Sec. 8-1.19. Addition: Chapter 41: Building Security Provisions.
   The City Council, after due consideration, finds and determines that, due to local conditions, including the geographical and topographical conditions of the City that result in uneven traffic flow patterns due to rolling terrain, cul-de-sacs and winding streets and thereby delay and/or defer rapid police response, the public health and welfare would best be served by providing minimum standards to protect life, limb and property by regulating and controlling the design, construction, quality of materials, use, location and maintenance of all buildings and structures within the City relating to building security, and therefore hereby adds Chapter 41 Building Security Provisions to the California Building Code to read as follows, and also hereby adopts by reference and made a part of this chapter, Uniform Building Code Standards No. 10-5 and 10-6, as published in the Uniform Building Security Code, 1997 Edition:
   Chapter 41 Building Security Provisions
   4101 Purpose.
   The purpose of this chapter is to provide minimum standards to safeguard property and public welfare by regulating and controlling the design, construction, quality of materials, use and occupancy, location and maintenance of all within the City relating to building security, and to satisfy construction requirements contemplated in Section 14051 of the California Penal Code.
   4102 Scope.
   4102.1 The provisions of this chapter shall apply to all activities for which a building permit is required by the laws of the City. The requirements of this chapter shall apply to existing buildings to the same extent that the requirements of the Building Code apply to existing buildings.
   4102.2 Existing multiple-family dwelling units that are converted to privately-owned family units shall comply with the special residential building provisions set forth in this chapter.
   4102.3 Any existing structure, which is converted from its original occupancy group, as designated in the Building Code, shall comply with the provisions of this chapter.
   4102.4 Any building which requires special type releasing, latching, or locking devices under provisions of the California Building Code shall be exempt from the provisions of this chapter relating to locking devices of interior or exterior doors.
   4102.5 Crime Prevention Measures and Clearance.
   The Police Department shall examine crime prevention measures with the design of the project including, but not limited to; building and lighting design, vehicular access, fencing, landscaping, closed circuit television, alarm systems, storage areas, or any other issues affecting public safety and security. Security conditions set by the Police Department shall be considered by the Community Development Department and implemented as determined necessary.
   4103 Enforcement Provisions.
   Plans for any proposed construction shall be approved by the Director of Community Development, or his/her duly authorized representatives, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. No Certificate of Occupancy shall be issued where it is ascertained that there is a violation of, or conflict with, any law, rule, ordinance or regulation of the City.
   4103.1 Compliance.
   It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to be familiar with and comply with all applicable conditions of this chapter and any other conditions set forth by the enforcing authorities.
   4103.2 Violations.
   It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, enlarge, alter, move, improve, convert, or demolish, equip, use, occupy or maintain any building or structure in the City, or cause same to be done, contrary to or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.
   4103.3 Administrative Relief.
   In order to prevent or lessen the unnecessary hardship or practical difficulties in exceptional cases where it is difficult or impossible to comply with the strict letter of Chapter 41 of this code, the owner or his/her designated agent shall have the option to apply for a modification from any provision of this code pursuant to California Building Code, Appendix Chapter 1, Section 104.10 and 104.11.
   4103.4 Life Safety Factors.
   No portion of Chapter 41 shall supersede any local, state, or federal law, regulation, or codes dealing with life safety factors.
   4104 Definitions.
   For the purpose of this code, certain terms are defined as follows:
   "APPROVED" means certified as meeting the requirements of this code by the enforcing authority or its authorized agents, or by other officials designated by law to give approval on a particular matter dealt with by the provisions of this code with regard to a given material, mode of construction, piece of equipment or device.
   "ASTRAGAL" is a device, either fixed or movable, which eliminates the vertical opening between a pair of doors when in the closed position.
   "AUXILIARY LOCKING DEVICE" means a secondary locking system added to the primary locking system to provide additional security.
   "BOLT" is a metal bar which, when actuated, is projected (or thrown) either horizontally or vertically into a retaining member, such as a strike plate, to prevent a door or window from moving or opening.
   "BOLT PROJECTION" or "BOLT THROW" is the distance from the bolt at the edge of the door to the farthest point on the bolt in the projected position.
   "BURGLARY RESISTANT GLAZING" means those materials as defined in U.L. Bulletin 972 or generally defined as five-sixteenth (5/16") inch security laminated glass with six-hundredths (.060") inch vinyl interlayer, or one-fourth (1/4") inch polycarbonate.
   "COMMERCIAL BUILDING" shall mean a building, or portion thereof, used for a purpose other than a dwelling.
   "COMMON AREA" is an area of space, a building or portion of a building, which is legally accessible to the owners or users of a multi-tenant property.
   "COMPONENT" as distinguished from a part, shall mean a subassembly which combines with other components to make up a total door or window assembly. For example, the primary components of a door assembly include: the door, lock, hinges, jamb/wall, jamb/strike, and wall.
   "CYLINDER" means the subassembly of a lock containing the cylinder core, tumbler mechanism and the keyway. A double cylinder lock is one, which has a key-actuated cylinder on both the exterior and interior of the door.
   "CYLINDER CORE" or "CYLINDER PLUG" is the central part of a cylinder containing the keyway, which is rotated by the key to operate the lock mechanism.
   "CYLINDER GUARD" means a tapered or flush metal ring or plate surrounding the otherwise exposed portion of a cylinder lock to resist cutting, crushing, drilling, prying, pulling or wrenching with common tools.
   "DEADBOLT" is a lock bolt, which does not have a spring action, as opposed to a latch bolt, which does. The bolt must be actuated by a key or thumb-turn, and when projected becomes locked against return by end pressure.
   "DEAD LATCH" or "DEADLOCKING LATCH BOLT" means a spring-actuated latch bolt having a beveled end and incorporating a plunger which, when depressed, automatically locks the projected latch bolt against return by end pressure.
   "DIRECTORY BOARD" shall mean a board displaying the names, suite or office numbers of the occupants of a multi-occupancy building.
   "DIAGRAMMATIC DIRECTORY BOARD" shall mean a board depicting the buildings, walkways, vehicle entrances, parking areas, etc.
   "DOOR ASSEMBLY" shall mean a unit comprised of a group of parts or components, which make up a closure for an opening to control the passageway through a wall. For purposes of this Chapter, a door assembly shall consist of the following parts: door; hinges, locking device or devices, operation contacts (such as handles, knobs, levers, push plates), miscellaneous hardware and closures, the frame, (including the head, threshold, and jambs), plus the anchorage devices to the surrounding wall and a portion of the surrounding wall extending thirty-six (36") inches from each side of the jambs and sixteen (16") inches above the head.
   "DOOR STOP" shall mean the projection along the top and sides of a doorjamb, which checks the door's swinging action.
   "DOUBLE CYLINDER DEADBOLT" means a deadbolt lock which can be activated only by a key on both the interior and exterior.
   "DWELLING" means a building or structure, or portion thereof, designed exclusively for residential occupancy, including single-family and multiple-family dwellings.
   "FLUSHBOLT" is a manual, key or turn-operated metal bolt normally used on inactive door, and is attached to the top and bottom of the door and engages in the head and threshold of the frame.
   "FULLY TEMPERED GLASS" means those materials meeting or exceeding ANSI Standard Z97.1 - Safety Glazing.
   "GLAZING" is all glass, plastics, and fiberglass utilized as an exterior window, vision panel, light, or pane within any type of door.
   "HOURS OF OPERATION" shall mean the time period when any activity requires the presence of employees or workers within or about the affected business.
   "HOURS OF DARKNESS" shall mean any time from one-half hour before sunset and one-half hour after sunrise and any other time when the illumination level is less than the required lighting for uses as designated in this chapter.
