18.42.040   NON-RESIDENTIAL PARKING REQUIREMENTS.
   .010   Parking Spaces.  Non-residential off-street parking requirements for automobiles and other vehicles shall be determined by the type of use (use class) associated with the property.  Table 42-A (Non-Residential Parking Requirements) specifies the number of parking spaces for each non-residential use, regardless of the zone district in which the use is located.
      .0101   For uses not listed, parking requirements may be those determined to be reasonably necessary by the Planning Services Manager of the Planning Department and/or his or her designee.  The Planning Services Manager of the Planning Department and/or his or her designee may require a parking study in order to make this determination. 
      .0102   Except as expressly provided in this section, within a business unit containing more than one (1) use class, the minimum number of parking spaces shall be based on the use class with the highest parking requirement.  If a combination of parking ratios applies, the number of required spaces shall be the sum total of the requirements for each type of use established.
      .0103   For purposes of interpretation of this section, “GFA” shall mean gross floor area of buildings as measured from exterior wall to exterior wall. 
      .0104   In computing parking requirements, fractional numbers shall be rounded off to the nearest whole number, fractions of one-half (0.5) or more being counted as one (1) full space.
      .0105   If the GFA upon which the number of parking spaces is based is less than one thousand (1,000) square feet (or other unit of measurement as designated herein), the minimum number of required spaces shall be prorated in direct proportion to the minimum number of spaces required for each one thousand (1,000) square feet (or other unit of measurement designated herein).  Such proration shall also apply in instances where a division of such applicable unit of measurement into the GFA produces a quotient of other than a whole number.
      .0106   Except as otherwise expressly provided in this chapter, any employee parking space requirements shall be based on the maximum number of employees present at any given time.
      .0107   Except as otherwise expressly provided in this chapter, all parking spaces shall conform to the applicable City Standards pertaining to minimum off-street parking dimensions.
      .0108   If a parking demand study is required by Table 42-A (Non-Residential Parking Requirements) due to the unique nature of the use, the parking requirements shall be determined by the Planning Services Manager of the Planning Department and/or his or her designee and/or the Planning Commission based on information contained in a parking demand study prepared by an independent traffic engineer licensed by the State of California, or a parking justification letter, as determined by the Planning Services Manager and/or his or her designee.  The study shall be provided by the applicant, at its sole expense, to the City at the time of application for such use.  If a minor conditional use permit or a conditional use permit is not required for the use, an administrative permit shall be processed to review and approve the parking demand study. (Ord. 6031 § 34; August 22, 2006:  Ord. 6101 § 35; April 22, 2008.)
   .020   Trucks and Other Vehicles.  In addition to the requirements in Table 42-A (Non-Residential Parking Requirements), spaces shall be provided for trucks and other vehicles used in the business, of a number and size adequate to accommodate the maximum number and types of trucks and/or vehicles to be parked on the site at any one time.
18.42.040
 
   Table 42-A
   NON-RESIDENTIAL PARKING REQUIREMENTS
   Use Class
   Required Spaces
Agricultural Crops
5 spaces per 10 acres.
Alcoholic Beverage Manufacturing
1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA, which may include a maximum of 10% office space, plus, if the percentage of office space exceeds 10% of the GFA, 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for the floor area in excess of 10%
Tasting or Tap Room and outside patios: 17 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Alcoholic Beverage Sales–Off-Sale
0 spaces (spaces are required for underlying uses only).
Alcoholic Beverage Sales–On-Sale
0 spaces (spaces are required for underlying uses only).
Alcoholism or Drug Abuse Recovery or Treatment Facility (Large)
0.8 space per bed
Ambulance Services
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA, plus parking for ambulances/emergency vehicles.
Animal Boarding
1 space per employee, plus 1 space per 10 pets.
Animal Grooming
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Antennas–Broadcasting
2 spaces.
Antennas–Private Transmitting
None.
Antennas–Telecommunicati ons
1 space.
Automatic Teller Machines
(ATM’s) (Exterior, walk-up facilities not located on properties developed with other retail or office uses.)
2 spaces per machine.
Note: No parking spaces are required when located on the exterior building wall of an existing business use, when located within the interior of any other type of business establishment, or when free- standing machines are located on properties developed with other retail or office uses. In addition, no parking spaces are required for drive-up facilities.
