exterior of structures located within airport approach and landing paths or on nearby lands where glare could impede a pilot’s vision. Proposed solar arrays shall be coordinated with the FAA’s Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
         b.   Criteria. The control of glare shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Vegetation screens shall not be employed to serve as the primary means for controlling glare. Rather, glare control shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement. Glare surface suppressants that effectively reduce glare may also be utilized.
            2.   All lighting shall be aimed, located, designed, fitted and maintained so as not to present a hazard to pilots or the safe operation of aircraft.
            3.   Directional fixtures such as floodlights and spotlights shall be shielded, installed and aimed that they do not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward.
            4.   Except as permitted for certain recreational lighting, fixtures not meeting IESNA Full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 16 feet above finished grade. Fixtures meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 20 feet above finished grade.
            5.   Flag lighting sources shall have a beam spread no greater than necessary to illuminate the flag and shall be adequately shielded.
      (6)   Emissions. No use shall, as part of its regular operations, cause emissions of smoke, ash, vapor, gas, dust, steam or other emissions that could obscure visibility of pilots or conflict with airport operations.
      (7)   Wildlife attractants. No use shall foster an increase in bird population and thereby increase the likelihood of a bird impact problem.
      (8)   Waste disposal facilities.
         a.   No new waste disposal facilities shall be permitted with 10,000 feet of any airport unless approval is obtained from the FAA.
         b.   Expansions of existing land disposal facilities within these distances shall be permitted only upon demonstration that the facility is designed and will operate so as not to increase the likelihood of bird/aircraft collisions. Timely notice of any proposed expansion shall be provided to the City of Fort Worth, Texas DOT and the FAA, and any approval shall be accompanied by such conditions as are necessary to ensure that an increase in bird/aircraft collisions is not likely to result.
   (e)   Meacham International Airport.
      (1)   Purpose and intent. The City of Fort Worth has designated the Meacham International Airport Overlay and Runway Protection Zone (AO and RPZ) in order to promote the public health, safety, peace, comfort, convenience and general welfare of the inhabitants of and near municipal airport environs and to prevent the impairment of municipal airports and the public investment therein.
      (2)   Boundaries. The specific boundaries of the Meacham Airport Overlay and Runway Protection Zones are shown on the official zoning map maintained by the city and depicted and attached as Exhibit B.29. The Runway Protection Zones (RPZs) are as defined in the airport layout plan for the airport.
      (3)   Use restrictions in runway protection zones.
         a.   Permitted uses shall be allowed in accordance with Table 2, attached and incorporated here into the zoning ordinance.
         b.   Certain uses within Table 2 shall be prohibited within the RPZs. Prohibited uses include, but are not limited to, new residences, schools, places of public assembly and outdoor recreation uses. Other prohibited uses include the manufacture of flammable or combustible liquids or materials, the generation of any substance that would impair visibility or otherwise interfere with the operation of aircraft including steam/dust/smoke; and uses that may encourage the congregation of birds or waterfowl increasing the chance of a bird strike including landfills.
         c.   Above ground fuel storage facilities shall be permitted only in accordance with the Uniform Fire Code.
         d.   All new nonresidential uses indicated on the table as “N” Not Compatible on Table 2 are considered prohibited.
      (4)   Communications facilities and electrical interference. No use shall cause electrical interference with navigational signals or radio communications at the airport or with radio or electronic communications between the airport and aircraft. Proposals for the location of new or expanded radio, radio-telephone, television transmission facilities, electrical transmission lines and wind turbines shall be coordinated with the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
      (5)   Outdoor lighting.
         a.   Generally. No use shall project lighting directly onto an existing runway or taxiway or into existing airport approach and landing paths except where necessary for safe and convenient air travel. Lighting for any new or expanded use shall incorporate shielding in their designs to reflect light away from airport approach and landing paths. Control of outdoor lighting shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement.
         b.   Criteria. Lighting shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Lighting arrangement. Lighting arrangements that mimic runway lighting (i.e., long linear parallel rows of lighting) that could be confused with runway or taxiway lighting are not permitted.
            2.   Illumination levels. Lighting shall have intensities, uniformities and glare control in accordance with the recommended practices of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), unless otherwise directed by the City of Fort Worth.
            3.   Lighting fixture design.
               i.   Fixtures shall be of a type and design appropriate to the lighting application.
               ii.   For the lighting of predominantly horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, parking areas, roadways, vehicular and pedestrian passage areas, merchandising and storage areas, automotive-fuel dispensing facilities, automotive sales areas, loading docks, cul-de-sacs, active and passive recreational areas, building entrances, sidewalks, bicycle and pedestrian paths, and site entrances, fixtures shall be aimed straight down and shall meet IESNA full-cutoff criteria. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection (e)(5)b.3.ii. In the case of decorative street lighting, the City of Fort Worth may approve the use of luminaires that are fully shielded or comply with IESNA cutoff criteria.
               iii.   For the lighting of predominantly non-horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, facades, landscaping, signs, billboards, fountains, displays and statuary, fixtures shall be fully shielded and shall be installed and aimed so as to not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection.
               iv.   “Barn lights,” aka “dusk-to-dawn lights,” shall be shielded.
            4.   Billboards and signs.