   "JAMB" means the vertical members of a doorframe to which the door is secured.
   "JAMB/WALL" is that component of a door assembly to which a door is attached and secured; the wall and jamb used together are considered a unit.
   "KEY-IN-KNOB" means a lockset having a key cylinder and other lock mechanisms contained in the knob.
   "LATCH or LATCH BOLT" is a beveled, spring-actuated bolt, which may or may not have a deadlocking device.
   "LOCK" or "LOCKSET" is a keyed device (complete with cylinder, latch or deadbolt mechanism, and trim such as knobs, levers, thumb turns, escutcheons, etc) for securing a door in a closed position against forced entry. For the purposes of this code, a lock shall not include the strike plate.
   "LOCKING DEVICE" is a part of a window assembly, which is intended to prevent movement of the moveable sash, which may be the sash lock or sash operator.
   "LUMINAIRE" is a complete lighting device consisting of a light source together with its direct appurtenances, such as globe, reflector refractor, housing and such support as is integral with the housing. The pole, post or bracket is not considered a part of the luminaire.
   "MANUFACTURED HOME" shall mean a mobile home, as defined in Section 18008 of the California Health and Safety Code, a commercial coach, as defined in Section 18012 of said Health and Safety Code, and factory-built housing, as defined in Section 19971 of said Health and Safety Code. "Manufactured home" shall not include a recreational vehicle, as defined in Section 18215.5 of said Health and Safety Code.
   "MINIMUM MAINTAINED FOOT-CANDLES OF LIGHT" is the amount of light falling on that point of a surface with the least illumination, calculated through application of a maintenance factor, which is a multiplier applied to account for aging of the lamp and for dirt build-up on the luminaire during the period for which a lamp is in place.
   "MULTIPLE-FAMILY DWELLING" means a building or portion thereof, designed for occupancy by three (3) or more families living independently of each other, including hotels, motels, apartments, and townhouses, condominiums, and triplexes.
   "NON-RESIDENTIAL" means any building, parking lot and associated areas used for any purpose other than a dwelling.
   "PANEL (wood)" shall mean a component forming part of a door but distinguished from the rest of the surface by being raised above or sunken below the general level of the door.
   "PANIC HARDWARE" means a latching device on a door assembly for use when emergency egress is required due to fire or other threat to life safety as defined in the adopted edition of the Building Code and Fire Code. Such devices are designed so that they will facilitate the safe egress of people in case of an emergency when a pressure not to exceed fifteen (15) pounds is applied to the releasing device in the direction of exit travel. Such releasing devices are bars or panels extending not less than two-thirds (2/3) of the width of the door and placed at heights suitable for the service required, thirty (30") inches minimum and forty-four (44") inches maximum above the floor.
   "PART," as distinguished from component, is a unit (or subassembly) which combines with other units to make up a component.
   "PRIMARY LOCKING DEVICE" shall mean the single locking system on a door or window unit whose primary function is to prevent unauthorized intrusions.
   "PRIVATE or SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING" means a building designed exclusively for occupancy by one family.
   "RAIL" means the horizontal member of a window or door. A meeting rail is one which mates with a rail of another sash or a framing member of the door or window frame when the sash is in the closed position.
   "RECREATIONAL SPACE" means any public or private park, community common open space, bike trail, community swimming pools and associated sidewalks and parking lots.
   "RESIDENTIAL" means a building and associated areas meant to be used as a dwelling.
   "SASH" is an assembly of stiles, rails, and sometimes, mullions assembled into a single frame, which supports the glazing material. A fixed sash is one which is not intended to be opened. A moveable sash is intended to be opened.
   "SILL" is the lowest horizontal member of a window frame.
   "SINGLE CYLINDER DEADBOLT" means a deadbolt lock, which is activated from the outside by a key and from the inside by a knob, thumb-turn, lever, or similar mechanism.
   "SOLID CORE DOOR" means a door composed of solid wood or composed of compressed wood equal in strength to solid wood construction.
   "STILE" is a vertical framing member of a window or door.
   "STRIKE" or "STRIKE PLATE" is a metal plate attached to or mortised into a door or door jamb to receive and to hold a projected latch bolt and/or deadbolt in order to secure the door to the jamb. A high security strike plate is one that requires 4 screws for attachment, which must penetrate two (2") inches minimum into solid backing beyond the surface to which the strike is attached.
   "SWINGING DOOR" means a door hinged at the stile or at the head and threshold.
   "U.L. LISTED" shall mean tested and listed by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
   "VANDAL AND WEATHER RESISTANT LIGHT FIXTURE" shall mean a lens constructed of materials meeting or exceeding U.L. Bulletin 972 (Burglary Resistant Glazing) and a housing meeting or exceeding U.L. Bulletin 1572 (Wet Locations.)
   "WINDOW ASSEMBLY" is a unit which includes a window and the anchorage between the window and the wall.
   "WINDOW FRAME" is the part of a window which surrounds and supports the sashes and is attached to the surrounding wall. The members include side jambs (vertical), head jamb (upper, horizontal), the sill and mullions.
   4105 Keying Requirements.
   Upon occupancy by the owner or proprietor, each single unit in the same residential project or commercial building development constructed under the same development plan shall have locks using combinations which are interchange free from locks used in all other separate dwellings, proprietorships, or similar distinct occupancies within such residential projects or commercial building development.
   4106 General Building Requirements.
   4106.1 Frames - Jambs - Strikes - Hinges
   The installation and construction of frames, jambs, strikes and hinges and the door leading from shall be as follows:
   Door jambs shall be installed with solid backing in such a manner that no voids exist between the strike side of the jamb and the frame opening for a vertical distance of six (6") inches each side of the strike.
   In wood framing, horizontal blocking shall be placed between studs at door lock height for three (3) stud spaces each side of the door openings. Trimmers shall be full length from the header to the floor with solid backing against sole plates.
   Door stops on wooden jambs for in-swinging doors shall be of one-piece construction with the jamb. Jambs for all doors shall be constructed or protected so as to prevent violation of the strike.
   A high security strike plate for deadbolts on all wood framed doors shall be constructed of sixteen (16) U.S. gauge minimum steel, bronze, or brass, and secured to the jamb by (4) four screws minimum, which must penetrate two (2") inches minimum into solid backing beyond the surface to which the strike is attached.
   Hinges for out-swinging doors shall be equipped with nonremovable hinge pins or a mechanical interlock to preclude removal of the door from the exterior by removing the hinge pins. The bolt and strike plate area on outward opening doors shall be protected from violation from the outside by a latch protector consisting of one hundred twenty-five thousandths (0.125") inch minimum thick steel attached to the door's exterior with non-removable bolts from the exterior. It shall be two (2") inches minimum wide and extend three (3") inches minimum above and below the strike opening and extend a minimum of one inch beyond the edge of the door.
   When pairs of doors are utilized in residential structures, a one-piece assembly attached to the full-length edge of the inactive door leaf, incorporating an astragal and flush-bolts for the header and threshold will be accepted as a strike plate, provided the assembly is constructed of aluminum or steel of one-eighth inch minimum in thickness.
   All exterior doors equipped with lever-handled locking devices which operate the deadbolt shall have thresholds designed and installed to prevent the passing of rigid materials between the door and threshold to the interior.
   4106.2 Windows and Sliding Glass Doors
   The following requirements shall be met for windows and sliding glass doors:
   Except as otherwise specified in Section 4107 Residential Building Requirements and Section 4108 Non-Residential Building Requirements, all openable exterior windows and sliding glass doors shall comply with the tests as set forth in the 1997 Uniform Building Security Code, Standard 10-6.
