18.06.090   STRUCTURAL SETBACKS.
   The setback requirements in this section apply in the multiple-family residential zones.  These requirements apply in addition to Section 18.40.040 (Structural Setbacks and Yards) and Section 18.40.050 (Special Area Setbacks).
   .010   Setbacks Abutting A Public Street.  Where a building site abuts upon any highway or public street, there shall be a landscape setback, measured from the planned highway right-of-way line, as indicated in the Circulation Element of the General Plan, and improved as provided herein:
      .0101   A project abutting an arterial highway shall have an average landscape setback of not less than twenty (20) feet in depth, with a minimum fifteen (15) feet permitted;  provided, however, that for every foot of building frontage having a setback of less than twenty (20) feet, there shall be a foot of building frontage having a setback correspondingly greater than twenty (20) feet.
      .0102   A project abutting any public street other than an arterial highway shall have a minimum landscape setback of fifteen (15) feet.
   .020   Setbacks – Other.  An open setback shall be provided around each building adjacent to interior lot lines, private streets, public or private alleys, or buildings located on the same building site. Minimum setback requirements shall be measured perpendicular to building walls, and are determined based on the design of the building wall parallel to the street, interior property line, or adjacent building. Each building wall shall be categorized as primary, secondary or blank. based on the following criteria relating to the placement of windows and doors:
      .0201   Primary.  Building walls that contain entrances and exits and/or windows opening into living spaces where most activity occurs, such as dining rooms, living rooms, family rooms, kitchens and bedrooms.  Building walls with balconies are also included.
      .0202   Secondary.  Building walls that contain windows opening into bathrooms, closets, stairwells and corridors.
      .0203   Blank.  Building walls with no window openings or points of access.
   .030   Setbacks Abutting Interior Property Lines.  Setbacks for structures abutting an interior property line shall be provided along the entire length of the building as follows:
 
Height of
Structure
Building Wall
Category
Structural
Setback
Landscaped Portion
of Setback
1 story
All
10 feet
5 feet minimum
2 story
Primary
15 feet
5 feet minimum
Secondary
15 feet
Blank
15 feet
3 story
Primary
20 feet
5 feet minimum
Secondary
15 feet
Blank
15 feet
4 story
Primary
25 feet
10 feet minimum
Secondary
20 feet
Blank
15 feet
 
   .040   Setbacks Within One Hundred Fifty (150) Feet of Single-Family Residential Zones.  Setbacks for structures abutting a single-family residential zone, or located within one hundred fifty (150) feet of a single-family residential zone, shall be provided along the entire length of any interior site boundary line as follows:
 
Height of
Structure
Building Wall
Category
Structural
Setback
Landscaped Portion
of Setback
1 story
All
20 feet
10 feet minimum
2 story
Primary
35 feet
10 feet minimum
Secondary
25 feet
Blank
20 feet
3 story
Primary
55 feet
10 feet minimum
Secondary
45 feet
Blank
40 feet
4 story
Primary
75 feet
15 feet minimum
Secondary
65 feet
Blank
60 feet
 
   .050   Setbacks Between Buildings.  The minimum setback between parallel walls of two (2) separate buildings of the same height, or between two (2) parallel facing walls of the same building having the same height, is prescribed by the following table.  However, if a building is parallel to another building of a different height, the setback for each wall, as shown in the following table, shall be halved for each building, and then combined to determine the total setback between the buildings.  Within the "RM-1" Zone, these distances may be modified pursuant to Section 18.06.160.
 
