Skip to code content (skip section selection)
6.5.2 Gateway Districts. The Butner Gateway consists of five Base Zoning Districts described in § 6.5 and three Conditional Zoning Districts described in § 6.6 within a specific area, the Gateway, each of which allow a mix of uses. Using a hybrid of form based code and traditional land use based code, these districts create a cohesive, integrated, and unified development consistent with the town’s Gateway Small Area Plan adopted December 3, 2015 and the town’s current Comprehensive Plan. The districts are allowed only within the Gateway Area. Before development in the Gateway Districts may occur, a concept plan must be reviewed and approved by Town Council in accordance with division 3.2.6. Uses allowed in each Gateway District are shown in Table 7-1, Table of Permitted Uses. Any property in the Gateway area can request a Conditional District rezoning to allow a use allowed in another Gateway District.
(1) Central Avenue Mixed-Use District (CX). The Central Avenue Mixed-Use District (CX) is established to accommodate a mix of commercial, office, and supporting higher density residential uses typically within a vertical mixed-use project. It is intended to serve as the Gateway “Main Street” promoting a compact urban form. This district utilizes build-to lines as compared to more traditional building setbacks, and minimum building/block standards. Uses which utilize and/or incorporate public space into the development (sidewalk cafes, and the like) shall be encouraged within this district, especially those properties fronting Central Avenue.
(2) South Interchange Gateway District (SI). The South Interchange Gateway District (SI) is established to accommodate a mix of convenience retail and restaurants, moderate intensity commercial development, as well as neighborhood serving commercial and professional office uses. The district may provide transient uses typically associated with higher volume thoroughfares and interstate interchanges. Multi-family residential uses may be provided as part of a vertically integrated mixed-use project.
(3) North Interchange Gateway District (NI). The North Interchange Gateway District (NI) is established to accommodate a mix of convenience retail and restaurants, including moderate and high intensity commercial uses typically associated with higher volume thoroughfares and interstate interchanges. This district may also provide large-scale, big-box oriented uses.
(4) Central Gateway West District (CW). The Central Gateway West District (CW) is established to accommodate an economic development and employment generating area including office, industrial, and institutional uses. Institutional uses are intended to be located across from Murdoch Center. Office and institutional uses are intended south of 26th Street up the Central Avenue Mixed-Use District to act as a transition between the mixed-use area and the more intense industrial uses. The area in between, north of 26th Street and extending across the railroad to the east, is intended to be the primary employment center for the Gateway area. This area focuses on nonresidential operations including employment and job generating uses. Uses within this district will likely use the railroad and interstate for the movement of goods. Properties in this area may be developed individually or as part of a business or office park. Supporting residential may be provided under limited situations, and shall not be primary uses in this district.
(5) Central Gateway East District (CE). The Central Gateway East District (CE) is established to accommodate the connection between the major commercial nodes via the parkway with a mix of uses including primarily office, institutional, and industrial. The district also includes “Opportunity Site A” which may be developed as either office and institutional or residential developments with increased densities. Nonresidential uses within the opportunity site are envisioned to include an academic/healthcare campus concept. Residential uses are envisioned as an age-targeted neighborhood and/or a variety of housing types and styles including attached and limited detached housing. Consistent with the Central Gateway West District, properties north of 26th Street and its continuation to Telecom Drive comprise the Gateway Area’s primary employment center.
(C) Density. The maximum residential density within the Butner Gateway districts shall be ten dwelling units per acre except where regulated by the single-family lot size set forth in division 6.5.3(D) below.
(1) Minimum lot sizes in each area of the Butner Gateway are established by the concept plan. Where a residential area abuts a platted or developed single-family residential subdivision, the minimum lot size shall not be less than one-half of the minimum lot size of the adjoining district. However, no residential lot shall be less than 6,000 square feet in gross area.
Adjacent to existing residential uses and the perimeter of the Gateway Area
(i) The front building zone shall be between eight and 25 feet from the back of the sidewalk to provide for public space. Public space areas are intended to function as a portion of the streetscape and shall provide for an attractive, safe, and functional environment. These areas shall be designed for the type of development that they serve and be reflected on approved site plans. Public space areas shall enhance the development’s aesthetics. Street side public space areas shall be a minimum of eight feet in width beginning at the back edge of the public sidewalk and may be included within the build-to-zone and/or setback. Public space shall include at least one item from List A and at least items two List B.
Café style seating
Increased sidewalk widths along public roadways
Awnings, canopies, or similar shade structures (excludes gas canopies)
Exterior, pedestrian scale lighting (excludes required street lights)
Similar items as may be approved by the Ordinance Administrator
(ii) The side building zone shall be between zero and ten feet, except where parking in the side yard is provided; however, the side building line shall not exceed 45 feet except where approved by the Ordinance Administrator.
(iii) There is no minimum rear building zone in order to allow for parking in the rear of buildings and/or necessary utilities and infrastructure.
(iv) Buildings which face a public road or right-of-way, including the side and rear of the buildings, shall be designed and constructed to provide the appearance of the front of the building through use of windows, doors, awnings, canopies, or similar feature. In cases where the main entrance to the building is not from the street, the building must also be designed for a main entrance on the street side in case a future tenant wants the building to face the street.