   Louvered windows shall not be utilized if any portion of the window is less than twelve (12') feet vertically or six (6') feet horizontally from an accessible surface or any adjoining roof, balcony, landing, stair tread, platform, or similar structure, unless an approved metal window barrier complying with subsection (2) of Section 4108.1 is installed.
   Exterior horizontal sliding doors and windows shall be equipped with devices which will keep the sliding panel of the door or window from being opened from the outside horizontally or vertically when in the locked or closed position.
   4106.3 Garage-Type Doors: Rolling Overhead, Solid Overhead, Swing-Up, Sliding or Accordion.
   The above described doors shall conform to the following standards:
   Wood doors shall have panels of five-sixteenths (5/16") inch minimum thickness with the locking hardware being attached to the support framing.
   Except for commercial doors, aluminum doors shall be of two hundred fifteen thousandths (0.0215") inches minimum thickness and riveted together eighteen (18") inches minimum on center along the outside seams. There shall be a full width horizontal beam attached to the main door structure which shall meet the pilot, or pedestrian access, door framing within three (3") inches maximum of the strike area of the pilot or pedestrian access door. Commercial doors shall have a strength of twenty-six gauge minimum steel or the equivalent.
   Fiberglass doors shall have panels a density of six ounces per square foot minimum from the bottom of the door to a height of seven (7') feet. Panels above seven (7') feet and panels in residential structures shall have a density of five ounces per square foot minimum.
   Doors utilizing a cylinder lock shall have a minimum five-pin tumbler operation with the locking bar or bolt extending into the receiving guide a minimum of one (1") inch.
   Doors that exceed sixteen (16') feet maximum in width shall have two lock receiving points; or, if the door does not exceed nineteen (19') feet maximum, a single bolt may be used if placed in the center of the door with the locking point located either at the floor or door frame header.
   Except in a residential building, doors secured by electrical operation shall have a keyed-switch to open the door when in a closed position, or by an electronic remote control device.
   Slide bolt assemblies shall have frames twelve hundredths (0.120") inches minimum thickness, with a bolt diameter of one-half (1/2") inch minimum and protrude one and one-half (1-1/2") inches minimum into the receiving guide. A bolt diameter of three-eighths (3/8") inch minimum may be utilized in residential buildings. The slide bolt shall be attached to the door with non-removable bolts from the outside. Rivets shall not be used to attach slide bolt assemblies.
   4107 Residential Building Requirements.
   4107.1 Except for vehicular access doors, all exterior swinging doors of any residential building and attached garages, including the doors leading from the garage area into the dwelling unit shall be equipped as follows:
   4107.1.1 All wood doors shall be of solid core construction with one and three-fourth (1-¾") inches minimum thickness, or with panels nine-sixteenths (9/16") inch minimum thickness. Exception: Panels reducing the thickness of the door are not permitted in garage-to-dwelling doors.
   4107.1.2 A single or double door shall be equipped with a single cylinder deadbolt lock. The bolt shall have a projection of one (1") inch minimum. The deadbolt shall have an embedment of three-fourths (3/4") inch minimum into the strike receiving the projected bolt. The cylinder shall have a solid metal heavy duty cylinder guard and a minimum of five-pin tumbler. All installation shall be done so that the performance of the locking device will meet the intended anti-burglary requirements. (It may be desired to have deadbolt locks constructed so as to prevent the key from being removed from the interior cylinder when the bolt is projected.) High security strike plates shall be used with these deadbolts. An interconnected locking (single action) mechanism constructed so that both the deadbolt and latch can be retracted by a single action of the inside door knob, or lever, may be substituted provided such mechanism meets all other specifications for locking devices, and the installation does not conflict with other provisions of this chapter relating to the proximity of the locking device to mail slots or glazing.
   4107.1.3 The inactive leaf of double door(s) shall be equipped with metal flush bolts having an embedment of five-eighths (5/8") inch minimum into the head and threshold of the doorframe.
   4107.1.4 Glazing in exterior doors, or within forty (40") inches maximum of any locking mechanism, shall be of fully tempered glass or rated burglary resistive glazing.
   4107.1.5 Except where clear vision panels are installed, all front exterior doors shall be equipped with a wide angle one hundred eighty (180°) degree minimum door viewer which will be mounted fifty-eight (58") inches maximum from the bottom of the door.
   4107.1.6 Door mounted mail slots shall not be permitted within twenty-four (24") inches minimum of any locking mechanism. Mail slots shall have an interior privacy hood.
   4107.1.7 The attic areas between units of the R-1 Occupancy shall be separated by a solid structural barrier. Such barrier may be framed with five-eighth (5/8") inch gypsum wallboard on each side or other construction as acceptable to the Building Official and Chief of Police or his/her authorized representative.
   4107.2 Addressing, Residential.
   Addressing plans indicating the method in which buildings are to be identified shall be submitted to the Community Development Department and Police and Fire Department for review and approval prior to installation.
   4107.2.1 Single-family residential buildings shall display street address numbers conforming to the following specifications:
   All residential dwellings shall display a street number in a prominent location on the street side of the residence in such a position as to be easily visible to approaching emergency vehicles from both directions. The numerals shall be of a highly contrasting color to the background to which they are affixed. Brass or gold colored numbers shall not be allowed.
   4107.2.2 Numerals shall be four (4") inches minimum in height, and shall be illuminated during the hours of darkness. The numerals and light source shall be contained within a single weather-resistant fixture. The light source shall be provided with an uninterruptible A.C. power source or controlled only by a photoelectric device. Where structures are set back more than one hundred fifty (150') feet maximum from the centerline of the street, larger numbers will be required so that they are distinguishable from the street.
   4107.2.3 Flag lots with driveways more than fifty (50') feet maximum in length shall display street numbers in such a position that the number is easily visible from the street. In the event a structure is not visible from the street, the address numbers shall be posted adjacent to the roadway on an elevated post or column, and the numbers shall be mounted at a height between thirty-six (36") inches minimum and forty-two (42") inches maximum above finished grade.
   4107.2.4 Buildings shall be numbered in logical sequence prior to occupancy.
   4107.3 Multiple family dwelling buildings shall display street address numbers conforming to the following specifications:
   4107.3.1 An illuminated diagrammatic directory board shall be positioned at each driveway entrance from any street for any multi-family dwelling complexes of four (4) or more buildings where all buildings do not front the street, so that visitors and public safety personnel can quickly locate a particular building or address within the complex. The diagrammatic directory board shall be legible from a stopped vehicle and free of visual obstructions and shall be maintained as such. The sign(s) shall be oriented with respect to the user and include a red dot one-half inch in diameter with an arrow and the words "YOU ARE HERE" affixed in the appropriate place on the directory. The signs(s) shall be a diagram of the property, and shall depict building locations, building address numbers, parking areas, vehicular circulation and vehicle exits. The sign(s) shall be illuminated from dusk until dawn, and be provided with an uninterruptible AC power source or controlled by a photoelectric device. Diagrammatic directory board plans shall be submitted to the Police and Fire Departments for review and approval prior to installation. Additional address directional signs may be required at common building entrances and stairways.
   4107.3.2 Monument sign or wall mounted address numbers shall be eight (8") inches minimum in height. Wall mounted numbers shall be placed on the building between eight (8') feet minimum and ten (10') feet maximum from ground level, be of a highly contrasting color to the surface on which they are attached, be attached to all sides of the building, and those numbers facing the street shall be illuminated from dusk until dawn with an uninterruptible A.C. power source or controlled by a photoelectric device.
   4107.3.3 Each individual dwelling unit within the complex shall display a prominent address number or letter four (4") inches minimum in height, highly contrasting in color to the background to which it is affixed and clearly visible to approaching vehicles and/or pedestrians. The number or letter shall be located, adjacent to, but not on, the dwelling unit entry door.
