§ 153.005  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ALLEY. A public or private thoroughfare which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.
   AREA GENERAL PLAN. A general plan prepared by the subdivider, or subdividers, for the progressive development of a large landholding, or several properties proposed to be subdivided by sections and meeting the requirements of these regulations.
   BLOCK. Property abutting on one side of a street, and lying between the two nearest intersecting or intercepting streets, or between the nearest intersecting or intercepting street and railroad right-of-way, waterway, or other definite barrier.
   BLOCK FACE. Property having frontage on one side of a street and lying between the two nearest intersecting streets, or nearest intersecting or intercepting street and railroad right-of-way, waterway, or other barrier.
   BOULEVARD. A street, other than a freeway or an expressway, developed with two-lane or one-lane, one-way pavements separated by a landscaped island, median, or barrier.
   BUILDING SETBACK LINE. A line within a lot or other parcel of land so designed on the plat of the proposed subdivision between which, and the adjacent boundary of the lot, the erection of an enclosed structure or portion thereof is prohibited. The building setback line shall be parallel with the adjacent street right-of-way line or side or rear yard line, except as otherwise approved by the Plan Commission.
   BUTT LOTS. Lots the rear lot lines of which abut the side lot lines or rear lot lines of other lots platted in the same block and not separated therefrom by an alley or other open space.
   COMPREHENSIVE PLAN. An official advisory plan of jurisdiction formally adopted by a municipality or the county, any part of which may be implemented by ordinance duly enacted by the corporate authorities as prescribed by the state’s Municipal Code. Said plan shall be placed on file with the Village Clerk and with the County Clerk.
   CONTROL STRUCTURE. A facility constructed to regulate the volume and rate of stormwater that is released during a specific length of time.
   CROSSWALK. A public or private right-of-way across a block to be used by pedestrians and/or for underground utilities.
   CUL-DE-SAC. A local street having one open end being terminated at the other by a vehicular turn-around.
   CULVERT. A closed conduit for the passage of surface drainage water under a roadway, railroad, or other surface impoundment.
   DEDICATIONS. The deliberate appropriation of land by its owner for any general public uses, reserving to himself or herself no other right than such as are compatible with the full exercise and enjoyment of the public uses to which the property has been devoted.
   DETENTION STORAGE. Temporary detention or storage of stormwater in storage basins, on rooftops, in parking lots, school yards, parks, open space, lakes, ponds, and other areas under predetermined and controlled conditions, with a rate of drainage therefrom regulated by appropriately installed devices.
   DEVELOPER. See OWNER.
   DEVELOPMENT. Any human-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including, but not limited to, construction of or substantial improvements to buildings or other structures, the placement of mobile homes, paving, mining, filling, or other similar activities.
   DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT. A contract or agreement entered into between the owner of a property and the village, which involves a commitment by the owner and/or the village to contribute funds, effort, or other resources towards the study of the feasibility and/or the actual construction of extensions of sanitary sewers, watermains, storm sewers, street improvements, or other infrastructure improvements needed or desired for the development of the owner’s property.
   DISCHARGE. The rate of outflow of water from a stormwater drainage or stormwater detention facility.
   DRAINAGE BASIN. An area of land which, because of the nature of the topography, collects naturally the surface of the drainage of the surrounding land.
   DRY BOTTOM STORMWATER DETENTION BASIN. A facility that is designed to be normally dry and which accumulates stormwater runoff only during periods when the restricted stormwater runoff release rate is less that the stormwater inflow rate.
   DRY WEATHER WATER OUTLET. An outlet from a sump pump, footing tile, field tile, or other source which may discharge at times other than during periods of rainfall and pursuant direct surface runoff.
   EASEMENT. The quantity of land set aside or over which a liberty, privilege, or advantage in land without profit existing distinct from the ownership of the land is granted to the public or some particular person or part of the public.
   ENGINEER. A professional engineer, employed by the developer, registered as such and licensed to practice in the state or qualified to practice as provided by the ILCS.
   ENGINEER, VILLAGE. A professional engineer, registered as such and licensed to practice in the state, and employed by the Board of Trustees of to provide technical expertise and counsel concerning subdivision and zoning matters.
