CHAPTER 52:  WATER
Section
Water System Use
   52.01   Permit required for connection to water system; connections to service pipe
   52.02   Connection with water system mandatory
   52.03   Wells
   52.04   Application for permit
   52.05   Tapping fees
   52.06   Supplying water to others; waste of water
   52.07   Service pipes to be installed under city supervision
   52.08   Disruption of service
   52.09   Use on one connection
   52.10   Water and sewer services to privately held developments
   52.11   Lawn sprinkling regulations
   52.12   Fire prevention regulations
   52.13   Damage to meters
Water Cross Connection
   52.25   State rules adopted by reference
   52.26   Inspections
   52.27   Right of entry
   52.28   Discontinuance of service for violation
   52.29   Potable water supply
   52.30   Regulations supplement to state code
Administration and Enforcement
   52.40   Adoption of regulations by Council; emergency regulations
   52.41   Discontinuance of service for violation
   52.42   Access to premises
 
   52.99   Penalty
WATER SYSTEM USE
§ 52.01  PERMIT REQUIRED FOR CONNECTION TO WATER SYSTEM; CONNECTIONS TO SERVICE PIPE.
   (A)   No person shall tap any water main or distribution pipe of the waterworks system, or insert therein any corporation cock, stop cock or any other fixture or appliance or alter or disturb any service pipe, corporation stop, curb stop, gate valve, water meter or any other attachment, being part of the waterworks system and attached thereto. No person shall install any water service pipe or connect or disconnect any such service pipe with or from the mains or distribution pipes of said waterworks system, nor with or from any other service pipe now or hereafter connected with the system, nor make any repairs, additions to, or alterations of any such service pipe, tap, stop cock or any other fixture or attachment connected with any such service, without first procuring a permit therefor from the city water utility.
   (B)   No person shall turn the water from any main or distribution pipe into any service pipe without a permit from the city water utility.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)  Penalty, see § 52.99
§ 52.02  CONNECTION WITH WATER SYSTEM MANDATORY.
   The owners of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purposes situated within the city and abutting on any street, alley or right of way in which there is located, or may in the future be located, a water main belonging to the city are hereby required, at their own expense, to connect and be made part of the waterworks system; provided, however, that the waterworks system is within 200 feet of the nearest property line of the premises.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)  Penalty, see § 52.99
§ 52.03  WELLS.
   (A)   Drilling of wells for the purposes of water production for private use within the city shall be prohibited unless the city's waterworks system is in excess of 200 feet from the nearest property line of the premises. An exception shall be allowed for wells exclusively used for sprinkling lawns and gardens, and for wells exclusively used for cooling of machinery and equipment used in conjunction with an industrial use.
   (B)   Any existing well at the time of the enactment of this chapter shall be allowed. However, the size of any such well shall not be expanded.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99; Am. Ord. passed 8-8-06).
§ 52.04  APPLICATION FOR PERMIT.
   Before any service connection shall be made to any part of the waterworks system, or any work performed upon old or new connections, a permit shall be obtained from the city water utility. Such permit shall be issued upon written application on forms obtainable from the city water utility. Applicants for water service shall furnish and lay and install all that portion of the service not provided by the city at their own expense, subject, however, to the supervision and inspection of the city water utility.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.05  TAPPING FEES.
   Upon filing an application for a permit to connect with any water main or distribution pipe of the waterworks system, there shall be paid to the city water utility such tapping fee as shall be prescribed by the regulations governing the waterworks system. Such fees shall include all the costs of tapping the main, installing the corporation cock, furnishing the service pipe to the property line, furnishing the stop cock, shutoff box, water meter and setting, and all other appurtenant materials; all such materials to be and remain the property of the city water system. Such fees are subject to review and revision as deemed necessary by the City Council from time to time upon recommendation of the City Manager.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.06  SUPPLYING WATER TO OTHERS; WASTE OF WATER.
   The owner or occupant of any building or premises entitled to the use of water from the system shall not supply water to any other person except upon written permission of the city water utility, nor shall he permit unnecessary waste of water.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.07  SERVICE PIPES TO BE INSTALLED UNDER CITY SUPERVISION.
   All service pipes connecting with the distribution mains of the waterworks system, from the city main to the stop and waste inside the building, shall be laid under the supervision of the city water utility and in accordance with the ordinances and/or regulations governing the waterworks system thereof.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.08  DISRUPTION OF SERVICE.
   The city shall not be liable for any failure or deficiency in the supply of water to consumers, whether occasioned by shutting off the water to make necessary repairs or connections or for any other cause.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.09  USE ON ONE CONNECTION.
   In all cases where water service is intended to supply more than one tenement, shop, store or building, it shall be the duty of the person making such service connection, or causing the same to be made, to install a branch with a stop cock for each branch outside the line of the premises so to be supplied. Such stop cock shall be suitably protected and marked as to be easily located. In no case shall one service supply more than one lot, unless occupied by a single building covering more than one lot used for a single industry or enterprise.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.10  WATER AND SEWER SERVICES TO PRIVATELY HELD DEVELOPMENTS.
   The city, notwithstanding any other provision within this chapter or code, in recognition of the need to provide water and sewer services to privately held developments within and outside of its corporate boundaries, may so provide such water and sewer services when requested, with the following conditions being applicable:
   (A)   The city shall require that a single, properly sized water meter be provided for all developments that consist of more than one single-family home per development. This includes, but is not limited to, mobile home parks, condominium development communities, manufactured housing communities, which have shared common land, leased land or other developments that meet such criteria.