   4107.3.4 In multiple family complexes, garages or carports not directly attached to the dwelling unit, or placed next to the dwelling unit and discernible as being associated with one addressed dwelling unit, shall not use corresponding dwelling unit addresses to identify the garage or carport.
   4107.3.5 Address identification numbers and/or letters shall not be affixed to a surface using two-sided tape or any material not resistant to weather conditions.
   4107.3.6 Nothing in this section shall prevent the use of additional addressing, supplemental to the required addressing such as reflective numbers on street curbs or decorative numbering.
   4107.3.7 An eight and one-half (8-1/2") inch by eleven (11") inch site plan(s) of the complex shall be provided to the Fire Department. It shall contain all streets, sidewalks, buildings, including identification numbers and/or description, roof access locations, emergency services access key vaults or key override switches, fire hydrants, and fire extinguishers.
   4107.4 Single-family dwelling units, garages, and tracts of homes shall conform to the following lighting standards:
   4107.4.1 All garage doors shall have an exterior light fixture(s) that is capable of illuminating the door driveway. Garage doors accessed from alleys are to have vandal and weather resistant exterior light fixtures.
   4107.4.2 Private streets, alleys, and fire department required vehicle access designed for use only in emergency situations shall be illuminated using the same standards as established for public thoroughfares.
   4107.5 Multiple-family buildings, carports, parking areas, driveways, common areas, and walking surfaces shall conform to the following lighting standards:
   4107.5.1 All vehicular drive surfaces, open parking areas and carports shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one-half (0.5) foot-candle of light at ground level during the hours of darkness. Uniformity Ratio, maximum to minimum of lighting in parking areas shall be 15:1 in conformance with the enhanced security recommendations in IESNA RP-20-98 Lighting for Parking Facilities.
   4107.5.2 All exterior common area pedestrian walkways and recreation areas shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one-quarter (0.25) foot-candle of light at ground level during the hours of darkness.
   4107.5.3 Open stairways and common area corridors shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one (1) foot-candle of light on all landings and stair treads during the hours of darkness. Enclosed stairways and enclosed common area corridors shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained one (1) foot-candle of light on all landings and stair treads.
   4107.5.4 Mail cluster box units, trash enclosures/areas, vending machines, and public phones located on the exterior shall in multi-family complexes are to be located in highly visible areas adjacent to common area activity amenities, and shall be illuminated during hours of darkness with a minimum maintained one foot-candle of light, measured within a five (5') foot radius at ground level, during the hours of darkness.
   4107.5.5 Recessed areas of building or fences, which have a minimum depth of two (2') feet, a minimum height of five (5') feet, and do not exceed six (6') feet in width and are capable of human concealment, shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained 0.25 foot-candles of light at ground level during the hours of darkness. This requirement applies to defined recessed areas which are within six feet of the edge of designated walking surface with an unobstructed pathway to it, not hindered by walls or hedgerow landscaping a minimum of two (2') feet in height.
   4107.5.6 Accessible luminaires utilized to meet the requirements of this section shall have vandal resistant light fixtures and be three (3') feet minimum in height from the walking surface when used to illuminate walkways and seventy-eight (78") inches minimum in height above the driving surface when illuminating surfaces associated with vehicles. Light fixtures shall be deemed accessible if mounted within fifteen (15') feet vertically or six (6') feet horizontally from any accessible surface or any adjoining roof, balcony, landing, stair tread, platform, or similar structure.
   4107.5.7 The light source utilized to comply with this section to meet parking and drive surface lighting shall be maintained by the property owner to sustain the designed illuminance.
   4107.5.8 A site plan shall be provided showing buildings, parking area, walkways, detailed landscaping and a point-by-point photometric calculation of the required light levels. Landscaping shall not be planted so as to obscure required light levels. Foot-candles shall be measured on a horizontal plane and conform to a uniformity ratio of fifteen to one (15:1 maximum/minimum).
   4107.6 Common-area laundry rooms in multiple-family complexes shall be designed and protected as follows:
   4107.6.1 Entry door(s) shall have:
   4107.6.1.1 A six hundred (600) square inch minimum clear vision panel in the upper half of the door. The vision panel shall be constructed of burglary resistant glazing.
   4107.6.1.2 Automatic, hydraulic door closures.
   4107.6.1.3 Self-locking door locks equipped with a dead-locking latch, allowing exiting by a single motion and openable from the inside without the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort.
   4107.6.1.4 Non-removable hinge pins for out-swinging doors to preclude removal of the door from the exterior by removing the hinge pins.
   4107.6.1.5 A latch protector consisting of one-eighth (1/8") inch minimum thick steel attached to the door's exterior with non-removable bolts from the exterior. It shall be two (2") inches minimum wide and extend three (3") inches minimum above and below the strike opening and extend one (1") inch minimum beyond the edge of the door.
   4107.6.2 The laundry room shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained five foot-candles of light at floor level, using a non-interruptible power source. There shall be no light switches inside the room that control light fixtures used to meet the lighting requirement
   4107.6.3 Any portion of an openable window which is within eight (8') feet maximum vertically or six (6') feet maximum horizontally from any accessible surface or any adjoining roof, balcony, landing, stair tread, platform, or similar surface, or any climbable pole or tree, or any surface providing a foothold, shall be secured as follows:
   4107.6.3.1. Windows shall not provide an opening greater than ninety-six (96) square inches maximum: or
   4107.6.3.2. Transom windows opening at the top and hinged at the bottom may be utilized provided the bottom portion is six (6') feet minimum from an exterior accessible surface.
   4107.6.4 The entire laundry room shall be visible from the exterior along common area walking or driving surfaces. Perimeter windows and interior mirrors may be utilized to meet this requirement.
   4107.6.5 Laundry rooms are to be located in high activity areas with natural surveillance opportunities, and not in remote or isolated locations.
   4107.7 All vehicle access gates, and pedestrian gates and doors leading to common areas requiring a key override shall be submastered for access by both the Police and Fire Departments.
   4107.8 Mail cluster box units shall conform, at minimum, to United States Postal Service Standard 4B+.
   4108 Non-Residential Building Requirements.
   The provisions of this section shall apply to non-residential units and structures.
   4108.1 Swinging exterior glass doors, wood or metal doors with glass panels, and solid wood or metal doors shall be constructed or protected as follows:
   Wood doors shall be of solid core construction with one and three-quarter (1-3/4") inches minimum thickness. Hollow steel doors shall be of 16 gauge minimum and have sufficient reinforcement to maintain the designated thickness of the door when any locking device is installed; such reinforcement being able to restrict collapsing of the door around any locking device.
   Except when double cylinder deadbolts are utilized, any glazing utilized within forty (40") inches maximum of any door locking mechanism shall be constructed or protected as follows:
   4108.1.1 Fully tempered glass or rated burglary resistant glazing; or,
   4108.1.2 Iron or steel grills of one-eighth (1/8") inch minimum material with two (2") inch maximum mesh secured on the inside of the glazing may be utilized; or
   4108.1.3 The glazing shall be covered with iron bars of one-half (1/2") inch minimum round or one (1") inch minimum by one-quarter (1/4") inch minimum flat steel material, spaced five (5") inches minimum apart, secured on the inside of the glazing.
   4108.1.4 Items 1 and 2 above, shall not interfere with the operation of opening windows if such windows are required to be openable by this Code or Title 19 and 24 of the California Code of Regulations.
