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Upon the promulgation of federal categorical pretreatment standards for a particular industrial subcategory, the federal standard, if more stringent than state or local limits shall apply.
(A) When the limits in a categorical pretreatment standard are expressed only in terms of mass of pollutant per unit of production, the POTW may convert the limits to equivalent limitations expressed either as mass of pollutant discharged per day or effluent concentration for purposes of calculating effluent limitations applicable to individual industrial users.
(B) When wastewater subject to a categorical pretreatment standard is mixed with wastewater not regulated by the same standard, the POTW shall impose an alternate limit in accordance with 40 CFR 403.6(e).
(C) A categorical industrial user may obtain a net/gross adjustment to a categorical pretreatment standard in accordance with the following divisions of this section.
(1) Categorical pretreatment standards may be adjusted to reflect the presence of pollutants in the industrial user's intake water in accordance with this section. Any industrial user wishing to obtain credit for intake pollutants must make application to the POTW. Upon request of the industrial user, the applicable standard will be calculated on a "net" basis (meaning, adjusted to reflect credit for pollutants in the intake water) if the following requirements are met.
(a) Either the applicable categorical pretreatment standards contained in 40 CFR subchapter N specifically provide that they shall be applied on a net basis or the industrial user demonstrates that the control system it proposes or used to meet applicable categorical pretreatment standards would, if properly installed and operated, meet the standards in the absence of pollutants in the intake water.
(b) Credit for generic pollutants such as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solids (TSS), and oil and grease should not be granted unless the industrial user demonstrates that the constituents of the generic measure in the user's effluent are substantially similar to the constituents of the generic measure in the intake water or unless appropriate additional limits are placed on process water pollutants either at the outfall or elsewhere.
(c) Credit shall be granted only to the extent necessary to meet the applicable categorical pretreatment standard(s), up to a maximum value equal to the influent value. Additional monitoring may be necessary to determine eligibility for credits and compliance with standard(s) adjusted under this section.
(d) Credit shall be granted only if the user demonstrates that the intake water is drawn from the same body of water into which the POTW discharges. The POTW may waive this requirement if it finds that no environmental degradation will result.
(D) When a categorical pretreatment standard is expressed only in terms of pollutant concentrations, an industrial user may request that the POTW convert the limits to equivalent mass limits. The determination to convert concentration limits to mass limits is within the discretion of the POTW. The POTW may establish equivalent mass limits only if the industrial user meets all the conditions set forth in divisions (D)(1) through (5) of this section.
(1) Employ, or demonstrate that it will employ, water conservation methods and technologies that substantially reduce water use during the term of its individual wastewater discharge permit;
(2) Currently use control and treatment technologies adequate to achieve compliance with the applicable categorical pretreatment standard, and not have used dilution as a substitute for treatment;
(3) Provide sufficient information to establish the facility's actual average daily flow rate for all wastestreams, based on data from a continuous effluent flow monitoring device, as well as the facility's long-term average production rate. Both the actual average daily flow rate and the long-term average production rate must be representative of current operating conditions;
(4) Not have daily flow rates, production levels, or pollutant levels that vary so significantly that equivalent mass limits are not appropriate to control the discharge; and
(5) Have consistently complied with all applicable categorical pretreatment standards during the period prior to the industrial user's request for equivalent mass limits.
(6) An industrial user subject to equivalent mass limits must:
(a) Maintain and effectively operate control and treatment technologies adequate to achieve compliance with the equivalent mass limits;
(b) Continue to record the facility's flow rates through the use of a continuous effluent flow monitoring device;
(c) Continue to record the facility's production rates and notify the POTW whenever production rates are expected to vary by more than 20% from its baseline production rates.
(d) Continue to employ the same or comparable water conservation methods and technologies as those implemented pursuant to those in division (D) of this section so long as it discharges under an equivalent mass limit.
(7) When developing equivalent mass limits, the POTW:
(a) Will calculate the equivalent mass limits by multiplying the actual average daily flow rate of the regulated process(es) of the industrial user by the concentration-based daily maximum and monthly average standard for the applicable categorical pretreatment standard and the appropriate unit conversion factor;
(b) Upon notification of a revised production rate, will reassess the equivalent mass limit and recalculate the limit as necessary to reflect changed conditions at the facility; and
(c) May retain the same equivalent mass limit in subsequent individual wastewater discharge permit terms if the industrial user's actual average daily flow rate was reduced solely as a result of the implementation of water conservation methods and technologies, and the actual average daily flow rates used in the original calculation of the equivalent mass limits were not based on the use of dilution as a substitute for treatment. The industrial user must also be in compliance with § 54.18 regarding the prohibition of bypass.
(E) The POTW may convert the mass limits of the categorical pretreatment standards of 40 CFR Parts 414, 419, and 455 to concentration limits for purposes of calculating limitations applicable to individual industrial users. The conversion is at the discretion of the POTW.
(F) Once included in its permit, the industrial user must comply with the equivalent limitations developed in this section in lieu of the promulgated categorical standards from which the equivalent limitations were derived.
(G) Many categorical pretreatment standards specify one limit for calculating maximum daily discharge limitations and a second limit for calculating maximum monthly average, or 4-day average, limitations. Where such standards are being applied, the same production or flow figure shall be used in calculating both the average and the maximum equivalent limitation.
(H) Any industrial user operating under a permit incorporating equivalent mass or concentration limits calculated from a production-based standard shall notify the POTW within 2 business days after the user has a reasonable basis to know that the production level will significantly change within the next calendar month. Any user not notifying the POTW of such anticipated change will be required to meet the mass or concentration limits in its permit that were based on the original estimate of the long term average production rate.
(1974 Code, § 54.10) (Ord. 29-84, passed 9-4-1984; Am. Ord. 26-87, passed 7-6-1987; Am. Ord. 9-91, passed 3-4-1991; Am. Ord. 14-09, passed 6-1-2009)