§ 152.05  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   CONSTRUCTION.  Any building or erection of a structure or any preparation for same.
   DEVELOPER. Any person acting in his or her own behalf as a property owner, who makes application for plan approval and a grading permit under the provisions of this chapter.
   DRAINAGE.  A general term applied to the removal of surface or subsurface water from a given area either by gravity via natural means or by systems constructed to so remove water, commonly applied herein to surface water.
   DRAINAGE SYSTEM.  The surface and subsurface system for removal of water from the land, including both the natural elements of stream, marshes, swales and ponds, whether of an intermittent or continuous nature; and the humanmade elements such as improved open channels, culverts, retention facilities and enclosed storm sewers.
   EMBANKMENT OF FILL.  A deposit of soil, rock or other material placed by humans.
   EROSION.  The general process by which soil and rock fragments are detached and moved by the action of wind, water, ice and gravity, either naturally or induced.
   EROSION AND SEDIMENT CONTROL PLAN. A plan which adequately describes necessary land management practices and control measures, including a timetable or schedule for their installation, which will effectively minimize soil erosion and sedimentation; repaired and approved as provided herein for application to a particular land area.
   GRADING.  Any displacement of soil by stripping, excavating, filling, stockpiling or any combination thereof; and shall include the land in its excavated or filled state.
   GRADING PERMIT.  A certificate issued to perform work pursuant to an approved erosion and sediment control plan prepared under the provisions of this chapter.
   LAND.  Any ground, soil or earth, including marshes, swamps, drainageways and areas not permanently covered by water.
   LAND DISTURBANCE.  Any activity involving the clearing, grading, transporting, filling and any other activity which causes the land to be exposed to the danger of erosion.
   PERSON. Any individual, partnership, firm, association, joint venture, trust, estate, commission, board, utility, cooperative interstate body, public or private corporation, public or private institution or other legal body.
   PROFESSIONAL SOIL CONSERVATIONIST.  Successful completion of a four-year course of study in an accredited college or university leading to a bachelor’s degree with major study in soil conservation or a closely related natural resource or agricultural education or agricultural field such as agronomy, wildlife biology, agricultural engineering (since there is no board or other authority to review the various curricula, it is suggested that the course of study include 30 semester hours in natural resources or agricultural fields including the equivalent of three semester hours in soils); and three years of experience of erosion and sediment control practices. This experience should have been obtained under the supervision of another PROFESSIONAL SOIL CONSERVATIONIST.
   REGISTERED LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT. A person who is registered by this state pursuant to S.C. Code Title 40, Chapter 28.
   REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER. A person who is registered in this state pursuant to S.C. Code Title 40, Chapter 22.
   RUNOFF. The portion of the precipitation on the land which reaches the drainage system.
   SEDIMENTATION. The process which operates at or near the surface of the ground, to deposit soil, debris and other materials either on other ground surfaces or in water channels.
   SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICT BOARD. The Soil and Water Conservation District Board for the town, as established by the state statute.
   STRUCTURE. Anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires a location on the ground, or attached to something having a location on the ground, including but not limited to tennis courts, swimming pools, fences and buildings.
   VEGETATION. All plant growth, including trees, shrubs, grasses and mosses.
(1995 Code, § 5-1075)  (Ord. passed 7-1-1986)