   4108.2 All swinging exterior wood or steel doors shall be equipped as follows:
   4108.2.1 A single or double door shall be equipped with a double or single cylinder deadbolt. The bolt shall have a projection of one (1") inch minimum and be constructed so as to repel a cutting tool attack. The deadbolt shall have an embedment of three-quarter (3/4") inch minimum into the strike receiving the projected bolt. The cylinder shall have a heavy duty cylinder guard and a minimum of five-pin tumbler. The provisions of the preceding paragraph do not apply where panic hardware is required or an equivalent device is approved by the enforcing authority.
   4108.2.2 Exterior, outward opening doors shall have a latch protector consisting of one hundred twenty-five thousandths (0.125") inch minimum thick steel attached to the door's exterior with non-removable bolts from the exterior. It shall be two (2") inches minimum wide and extend three (3") inches minimum above and below the strike opening and extend one (1") inch minimum beyond the edge of the door.
   4108.2.3 Exterior, out swinging doors shall have non-removable hinge pins or a mechanical interlock to preclude removal of the door from the exterior by removing the hinge pins.
   4108.2.4 Double doors shall be equipped as follows:
   4108.2.4.1 The inactive leaf of double doors shall be equipped with approved automatic metal flush bolts having a minimum embedment of five-eighths (5/8") inch minimum into the head and threshold of the doorframe.
   4108.2.4.2 Double doors shall have an astragal constructed of steel one hundred twenty-five thousandths (0.125") inch minimum thick, which will cover the opening between the doors. The astragal shall be two (2") inches minimum wide and extend one (1") inch minimum beyond the edge of the door to which it is attached. The astragal shall be attached to the outside of the active door by means of welding or with non-removable bolts spaced apart ten (10") inch maximum on center. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply where panic hardware is required or the enforcing authority approves an equivalent device.
   4108.3 Aluminum frame swinging doors shall be equipped as follows:
   4108.3.1 The jamb on all aluminum frame swinging doors shall be so constructed or protected to withstand sixteen hundred (1,600) pounds of pressure in both a vertical distance of three (3") inches and a horizontal distance of one (1") inch on each side of the strike, so as to prevent violation of the strike.
   4108.3.2 A single or double door shall be equipped with a double cylinder deadbolt with a bolt projection exceeding one (1") inch or a hook-shaped or expanding deadbolt that engages the strike sufficiently to prevent spreading. The deadbolt lock shall have a minimum of five-pin tumblers and a heavy-duty cylinder guard.
   4108.3.3 A heavy-duty, beveled cylinder guard shall be used on mortise cylinder locks.
   4108.4 Panic hardware, whenever required by this Code or Title 19 and 24 of the California Code of Regulations, shall be installed as follows:
   4108.4.1 Panic hardware shall contain a minimum of two locking points on each door; or:
   4108.4.2 On single doors, panic hardware may have one locking point, which shall not be located at either the top or bottom rails of the doorframe. The door shall have an astragal constructed of steel one hundred twenty-five thousandths (0.125") inch minimum thickness, which shall be attached with nonremovable bolts to the outside of the door. The astragal shall extend six (6") inches minimum vertically above and below the latch of the panic hardware. The astragal shall be two (2") inches minimum wide and extend one (1") inch minimum beyond the edge of the door to which it is attached.
   4108.4.3 Double doors containing panic hardware shall have an astragal attached to the doors at their meeting point, which will close the opening between them from top to bottom but not interfere with the operation of either door.
   4108.5 Horizontal sliding doors and windows shall be equipped with guide tracks at top and bottom, shall be secured on the inside with a slide bar, bolt cross bar, auxiliary locking device, or other approved device. Horizontal sliding doors and windows shall also be equipped with removable/adjustable anti-lift devices to prevent the door or window from being lifted out when in the closed position.
   4108.6 In office buildings (multiple occupancy), all entrance doors to individual office suites shall meet the construction and locking requirements for exterior doors. Individual tenant space interior or exterior office doors shall have door locks.
   4108.7 Windows shall be deemed accessible if less than twenty-four (24") inches maximum from any locking mechanism or less than eight (8') feet maximum above ground. Accessible windows having a pane exceeding ninety-six (96) square inches maximum in area with the smallest dimension exceeding six (6") inches maximum and not visible from a public or private thoroughfare shall be protected in the following manner:
   4108.7.1 Fully tempered glass or burglar resistant glazing; or the following window barriers may be used but shall be secured with bolts that are nonremovable from the outside:
   4108.7.1.1 Inside or outside steel bars of one-half (1/2") inch minimum round or one (1") inch minimum by one-quarter (1/4") inch minimum flat steel
material, spaced five (5") inches minimum apart and securely fastened; or
   4108.7.1.2 Inside or outside steel grills of one-eighth (1/8") inch minimum thick material with two (2") inch maximum mesh and securely fastened.
   4108.7.1.3 The protective bars or grills shall not interfere with the operation of opening windows if such windows are required to be opened by this Code or Title 19 and 24 of the California Code of Regulations
   4108.7.2 If a side or rear window is of the type that can be opened, it shall be secured on the inside with a slide bar, bolt cross bar, auxiliary locking device, or other approved device.
   4108.8 All exterior transoms exceeding ninety-six (96) square inches on the side and rear of any building or premises used for business purposes shall be protected by one of the following:
   4108.8.1 Fully tempered glass or burglar resistant glazing; or
   4108.8.2 The following barriers may be used but shall be secured with bolts that are non-removable from the outside:
   4108.8.2.1 Outside steel bars of one-half (1/2") inch minimum round or one (1") inch minimum by one-quarter (1/4") inch minimum flat steel material, spaced five (5") inches minimum apart and securely fastened; or
   4108.8.2.2 Inside or outside steel grills of one eighth (1/8") inch minimum thick material with two (2") inch maximum mesh and securely fastened.
   4108.8.2.3 The protective bars or grills shall not interfere with the operation of opening windows if such windows are required to be opened by this Code or Title 19 and 24 of the California Code of Regulations.
   4108.9 Roof openings shall be protected as follows:
   4108.9.1 All skylights on the roof or any building or premises used for business purposes shall be provided with:
   4108.9.1.1 Rated burglary-resistant glazing securely fastened with bolts that are non-removable from the exterior, or
   4108.9.1.2 Steel bars one-half (1/2") inch minimum round or one (1") inch minimum by one-quarter (1/4") inch minimum flat steel material under the skylight spaced five (5") inches minimum apart and securely fastened.
   4108.9.1.3 Buildings equipped with smoke/heat vents required by the Fire Code shall comply with item 4108.9.1.2 above.
   4108.9.2 All hatchway openings on the roof of any building or premises used for business purposes shall be secured as follows:
   4108.9.2.1 If the hatchway is of wooden material, it shall be covered on the inside with 16 U.S. gauge minimum sheet metal, or its equivalent, attached with screws.
   4108.9.2.2 The hatchway shall be secured from the inside with a slide bar or slide bolts.
   4108.9.2.3 Outside hinges on all hatchway openings shall be provided with non-removable pins when using pin-type hinges.
   4108.9.3 All air duct or air vent openings exceeding ninety-six (96) square inches on the roof or exterior walls and doors of any building used for business purposes shall be secured by covering the same with either of the following:
   4108.9.3.1 Steel bars of one-half (1/2") minimum round or one (1") inch minimum by one-quarter (1/4") inch minimum flat steel material spaced no more than four (4") inches maximum apart on center, at each
direction, welded at all points of intersection, or one (1") inch by one-quarter (1/4") inch flat steel or the equivalent, spaced no more than five (5) inches apart on center, welded at all points of intersection.
   4108.9.3.2 Steel grills or expanded metal of one-eighth (1/8") inch minimum thick with two (2") inch maximum mesh and securely fastened.
