§ 93.70  CRIMINAL ACTIVITY NUISANCES.
   (A)   The following activities occurring at a residential dwelling unit, and engaged in by an owner, occupant or invitee of the owner or occupant of a residential dwelling unit are hereby declared to be public nuisances:
      (1)   Any animal violations under §§ 90.01 (running at large), 90.30 (barking or howling dogs), 90.11, 90.12 (killing or injuring animals), and 90.13 (cruelty to animals) of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (2)   Any disorderly conduct, disturbance of the peace, noise or other violation of Chapter 132 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (3)   Any drug abuse violation under Chapter 138 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio and any felony violation under R.C. Chapter 2925;
      (4)   Any gambling violation under Chapter 134 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (5)   Any health, safety, or sanitation violation under Chapter 93 of these codified ordinances, or Property Maintenance Code violations under Chapter 152 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (6)   Any obstruction of official business violation under § 136.06 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (7)   Any alcohol violation under Chapter 92 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (8)   Any obscenity or sex offense under Chapter 133 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (9)   Any offense against another person under Chapter 135 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (10)   Any offense against property under Chapter 131 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (11)   Any weapons, explosives, firearm or handgun violation under Chapter 137 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (12)   Any fireworks violation under § 91.41 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (13)   Any open burning or recreational fires in violation of § 91.27 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (14)   Any curfew violation under § 132.13 of these codified ordinances and similar statutes of the State of Ohio;
      (15)   Any activity engaged in by a person less than 18 years of age which would constitute a violation of an offense listed in this section if committed by an adult.
   (B)   The Chief of Police or his designee, upon finding that two nuisance activities declared in division (A) of this section have occurred within any six-month period at a residential dwelling that is leased by an owner to a tenant or tenants, shall, as a courtesy to the owner of such property, attempt to cause a written notice of said nuisance activities to be sent to the owner.  However, failure to prove delivery of such notice shall in no way prevent enforcement of any provision under this chapter.  The Chief of Police or his designee, upon finding that three or more nuisance activities declared in division (A) of this section have occurred within any six-month period at a residential dwelling unit, shall cause a written notice to be served on the owner of the property declaring that such property is a nuisance property.  The notice shall set forth the nature of the nuisances, the estimated costs to respond to and abate a similar future nuisance, and state that the owner may avoid being charged the costs of response and abatement by taking steps to prevent any further nuisance activities as set forth in this section.  The notice shall further state that if a fourth or subsequent nuisance activity as declared in division (A) of this section occurs within six months of the date of the notice, the city may abate the nuisance by responding to the activities using administrative and law enforcement actions, and the costs of such abatement shall be assessed on the nuisance property.  Notice shall be served on the owner personally or by certified mail and regular mail to the person’s residence, regular place of business or last known address.  If the certified or regular mail is returned undelivered, a copy shall be posted in a conspicuous place in or on the person’s residence, regular place of business, last known address, or the property affected.
   (C)   If within six months of the date of the notice referred to in division (B) of this section, a fourth or subsequent nuisance activity as declared in division (A) of this section occurs, the city may abate the nuisance by responding to the activities using administrative and law enforcement action, and the costs of such abatement shall be assessed on the nuisance property.  The costs of such response and abatement shall be calculated as set forth in division (D) of this section.  Any further nuisance activity that occurs within six months of a nuisance activity for which the owner has been given notice of assessment may be charged to the owner.
   (D)   Cost of abatement shall be assessed per each nuisance in a six month period and up to and including five nuisances by an assessment of a service fee of $100 per each nuisance, by the Chief of Police or his or her designee.  Each nuisance in a six-month period in excess of five nuisances shall be assessed a service fee of $200 by the Chief of Police or his or her designee.
   (E)   The Chief of Police shall provide notice to the owner of the nuisance property of the city’s intent to assess the costs of responses and abatement against the owner’s property.  Such notice shall contain a description of the nuisance activity that is the basis for the notice of intent to assess the property, and the cost to abate.  Notice shall be served as set forth in division (B) of this section.
   (F)   The owner of a nuisance property who receives a notice from the Chief of Police or his designee pursuant to division (E) of this section may request reconsideration of such notice by submitting a written request to the Chief of Police within 30 days of the date of the notice.
      (1)   If, after a timely request for reconsideration is submitted, the Chief of Police finds that the facts presented do not support the assessment of costs, the Chief shall grant the request and rescind the notice.  Otherwise, the Chief shall deny the request.
      (2)   The property owner may appeal denial of the request by submitting a written request within 30 days to the Chief of Police for a hearing before the Board of Nuisance Abatement.
      (3)   A request for reconsideration or appeal shall not stay any actions by the city to abate any nuisance activity.
   (G)   Board of Nuisance Abatement.
      (1)   There is hereby created a Board of Nuisance Abatement which shall consist of the Director of Public Safety or his designee, the Chairperson of the Public Safety Committee of City Council or his designee, and three members of the community at large, appointed by the Mayor and subject to approval of the Council.  The members of the community at large shall serve for three years and until a successor is appointed and qualified.  Members shall serve without compensation.
      (2)   The Board of Nuisance Abatement shall hear any appeals made in accordance with division (F) of this section.
      (3)   Hearing of appeal.  In any such appeal, the city must show by a preponderance of the evidence that each violation stated in the notice being appealed has occurred, and that the intent of the city to assess the property for abatement costs is justified.  The city shall not have to show that there has been a conviction for a criminal offense to show the existence of a nuisance.  The city shall be deemed to have failed to have met this standard if the owner demonstrates by a preponderance of evidence that:
         A.   He was not the owner at the time of any of the nuisance activity that is the basis of the notice;
         B.   He had knowledge of the nuisance activity, but has promptly and vigorously taken all actions necessary to abate each nuisance including, without limitation, compliance with the requirements of R.C. §§ 5321.17(C) and 5321.04(A)(9); or
         C.   He had no knowledge of the nuisance activity and could not, with reasonable care and diligence, have known of the nuisance activity; and upon receipt of the notice of the declaration of the property as a nuisance property, he promptly took all actions necessary to abate the nuisance including, without limitation, compliance with the requirements of R.C. §§ 5321.17(C) and 5321.04(A)(9).
      (4)   Any appeal from a decision of the Board of Nuisance Abatement shall be made pursuant to R.C. Chapter 2506.
   (H)   After final decisions on any requests for reconsideration or further appeals have been issued and the costs to abate have not been paid within 30 days of the notice of such decision, the costs of abatement shall be reported to the Clerk of Council, who shall mail a statement of the amount thereof to the owner of the property.
      (1)   If after 30 days such amount remains unpaid, the Clerk of Council shall certify the total amount of the expenses, the name of the owner of the land and a sufficient description of the premises to the County Auditor, to be entered on the tax duplicate, to be a lien on the land from the date of entry and to be collected as other taxes and assessments and returned to the city pursuant to R.C. § 731.54.
   (I)   The declaration of a nuisance property, an order to abate a nuisance, or the assessment of costs by the city on a property, do not affect or limit the city’s right or authority to bring criminal prosecution or other legal action, including nuisance abatement and assessment as provided by law.
(Ord. 13-039, passed 7-16-13)