53.01   Definitions
Use of Public Sewers Required
   53.02   Waste deposits
   53.03   Water pollution
   53.04   Sewer connection required
   53.05   Privies and septic tanks
Private Sewage Disposal
   53.10   Private sewer systems
   53.11   Permit
   53.12   Inspection
   53.13   Specifications
   53.14   Septic tank cleaners
   53.15   Disconnection of system
Building Sewers and Connections
   53.20   Permit required
   53.21   Installation costs
   53.22   Separate building sewer
   53.23   Specifications
   53.24   Excavations
   53.25   Sewage lift
   53.26   Connection supervision
   53.27   Inspection
   53.28   Variances
   53.40   Permits
   53.99   Penalty
   For purposes of this chapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   BUILDING DRAIN.  That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drain pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning approximately five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
   BUILDING SEWER.  The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
   CESSPOOL. An underground pit into which raw household sewage or other untreated liquid waste is discharged and from which the liquid seeps into the surrounding soil or is otherwise removed.
   CITY MANAGER.  The City Manager for the City of Cheboygan or his/her authorized representative or agent.
   COMBINATION SEWER or COMBINED SEWER.  The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
   GARBAGE.  Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage, processing and sale of perishable produce.
   GREASE INTERCEPTOR (or GREASE TRAP).  A tank of suitable size and material located in a sewer line and designed to remove grease and oily wastes from the sewer.
   HEALTH OFFICER. The legally designated health authority of the city, or his authorized representative.
   INDUSTRIAL WASTES.  The liquid wastes, solids, or semi-solids from industrial processes as distinct from domestic sanitary sewage.
   MAY.  Is permissive.
   NATURAL OUTLET.  Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of water, either surface or ground water.
   NUISANCE.  Shall mean, but is not limited to, any condition where sewage (or garbage) is exposed to the surface of the ground or is permitted to drain on or to the surface of the ground, into any ditch, storm sewer, lake or stream, or when the odor, appearance, or presence of this material has an obnoxious or detrimental effect on or to the senses and for health of persons, or when it shall obstruct the comfortable use or sale of adjacent property.
   PERSON.  Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
   pH.  The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
   PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE. The wastes from the cooking, preparation and dispensing of food that has been cut or shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.
   PUBLIC SEWER. A sewer in which all owners of abutting property have equal rights and is controlled by public authority.
   SANITARY SEWER. A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
   SEEPAGE PIT (or DRY WELL). A cistern underground enclosure constructed of concrete blocks, bricks, or similar material loosely laid with open joints so as to allow the septic tank overflow or effluent to be absorbed directly into the surrounding soil.
   SEPTIC TANK.  A water-tight receptacle receiving sewage and having an inlet and outlet designed to permit the separation of solids in suspension from such wastes and to permit such retained solids to undergo decomposition therein.
   SEWAGE.  Any combination of water carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and industrial establishments together with such ground, surface and storm waters as may be present.
   SEWAGE DISPOSAL FACILITIES.  Privy, cesspool, seepage pit, septic tank, absorption field, or other devices used in the disposal of sewage or human excreta.
   SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT. Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
   SEWAGE WORKS.  All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.
   SEWER.  Any pipe, tile, tubes, or conduit for carrying sewage.
   SHALL.  Is mandatory.
   STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN. A sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage but which excludes sewage and polluted industrial wastes.
   STORM WATER. That part of precipitation which reaches the sewers as run-off from natural land surface, building roofs, or pavements or as ground water infiltration.
   SUB-SURFACE DISPOSAL FIELD. A facility for the distribution of septic tank overflow or effluent below the ground surface through a line, or a series of branch lines, of drain tile laid with open joints to allow the overflow or effluent to be absorbed by the surrounding soil throughout the entire field.
   UNCONTAMINATED INDUSTRIAL WASTE.  Waste water which has not come into contact with any substance used in or incidental to industrial processing operations and to which no chemical or other substance has been added.
   WATERCOURSE. A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
   It shall be unlawful for any person to place or deposit or permit to be deposited in any area under the jurisdiction of the City of Cheboygan, any human or animal excrement, garbage, or other objectionable wastes for discharge into any natural watercourse or any substance which is injurious to the public health or detrimental to the public welfare.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   It shall be unlawful to discharge or cause to be discharged into any storm sewer, natural watercourse, or artificial watercourse, any sewage or other polluted waters other than storm water or uncontaminated industrial wastes as heretofore defined; or to increase an approved use except upon special agreement or arrangement with the City Manager and in accordance with rules and procedures of appropriate agencies of the State of Michigan.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   The owners of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purposes, situated within the city and abutting on any street, alley, or right-of-way in which there is located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the city are hereby required, at their own expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly to the public sewer in accordance with the provision of this chapter, as and where required under the terms of Act 151, of the Michigan Public Act of 1961, as amended (regardless of any population requirements in the Acts). Such owner or occupant shall also be required to install suitable toilet facilities within such structures, and provided that said public sewer is within 100 feet of the nearest property line of said premises.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   Except as hereinafter provided it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facilities intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   Where a public sanitary sewer or combined sewer is not available under the provisions of § 53.04, the building sewer shall be connected with a private disposal system complying with the provisions hereof.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
§ 53.11  PERMIT.