               i.   Externally illuminated billboards and signs shall have fixtures mounted at the top of the billboard or sign and aimed downward. The fixtures shall be designed, fitted and aimed to shield the source from off-site view and to place the light output onto and not beyond the sign or billboard. The face of the sign or billboard and the illumination shall not exceed 30-vertical footcandles during the hours of darkness.
               ii.   The light source for internally illuminated signs and billboards shall not exceed 1,000 initial lumens per square foot of sign face.
               iii.   Rotating, traveling, pulsing, flashing or oscillating light sources, lasers, beacons, searchlights or strobe lighting shall not be permitted.
               iv.   The use of highly reflective signage that creates nuisance glare or a safety hazard is not permitted.
      (6)   Glare.
         a.   No use shall cause glare by highly reflective materials, including, but not limited to, unpainted metal or reflective glass, on the exterior of structures located within airport approach and landing paths or on nearby lands where glare could impede a pilot’s vision. Proposed solar arrays shall be coordinated with the FAA’s Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
         b.   Criteria. The control of glare shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Vegetation screens shall not be employed to serve as the primary means for controlling glare. Rather, glare control shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement. Glare surface suppressants that effectively reduce glare may also be utilized.
            2.   All lighting shall be aimed, located, designed, fitted and maintained so as not to present a hazard to pilots or the safe operation of aircraft.
            3.   Directional fixtures such as floodlights and spotlights shall be shielded, installed and aimed that they do not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward.
            4.   Except as permitted for certain recreational lighting, fixtures not meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 16 feet above finished grade. Fixtures meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 20 feet above finished grade.
            5.   Flag lighting sources shall have a beam spread no greater than necessary to illuminate the flag and shall be adequately shielded.
      (7)   Emissions. No use shall, as part of its regular operations, cause emissions of smoke, ash, vapor, gas, dust, steam or other emissions that could obscure visibility of pilots or conflict with airport operations.
      (8)   Wildlife attractants. No use shall foster an increase in bird population and thereby increase the likelihood of a bird impact problem.
      (9)   Waste disposal facilities.
            1.   No new waste disposal facilities shall be permitted with 10,000 feet of any airport unless approval is obtained from the FAA.
            2.   Expansions of existing land disposal facilities within these distances shall be permitted only upon demonstration that the facility is designed and will operate so as not to increase the likelihood of bird/aircraft collisions. Timely notice of any proposed expansion shall be provided to the City of Fort Worth, Texas DOT and the FAA, and any approval shall be accompanied by such conditions as are necessary to ensure that an increase in bird/aircraft collisions is not likely to result.
   (f)   Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.
      (1)   Purpose and intent. The City of Fort Worth has designated the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Overlay (AO) in order to promote the public health, safety, peace, comfort, convenience and general welfare of the inhabitants of and near municipal airport environs and to prevent the impairment of municipal airports and the public investment therein.
      (2)   Boundaries. The specific boundary of the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Overlay is shown on the official zoning map maintained by the city and depicted and attached as Exhibit B.30.
      (3)   Communications facilities and electrical interference. No use shall cause electrical interference with navigational signals or radio communications at the airport or with radio or electronic communications between the airport and aircraft. Proposals for the location of new or expanded radio, radio-telephone, television transmission facilities, electrical transmission lines and wind turbines shall be coordinated with the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
      (4)   Outdoor lighting.
         a.   Generally. No use shall project lighting directly onto an existing runway or taxiway or into existing airport approach and landing paths except where necessary for safe and convenient air travel. Lighting for any new or expanded use shall incorporate shielding in their designs to reflect light away from airport approach and landing paths. Control of outdoor lighting shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement.
         b.   Criteria. Lighting shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Lighting arrangement. Lighting arrangements that mimic runway lighting (i.e., long linear parallel rows of lighting) that could be confused with runway or taxiway lighting are not permitted.
            2.   Illumination levels. Lighting shall have intensities, uniformities and glare control in accordance with the recommended practices of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), unless otherwise directed by the City of Fort Worth.
            3.   Lighting fixture design.
               i.   Fixtures shall be of a type and design appropriate to the lighting application.
               ii.   For the lighting of predominantly horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, parking areas, roadways, vehicular and pedestrian passage areas, merchandising and storage areas, automotive-fuel dispensing facilities, automotive sales areas, loading docks, cul-de-sacs, active and passive recreational areas, building entrances, sidewalks, bicycle and pedestrian paths, and site entrances, fixtures shall be aimed straight down and shall meet IESNA full-cutoff criteria. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection. In the case of decorative street lighting, the City of Fort Worth may approve the use of luminaires that are fully shielded or comply with IESNA cutoff criteria.
               iii.   For the lighting of predominantly non-horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, facades, landscaping, signs, billboards, fountains, displays and statuary, fixtures shall be fully shielded and shall be installed and aimed so as to not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection (f)(4)b.3.iii.
               iv.   “Barn lights,” aka “dusk-to-dawn lights,” shall be shielded.
            4.   Billboards and signs.