   EXCESS STORMWATER RUNOFF. The portion of stormwater runoff which exceeds the transportation capacity of storm sewers, swales, ditches, or other natural drainage channels serving a specific watershed.
   FINAL PLAT. A drawing of a subdivision which has been accurately surveyed and such survey marked on the ground so that streets, alleys, blocks, lots, or other divisions thereof can be identified.
   FLOOD. An overflow of water on lands not normally covered by water, adjacent to a river, stream, waterway, or lake.
   FLOOD ELEVATION. The elevation of all locations delineating the maximum level of high waters for a flood of a given return period.
   FLOODPLAIN. The special flood hazard lands adjoining a watercourse, the surface elevation of which is lower that the flood elevation and which are subject to periodic inundation during floods.
   GRADE. The inclination or slope of a channel, canal, conduit, and the like, or natural ground surface, usually expressed in terms of percentage the vertical rise (or fall) bears to the corresponding horizontal distance.
   INLET. An opening into a storm sewer system for the entrance of surface storm runoff, more completely described as a storm sewer inlet.
   LAND USE PLAN. An official map depicting planned land uses within the one and one-half mile extraterritorial jurisdiction of the village, adopted as a portion of the Comprehensive Plan and amended from time to time.
   LOCAL STREET. Minor streets providing direct access to abutting property, which may be devoted to residential, commercial, or other uses. Streets in this classification are not considered part of the major thoroughfare system.
   LOT. A portion of a subdivision or other parcel of land intended as a unit for transfer of ownership or for development.
   LOT AREA. The horizontal projection (in square feet) of a parcel of land or a body of water, or combination of both, exclusive of any portion of the right-of-way of any public or private streets; measurements are to be made by standard surveying practice methods.
   LOT, CORNER. A parcel of land at the junction of and fronting or abutting on two or more intersecting streets.
   LOT DEPTH. The average distance between the front and rear line of a lot measured in the general direction of its side lot lines.
   LOT, INTERIOR. A lot other than a corner lot.
   LOT LINE. The real or imaginary line oriented by a monument or other stable point of reference which indicates the boundary of a lot.
   LOT, WIDTH. For regular-shaped lots, the lot width shall mean the average distance between the side lines of a lot measured at right angles to the depth of the lot along the lot frontage. For irregularly shaped or wedge-shaped lots, the LOT WIDTH shall be the distance between the side lot lines measured along the curvature of the arc at the points of intersection of the front setback line with the side lot lines. Through the subdivision plat review process, the front yard setback line may be adjusted to increase the front yard setback to meet the minimum lot width requirement for irregular lots, but in no case shall the lot frontage at the front lot line be less than 40 feet.
   MAJOR STREET PLAN. An official map depicting the location, alignment, dimensions, identification, and classification of existing and proposed public streets, highways, and other thoroughfares within the one and one-half mile extraterritorial jurisdiction of the village, adopted as a portion of the Comprehensive Plan, and amended from time to time.
   MARGINAL ACCESS STREET (FRONTAGE ROAD). A local street or highway paralleling, adjacent to, and having limited access to a freeway, expressway, collector highway, area service highway, or land access highway which provides direct access to abutting property and protection from through traffic.
   MINOR SUBDIVISION. A subdivision of land into four or fewer lots which do not require the design or construction of any major public improvements and which meet all of the requirements for a minor subdivision set forth in § 153.040.
   MONUMENT. A physical structure which marks the location of a corner or other survey point as required by provisions contained herein.
   OWNER. Any person having any legal, equitable, or beneficial interest in the land sought to be subdivided, including the plural as well as the singular, and firm, association, partnership, private corporation, or combination of any of them.
   PLAN COMMISSION. An advisory board to the Board of Trustees whose membership and duties shall be as set forth by the Board of Trustees.
   PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT. A parcel of land, initially under single ownership or control, which contains two or more principal buildings and/or more than one principal use; planned and constructed as a unified development.
   PRELIMINARY PLAT. A drawing and supporting data indicating the proposed layout of the subdivision in sufficient detail to provide adequate basis for review by the village meeting the requirements of these regulations.
   PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. Street pavements, public walkways, monuments, watermains, sanitary and storm sewers, street signs, drainage ditches, culverts, stormwater detention basins, and appurtenances to the foregoing items and for use by the public.