   4108.9.3.3 If the barrier is on the outside, it shall be secured with bolts that are non-removable from the exterior.
   4108.9.3.4 The items required by subsections 1 and 2 of this subsection shall not interfere with venting requirements creating a potentially hazardous condition to health and safety or conflict with the provisions of the Code or Title 19 and 24 of the California Code of Regulations.
   4108.10 Permanently affixed exterior ladders leading to roofs are prohibited. Where access is required, interior ladders shall be provided with access for each individual tenant. If an exemption for an exterior ladder is approved, the ladder shall be equipped with a lockable security door that covers the front and sides of the ladder. The security door shall be a minimum of six (6') feet in height from ground level.
   4108.11 A building located within eight (8') feet of utility poles or similar structures which can be used to gain access to the building's roof, windows, balconies, or other openings shall have such access area barricaded or fenced with materials to deter human climbing.
   4108.12 Utility Rooms and Panels.
   There shall be no exterior wall mounted phone or electrical panels. Utility rooms for phone and electrical panels that are accessible from the outside shall have a metal door and a deadbolt. Hinges for outward swinging doors shall be equipped with non-removable hinge pins or a mechanical interlock to preclude removal of the door from the exterior by removing the hinge pins. The bolt and strike plate area on outward opening doors shall be protected from violation from the outside by a latch protector consisting of minimum one hundred twenty-five thousandths (0.125") inch thick steel attached to the door's exterior with nonremovable bolts from the exterior. It shall be two (2") inches wide and extend a minimum of three (3") inches above and below the strike opening and extend a minimum of one inch beyond the edge of the door.
   4108.13 Buildings, open parking lots, walkways, and accesses thereto shall conform to the following lighting standards:
   4108.13.1 All types of exterior doors shall be illuminated during the hours of darkness, with a minimum maintained one (1) foot-candle of light, measured within a five (5') foot radius on each side of the door at ground level. The light source shall be controlled by a photocell device.
   4108.13.2 Recessed areas of buildings or fences, which have a depth of two (2') feet minimum, a height of five (5') feet minimum, and do not exceed six (6') feet maximum in width and are capable of human concealment, shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained 0.25 foot-candles of light at ground level during the hours of darkness. This requirement applies to defined recessed areas which are within six (6') feet maximum of the edge of a designated walking surface with an unobstructed pathway to it, not hindered by walls or hedgerow landscaping of two (2') feet minimum in height.
   4108.13.3 Stairways shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one foot-candle of light on all landings and stair treads, during the hours of operation, including one hour thereafter.
   4108.13.4 All interior or exterior corridors, passageways and walkways in any hotel, motel or inn shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained one foot-candle of light on the walking surface.
   4108.13.5 All exterior pedestrian walkways, interior common corridors, and open parking lots shall be illuminated with a maintained one foot-candle minimum of light on the walking or driving surface during the hours of operation and one hour thereafter.
   4108.13.6 The light source utilized to comply with this section to meet parking and drive surface lighting shall be maintained by the property owner to sustain the designed illuminance.
   4108.13.7 Accessible luminaires utilized to meet the requirements of this section shall have vandal and weather resistant light fixtures and be three (3') feet minimum in height from ground level when used to illuminate walkways and eight (8') feet minimum in height from ground level when illuminating surfaces associated with vehicles. A luminaire not less than forty-two (42") inches minimum may be utilized to illuminate a walkway if adjacent landscaping is of a variety which does not mature higher than two (2') feet maximum, and it does not interfere with the required light distribution for a distance of sixteen (16') feet minimum along the walkway. Light fixtures shall be deemed accessible if mounted within fifteen (15') feet maximum vertically or six (6') feet maximum horizontally from any accessible surface or any adjoining roof, balcony, landing, stair tread, platform or similar structure.
   4108.13.8 A site plan shall be provided showing buildings, parking area, walkways, detailed landscaping and a point-by-point photometric calculation of the required light levels. Foot-candles shall be measured on a horizontal plane and conform to a uniformity ratio of 15:1 maximum/minimum.
   Parking facilities shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one-half (0.5) foot-candle of light at ground level during the hours of darkness. Uniformity Ratio, maximum to minimum of lighting in parking areas shall be 15:1 in conformance with the enhanced security recommendations in IESNA RP-20-98 Lighting for Parking Facilities.
   4108.13.9 Alternate Design - Alternate designs for parking lot lighting showing modifications to the minimum security lighting illuminance which provide illuminance above such minimum security lighting to those portions of the commercial activity site deemed to be critical by the City Police Department and/or which show reduced lighting levels after the commercial activity's closing hours may be approved by the enforcing authority when sufficient information substantiating the security lighting intensity alternate design has been submitted.
   4108.13.10 Lighting Plans and Certification. Plans indicating compliance with the provisions of this subsection will be required to be prepared and submitted by an illuminating engineer or other person acceptable to the enforcing authority. Such illuminating engineer shall submit a written report certifying the minimum required lighting intensity has been provided after installation of the lighting system and prior to the issuance of the Certificate of Occupancy.
   4108.14 Addressing, Non-Residential
   Addressing plans indicating the method in which buildings are to be identified shall be submitted to the Community Development Department and Police and Fire for review and approval prior to installation. Non-residential buildings shall display street address numbers conforming to the following specifications:
   4108.14.1 Stand-alone buildings shall be numbered in a logical sequence prior to occupancy. Wall or monument sign mounted numbers shall be ten (10") inches minimum in height, and be of a color highly contrasting to the background on to which there are affixed. Brass or gold-plated numbers shall not be used. The address number of every commercial building shall be illuminated during hours of darkness with an uninterruptible A.C. power source or controlled by a photoelectric device. In addition, any business that affords foot or vehicular access to the rear through any driveway, walkway, or parking lot shall also display the same numbers on the rear of the building. Where structures are set back more than one hundred fifty (150') feet from the centerline of the street, larger numbers will be required so that they are distinguishable from the street.
   4108.14.2 Not Used
   4108.14.3 If individual occupants are identified by a space or suite number, that number shall be prominently displayed at the front entrance of the unit with numbers four (4") inches minimum in height, in a highly contrasting color to the background to which it is affixed and clearly visible to approaching vehicles and/or pedestrians. Structures with rear doors shall have those numbers displayed on those doors.
   4108.14.4 Buildings with a total square footage of ten thousand (10,000) square feet or more shall have rooftop numbers placed parallel to the addressed street, screened from public view and only visible from the air. The numerals are to be of contrasting color; block lettered, constructed of weather resistant material. Address numbers are to be four (4') feet minimum in height and eighteen (18") inches minimum wide. When more than one street address is assigned to a building, the beginning and ending address numbers are to be placed on the rooftop, at opposite ends of the building, reflecting the approximate location of these addresses.
   Nothing in this section shall prevent the use of additional addressing supplemental to the required addressing, such as reflective numbers on street curbs or decorative numbering.
   4108.14.5 Site plans of the complex, a minimum size of eight and one-half (8 1/2") inches by eleven (11") inches, shall be provided to the Police and Fire Departments. It shall contain all streets, sidewalks, buildings, including identification numbers and/or description, roof access locations, emergency services access key vaults or key override switches, fire hydrants, and fire extinguishers.
   4108.15 Elevator cars and lobbies shall be designed as follows:
   4108.15.1 Elevators which serve more than two floors, above ground level, with at least one shaft wall exposed to the exterior or interior shall have clear glazing installed in the exterior facing cab wall and the exterior facing shaft wall to provide visibility into the elevator cab.
   4108.15.2 Elevator cars, the interiors of which are not completely visible, shall have shatter resistant mirrors or other equally reflective material to allow for surveillance of the interior prior to entry. The elevator cab shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained two foot-candles of light at floor level.