               i.   Externally illuminated billboards and signs shall have fixtures mounted at the top of the billboard or sign and aimed downward. The fixtures shall be designed, fitted and aimed to shield the source from off-site view and to place the light output onto and not beyond the sign or billboard. The face of the sign or billboard and the illumination shall not exceed 30-vertical footcandles during the hours of darkness.
               ii.   The light source for internally illuminated signs and billboards shall not exceed 1,000 initial lumens per square foot of sign face.
               iii.   Rotating, traveling, pulsing, flashing or oscillating light sources, lasers, beacons, searchlights or strobe lighting shall not be permitted.
               iv.   The use of highly reflective signage that creates nuisance glare or a safety hazard is not permitted.
      (5)   Glare.
         a.   Generally. No use shall cause glare by highly reflective materials, including, but not limited to, unpainted metal or reflective glass, on the exterior of structures located within airport approach and landing paths or on nearby lands where glare could impede a pilot’s vision. Proposed solar arrays shall be coordinated with the FAA’s Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
         b.   Criteria. The control of glare shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Vegetation screens shall not be employed to serve as the primary means for controlling glare. Rather, glare control shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement. Glare surface suppressants that effectively reduce glare may also be utilized.
            2.   All lighting shall be aimed, located, designed, fitted and maintained so as not to present a hazard to pilots or the safe operation of aircraft.
            3.   Directional fixtures such as floodlights and spotlights shall be shielded, installed and aimed that they do not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward.
            4.   Except as permitted for certain recreational lighting, fixtures not meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 16 feet above finished grade. Fixtures meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 20 feet above finished grade.
            5.   Flag lighting sources shall have a beam spread no greater than necessary to illuminate the flag and shall be adequately shielded.
      (6)   Emissions. No use shall, as part of its regular operations, cause emissions of smoke, ash, vapor, gas, dust, steam or other emissions that could obscure visibility of pilots or conflict with airport operations.
      (7)   Wildlife attractants. No use shall foster an increase in bird population and thereby increase the likelihood of a bird impact problem.
      (8)   Waste disposal facilities.
         a.   No new waste disposal facilities shall be permitted with 10,000 feet of any airport unless approval is obtained from the FAA.
         b.   Expansions of existing land disposal facilities within these distances shall be permitted only upon demonstration that the facility is designed and will operate so as not to increase the likelihood of bird/aircraft collisions. Timely notice of any proposed expansion shall be provided to the City of Fort Worth, Texas DOT and the FAA, and any approval shall be accompanied by such conditions as are necessary to ensure that an increase in bird/aircraft collisions is not likely to result.
   (g)   Fort Worth Alliance Airport.
      (1)   Purpose and intent. The City of Fort Worth has designated the Fort Worth Alliance Airport Overlay (AO) in order to promote the public health, safety, peace, comfort, convenience and general welfare of the inhabitants of and near municipal airport environs and to prevent the impairment of municipal airports and the public investment therein.
      (2)   Boundaries. The specific boundary of the Fort Worth Alliance Airport Overlay is shown on the official zoning map maintained by the city and depicted and attached hereto as Exhibit B.31 and located in Appendix B of the zoning ordinance.
      (3)   Communications facilities and electrical interference. No use shall cause electrical interference with navigational signals or radio communications at the airport or with radio or electronic communications between the airport and aircraft. Proposals for the location of new or expanded radio, radiotelephone, television transmission facilities, electrical transmission lines and wind turbines shall be coordinated with the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
      (4)   Outdoor lighting.
         a.   Generally. No use shall project lighting directly onto an existing runway or taxiway or into existing airport approach and landing paths except where necessary for safe and convenient air travel. Lighting for any new or expanded use shall incorporate shielding in their designs to reflect light away from airport approach and landing paths. Control of outdoor lighting shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement.
         b.   Criteria. Lighting shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Lighting arrangement. Lighting arrangements that mimic runway lighting (i.e., long linear parallel rows of lighting) that could be confused with runway or taxi way lighting are not permitted.
            2.   Illumination levels. Lighting shall have intensities, uniformities and glare control in accordance with the recommended practices of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), unless otherwise directed by the City of Fort Worth.
            3.   Lighting fixture design.
               i.   Fixtures shall be of a type and design appropriate to the lighting application.
               ii.   For the lighting of predominantly horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, parking areas, roadways, vehicular and pedestrian passage areas, merchandising and storage areas, automotive-fuel dispensing facilities, automotive sales areas, loading docks, cul-de-sacs, active and passive recreational areas, building entrances, sidewalks, bicycle and pedestrian paths, and site entrances, fixtures shall be aimed straight down and shall meet IESNA full-cutoff criteria. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection. In the case of decorative street lighting, the City of Fort Worth may approve the use of luminaires that are fully shielded or comply with IESNA cutoff criteria.
               iii.   For the lighting of predominantly non-horizontal surfaces such as, but not limited to, facades, landscaping, signs, billboards, fountains, displays and statuary, fixtures shall be fully shielded and shall be installed and aimed so as to not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward. Fixtures, except those containing directional lamps, with an aggregate rated lamp output not exceeding 500 lumens, e.g., the rated output of a standard non-directional 40-watt incandescent lamp, are exempt from the requirements of this subsection.
               iv.   “Barn lights,” aka “dusk-to-dawn lights,” shall be shielded.
            4.   Billboards and signs.