   PUBLIC WALKWAY. A right-of-way dedicated for the purpose of pedestrian access and located so as to connect two or more streets, or a street and a public land parcel, or any two parcels of public land.
   PUNCHLIST. A list of work items remaining to be completed. The list is prepared by the developer’s engineer or the village’s engineer noting items of work remaining to be completed or corrected; usually prepared at the time of substantial completion of the construction or thereafter.
   RECORD DOCUMENTS. One copy of all drawings, specifications, addenda, written amendments, change orders, field orders, and written interpretations and clarifications in good order and annotated to show all changes made during construction.
   RECORD DRAWINGS. One set of drawings, annotated during and following the construction phase, showing all measured dimensions, elevations, locations, and their accompanying general notes regarding the items constructed during said construction phase.
   REPRODUCIBLE COPY. A print or copy of a plat or drawing on transparent film or paper of adequate weight to withstand handling.
   RETURN PERIOD. The average interval of time within which a given rainfall event will be equaled or exceeded once. A flood having a RETURN PERIOD of 50 years has a 2% probability of being equaled or exceeded in any one year.
   SETBACK LINE. See BUILDING SETBACK LINE.
   SIDEWALK. A pedestrian walkway within a public road right-of-way, public walkway, or easement.
   SKETCH PLAN. A preliminary drawing indicating the proposed general development of the area to be subdivided.
   STORM SEWER. A closed conduit for conveying collected stormwater.
   STORMWATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM. All means, natural or human-made, used for conducting stormwater to, through, or from a drainage area to the point of final outlet, including but not limited to any of the following: conduits, storm sewers, swales, canals, channels, ditches, streams, culverts, streets, and pumping stations.
   STORMWATER RUNOFF. The water that results from precipitation which is not absorbed by soil or plant material, which does not evaporate, and which flows over the surface of the ground or is collected in channels, conduits, or ponds.
   STREET (HIGHWAY). A right-of-way, whether designated as a street, highway, road, lane, court, thoroughfare, parking, freeway, expressway, boulevard, or avenue, other than an alley or place, usually affording the principal means of access to abutting property.
   STREET, ARTERIAL. A public thoroughfare with a high degree of traffic continuity established in the Major Street Plan of the village.
   STREET, COLLECTOR. A street which carries traffic from minor streets to the arterial street system, including the principal entrance streets of residence development and the primary circulating streets within such a development.
   STREET LINE. The dividing line between the street or highway right-of-way and the lot.
   SUBDIVIDER. See OWNER.
   SUBDIVISION. A division of a lot, tract, or parcel of land into two or more lots, or other divisions of land, including condominiums, planned unit developments, and use of a tract for more than building, unless otherwise permitted by the Chapter 154, for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of:
      (1)   Transfer of ownership;
      (2)   Building development;
      (3)   Redevelopment; or
      (4)   Lease, including all changes in street lines.
   SUBDIVISION DESIGN STANDARD. The officially adopted guides, principles, specifications, and standards for the preparation of subdivision plans and plats indicating, among other things, the maximum and minimum dimensions of the various elements set forth in the area general plan, preliminary plat, or final plat.
   SURVEYOR. A land surveyor registered as such in the state as provided in the ILCS.
   VICINITY MAP. A drawing located on the preliminary plat which sets forth, by dimensions or other means, the relationship of the proposed subdivision or use to other nearby developments, landmarks, community facilities or services.
   VILLAGE. The Village of Tolono, Champaign County, Illinois.
   WAIVER. A modification or deferral of the strict terms of the relevant regulations where such modification will not be contrary to the public interest and where, owing to conditions peculiar to the property and the result of the action of the applicant, a literal enforcement of the regulations would result in unnecessary and undue hardship.
   WET BOTTOM STORMWATER STORAGE AREA. A facility that contains a body of water and which accumulates excess stormwater during periods when the restricted stormwater runoff release rate is less than the stormwater inflow rate.
   ZONING ORDINANCE. A separate ordinance of the village pertaining to the use and disposition of land with respect to land uses, zoning, lot standards, and other requirements which must be complied with for all uses of land within the corporate limits of the village.
(Ord. 97-7, passed 7-1-1997, § 2)