For purpose of this regulation, the following terms shall have the meaning herein indicated:
   (a)   ABBREVIATED STORM WATER POLLUTION PREVENTION PLAN (ABBREVIATED SWP3):  The written document that sets forth the plans and practices to be used to meet the requirements of this regulation.
   (b)   ACRE:  A measurement of area equaling 43,560 square feet.
   (c)   BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMPs): Schedule of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and other management practices (both structural and nonstructural) to prevent or reduce the pollution of water resources and wetlands.  BMPs also include treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control facility and/or drainage from raw material storage.
   (d)   COMMUNITY: Throughout this regulation, this shall refer to Wintersville, its designated representatives, boards, or commissions.
   (e)   CONSTRUCTION ENTRANCE: The permitted points of ingress and egress to development areas regulated under this regulation.
   (f)   DEVELOPMENT AREA:  A parcel or contiguous parcels owned by one person or persons, or operated as one development unit, and used or being developed for commercial, industrial, residential, institutional, or other construction or alteration that changes runoff characteristics.
   (g)   DISTURBED AREA: An area of land subject to erosion due to the removal of vegetative cover and/or soil disturbing activities.
   (h)   DRAINAGE:
      (1)    The area of land contributing surface water to a specific point. 
      (2)    The removal of excess surface water or groundwater from land by surface or subsurface drains.
   (i)   EROSION:  The process by which the land surface is worn away by the action of wind, water, ice, gravity, or any combination of those forces.
   (j)   EROSION AND SEDIMENT CONTROL:  The control of soil, both mineral and organic, to minimize the removal of soil from the land surface and to prevent its transport from a disturbed area by means of wind, water, ice, gravity, or any combination of those forces.
   (k)   FINAL STABILIZATION: All soil disturbing activities at the site have been completed and a uniform perennial vegetative cover with a density of at least 80% cover for the area has been established or equivalent stabilization measures, such as the use of mulches or geotextiles, have been employed.
   (l)   LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT:  A Professional Landscape Architect registered in the State of Ohio.
   (m)   LARGER COMMON PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT OR SALE: A contiguous area where multiple separate and distinct construction activities may be taking place at different times on different schedules under one plan.
   (n)   MAXIMUM EXTENT PRACTICABLE: The level of pollutant reduction that site owners of small municipal separate storm sewer systems regulated under 40 C.F.R. Parts 9, 122, 123, and 124, referred to as NPDES Storm Water Phase II, must meet.
   (o)   NPDES: National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System.  A regulatory program in the Federal Clean Water Act that prohibits the discharge of pollutants into surface waters of the United States without a permit.
   (p)   PARCEL: Means a tract of land occupied or intended to be occupied by a use, building or group of buildings and their accessory uses and buildings as a unit, together with such open spaces and driveways as are provided and required.  A parcel may contain more than one contiguous lot individually identified by a “Permanent Parcel Number” assigned by the Jefferson County Auditor’s Office.
   (q)   PERSON: Any individual, corporation, firm, trust, commission, board, public or private partnership, joint venture, agency, unincorporated association, municipal corporation, county or state agency, the federal government, other legal entity, or an agent thereof.
   (r)   PHASING: Clearing a parcel of land in distinct sections, with the stabilization of each section before the clearing of text.
   (s)   PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER: A Professional Engineer registered in the State of Ohio.
   (t)   RAINWATER AND LAND DEVELOPMENT: Ohio’s standards for storm water management land development, and urban stream protection.  The most current edition of these standards shall be used with this regulation.
   (u)   RUNOFF: The portion of rainfall, melted snow or irrigation water that flows across the ground surface and is eventually conveyed to water sources or wetlands.
   (v)   SEDIMENT: The soils or other surface materials that are transported or deposited by the action of wind, water, ice, gravity, or any combination of those forces, as a product of erosion.
   (w)   SEDIMENTATION: The deposition or settling of sediment.
   (x)   SETBACK: A designated transition area around water resources or wetlands that is left in a natural, usually vegetated, state so as to protect the water resources or wetlands from runoff pollution.  Soil disturbing activities in this area are restricted by this regulation.
   (y)   SOIL DISTRIBUTING ACTIVITY: Clearing, grubbing, grading, excavating, filling, or other alteration of the earth’s surface where natural or human made ground cover is destroyed and that may result in, or contribute to, erosion and sediment pollution.
   (z)   SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICT:  An entity organized under Chapter 1515 of the Ohio Revised Code referring to either the Soil and Water Conservation District Board or its designated employee(s).  Hereafter referred to as Jefferson SWCD.
   (aa)   STABILIZTION:  The use of BMPs, such as seeding and mulching, that reduce or prevent soil erosion by water, wind, ice, gravity, or a combination of those forces.
   (bb)   STORM WATER POLLUTION PREVENTION PLAN (SWP3):  The written document that sets forth the plans and practices to be used to meet the requirement of this regulation.
   (cc)   UNSTABLE SOILS;  A portion of land that is identified by an Engineer as prone to slipping, sloughing, or landslides, or is identified by the U. S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resource Conservation Service methodology as having a low soil strength.
   (dd)   WATER RESOURCE:  Any public or private body of water including lakes and ponds, as well as any brook, channel, creek, river, or stream having banks, a defined bed, and a definite direction of flow, either continuously or intermittently flowing.
   (ee)   WETLAND:  Those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adopted for life in saturated soil conditions, including swamps, marshes, bogs and similar areas (40CFR 232, as amended).
      (Ord. 2005-20.  Passed 7-28-05.)