Automotive–Vehicle Sales, Lease & Rental
General:  2.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for interior showroom, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of office use, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA used for parts, sales, storage and repair use.
Wholesale (excluding auctions):  4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of space used for parking vehicles to be sold.
Auctions:  Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Automotive–Sales Agency Office
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Automotive–Public Parking
None.
Automotive–Parts Sales
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Automotive–Repair & Modification
3.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA, or 5 spaces, whichever is greater.
Automotive–Service Stations
Stand-Alone:  2 spaces.
In Conjunction with Accessory Retail/Convenience Store:  4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA of the convenience store. Up to 50 percent of the pump islands may be counted as parking stalls.
In Conjunction with Other Uses:  None.
Automotive–Washing
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Banquet Halls
One space for each 3 patrons plus one space per employee.
Bars & Nightclubs
29 spaces per 1,000 square feet of dance floor area and 17 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Bed & Breakfast Inns
1 space for each bedroom, plus 1 space for each nonresident employee, plus 1 space for visitors (for purposes of this use class, “Bedroom” means any room designed, intended or primarily used for sleeping purposes).
Beekeeping
None.
Billboards
None.
Boarding House
1 space for each bedroom, plus 1 space for each nonresident employee, plus 1 space for visitors (for purposes of this provision, “Bedroom” means any room designed, intended or primarily used for sleeping purposes).
Business & Financial Services
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Cemeteries
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Community Care Facilities–Licensed (Large)
0.8 space per bed
Community Care Facilities–Unlicensed (Large)
0.8 space per bed
Commercial Retail Centers-Large
All uses other than restaurants within retail centers unless specified elsewhere in this code:  4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Restaurants within retail centers with 40 percent or less of GFA devoted to restaurant uses:  4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Restaurants within retail centers with more than 40 percent of GFA devoted to restaurant uses: Those restaurant uses in excess of 40 percent shall comply with the following:
   Restaurants-General with 20 seats or less: 5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
   Restaurants-General with more than 20 seats: 10 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
   Restaurants-Full Service:  8 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Commercial Retail Centers-Small
Each use within the retail center shall comply with the parking requirements for said use.
Community & Religious Assembly
Requires parking demand study paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Convalescent & Rest Homes
0.8 space per bed.
Convenience Stores
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Dance & Fitness Studios–Large   
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Dance & Fitness Studios–Small
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Day Care Centers
1 space per employee, plus 1 space per 10 children or adult clients, plus 1 space for loading and unloading children or adult clients onsite.
Drive-Through Facilities
None as an accessory use, but requires adequate space for queuing.
Educational Institutions–Business
0.82 space per student, or 20 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for instruction area, whichever results in a greater number of spaces, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for office area.
Educational Institutions–General
Elementary and Junior High Schools:  1 space per classroom, plus 1 space per non-office employee, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for office use, plus parking required for assembly halls and auditoriums (see Community & Religious Assembly).
High Schools:  1 space per non-office employee, plus 1 space per 6 students, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for office use, plus parking required for assembly halls and auditoriums (see Community & Religious Assembly).
Educational Institutions–Tutoring
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Emergency Shelters (50 or fewer occupants)
1 space per employee and volunteer staff member, plus 1 space for every 4 beds or 0.5 spaces per bedroom designated for family units with children.
Emergency Shelters (more than 50 occupants)
1 space per employee and volunteer staff member, plus 1 space for every 4 beds or 0.5 spaces per bedroom designated for family units with children.
Entertainment Venue
Entertainment Venue: 17 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA and 29 spaces per 1,000 square feet of dance floor area.
Broadcast or Recording Studios with Audience:  5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for first 100,000 square feet, plus 4.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA over 100,000 square feet.
Theaters-Live Performances:  0.4 spaces per seat or patron, whichever results in a greater number of spaces, plus 0.8 spaces per employee, including performers.
Theaters-Single-Screen Motion Picture:  0.6 space per seat or patron, whichever results in a greater number of spaces, plus 5 spaces for employees.
Theaters-Multi-Screen Motion Picture:  0.3 spaces per seat or per patron, whichever results in a greater number of spaces, plus 2 employee spaces per screen.