               i.   Externally illuminated billboards and signs shall have fixtures mounted at the top of the billboard or sign and aimed downward. The fixtures shall be designed, fitted and aimed to shield the source from off-site view and to place the light output onto and not beyond the sign or billboard. The face of the sign or billboard and the illumination shall not exceed 30-vertical footcandles during the hours of darkness.
               ii.   The light source for internally illuminated signs and billboards shall not exceed 1,000 initial lumens per square foot of sign face.
               iii.   Rotating, traveling, pulsing, flashing or oscillating light sources, lasers, beacons, searchlights or strobe lighting shall not be permitted.
               iv.   The use of highly reflective signage that creates nuisance glare or a safety hazard is not permitted.
      (5)   Glare.
         a.   Generally. No use shall cause glare by highly reflective materials, including, but not limited to, unpainted metal or reflective glass, on the exterior of structures located within airport approach and landing paths or on nearby lands where glare could impede a pilot’s vision. Proposed solar arrays shall be coordinated with the FAA’s Texas Airports Development Office prior to approval.
         b.   Criteria. The control of glare shall meet the following criteria.
            1.   Vegetation screens shall not be employed to serve as the primary means for controlling glare. Rather, glare control shall be achieved primarily through the use of such means as cutoff fixtures, shields and baffles, and appropriate application of fixture mounting height, wattage, aiming angle and fixture placement. Glare surface suppressants that effectively reduce glare may also be utilized.
            2.   All lighting shall be aimed, located, designed, fitted and maintained so as not to present a hazard to pilots or the safe operation of aircraft.
            3.   Directional fixtures such as floodlights and spotlights shall be shielded, installed and aimed that they do not project their output past the object being illuminated or skyward.
            4.   Except as permitted for certain recreational lighting, fixtures not meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 16 feet above finished grade. Fixtures meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria shall not be mounted in excess of 20 feet above finished grade; provided however, fixtures in industrial areas meeting IESNA full-cutoff criteria may be mounted on existing light structures or any like-kind replacement at the same height as the existing light fixture.
            5.   Flag lighting sources shall have a beam spread no greater than necessary to illuminate the flag and shall be adequately shielded.
      (6)   Emissions. No use shall, as part of its regular operations, cause emissions of smoke, ash, vapor, gas, dust, steam or other emissions that could obscure visibility of pilots or conflict with airport operations.
      (7)   Wildlife attractants. No use shall foster an increase in bird population and thereby increase the likelihood of a bird impact problem.
      (8)   Waste disposal facilities.
         a.   No new waste disposal facilities shall be permitted with 10,000 feet of any airport unless approval is obtained from the FAA.
         b.   Expansions of existing land disposal facilities within these distances shall be permitted only upon demonstration that the facility is designed and will operate so as not to increase the likelihood of bird/aircraft collisions. Timely notice of any proposed expansion shall be provided to the City of Fort Worth, Texas DOT and the FAA, and any approval shall be accompanied by such conditions as are necessary to ensure that an increase in bird/aircraft collisions is not likely to result.
      (9)   Compatible land use regulations.
         a.   All uses from time to time permitted by any underlying zoning classifications shall be permitted except the following uses which are prohibited:
            1.   All residential uses; provided, however, residential uses that are incidental to or ancillary to the operation of the airport or to the conduct of the aviation-related activities, including, for example, and without limitation, crew rest quarters and temporary housing for aviation trainees permitted by this subsection, shall be permitted;
            2.   New kindergarten through twelfth grade educational uses and child care facilities. This limitation shall not include existing public or private school campuses and shall not limit the ability of such campuses to add or expand buildings onto existing school campus property as of the date of this ordinance, April 15, 2014. All other educational uses, including, without limitation, colleges and universities, including courses offered by colleges and universities which serve as credit for both college degree programs and high school graduation, facilities for employee or client training, schools for flight instruction and vocational schools shall be permitted; and
            3.   Hospitals, nursing homes, institutions or any other facilities providing convalescent or rehabilitative care; establishments for the care, treatment or rehabilitation of alcoholic, narcotic or psychiatric patients; residence homes for the aged including assisted living and nursing homes; and institutions, homes or rehabilitation centers for persons convicted of crimes; provided, however, medical, dental or optical clinics for the examination, consultation or treatment of patients, medical laboratories, establishments for the sale or rental of or industrial facilities for the manufacture of medical or optical supplies and equipment, pharmacies, veterinarian clinics and related facilities, emergency medical facilities operated by or in connection with the airport shall be permitted.
         b.   Heliports, helistops and any other facilities for the landing and taking off of helicopters, and accessory uses thereto, shall be permitted as a matter of right in the overlay; provided, however, no heliport, helistop or other facility for the landing and taking off of helicopters shall be located within 1,000 feet of any church, library or public park. The city council may, however, approve the location of a heliport, helistop or other facility for the landing and taking off of helicopters that is less than 1,000 feet from any church, library or public park.
(Ord. 20898-09-2013, § 1, passed 9-10-2013, eff. 9-25-2013; Ord. 21032-11-2013, § 1, passed 11-12-2013; Ord. 21046-12-2013, § 1, passed 12-3-2013, eff. 12-31-2013; Ord. 21147-03-2014, 1, passed 3-4-2014, eff. 3-29-2014; Ord. 21207-04-2014, § 1, passed 4-15-2014; eff. 5-26-2014; Ord. 21430-09-2014, § 1, passed 9-9-2014, eff. 10-7-2014)
Table 1: Compatible Use Zones Land Use Compatibility in Accident Potential Zones  (Revised 8-30-2013)
2012 NAICS No.
Land Use Name
Clear Zone
APZ-I
APZ-II
Density Guidelines
Table 1: Compatible Use Zones Land Use Compatibility in Accident Potential Zones  (Revised 8-30-2013)
2012 NAICS No.
Land Use Name
Clear Zone
APZ-I
APZ-II
Density Guidelines
 