Height of
Structure
Parallel Wall
Categories
Setback
Between Walls
Height of
Structure
Parallel Wall
Categories
Setback
Between Walls
1 story
Primary–Primary
20 feet
3 story
Primary–Primary
40 feet
Primary–Secondary
15 feet
Primary–Secondary
25 feet
Primary–Blank
10 feet
Primary–Blank
15 feet
Secondary–Secondary
10 feet
Secondary–Secondary
15 feet
Secondary–Blank
10 feet
Secondary–Blank
15 feet
Blank–Blank
10 feet
Blank–Blank
15 feet
2 story
Primary–Primary
30 feet
4 story
Primary–Primary
50 feet
Primary–Secondary
20 feet
Primary–Secondary
35 feet
Primary–Blank
15 feet   
Primary–Blank
30 feet
Secondary–Secondary
15 feet
Secondary–Secondary
30 feet
Secondary–Blank
15 feet
Secondary–Blank
30 feet
Blank–Blank
15 feet
Blank–Blank
30 feet
 
   .060   Street Wall Facades.  Street wall facades shall be architecturally enhanced through the use of arcades, colonnades, recessed entrances, window details, bays, variation in building materials, and other details such as cornices and contrasting colors.  Total blank walls (without windows or entrances) are prohibited.  In addition to architectural massing requirements, building facades shall be articulated through the use of separated wall surfaces, contrasting colors and materials, variations in building setbacks, and attractive window fenestrations.
   .070   Required Improvement of Setback Areas.  Required setbacks shall be landscaped with lawn, trees, shrubs or other plants, as set forth in Chapter 18.46 (Landscaping and Screening), and shall be permanently maintained in a neat and orderly manner.  Decorative pedestrian walkways may be permitted within setback areas. Benches, tot lots, recreational facilities such as shuffleboard areas, and vehicular accessways shall be permitted in the areas outside the minimum landscaped area, except where the setback is a requirement of subsection .040 above. In addition, the following decorative elements are permitted where they are integral parts of a landscaped scheme comprised primarily of plants:
      .0701   Fountains, ponds, sculptures and planters.
      .0702   Fences, walls and hedges conforming to the provisions of Section 18.46.110 of Chapter 18.46 (Landscaping and Screening).
   .080   Allowable encroachments into the required setbacks in this section are set forth below.  Any encroachment that conflicts with the Uniform Building Code or other codes, as adopted by the City, shall not be permitted.  Any encroachment, except as described in subsection .0802 below, shall not be permitted within required setbacks abutting single-family residences or streets.
      .0801   A patio cover or canopy may encroach into the required setbacks abutting interior property lines and setbacks between buildings, but not into the required interior landscape setbacks when located within an existing ground-floor private patio area.
      .0802   Cornices, eaves, belt courses, sills, buttresses and fireplaces may encroach into a required setback along an interior property line not more than four (4) inches for each one (1) foot of the width of the interior setback, and may encroach into a required street setback not more than thirty (30) inches.
      .0803   Fixed awnings may encroach into a required setback along an interior property line no more than three (3) feet.
      .0804   Open, unenclosed balconies may encroach into a required street setback not more than three (3) feet.
      .0805   Private patios for ground-floor residential units may encroach not more than eight (8) feet into required street setbacks abutting interior property lines. Private patios for ground-floor residential units may encroach into required setbacks between buildings.
      .0806   Covered or uncovered porches or landings that do not extend above the level of the first floor of the building, and that include an open railing not more than thirty-six (36) inches in height, may encroach into any required setback not more than five (5) feet.
      .0807   Decorative guard railings for safety protection around hazardous areas may encroach into any required setback.
      .0808   The placement of outdoor recreational facilities may encroach into required setbacks between buildings on the same building site.
      .0809   Trees, shrubs, flowers or plants shall be permitted in any required setback.
      .0810   Fences and walls that comply with Section 18.46.110 of Chapter 18.46 (Landscaping and Screening) may encroach into required setbacks.
      .0811   For properties developed with existing ground-floor private patio areas, a maximum ten (10) foot high patio cover may be permitted over the existing permitted patio area when outside of street setbacks.  (Ord. 5920  1 (part); June 8, 2004:  Ord. 6031 § 11; August 22, 2006:  Ord. 6382 § 25; October 18, 2016:  Ord. 6461 § 4; April 16, 2019:  Ord. 6473 §§ 4 - 6; December 3, 2019.)