Equipment Rental–Large
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA for first 100,000 square feet, plus 3 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA over 100,000 square feet, plus 0.4 space per 1,000 square feet of outdoor equipment storage area.
Equipment Rental–Small
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA for first 100,000 square feet, plus 3 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA over 100,000 square feet, plus 0.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of outdoor equipment storage area.
Farmers Market
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Golf Courses & Country Clubs
Golf Courses:  10 spaces per hole, plus 1 space per 35 square feet of building GFA used for public assembly, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA used for other commercial purposes.
Golf Driving Ranges:  1 space per driving tee.
Hospitals
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Hotels
0.8 space per guest room, plus 8 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for banquet/meeting room, plus 8 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for full-service, outdoor dining, walk-up and fast-food restaurants, plus 5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for take-out restaurants integrated into the hotel complex, plus 1 space per 1,000 square feet of retail space plus 0.25 space for each employee working in the guest room areas.
Hotels, Full Kitchen Facilities
Same requirements as “Hotels & Motels”.
Industry
Industrial:  1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA, which may include a maximum of 10% office space, plus, if the percentage of office space exceeds 10% of the GFA, 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for the floor area in excess of 10%.
Industrial Training Facilities:  0.82 space per student, or 20 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for instructional use, whichever results in a greater number of spaces, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for office use.
Outdoor Uses:  0.4 space per 1,000 square feet of lot area devoted to outdoor uses, excluding parking areas and vehicular access- ways, or 1 space per 2 maximum contemplated number of employees to be engaged in the outdoor operation, whichever results in a greater number of spaces.
Industry–Heavy
Industrial–Heavy:  1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA, which may include a maximum of 10% office space, plus, if the percentage of office space exceeds 10% of the GFA, 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for the floor area in excess of 10%.
Industrial Training Facilities:  0.82 space per student, or 20 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for instructional use, whichever results in a greater number of spaces, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for office use.
Outdoor Uses:  0.4 space per 1,000 square feet of lot area devoted to outdoor uses, excluding parking areas and vehicular access- ways, or 1 space per 2 maximum contemplated number of employees to be engaged in the outdoor operation, whichever results in the greater number of spaces.
Junkyards
5 spaces or 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA, whichever is greater.
Markets–Large
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Markets–Small
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Medical & Dental Offices    
6 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Mortuaries
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Motels
0.8 space per guest room, plus 8 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for banquet/meeting room, plus 8 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for full-service, outdoor dining, walk-up and fast-food restaurants, plus 5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for take- out restaurants integrated into the hotel complex, plus 1 space per 1,000 square feet of retail space plus 0.25 space for each employee working in the guest room areas.
Office-Development
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Office-General
3 stories or lower:  4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
More than 3 stories:  3 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Oil Production
2 spaces per well.
Outdoor Storage Yards
4 spaces or 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA of any accessory building, whichever is greater, plus spaces required for service vehicles.
Personal Services–General
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Personal Services–Restricted
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Plant Nurseries
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA, plus 0.4 space per 1,000 square feet of lot area devoted to outdoor uses, excluding parking areas and vehicular access-ways.
Public Services
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for buildings of 3 stories or lower;  3 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for buildings of more than 3 stories.
Recreation–Commercial Indoor
Amusement Arcades:  requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Billiard Halls:  2 spaces per billiard table, plus required spaces for other uses within the facility.
Bowling Alleys:  6 spaces per bowling lane.
Racquetball Facilities:  5 spaces per court.
Skating Rinks:  2.4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA.
Other Uses:  Requires parking demand study per subsection 18.42.040.010.0108.
Recreation–Commercial Outdoor
Miniature Golf Course:  20 spaces per course, plus 1 per each employee.
Other Uses:  requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Recreation–Low-Impact
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Recreation–Swimming & Tennis
Swimming Facilities:  requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Tennis Courts:  5 spaces per court.
Recycling Services–Consumer
None (spaces are required for host use(s) only).
Recycling Services–General
1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of building GFA.
Recycling Services–Processing
1.55 spaces per employee.
Repair Services–General
5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for first 100,000 square feet, plus 4.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA over 100,000 square feet.
Repair Services–Limited
5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for first 100,000 square feet, plus 4.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA over 100,000 square feet.