Residential
 
 
 
 
 
Household Units
 
 
 
 
236115
Single units: detached (new)
N
N
N
See Note 2 below
 
Single units: detached (existing)
*
*
*
*  Existing homes may be rebuilt; refer to § 4.405(c)(4) for regulations in existing residential subdivisions
2361
Single units: semidetached
N
N
N
 
2361
Single units: attached row
N
N
N
 
2361
Two units: side-by-side
N
N
N
 
2361
Two units: one above the other
N
N
N
 
236116
Apartments: walk-up
N
N
N
 
236116
Apartment: elevator
N
N
N
 
7213
Group quarters
N
N
N
 
7211
Residential hotels
N
N
N
 
 
Mobile home parks or courts
N
N
N
 
7211
Transient lodgings
N
N
N
 
 
Other residential
N
N
N
 
 
Existing Nonresidential Uses
*
*
*
*  Existing structures may be rebuilt to the same use and s.f.; refer to § 4.405(c)(5) for regulations
 
Manufacturing
 
311
Food and kindred products; manufacturing
N
N
Y
Max. FAR 0.56 in APZ-II
313, 314
Textile mill products; manufacturing
N
N
Y
Max. FAR 0.56 in APZ-II
315, 316
Apparel and other finished products: products made from fabrics, leather and similar materials; manufacturing
N
N
N
 
321
Lumber and wood products (except furniture); manufacturing
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II
337
Furniture and fixtures; manufacturing
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II
322, 323
Paper and allied products; manufacturing
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II
511
Printing, publishing and allied industries
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II
325
Chemicals and allied products; manufacturing
N
N
N
 
32411
Petroleum refining and related industries
N
N
N
 
3252
Rubber and misc. plastic products; manufacturing
N
N
N
 
327991, 3271, 3272
Stone, clay and glass products; manufacturing
N
N
Y
Max. FAR 0.56 in APZ-II
331
Primary metal products; manufacturing
N
N
Y
Max. FAR 0.56 in APZ-II
332
Fabricated metal products; manufacturing
N
N
Y
Max. FAR 0.56 in APZ-II
3333
Professional scientific, and controlling instruments; photographic and optical goods; watches and clocks
N
N
N
 
339
Miscellaneous manufacturing
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II
 
Transportation, communication and utilities
 
 
 
 
482, 485
Railroad, rapid rail transit, and street railway transportation
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
485
Motor vehicle transportation
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
481
Aircraft transportation
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
483
Marine craft transportation
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
485
Highway and street right-of-way
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
81293
Automobile parking
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.S6 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
517
Communication
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
22
Utilities
N
Y 5
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II; see Note 3 below
562
Solid waste disposal (landfills, incineration and the like)
N
N
N
 
 
Other transportation, communication and utilities
N
Y 5
Y
See Note 5 below
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
42
Wholesale trade
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 in APZ-I and 0.56 in APZ-II
444
Retail trade - building materials, hardware and farm equipment
N
Y
Y
See Note 6 below
452
Retail trade (7)- shopping centers, home improvement store, discount club, electronics superstore
N
N
Y
See Note 7 below
452
Retail trade - regional mall (existing)
N
*
*
See Note 8 below.
*  Refer to § 4.405(c)(5) for regulations
445
Retail trade - food
N
N
Y
Max. FAR of 0.24 in APZ-II
441
Retail trade - automotive, marine craft, aircraft and accessories
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.14 in APZ-I and 0.28 in APZ-II
448
Retail trade - apparel and accessories
N
N
Y
Max. FAR 0.28 in APZ-II
442
Retail trade - furniture, home, furnishings and equipment
N
N
Y
Max. FAR 0.28 in APZ-II
722
Retail trade - eating and drinking establishments
N
N
N
 
45399
Other retail trade services
N
N
Y
Max. FAR of 0.16 in APZ-II
 
Services
 
52
Finance, insurance and real estate services
N
N
Y
Max. FAR of 0.22 for general office/office park in APZ-II; see Note 9 below
812
Personal services
N
N
Y
Office uses only; max. FAR of 0.22 in APZ-II
81222
Cemeteries
N
Y 10
Y 10
 
5614
Business services (credit reporting, mail, stenographic, reproduction advertising)
N
N
Y
Max. FAR of 0.22 in APZH
493
Warehousing and storage services
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR 1.0 APZ-I; 2.0 in APZ-II
811
Repair services
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.11 APZ-I; 0.22 in APZ-II
54, 62
Professional services/offices
N
N
Y
 
