18.42.030   RESIDENTIAL PARKING REQUIREMENTS.
   .010   General.  Residential off-street parking requirements for motor vehicles, trailers, campers, boats, or other mobile equipment shall be regulated by the type of use (use class) associated with the property. This section specifies the number of parking spaces for each residential use, regardless of the zoning district in which the use is located.
      .0101   Except as otherwise expressly provided in this section, the minimum number of spaces for a combination of uses shall be not less than the sum total of the requirements for each type of use to be established.
      .0102   For purposes of interpretation of this section, a bedroom is a private habitable room planned or used for sleeping, separated from other rooms by a door or similar partition.  All rooms (other than a living room, family room, dining room, bathroom, hall, foyer, closet or pantry) having seventy (70) square feet or more of floor area and enclosed with four (4) walls shall be considered a bedroom. If one (1) of the four (4) walls is one hundred percent (100%) open to an adjacent room or hallway, it shall not be considered a bedroom.  A studio unit is a dwelling unit without a bedroom.
      .0103   In computing parking requirements, fractional numbers shall be rounded off to the nearest whole number, fractions of one-half (0.5) or more being counted as one (1) full space.
      .0104   Except as otherwise expressly provided in this chapter, all parking spaces shall conform to the applicable City Standards pertaining to off-street parking dimensions.
      .0105   Garages or covered spaces shall be arranged such that parking in front of the garage or covered space shall not block access to another garage or covered space.
      .0106   For uses not listed, parking requirements shall be those determined to be reasonably necessary by the Planning Services Manager of the Planning Department and/or his or her designee.  (Ord. 5944 § 20; September 28, 2004.)
      .0107   Required parking spaces shall be maintained and available for the parking of operable vehicles.  (Ord. 5944 § 20; September 28, 2004:  Ord. 5998 § 33; October 25, 2005:  Ord. 6031 § 32; August 22, 2006:  Ord. 6101 § 34; April 22, 2008:  Ord. 6286 § 27; September 3, 2013.)
   .020   Dwellings–Multiple Family.
      .0201   The minimum required number of off-street parking spaces for Multiple-Family Dwellings shall be based on the total number of bedrooms as follows:
 
Total Number of Bedrooms
Minimum Number of Parking Spaces per Unit
Studio unit
1.25
1 bedroom
2.0
2 bedrooms
2.25
3 or more bedrooms
3.0 (plus 0.5 space for each bedroom over 3 bedrooms)
 