Research & Development
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for buildings of 3 stories or lower;  3 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for buildings of more than 3 stories.
Restaurants–General
20 seats or less:  5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
More than 20 seats:  10 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Restaurants within a Commercial Retail Center-Large:  See parking requirements for Commercial Retail Center-Large.
Restaurants–Full Service
Stand alone:  15 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Restaurants within a Commercial Retail Center-Small:  8 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Restaurants within a Commercial Retail Center-Large:  See parking requirements for Commercial Retail Center-Large
Restaurants–Outdoor Dining
Same requirements as above for Restaurants-General and Restaurants-Full Service
Retail Sales–General
General:  4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Art Galleries:  3.3 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Furniture, Carpet & Flooring:  2.25 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Retail Sales–Kiosks
1 space per 25 square feet of GFA or 3 spaces per facility, whichever results in a greater number of parking spaces.
Retail Sales–Outdoor
0.4 space per 1,000 square feet of lot area devoted to outdoor uses, excluding parking areas and vehicular access-ways, or 0.5 space per each employee engaged in the outdoor operation, whichever results in a greater number of parking spaces.
Retail Sales–Used Merchandise
4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for first 100,000 square feet.
Self-Storage Facilities
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Senior Living Facilities (Large)
0.8 space per bed
Sex-Oriented Businesses
Primarily Live Performance:  10 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Primarily Book or Video Store:  5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Smoking Lounges
17 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Sober Living Homes (Large)
0.8 space per bed
Studios–Broadcasting
2.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Studios–Recording
2.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Towing Services
Office: 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Indoor Storage Area: 1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Outdoor Storage Area: 0.4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of outdoor storage areas (excluding vehicle access-ways).
Transit Facilities
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Truck Repair & Sales
2.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for interior showroom, plus 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of office use, plus 5.5 square feet per 1,000 square feet of building GFA for parts, sales, storage and repair use.
Utilities–Major
Requires parking demand study per paragraph 18.42.040.010.0108.
Utilities–Minor
None required.
Veterinary Services
5.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for first 100,000 square feet, plus 4.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA over 100,000 square feet.
Warehousing & Storage–Enclosed
Buildings with 100,000 square feet or less of GFA:  1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA, which may include a maximum of up to 10% office space
Buildings with more than 100,000 square feet of GFA:  1 space per 1,000 square feet of GFA, which may include a maximum of up to 10% office space
If the percentage of office space exceeds 10% of the GFA:  4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for the floor area of office space in excess of 10%.
Warehousing & Storage–Outdoors
0.4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of outdoor storage area (excluding vehicle access-ways), plus 1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA, which may include a maximum of up to 10% office space; if the percentage of office space exceeds 10% of the GFA, 4 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA for the floor area of office space in excess of 10%.
Wholesaling
Buildings with 100,000 square feet or less of GFA:  1.55 spaces per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
Buildings with more than 100,000 square feet of GFA:  1 space per 1,000 square feet of GFA.
 
   .030   Valet parking may be permitted for non-residential developments provided a minor conditional use permit is approved pursuant to, and subject to, the conditions and required showings of Chapter 18.66 (Conditional Use Permits). Tandem spaces may be utilized to accommodate valet parking.
(Ord. 5920  1 (part); June 8, 2004:  Ord. 5998 § 37; October 25, 2005:  Ord. 6115 § 3; October 14, 2008:  Ord. 6210, § 1; May 17, 2011: Ord. 6234 § 3; February 28, 2012:  Ord. 6245 § 63; June 5, 2012:  Ord. 6286 §§ 29, 30; September 3, 2013; Ord. 6296 § 11; March 4, 2014:  Ord. 6317 § 16; March 3, 2015:  Ord. 6382 § 15; October 18, 2016:  Ord. 6399 § 4; March 7, 2017:  Ord. 6425 § 18; December 19, 2017: Ord. 6432 § 32; April 10, 2018:  Ord. 6461 § 15; April 16, 2019:  Ord. 6473 § 31; December 3, 2019:  Ord. 6394 § 21; September 29, 2019:  Ord. 6506 §§ 40, 41; February 9, 2021:  Ord. 6510 § 3; May 11, 2021.)