622, 623
Hospitals, nursing homes/assisted living
N
N
N
 
621999
Other medical facilities
N
N
N
See Note 11 below
23
Contract construction services
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.11 APZ-I; 0.22 in APZ-II
92
Government services
N
N
Y
Max. FAR of 0.24 in APZ-II
61
Educational services
N
N
N
 
 
Miscellaneous
N
N
Y
Max. FAR of 0.22 in APZ-II
 
Cultural, entertainment and recreational
 
813
Cultural activities (and religious Institutions)
N
N
N
 
71219
Nature exhibits
N
Y 12
Y 12
 
813
Public assembly
N
N
N
 
71
Auditoriums, concert halls
N
N
N
 
71
Outdoor music shells, amphitheaters
N
N
N
 
7112
Outdoor sports arenas, spectator sports
N
N
N
 
713
Amusements - fairgrounds, miniature golf, driving ranges, amusement parks, etc.
N
N
Y
 
713
Recreational activities (include golf courses, riding stables, water recreation)
N
Y 12
Y 12
Max. FAR of 0.11 APZ-I; 0.22 in APZ-II
7212
Resorts and group camps
N
N
N
 
 
Parks
N
Y 12
Y 12
Max. FAR of 0.11 APZ-I; 0.22 in APZ-II
7139
Other cultural, entertainment and recreation
N
Y 9
Y 9
Max. FAR of 0.11 APZ-I; 0.22 in APZ-II
 
Resource Production and Extraction
 
111
Agriculture (except livestock)
Y 4
Y 13
Y 13
 
112
Livestock farming and breeding
N
Y 13,14
Y 13,14
 
 
Agriculture related activities
N
Y 13
Y 13
Max. FAR of 0.28 APZ-I; 0.56 APZ-II no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
113
Forestry activities 15
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 APZ-I; 0.56 APZ-II no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
114
Fishing activities 16
N 16
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 APZ-I; 0.56 APZ-II no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
21
Mining activities
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 APZ-I; 0.56 APZ-II no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
212399
Other resource production or extraction
N
Y
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28 APZ-I; 0.56 APZ-II no activity which produces smoke, glare, or involves explosives
 
Other
 
 
Undeveloped land
Y
Y
Y
 
 
Water areas
N 17
N 17
N 17
 
Keys to Table 1
(Based on Operational Navy Instruction “Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ) Program” OPNAVINST 11010.36C; dated 10-9-2008)
NAICS = North American Industry Classification System, United States Department of Commerce, 2012
Y (Yes) = Land use and related structures are normally compatible without restriction
N (No) = Land use and related structures are not normally compatible and should be prohibited
Y # (Yes with restrictions) = The land use and related structures are generally compatible. However, see notes indicated by the number.
N # (No with exceptions) = The land use and related structures are generally incompatible. However, see notes indicated by the number.
FAR = Floor Area Ratio; a floor area ratio is the ratio between the square feet of floor area of the building and the site area.
Du/Ac = Dwelling Units Per Acre This metric is customarily used to measure residential densities.
Notes for Table 1
1   A “Yes” or a “No” designation for compatible land use is to be used only for general comparison. Within each, uses exist where further evaluation may be needed in each category as to whether it is clearly compatible, normally compatible or not compatible due to the variation of densities of people and structures. In order to assist installations and local governments, general suggestions as to floor/area ratios are provided as a guide to density, in some categories. In general, except with respect to an existing regional mall site, land use restrictions which limit commercial, services or industrial buildings or structure occupants to 25 per acre in APZ-I, and 50 per acre in APZ-II are the range of occupancy levels considered to be low density. Outside events should normally be limited to assemblies of not more than 25 people per acre in APZ-I, and maximum assemblies of 50 people per acre in APZ-II.
2   The suggested maximum density for detached single-family housing is one to two du/ac in a planned development (PD) of single-family detached units where clustered housing development results in large open areas, this density could possibly be increased provided the amount of surface area covered by structures does not exceed 20% of the PD total area. PD encourages clustered development that leaves large open areas.
3   Other factors to be considered: labor intensity, structural coverage, explosive characteristics, air pollution, electronic interference with aircraft, height of structures and potential glare to pilots.
4   No structures (except airfield lighting), buildings or aboveground utility/communications lines should normally be located in clear zone areas on or off the installation. The clear zone is subject to severe restrictions.
5   No passenger terminals and no major above ground transmission lines in APZ-I
6   Maximum FARs for lumber yards are 0.20 in APZ-I and 0.40 in APZ-II. For hardware/paint and farm equipment stores, the maximum FARs are 0.12 in APZ-I and 0.24 in APZ-II
7   A shopping center is an integrated group of commercial establishments that is planned, developed, owned or managed as a unit. Shopping center types include strip, neighborhood, community, regional and super regional facilities anchored by a supermarket, or drug store, discount retailer, department store or several department stores. Shopping centers include retail businesses, personal services, storefront offices and storefront financial services. The following uses are prohibited: any type of residential including hotels, hospitals/nursing homes/assisted living, other medical facilities, educational services, call centers, concert halls, sports arenas and religious institutions. Eating and drinking establishments are limited to 40% of the total gross floor square foot area of the shopping center. Included in this category are such uses as big box discount clubs, home improvement superstores, office supply superstores, and electronics superstores. The maximum recommended FAR should be applied to the gross leasable area of the shopping center rather than attempting to use the other recommended FARs listed in this table under retail or trade. FARs do not apply to existing shopping centers.
8   An “existing regional mall” site, inclusive of anchor stores, and including commercial redevelopment of the site, is a type of shopping center. An existing regional mall site may have the uses allowed in the Trade and Services sections, with Eating and Drinking establishments limited to 40% of the total existing square footage. Movie theaters are allowed up to 7% of the total existing square footage. Other medical facilities, excluding blood banks and surgery centers, are permitted up to a maximum of 25,000 s.f. within 400 feet of the eastern APZ boundary. The following uses are prohibited: any type of residential including hotels, hospitals/nursing homes/assisted living, day care (child or adult), kindergarten, elementary or secondary school, college or university, call centers, concert halls, sports arenas and religious institutions. FARs do not apply to an existing regional mall site.
9   Low intensity office uses only. Accessory uses such as meeting places, auditoriums and the like are not recommended.
10   No chapels are allowed within APZ-I and APZ-II.
11   “Other medical facilities” includes medical and dental clinics, blood banks, outpatient/ambulatory surgery centers, dialysis centers and similar higher density and sensitive uses.
12   Facilities much be low intensity and provide no tot lots and the like. Facilities such as clubhouses, meeting places, auditoriums, large classes and the like are not recommended.
13   Includes livestock grazing, but excludes feedlots and intensive animal husbandry. Activities that attract concentrations of birds creating a hazard to aircraft operation should be excluded.
14   Includes feedlots and intensive animal husbandry.
15   Lumber and timber products removed due to establishment, expansion, or maintenance of clear zones will be disposed of in accordance with appropriate DOD Natural Resources Instructions.
16   Controlled hunting and fishing may be permitted for the purpose of wildlife management.
17   Naturally occurring water features (e.g., rivers, lakes, streams, wetlands) are compatible.
 
