§ 1-3  Rules of Construction and Definitions.
   In the construction of this Code and of all ordinances, the following rules shall be observed, unless such construction would be inconsistent with the manifest intent of the Common Council:
   Board means the Board of Public Works and Safety.
   Board of Public Works and Safety means the “Works Board” as defined in I.C., 36-1-2-24(2).
   Board of Zoning Appeals means the Board established pursuant to I.C., 36-7-4-900 which has the authority to hear and determine appeals regarding orders, requirements, decisions or determinations in relation to a Zoning Ordinance and which has the authority to approve or deny all special exceptions, special uses, contingent uses and conditional uses.
   City means the City of Carmel, Indiana, or the area within the territorial limits of the City of Carmel, Indiana. The word “City” shall be construed as if the words “of Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana,” followed it.
   City Court means the Court established pursuant to I.C., 33-35-1.
   Clerk means the City Clerk of the City of Carmel, a second class City.
   Code means local government code of the City Code of Carmel, Indiana, which is designated as the Carmel City Code or “this Code.”
   Commission means the Plan Commission.
   Common Council means the City Legislative Body made up of seven elected Council members.
   Computation of Time means the time within which an act is to be done and shall be computed by excluding the first day and including the last. If the last day is a Sunday or a holiday, it shall be excluded.
   Controller means the Fiscal Officer of the City of Carmel.
   Corporation Limits means the legal boundaries of the City of Carmel.
   Council means the Common Council of the City.
   County or this County means the County of Hamilton, State of Indiana.
   et seq. is the Latin phrase meaning “and the following.”
   Gender means words used in the masculine shall include feminine and neuter.
   I.C., shall refer to state law found in the Indiana Code.
   May is permissive.
   Mayor means the Mayor of the City.
   Month means a calendar month.
   Must and shall are each mandatory.
   Number means words used in the singular include the plural and the plural includes the singular number.
   Oath includes an affirmation or declaration in all cases in which, by law, an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in such cases the words “swear” and “sworn” shall be equivalent to the words “affirm” and “affirmed.”
   Ordinances include the ordinances of the City and all amendments thereto, including this Code and its amendments.
   Owner applied to a building or land, includes any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, tenant in partnership, joint tenant or tenant by the entirety of the whole or a part of such building or land.
   Person means any corporation, firm, partnership, association, organization or any other group acting as a unit as well as a natural person.
   Personal Property includes every kind of property except real property.
   Plan Commission means the Commission established to carry out the duties of I.C., 36-7-1-14.
   Preceding and Following mean next before and next after, respectively.
   Private Property means property not owned by a public entity.
   Property includes real and personal property.
   Public Place means any street or highway, sidewalk, park, cemetery, school yard or open space adjacent thereto, any lake or stream, and any shopping center whose owners enter into a contract with the City.
   Quorum means a majority of the members of a board, commission, committee or Council holding office, unless otherwise specifically provided in this Code.
   Real Property includes lands, tenements and hereditaments.
   Reasonable Time.  In all cases where any provision shall require any act to be done in a “reasonable time” or “reasonable notice” to be given to any person, such reasonable time or notice shall be deemed to mean such time only as may be necessary in the prompt execution of such duty, or compliance with such notice.
   Shall is a mandatory direction.
   Sidewalk means any portion of a street between the curb line and the adjacent property line, intended for the use of pedestrians.
   Signature or Subscription includes a mark when the person cannot write.
   State and the words the State and this State mean the State of Indiana.
   State Law References mean the Indiana Code, (I.C.,) and any subsequent amendments.
   Street includes all roads, highways, avenues, lanes, alleys, courts, squares, boulevards, viaducts or other public ways in the City which have been or may hereafter be dedicated and open to public use for vehicular traffic.
   Substantial Property Interest means any right in real property that may be affected in a substantial way by actions authorized by Planning and Development laws of the State of Indiana, including a fee interest, a life estate, a future interest, a present possessory interest, or an equitable interest of a contract purchaser.
   Tenant and occupant, applied to a building or land, include any person holding a written or oral lease of, or who occupies the whole or a part of such building or land, either alone or with others.
   Time includes words used in the past or present tense and includes the future as well as the past and present.
   Will is a mandatory direction.
   Written or in writing mean any representation of words, letters or figures whether by printing or otherwise.
   Year means a calendar year.
   Zoning means local laws passed by the Common Council addressing purposes set forth in I.C., 36-7-4-601.
(`91 Code, § 1-3) (Ord. D-2505-19, 12-16-19)
Statutory reference:
   Classification of Indiana cities, see I.C., 36-4-1-1
   Definitions of general applicability, see I.C., 36-1-2-1 through 36-1-2-24
   “Substantial Property Interest” defined, see I.C., 36-7-9-2