(i) The front building zone shall be between 0 and 30 feet. Parking should be provided to the side and/or rear of the building. In areas where cross access to adjacent development connects to existing parking in front of the building, a single row of parking is allowed in front of the building and the front building zone can be up to 50 feet. Corner lots may only have parking in one front building zone.
(ii) The side building zone shall be between zero and ten feet, except where parking in the side yard is provided; however, the side building zone shall not exceed 45 feet except where approved by the Ordinance Administrator.
(iii) There is no required rear building zone in order to allow for parking in the rear of buildings and/or necessary utilities and infrastructure.
(iv) Buildings which face a public road or right-of-way including the side and rear of the buildings shall be designed and constructed to provide the appearance of the front of the building through use of windows, doors, awnings, canopies, or similar feature.
(1) Within the CX and SI Districts, the minimum building frontage shall be 65% of the lot width. This standard may be modified by the Ordinance Administrator based on required utility and drainage easements and/or vehicular accesses (i.e., public streets). In the case of a corner lot and/or double frontage lot, the Ordinance Administrator shall determine the front yard. Minimum building frontage in all other Gateway Districts shall be no less than 30% of the lot width. Building frontage may be provided as follows.
(i) The building frontage minimum requirement may be achieved completely by building facade or a combination of building facade, porte cochere, and similar decorative structural feature, including the use of street walls. These elements when used to meet this standard shall be designed with similar building materials and architectural appearance as the primary structure. Street walls, if provided, must be no less than 24 inches and no more than 60 inches above grade.
(ii) The following items may encroach up to one half of the minimum building zone distance so long as a minimum of eight feet of vertical clearance is provided: awnings; canopies; signs limited to awning and canopy; and balconies.
(4) With the exception of single-family residential development, increased building heights above the maximum stated may be considered up to a maximum of 50% of the maximum height standard, providing height mitigation measures such as a building stepback or setback are proposed and approved by the Ordinance Administrator. Buildings exceeding the maximum height shall provide a stepback of at least 15 feet along all sides facing a public roadway.
For developments greater than ten acres as identified by a concept plan, subdivision, or site plan, a minimum of 5% of the gross area of the development must be dedicated to open space exclusive of any existing wetland area; parcels less than ten acres shall be exempt from this standard. No more than 50% of the dedicated open space may be used for active recreation purposes (i.e., soccer fields, multi-purpose fields, tennis courts, and the like). At least 50% of the passive recreation/natural areas must be usable and accessible (i.e., not including wetlands, steep slopes, or other marginal lands); stormwater features including ponds, lakes, or similar may count towards this total providing they are publicly accessible and provide a public edge through a sidewalk, trail, or similar.
Within mixed-use and residential developments, the open space can be provided in the form of neighborhood parks, plazas, greenways, or similar, subject to approval by the Ordinance Administrator. These areas shall include a minimum of three or more of the following program elements: community building; public gathering space; playground; pet park; trails; picnic area; shade structures; and benches. The minimum open space area shall be 10,000 square feet.
The approved concept plan shall provide a listing of acceptable open space uses, types, and generalized locations.
(5) Due to the nature and intent of the Gateway area, division 13.4.3(A)(1) shall not apply. Except where approved by the Ordinance Administrator, adjacent parcels shall provide for cross access.
(J) Parking and loading. Off-street parking and loading areas must be provided in accordance with Article 13 of this ordinance.
(2) Off-site parking. If parking required by this ordinance cannot be reasonably provided on the same lot as the principal use, a portion of the required off-street parking can be located on-street or on a separate lot no more than 400 feet from the lot on which the principal building or use is located. A continuous paved pedestrian pathway or sidewalk a minimum of five feet in width shall be required between the off-site parking area and the entry to the principal use.
(3) Shared parking. Shared parking is encouraged within the Gateway Districts in order to provide opportunities to reduce the amount of land needed for parking and create opportunities for more compact development, more space for pedestrian circulation, or more open space and landscaping. Up to 50% of required parking may be shared between uses with different peak use times as approved by the Ordinance Administrator.
(a) Gate 2 Road: from the right-of-way of Interstate 85 to the northerly railroad right-of-way; and
(b) E C Street: from the right-of-way of Interstate 85 to the intersection of S. 33rd Street.
(7) Bicycle parking. Bicycle parking shall be provided per division 13.7.3 of the town’s land development ordinance.
(K) Street design. Streets must be designed and located so that they are integrated into and provide continuation of the surrounding street network. A minimum street connectivity index score of 1.5, as outlined in division 14.3.4(B), shall be maintained throughout the development.
(1) A common signage plan must be included as part of the concept plan. This common signage plan shall specify the size, type, height, setback, location, design, illumination, and number of signs to be allowed in the Gateway Districts. All signs included in the common signage plan shall utilize the same coordinated colors, styles, and lettering schemes throughout the development.
(M) Landscaping. Landscaping standards for the Gateway Districts are established by the approved concept plan and shall follow Article 9 of this ordinance.
(1) Between industrial land uses and residential land use a Type B buffer according to Article 10 of this ordinance is required.
(2) Between industrial land uses and all other land uses a Type A buffer according to Article 10 of this ordinance is required.
(Amended 8-2-2018; Ord. A.22.01, passed 4-7-2022)