Table 2: Land Use Compatibility in Runway Protection Zones (Revised 10-29-2013)
2012 NAICS No.
Land Use Name
Permitted Use
Density Guidelines
Table 2: Land Use Compatibility in Runway Protection Zones (Revised 10-29-2013)
2012 NAICS No.
Land Use Name
Permitted Use
Density Guidelines
 
Residential
 
 
 
Household Units
 
 
236115
Single units: detached (new)
N
 
2361
Single units: semidetached
N
 
2361
Single units: attached row
N
 
2361
Two units: side-by-side
N
 
2361
Two units: one above the other
N
 
236116
Apartments: walk-up
N
 
236116
Apartment: elevator
N
 
7213
Group quarters
N
 
7211
Residential hotels
N
 
 
Mobile home parks or courts
N
 
7211
Transient lodgings
N
 
 
Other residential
N
 
 
Manufacturing
 
311
Food and kindred products; manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR 0.56
313, 314
Textile mill products; manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR 0.56
315, 316
Apparel and other finished products: products made from fabrics, leather and similar materials; manufacturing
N
 
321
Lumber and wood products (except furniture); manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28
337
Furniture and fixtures; manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28
322, 323
Paper and allied products; manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28
511
Printing, publishing, and allied industries
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28
325
Chemicals and allied products; manufacturing
N
 
32411
Petroleum refining and related industries
N
 
3252
Rubber and misc. plastic products; manufacturing
N
 
327991, 3271, 3272
Stone, clay and glass products; manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR 0.56
331
Primary metal products; manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR 0.56
332
Fabricated metal products; manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR 0.56
3333
Professional scientific, and controlling instruments; photographic and optical goods; watches and clocks
N
 
339
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28
 
Transportation, communication and utilities
 
482, 485
Railroad, rapid rail transit, and street railway transportation
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
485
Motor vehicle transportation
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
481
Aircraft transportation
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
483
Marine craft transportation
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
485
Highway and street right-of-way
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
81293
Automobile parking
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
517
Communication
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
22
Utilities
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; see Note 3 below
562
Solid waste disposal (landfills, incineration and the like)
N
 
 
Other transportation, communication and utilities
Y
See Note 5 below
 
Trade
 
42
Wholesale trade
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28
444
Retail trade - building materials, hardware and farm equipment
Y
See Note 6 below
452
Retail trade (7)- shopping centers, home improvement store, discount club, electronics superstore
Y
See Note 7 below
445
Retail trade - food
Y
Max. FAR of 0.24
441
Retail trade - automotive, marine craft, aircraft and accessories
Y
Max. FAR of 0.14
448
Retail trade - apparel and accessories
Y
Max. FAR 0.28
442
Retail trade - furniture, home, furnishings and equipment
Y
Max. FAR 0.28
722
Retail trade - eating and drinking establishments
N
 
45399
Other retail trade
Y
Max. FAR of 0.16
 
Services
 
52
Finance, insurance and real estate services
Y
Max. FAR of 0.22 for general office/office park; see Note 8 below
812
Personal services
Y
Office uses only; max. FAR of 0.22
81222
Cemeteries
Y 9
 