   (B)   The city shall be responsible for the maintenance of a meter and for taking monthly or quarterly readings from the meter, and for providing one water and sewer bill for the development. The responsibility for the billing for water and sewer to the residents of the development shall be upon the administration offices of the development or community.
   (C)   The water system improvements shall remain under the control of the development community. Maintenance of the water and sewage network within the development shall also be the responsibility of the development or association.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.11  LAWN SPRINKLING REGULATIONS.
   The use of water for sprinkling lawns and gardens and the hours for such use shall be prescribed by the Council from time to time, upon recommendation of the City Manager.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.12  FIRE PREVENTION REGULATIONS.
   The owner or occupant of any premises of any manufacturing establishment, lumber yard, warehouse, elevator, store, hotel, school or any public building desiring to install pipes with hydrant and hose couplings to be used only in case of fire will be permitted to make connection with the street main at his own expense upon application to the city water utility, and the applicant shall pay all charges as prescribed by the Council and such connection shall be made in accordance with the specifications of the city water utility.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.13  DAMAGE TO METERS.
   Water meters may be installed upon any premises supplied with water, and any damage to said meter resulting from failure of the owner, agent or tenant to properly protect same shall be assessed against such owner or tenant. Water consumers shall not tamper with or remove the meter or any appurtenant structures thereto, or interfere with the reading thereof.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
WATER CROSS CONNECTION
§ 52.25  STATE RULES ADOPTED BY REFERENCE.
   The city adopts by reference the Water Supply Cross Connection Rules of the Michigan Department of Public Health, being R. 325.11401 to 325.11407 of the Michigan Administrative Code.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.26  INSPECTIONS.
   It shall be the duty of the city to cause inspections to be made of all properties served by the public water supply where cross connections with the public water supply is deemed possible. The frequency of inspections and re-inspections based on potential health hazards involved shall be as established by the city and as approved by the Michigan Department of Public Health.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.27  RIGHT OF ENTRY.
   The representative of the city shall have the right to enter at any reasonable time any property served by a connection to the public water supply system of the city for the purpose of inspecting the piping system or systems thereof for cross connections. On request, the owner, lessees or occupants of any property so served shall furnish to the inspection agency any pertinent information regarding the piping system or systems on such property. The refusal of such information or refusal of access, when requested, shall be deemed evidence of the presence of cross connections.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.28  DISCONTINUANCE OF SERVICE FOR VIOLATION.
   The city is hereby authorized and directed to discontinue water service after reasonable notice to any property wherein any connection in violation of this subchapter exists, and to take such other precautionary measures deemed necessary to eliminate any danger of contamination of the public water supply system. Water service to such property shall not be restored until the cross connection has been eliminated in compliance with the provisions of this subchapter.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.29  POTABLE WATER SUPPLY.
   The potable water supply made available on the properties served by the public water supply shall be protected from possible contamination as specified by this subchapter and by the state plumbing code. Any water outlet which could be used for potable or domestic purposes and which is not supplied by the potable system must be labeled in a conspicuous manner as:
“WATER UNSAFE FOR DRINKING”
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
Statutory reference:
   State plumbing code, see M.C.L.A. § 125.1502a.
§ 52.30  REGULATIONS SUPPLEMENT TO STATE CODE.
   This subchapter does not supercede the state plumbing code but is supplementary to it. In the event of any conflict, the state plumbing code shall control.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT
§ 52.40  ADOPTION OF REGULATIONS BY COUNCIL; EMERGENCY REGULATIONS.
   (A)   The City Council shall from time to time adopt such regulations for the operations and use of the water system and the supplying of water to consumers as the Council shall deem expedient and necessary, and such regulations when adopted shall be and become a part of this chapter and enforceable hereunder, and the penalties prescribed in Chapter 10 of this Code shall apply to the violation of any such regulations.
   (B)   Whenever in the discretion of the city water utility the amount of pumpage of water from the distribution system of the city has reached such a volume that unless restricted, the public health, safety and general welfare of the people is likely to be endangered, the city water utility shall prescribe rules and regulations to conserve the water supply during such emergency.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.41  DISCONTINUANCE OF SERVICE FOR VIOLATION.
   Any premises may be disconnected from the distribution pipes of the city waterworks system and the supply of water withheld from such premises upon violation by the owner or occupant of said premises of any provision of this chapter or of the regulations adopted pursuant thereto. Whenever the water is turned off from any premises because of any such violation, it shall not be turned on again until the owner or occupant has deposited with the City Treasurer a reconnection fee in the amount established by the City Council by resolution from time to time, upon recommendation of the City Manager.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.42  ACCESS TO PREMISES.
   The city water utility or any of its agents shall have power and authority at all reasonable hours to enter upon any premises where water is furnished from the city waterworks system, for the purpose of reading meters or the inspection of all pipes and fixtures connected with the waterworks system, and they shall have authority to require any defective pipes or fixtures to be repaired, removed or replaced where the same are not in compliance with the provisions of the regulations pertaining to the waterworks system, and any person refusing or neglecting to make such repairs when so ordered shall be deemed guilty of a violation of this Code.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)
§ 52.99  PENALTY.
   Any person or customer found guilty of violating any of the provisions of this chapter, or any written order of the city, in pursuant thereof, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. Each day upon which a violation of the provisions of this act shall be deemed a separate and additional violation for the purpose of this chapter.
(Ord. passed 6-22-99)