   No septic tanks shall be constructed or installed within the city unless the plans for the installation are approved by the City of Cheboygan Health Officer as conforming to the regulations herein prescribed and a permit issued by the City Clerk. The fee for such permit shall be $5.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
§ 53.12  INSPECTION.
   The City Health Office shall have authority to require that ample notice be given to the Health Officer to permit inspection of the installations prior to backfilling, to regulate the use, operation and maintenance of any and all septic tanks in said city, to order the tanks to be cleaned, repaired, or reconstructed or further use discontinued when, in his judgment, the use, operation or maintenance of any septic tank shall be unhealthful or harmful.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
   (A)   Every septic tank shall have a capacity of at least 1,000 gallons. The tank shall have a water depth of at least 48 inches and shall have one compartment at least five feet in length measuring inside from the inlet to the outlet. The tank shall be of water-tight construction and of materials not subject to corrosion or decay. All tanks shall be provided with one or more openings with covers, to permit inspection and cleaning.
   (B)   Septic tanks shall be located at least 50 feet from any well, spring, pump, water service line, surface water, natural or artificial drain, or open joint subsurface ground water tile drain unless special design approval has been obtained from the City Health Officer.
   (C)   Dosing chambers equipped with automatic siphons of the type approved by the State Department of Health shall be used in all installations where the liquid capacity of septic tank is over 1,000 gallons.
   (D)   Seepage pits, and sub-surface drainage fields shall be located at least 50 feet from any surface water, natural or artificial drain, or open joint subsurface ground water tile drain unless special design approval has been obtained from the City Health Officer.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
   All persons engaged in cleaning sewage disposal systems shall keep all receptacles, appliances and equipment used for this purpose in a sanitary condition at all times. The method of disposal of tank contents shall be approved by the City Health Officer. A permit for use of the city waste water treatment plant shall be obtained at the City Clerk's Office. All persons engaged in cleaning sewage disposal systems must conform to the regulations set forth in this chapter.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times and at no expense to the city.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   (A)   Only authorized persons shall uncover and make any connections with or openings into, use, alter, or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof and then only after first obtaining a written permit from the City Manager.
   (B)   (1)   There shall be two classes of building sewer permits:
         (a)   For residential and commercial service and
         (b)   For industrial establishments.
      (2)   In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the city before any connection is made to a public sewer. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications, or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the City Manager.
   (C)   Permit and inspection fees shall be paid at the City Clerk's office at the time the application is filed, and shall be in such amounts as the Council shall, from time to time, determine by resolution.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   All costs and expenses incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner of said property. The owner shall indemnify the city for all loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for each building, except, where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available nor can one be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard, or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   The size and slope of the building sewer shall be subject to the approval of the City Manager or City Engineer, but in no event shall the diameter of the pipe be less than four inches. The slope of building sewer shall be not less than one-eighth inch per foot.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
   (A)   All excavations required for the installation of a building sewer shall be open trench work, unless otherwise approved by the City Manager. Trenches shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard.
   (B)   Backfill shall be performed in accordance with good practice to 95% density, except that no backfill shall be placed until the work has been inspected.
   (C)   Streets, sidewalks, parkways, and other public property, disturbed in the course of the work, shall be restored to the original condition of said property or better.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)  Penalty, see § 53.99
§ 53.25  SEWAGE LIFT.
   In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building drain shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the building sewer. This provision shall not apply to kitchen facilities and/or toilets which are prohibited at this elevation.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
   No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, areaway drains or other sources of surface run off or ground water to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
§ 53.27  INSPECTION.
   The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the City Manager or City Engineer when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. Such notice shall be prior to any filling of any part of the system to be connected.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
§ 53.28  VARIANCES.
   Any deviation from the procedures prescribed in this chapter must be approved by the City Manager before installation upon showing to the City Manager of good cause or hardship, or changed conditions or circumstances.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
§ 53.40  PERMITS.
   (A)   As a prerequisite to the issuance of all permits under this code for the continuance thereof, satisfactory evidence must be received by the City Clerk indicating compliance with all state laws and regulations concerning sewage disposal.
   (B)   Permit fees shall be paid at the City Clerk's office at the time the application is filed, and shall be in such amounts as the Council shall, from time to time, determine by resolution.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)
§ 53.99  PENALTY.
   A violation of any provision of this chapter shall be considered a misdemeanor which is punishable by fine in an amount of not more than $500 and/or 93 days in jail. Each day upon which there is a violation of any provisions of this chapter shall be deemed a separate and an additional violation.
(Ord. passed 3-28-06)