5614
Business services (credit reporting, mail, stenographic, reproduction, advertising)
Y
Max. FAR of 0.22
493
Warehousing and storage services
Y
Max. FAR 1.0
811
Repair services
Y
Max. FAR of 0.11
54, 62
Professional services/offices
Y
 
622, 623
Hospitals, nursing homes/assisted living
N
 
621999
Other medical facilities
N
 
23
Contract construction services
V
Max. FAR of 0.11
92
Government services
Y
Max. FAR of 0.24
61
Educational services
N
 
 
Miscellaneous
Y
Max. FAR of 0.22
 
Cultural, entertainment and recreational
 
813
Cultural activities (and religious institutions)
N
 
71219
Nature exhibits
Y 10
 
813
Public assembly
N
 
71
Auditoriums, concert halls
N
 
71
Outdoor music shells, amphitheaters
N
 
7112
Outdoor sports arenas, spectator sports
N
 
713
Amusements - fairgrounds, miniature golf, driving ranges, amusement parks and the like
Y
 
713
Recreational activities (include golf courses, riding stables, water recreation)
Y 10
Max. FAR of 0.11
7212
Resorts and group camps
N
 
 
Parks
Y 10
Max. FAR of 0.11
7139
Other cultural, entertainment and recreation
Y 8
Max. FAR of 0.11
 
Resource Production and Extraction
 
111
Agriculture (except livestock)
Y 11
 
112
Livestock farming and breeding
Y 11,12
 
 
Agriculture related activities
Y 11
Max. FAR of 0.28; no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
113
Forestry activities 13
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
114
Fishing activities 14
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
21
Mining activities
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
212399
Other resource production or extraction
Y
Max. FAR of 0.28; no activity which produces smoke, glare or involves explosives
 
Other
 
 
Undeveloped land
Y
 
 
Water areas
N 15
 
(Based on Operational Navy Instruction “Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ) Program” OPNAVINST 11010.36C; dated 10-9-2008)
Keys to Table 2
NAICS = North American Industry Classification System, United States Department of Commerce, 2012
Y (Yes) = Land use and related structures are normally compatible without restriction
N (No) = Land use and related structures are not normally compatible and should be prohibited
Y # = (Yes with restrictions)
N # = (No with exceptions)
FAR = Floor Area Ratio
Du/Ac = Dwelling Units Per Acre
Notes for Table 2
1   A “Yes” or a “No” designation for compatible land use is to be used only for general comparison. Within each, uses exist where further evaluation may be needed in each category as to whether it is clearly compatible, normally compatible or not compatible due to the variation of densities of people and structures. In order to assist installations and local governments, general suggestions as to floor/area ratios are provided as a guide to density, in some categories. In general, land use restrictions which limit commercial, services or industrial buildings or structure occupants to 25 per acre is the range of occupancy levels considered to be low density. Outside events should normally be limited to assemblies of not more than 25 people per acre.
2   The suggested maximum density for detached single-family housing is one to two du/ac. In a planned development (PD) of single-family detached units where clustered housing development results in large open areas, this density could possibly be increased provided the amount of surface area covered by structures does not exceed 20% of the PD total area. PD encourages clustered development that leaves large open areas.
3   Other factors to be considered; labor intensity, structural coverage, explosive characteristics, air pollution, electronic interference with aircraft, height of structures and potential glare to pilots.
4   No structures (except airfield lighting), buildings or aboveground utility/communications lines should normally be located in clear zone areas on or off the installation. The clear zone is subject to severe restrictions.
5   No passenger terminals and no major above ground transmission lines.
6   Maximum FARs for lumber yards are 0.20. For hardware/paint and farm equipment stores, the maximum FARs are 0.12.
7   A shopping center is an integrated group of commercial establishments that is planned, developed, owned or managed as a unit. Shopping center types include strip, neighborhood, community, regional and super regional facilities anchored by a supermarket, or drug store, discount retailer, department store or several department stores. The following uses are prohibited: any type of residential including hotels, hospitals/nursing homes/assisted living, other medical facilities, educational services, call centers, concert halls sports arenas and religious institutions. Included in this category are such uses as big box discount clubs, home improvement superstores, office supply superstores and electronics superstores. The maximum recommended FAR should be applied to the gross leasable area of the shopping center rather than attempting to use the other recommended FARs listed in this table under retail or trade.
8   Low intensity office uses only. Accessory uses such as meeting places, auditoriums and the like are not recommended
9   No chapels are allowed.
10   Facilities much be low intensity and provide no tot lots and the like. Facilities such as clubhouses, meeting places, auditoriums, large classes and the like are not recommended.
11   Includes livestock grazing, but excludes feedlots and intensive animal husbandry. Activities that attract concentrations of birds creating a hazard to aircraft operation should be excluded.
12   Includes feedlots and intensive animal husbandry.
13   Lumber and timber products removed due to establishment, expansion, or maintenance of clear zones will be disposed of in accordance with appropriate DOD Natural Resources Instructions.
14   Controlled hunting and fishing may be permitted for the purpose of wildlife management.
15   Naturally occurring water features (e.g., rivers, lakes, streams, wetlands) are compatible.