      .0202   Guest Parking.  Of the number of required parking spaces, one-quarter (0.25) space per dwelling unit shall be reserved and clearly marked for guest parking only and shall be readily accessible to motorists from contiguous streets and/or vehicle accessways.
      .0203   Required parking spaces for residents and tenants in Multiple-Family Residential projects shall be readily accessible. No fee shall be assessed for the use of parking spaces required by current code or for parking spaces required by code at the time of construction of the project, whichever is higher.
      .0204   Any assigned spaces shall be located within one hundred (100) feet of, and be readily accessible to, the dwelling unit served.  Unassigned spaces provided to satisfy parking requirements for a dwelling unit shall be located within two hundred (200) feet of the unit served.
      .0205   Tandem Parking Spaces.  Tandem parking spaces of not more than two (2) vehicles deep shall be permitted for the parking spaces required for Multiple Family Residential projects under paragraph .0201 above, provided that (i) such tandem parking spaces are enclosed or covered parking spaces, and (ii) both spaces are assigned to the same designated dwelling unit. Tandem parking can also be utilized to accommodate valet parking. Tandem parking spaces shall not be counted toward the required number of guest parking spaces.
      .0206   Parking areas shall be screened by means of landscaping or architectural devices from adjacent public and private streets and properties, and from living or recreational-leisure areas, to a height of twenty-four (24) inches, with the exception of line-of-sight requirements, as shown on the applicable Engineering Standard Details pertaining to commercial driveway approaches.
      .0207   Any interior walls of covered parking areas shall be finished with exterior finish material. Adequate bumper guards shall be provided to protect any interior walls from damage.
      .0208   Garages or carports may be installed in areas previously designated for open surface, resident parking subject to the following provisions;
         .01   Garages or carports may encroach into required building and landscape setback areas (excluding front setbacks adjacent to public streets) subject to the review and approval by the Planning Director.  Any decision by the Planning Director may be appealed to the Planning Commission as provided in Chapter 18.60 (Procedures);
         .02   Any installed garage doors must be roll-up type doors;
         .03   Garages may not be used for storage and must be used for parking of operable vehicles only.  In addition, the property owner or property manager is responsible for assuring compliance with this provision;
         .04   Exterior garage walls, where visible from any public or private property, shall be finished with colors and materials consistent with the exterior colors and materials of existing buildings on the site and roofs must be finished with quality materials, such as, tile or shingles.  Elevation plans must be reviewed and approved by the Planning Director;
         .05   The total number of required parking spaces provided on the site is not decreased beyond minimum code requirements by the construction of the garages.  Replacement parking spaces may be provided elsewhere on the project site;
         .06   Garage spaces must be assigned to specific apartment units and shall not be rented or leased to non-residents;
         .07   Garage or carport spaces proposed to be constructed under the provisions of paragraph 18.42.030.020.0208, above, need not be within 100 feet of the unit to which it is assigned.  (Ord. 5998 § 34; October 25, 2005:  Ord. 6218 § 2; July 19, 2011:  Ord. 6220 § 1; August 23, 2011.)
      .0209   Valet parking may be permitted for multiple family residential developments provided that the valet parking is provided and managed by on-site management company or homeowner's association and a minor conditional use permit is approved pursuant to, and subject to, the conditions and required showings of Chapter 18.66 (Conditional Use Permits).
   .030   Dwellings–Single-Family Attached.  The required parking spaces for Attached Single-Family Dwellings shall comply with either paragraph .0301 or .0302 below.
      .0301   The minimum number, location and design of parking spaces shall be the same as those specified for Dwellings–Multiple Family in subsection 18.42.030.020 above.
      .0302   The minimum number, location and design of parking spaces shall be the same as those specified for Dwellings–Single-Family Detached in subsection 18.42.030.040.
   .040   Dwellings–Single-Family Detached.  The minimum required number of off-street, on-site parking spaces for Single-Family Detached Dwellings shall be based on the total number of bedrooms as follows:
 
Total Number of Bedrooms
Minimum Number of Parking Spaces
5 or fewer bedrooms
4 (2 in a garage)
6 or more bedrooms
4 (2 in a garage), plus 1 additional space per bedroom over 6 bedrooms
 
      .0401   Tandem spaces shall not be counted toward the required number of spaces, except for one (1) open space in front of each required space enclosed within a garage.  The minimum dimensions for spaces located in tandem to parking spaces enclosed within a garage are eight (8) feet wide and twenty-five (25) feet long, where located in tandem to parking spaces enclosed with a tilt-up garage door, and eight (8) feet wide and twenty (20) feet long, where located in tandem to parking spaces enclosed with a roll-up garage door, measured from the garage door to the nearest edge of the property line, pedestrian walkway, street or vehicle accessway, whichever is the lesser distance.
      .0402   Parking spaces located in tandem to a garage or located in a circular driveway that meets the minimum requirements of Planning Standards (Driveway Locations for Single-Family Residences) may be permitted to encroach into the required front or street setback.  All other spaces shall be located outside the required street setback, and shall be provided and maintained in an accessible location on the lot, as approved by the Planning Director and illustrated in Planning Standard (Driveway Locations for Single-Family Residences).  (Ord. 5998 § 35; October 25, 2005.)
      .0403   RS-4 Zone. The additional parking spaces above and beyond those required in the table above for Single-Family Detached Dwellings shall be provided either on private streets or on private property, or any combination thereof, based on the total number of bedrooms as follows:
 
Total Number of Bedrooms
Additional Parking Spaces Required
3 or fewer bedrooms
No additional spaces required
4 bedrooms
0.5 additional space per unit
5 or more bedrooms
1 additional space per unit, plus 1 additional space per bedroom over 5 bedrooms
 