   4108.15.3 Elevator emergency stop buttons shall be so installed and connected as to activate the elevator alarm when utilized.
   4108.15.4 Elevator lobbies, if enclosed, shall be constructed of glazing, the maximum amount allowed by the Building Code.
   4108.16 Intrusion Alarm Systems
   If an intrusion (burglary) alarm system is used, it shall be a, silent or audible system monitored by a U.L. approved central station. Minimum conditions for the intrusion alarm shall be as follows: any magnetic contacts used on window or pedestrian doors shall be capable of allowing the door or window to open a minimum of one and one-half (1 ½") inch without activating the alarm. Magnetic contacts on any garage type door, rolling overhead door, sliding or rolling gate, etc. shall be capable of allowing the door or gate to open a minimum of three (3") inches before the activating the alarm.
   The alarm system shall be equipped with a back-up battery capable of a minimum duration of twenty-four (24) hours. Motion and glass break detectors shall be, at minimum, dual technology devices. Any interior alarm shall be individually zoned, and the central monitoring station shall notify the Police Department which zones have been activated and the location of those zones. Audible alarms shall automatically reset a maximum of 15 minutes after activation. Non-residential push button devices used to activate hold-up alarms shall be dual action. Keypad activation of a hold-up or duress alarm shall require an entry code a minimum of 2 digits higher than the normal activation code. Automatic dialers or direct connects to the Police Department are prohibited. The applicant shall submit plans for the alarm system to the Police Department Crime Prevention Bureau for review and approval prior to installation.
   4108.17 Closed Circuit Television
   If a closed circuit television (CCTV) is used, the system shall consist of color cameras, a digital video recorder with a minimum fifteen (15) day storage capacity, a multiplexer and monitor, and be capable of downloading video onto a USB Drive to provide to the Police Department. The recording equipment shall be kept in a secure area, and be neither visible nor accessible to the public. Signage indicating the building is under twenty-four (24) hour video surveillance shall be posted. The applicant shall submit plans for the CCTV system to the Police Department Crime Prevention Bureau for review and approval prior to installation.
   4108.18 Parking Structures
   Any non-residential structure, garage or covered parking surface intended primarily for the parking or storage of motor vehicles for any period of time, except for carports, shall comply with this section.
   4108.18.1 Remote or detached parking facilities or any other parking surfaces which are constructed as a separate entity shall be assigned a street address number. The numerals shall be displayed at the main entrance using numbers a minimum of eight (8") inches in height and of a color contrasting to the background to which they are affixed.
   4108.18.2 Directional signage, including floor designation and section, shall be provided on each level to expedite movement within the facility. Signage shall be a minimum of twelve (12") inches in height and of a contrasting color to the background. It shall be displayed sixty (60") inches minimum from the parking surface and be highly visible from within any portion of the facility.
   4108.18.3 Bicycle storage units or racks shall be located in high visibility areas.
   4108.18.4 If removal of a metal drainage grating being used at grade along the exterior of the facility would provide access into the interior, the grating shall be securely fastened, rendering it non-removable from the exterior.
   4108.18.5 The number of pedestrian and vehicular access points shall be minimized. Except at vehicle and primary pedestrian openings, all exterior openings in the structure's walls within ten feet above finished grade shall be secured with decorative metal grids to prevent unauthorized pedestrian entry. Chain link fencing shall not be used. When required, fire authority openings in the form of swing-out gates shall be provided and be in compliance with Fire Department specifications.
   4108.18.6 Exterior pedestrian doors which provide access into the parking facility shall be constructed and equipped as follows:
   4108.18.6.1 A minimum eighteen (18) gauge steel and equipped with automatic hydraulic closure device.
   4108.18.6.2 A minimum one hundred (100) square-inch vision panel, with the width five (5") inches minimum, to provide visibility into the area being entered. Vision panels shall meet requirements of the Building Code.
   4108.18.6.3 Vision panels shall be constructed of burglar resistant glazing materials and preclude manipulation of the interior locking device from the exterior.
   4108.18.6.4 No openings within twenty-four (24") inches of the locking device which would allow a piece of metal, one-sixteenth (1/16") inch minimum diameter to be inserted and access gained to the interior side of the door.
   4108.18.6.5 When panic hardware is required, it shall have a self-locking mechanism and be constructed/equipped as follows:
   4108.19 Panic hardware on pairs of doors shall contain a minimum of two locking points on each door; or on single doors, panic hardware may have one locking point, which is not located at either the top or bottom of the doorframe. When mortise hardware is utilized, a protective astragal consisting of one hundred twenty-five thousandths (0.125") inch minimum thick steel shall be attached to the exterior of the door and rendered non-removable from the exterior. It shall be two (2") inches minimum wide and extend three (3") inches minimum above and below the strike opening and extend one (1") inch minimum beyond the edge of the door.
   4108.20 Double doors containing panic hardware shall have an astragal attached to the doors at their meeting point, which will close the opening between them, but not interfere with the operation of either door. Fire rated astragals, meeting specifications of the California Building Code, shall be utilized when required. Astragals are not required when panic hardware is utilized with push pads offset three (3") inches minimum from the door edges.
   4108.21 Emergency exits not intended as a primary entrance shall have no exterior handles, knobs, or levers.
   4108.22 Hinges shall be equipped with non-removable hinge pins or a mechanical interlock to preclude removal of the door from the exterior by removing the hinge pins.
   4108.23 Closed circuit television and emergency call boxes may be required at the discretion of the Police Department.
   4108.24 Stairways shall be designed as follows:
   4108.24.1 Interior doors shall have vision panels five (5") inches minimum wide and twenty (20") inches minimum in height. The vision panels shall be constructed of burglar resistant glazing and meet the requirements of the Building Code.
   4108.24.2 Areas beneath stairways at or below ground level shall be fully enclosed or access to them restricted.
   4108.24.3 Stairways shall be designed to be completely visible from either the interior or exterior or both, unless mandated by the Building Code to be enclosed.
   4108.24.4 Fully enclosed interior or exterior stairways with solid walls shall have shatter resistant mirrors or other equally reflective material at each level and landing and be designed or placed in such a manner as to provide visibility around corners.
   4108.25 Elevator cars and lobbies shall be designed as follows:
   4108.25.1 Elevators which serve more than two floors above ground level, with at least one shaft wall exposed to the exterior or interior shall have clear glazing installed in one wall to provide visibility into the elevator cab.
   4108.25.2 Elevator cabs, the interiors of which are not completely visible when the door is open, shall have shatter resistant mirrors or other equally reflective material to allow for surveillance of the interior prior to entry. The elevator cab shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained two (2) foot-candles of light at floor level.
   4108.25.3 Elevator emergency stop buttons shall be so installed and connected as to activate the elevator alarm when utilized.
   4108.25.4 Elevator lobbies, if enclosed, shall be constructed of glazing, the maximum amount allowed by the Building Code.
   4108.26 Lighting of driveways, carports, parking areas, walkways and doors shall conform to the following standards:
   4108.26.1 All parking, driving, and walking surfaces, except stairways, shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained one and one-quarter (1.25) foot-candles of light. Exception: Parking facilities which have physically precluded pedestrian and vehicle access during non-business hours may provide a minimum maintained one-quarter (0.25) foot-candles minimum of light on the parking, walking and driving surfaces.
   4108.26.2 Stairways shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained two (2) foot-candles of light on all landings and stair treads.
   4108.26.3 All types of exterior doors shall be illuminated, during the hours of darkness, with a minimum maintained one (1) foot-candle of light, measured within a five (5') foot radius of each side of the door at ground level.