   .050   Mobile Home Parks.
      .0501   The minimum required number of off-street parking spaces for each mobile home in Mobile Home Parks shall be two (2) spaces (which may be tandem) on-site and adjacent to the mobile home, plus one (1) guest space for every four (4) mobile homes.
      .0502   Guest parking shall be located within two hundred (200) feet of each mobile home served and may be provided along any private street that is designed and improved in compliance with the applicable Engineering Standard Details pertaining to private street sections, and that serves the interior circulation of a mobile home park.  (Ord. 6031 § 33;  August 22, 2006.)
   .060   Senior Citizen Housing.
      .0601   The minimum required number of off-street parking spaces for senior citizen housing shall be one (1) parking space for each studio unit and one-bedroom unit, and two (2) parking spaces for each two-bedroom unit.
      .0602   All parking spaces shall be located so as to minimize the walking distance from the living area to the parking facility.
      .0603   Parking spaces may be covered or open, and shall be unassigned and equally available to all residents, guests or employees.
      .0604   Tandem spaces shall not be permitted.
   .070   Accessory Dwelling Units and Accessory Dwelling Unit – Junior. The minimum required number of off-street, on-site parking spaces for an Accessory Dwelling Unit and Accessory Dwelling Unit – Junior, as defined in subsection .005 and .010 of Section 18.36.050 (Accessory Use Classes) and in conformance with the criteria and standards of Section 18.38.015 (Accessory Dwelling Unit and Accessory Dwelling Unit – Junior) shall be based on the total number of bedrooms as follows:
 
Total Number of Bedrooms
Minimum Number of Parking Spaces
(subject to exemptions in subsection .0701 below)
Studio
0
1+ bedrooms
1
 
      .0701   On-site parking is not required for an Accessory Dwelling Unit and Accessory Dwelling Unit - Junior in any of the following instances:
         (a)   The Accessory Dwelling Unit is located within a one-half mile walking distance of a transit stop;
         (b)   The Accessory Dwelling Unit is located within an architecturally and historically significant historic district;
         (c)   The Accessory Dwelling Unit is part of the proposed or existing primary residence or an existing accessory structure;
         (d)   When on-street parking permits are required but not offered to the occupant of the Accessory Dwelling Unit;
         (e)   Where there is a car share vehicle station located within one block of the accessory dwelling unit;
         (f)   When a garage, carport, or covered parking structure is demolished in conjunction with the construction of an Accessory Dwelling Unit or converted to an Accessory Dwelling Unit; and/or
         (g)   No parking is required for an Accessory Dwelling Unit – Junior.
      .0702   If parking for the Accessory Dwelling Unit is provided in a garage which also provides parking for the main dwelling unit, the provided space(s) shall be for the exclusive use of the Accessory Dwelling Unit.  The space(s) shall be separated from any garage spaces for the main dwelling unit by a wall or other permanent barrier, and shall have a separate or independent garage door;
      .0703   The Accessory Dwelling Unit shall utilize the same vehicular access that serves the existing main dwelling unit, unless the Accessory Dwelling Unit has access from a public alley contiguous to the lot, or is located on a corner lot for which secondary access is permitted for parking outside the street side setback. A vehicular driveway that provides access to required parking shall have a minimum width of ten (10) feet;
      .0704   Any additional required parking may be located in any configuration on the same lot.
      .0705   No replacement parking is required when a garage, carport, or covered parking structure is demolished or converted in conjunction with the construction of an Accessory Dwelling Unit or Accessory Dwelling Unit - Junior.
   .080   Repealed by Ord. 6384, 6/9/2020.  (Ord. 5920  1 (part); June 8, 2004:  Ord. 5944  20; September 28, 2004:  Ord. 6308 § 1; October 21, 2014:  Ord. 6317 § 15; March 3, 2015:  Ord. 6382 § 14; October 18, 2016:  Ord. 6419 § 11; August 29, 2017:  Ord. 6425 § 17; December 19, 2017: Ord. 6432 § 31; April 10, 2018:  Ord. 6461 § 14; April 16, 2019:  Ord. 6473 § 30; December 3, 2019:  Ord. 6483 §§ 10, 11; June 9, 2020:  Ord. 6502 §  1; January 26, 2021: Ord. 6506 § 39; February 9, 2021.)