   4108.26.4 Recessed areas of buildings or fences, which have a depth of two (2') feet minimum, a height of five (5') feet minimum, and do not exceed six (6') feet maximum in width and are capable of human concealment, shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one-quarter (0.25) foot-candles of light at ground level during the hours of darkness. This requirement applies to defined recessed areas which are within six (6') feet of the edge of a designated walking surface with an unobstructed pathway to it, not hindered by walls or hedgerow landscaping two (2') feet minimum in height.
   4108.26.5 All luminaires utilized to meet the requirements of this section shall have vandal resistant light fixtures, if on the exterior, with no portion of the fixture placed less than seventy-two (72") inches minimum above the walking or driving surface.
   4108.26.6 A site plan shall be provided showing buildings' parking area, walkways, detailed landscaping and a point-by-point photometric calculation of the required light levels. Foot-candles shall be measured on a horizontal plane and conform to a uniformity ratio of 15:1 maximum/minimum. Landscaping shall not be planted so as to obscure required light levels.
   4108.26.7 The light source shall be controlled by a photocell device or a time clock with an astronomic feature and capable of operating during a power failure.
   4109 Emergency Access.
   4109.1 Private roads and parking areas or structures controlled by unmanned mechanical parking type gates shall provide for public safety and emergency responder access utilizing an approved key switch device and designed as follows:
   4109.1.1 A control pedestal consisting of a metal post/pipe shall be installed at a height of forty-two (42") inches minimum and fifteen (15') feet minimum from the entry/exit gate. It shall be located on the driver's side of the road or driveway and accessible in such a manner as to not require a person to exit their vehicle to reach it; nor to require any back-up movements in order to enter/exit the gate.
   4109.1.2 A control housing consisting of a heavy gauge metal, vandal and weather resistant square or rectangular housing which shall be installed on the top of the control pedestal. The key switch is to be mounted on the side facing the roadway.
   4109.2 All lockable pedestrian gates to residential recreation areas serving six or more dwelling units, and gates or doors to common walkways or hallways of residential complexes where the there are four or more dwelling units within the complex, shall provide for police and fire department emergency access utilizing an approved key switch device or approved key vault which shall be installed as follows:
   4109.2.1 Pedestrian gates/doors using an electromagnetic type lock shall install a key switch within a telephone/intercom console or in a control housing as described in section 4109.1.2 above.
   4109.2.2 Pedestrian gates/doors utilizing mechanical locks shall install a key vault adjacent to each gate/door, securely attaching it to a fence or wall.
   4109.3 Non-residential multi-tenant buildings utilizing electronic access control systems on the main entry doors, and enclosed retail shopping centers shall provide the Police and Fire Departments emergency access utilizing an approved key switch-device or approved key vault which shall be installed as follows:
   4109.3.1 All entry doors to common areas using an electromagnetic type lock shall install a key switch device within the building's exterior telephone/intercom console or in a control housing as described in section 4109.1.2 above, located within close proximity and in a visible area near the door.
   4109.3.2 Exterior main entry doors of an enclosed shopping center utilizing mechanical door locks shall install a key vault within close proximity and in a visible area near the door.
   4110 Special Recreational Space Requirements.
   The provisions of this section shall apply to community buildings, parks, open spaces, trails, community swimming pools, and associated sidewalks and parking lots.
   4110.1 Structures shall comply with all provisions of the Security Code except regarding lighting standards.
   4110.2 Exterior lighting shall conform to the following standards:
   4110.2.1 All types of exterior doors shall be illuminated during the hours of darkness with a minimum maintained one (1) foot-candle of light at ground level, measured within a five (5') foot radius from the center of the door.
   4110.2.2 Recessed areas of buildings or fences, which have a depth of two (2') feet minimum, a height of five (5') feet minimum, and do not exceed six (6') feet maximum in width and are capable of human concealment, shall illuminated with a minimum maintained one-quarter (0.25) foot-candles of light at ground level during the hours of darkness. This requirement applies to defined recessed areas which are within six (6') feet maximum of the edge of a designated walking surface with an unobstructed pathway to it, not hindered by walls or hedge tow landscaping of two (2') feet minimum in height.
   4110.2.3 Stairways shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one (1) foot-candle of light on all landings and stair treads, at all hours of darkness.
   4110.2.4 Parking lots and walkways accessing buildings and parking areas shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one-half (.5) foot-candle of light on the driving or walking surface during all hours of darkness.
   4110.2.5 Swimming pool decks and other hard surface recreation activity areas shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained one-half (.5) foot-candle of light on the walking surface during all hours of darkness.
   4110.2.6 The light source utilized to comply with this section to meet parking, drive, and walking surface lighting shall be maintained by the property owner to sustain the designed illuminance.
   4110.2.7 Luminaires utilized to meet the requirements of this section shall have vandal and weather resistant light fixtures, if accessible, and be eight (8') feet minimum in height from ground level. A luminaire not less than forty-two (42") inches may be utilized to illuminate a walkway if adjacent landscaping is of a variety which does not mature higher than two (2') feet, and it does not interfere with the required light distribution for a distance of sixteen (16') feet along the walkway. Light fixtures shall be deemed accessible if mounted within fifteen (15') feet vertically or six (6') feet horizontally from any accessible surface or any adjoining roof, balcony, landing, stair treads, platform, or similar structure.
   Activation of the required exterior lighting shall be either by a photocell or motion sensor.
   4110.2.8 A site plan shall be provided showing buildings, parking area, walkways, detailed landscaping and a point-by-point photometric calculation of the required light levels. Foot-candles shall be measured on a horizontal plane and conform to a uniformity ratio of 15:1 maximum/minimum. Landscaping shall not be planted so as to obscure required light levels.
   4111 Swimming Pools.
   Common Use Private and Public Swimming pools shall be secured as follows:
   4111.1 Restroom doors and pool gates shall be equipped with automatic closure devices, dead bolts, and a latch protector consisting of one hundred twenty-five thousandths (0.125) inch minimum thick steel, two (2") inches minimum wide and three (3") inches minimum above and below the deadbolt.
Hinges shall be equipped with non-removable hinge pins or a mechanical interlock to preclude removal of the door from the exterior by removing the hinge pins.
   4111.2 The pool equipment room or enclosure is to be secured with either a deadbolt lock or padlock with a five-pin minimum tumbler operation, three-eighths (3/8") inch minimum thick shackle, and heel and toe locking.
   4111.3 The on and off switch for the spa is to be keyed,
   4111.4 Perimeter fencing, using either tubular steel or aluminum, is to be installed at five (5') feet minimum above any surface or slope. Vertical fence pickets are to be spaced four (4") inches maximum on center and be designed to discourage climbing.
   4111.5 Emergency access to locked gates is to be provided through installation of a Knox box key vault which shall contain all keys required to enter the pool area at any time. The box is to be installed within eight (8') feet maximum of the gate and placed between four (4') feet minimum and five (5') feet maximum above ground level.
   4111.6 Selection of landscaping is to consider height of plants regarding providing needed visibility into the pool area from adjacent uses, buildings, and streets.
   4111.7 Lighting shall conform to section 4110.2.5 regarding lighting fixtures.
   4111.8 All entrances to non-public pools/spas shall have signage indicating it is private property and no trespassing is allowed.
   4112 Hardscape.
   Water fountains, walkways, stair rails, masonry planters, benches and seating areas, etc. shall be designed and constructed to preclude use by skateboarders, roller bladers, etc. Applicant shall pursue restricting skateboards etc. pursuant to the provision of 4-1.01 et seq. of the Thousand Oaks Municipal Code. Once operational, the project management shall monitor the premise in a manner to eliminate skateboarding, etc.
(§ 2, Ord. 1669-NS, eff. January 10, 2020)