CHAPTER 1155
Parking and Loading Requirements
1155.01    Location of facilities.
1155.02   Minimum number of off-street parking spaces required.
1155.03   General regulations.
1155.04   Minimum loading and unloading spaces.
1155.05   Parking and loading for uses not specified.
CROSS REFERENCES
      Off-street parking facilities - see Ohio R.C. 717.05 et seq.
      Loading space defined - see P. & Z. 1103.02(a)(47)
      Parking space defined - see P. & Z. 1103.02(a)(68)
   1155.01 LOCATION OF FACILITIES.
   In all districts, in connection with every building or part thereof hereafter created, sufficient parking facilities shall be provided off-street to meet all the parking needs; the nearest edge of such facilities shall be within 500 feet of the principal permitted use or building.
(Ord. 1980-20. Passed 1-28-80.)
   1155.02  MINIMUM NUMBER OF OFF-STREET PARKING SPACES REQUIRED.
   (a)    Auditorium, Stadium, and Similar Uses. One for each four seats based on maximum seating capacity.
   (b)    Business and Professional Offices, Government Administrative Offices, Banks, and Studios. One for each 300 square feet of floor space.
   (c)    Churches and School Auditoriums. One for each four seats in principal auditorium, based on maximum seating capacity.
   (d)    Clubs and Lodges. One per 150 square feet, or fraction thereof, of floor area or one for each three seating spaces in the assembly room, whichever is greater.
   (e)    Dwelling. Two for each dwelling unit.
   (f)    Hospitals. One for each two beds, plus one for each three employees.
   (g)    Hotels and Motels. One for each sleeping room plus one space for each two employees.
   (h)    Medical and Dental Offices and Clinics. Five for each physician or dentist plus one for each two other employees.
   (i)    Restaurants. One for each three seats.
   (j)   Retail Stores and Personal Service Shops etc. One for each 200 square feet of floor area with the following exceptions:
      (1)    Retail establishments selling furniture, floor and wall coverings. One space for each 600 square feet of floor area.
      (2)    Automobile and recreational vehicle sales. One space for each 1,000 square feet of floor area and one space for each 2,000 square feet of outdoor sales and storage area.
   (k)    Indoor Theaters. One for each four seats based on maximum seating capacity.
   (l)    Lodging Houses, Boarding Houses. One for each sleeping and/or guest room.
   (m)    Libraries and Museums. One for each 500 square feet, or fraction thereof, of floor area.
   (n)    Automobile Repair Garages. One for each two employees plus one for each 500 square feet, or fraction thereof, of floor area.
   (o)    Roadside Stand. Two parking spaces.
   (p)    Manufacturing Facilities. One space for each 500 square feet of floor area.
   (q)    Storage and Warehouse Facilities. One space per each 1,000 square feet of floor area.
   (r)    Outdoor and/or Indoor Recreation Facilities.
      (1)    Golf courses. Eight spaces for each green.
      (2)    Tennis courts. Four spaces for each court.
      (3)    Swimming pools. One space for each fifty square feet of swimming pool area.
      (4)    Ballfields. One space for each 4,000 square feet of ballfield.
      (5)   Skating rinks. One space for each fifty square feet of rink area.
      (6)    Bowling alleys. Four spaces for each alley or lane plus one additional space for each 100 square feet of the area used for restaurant, cocktail lounge or similar use.
   (s)    Public and Parochial Schools.
      (1)    Administrative offices. One space for each 300 square feet of gross floor area.
      (2)    Elementary and Junior high. One space for each two staff members.
      (3)    High schools. One space for each two staff members; plus one space for each ten students or one space for each four seats in principal auditorium, whichever is greater.
   (t)    Institutions for Higher Education. One space for each six students in a classroom based on planned capacity.
   (u)    Business, Technical and Trade Schools. One space for each two staff members; plus one space for each two students based on planned capacity provided that kindergarten, child care centers, nursery schools and similar uses shall have two spaces for each classroom, but not less than six spaces for the building.
   (v)    Public Service and Utility Facilities. One space for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area and one additional space for each 2,000 square feet of outdoor storage area, if any.
   (w)    Outdoor Recreation and Entertainment Facilities. One space for every 500 square feet of lot area.
(Ord. 1980-20. Passed 1-28-80.)
   1155.03  GENERAL REGULATIONS.
   (a)   Floor Area. For the purposes of this section "floor area" in offices, merchandising and service types of uses shall mean the area used for service to the public and excludes areas used principally for non-public purposes such as storage, incidental repair, processing, show windows, rest rooms and dressing rooms. In measurement for parking space, fractions of required floor area over one-half shall require one parking space.
   (b)    Parking Space Size and Dimensions. The minimum rectangular dimensions for a parking space shall be:
      (1)    Nine feet and six inches in width and nineteen feet in length for all angle parking, including right angle parking.
      (2)    Nine feet in width and twenty-three feet in length for all parallel parking.
   All dimensions shall be exclusive of driveways, aisles and other circulation areas.
   (c)    Parking Area Design. Such parking areas shall be of useable shape, improved with bituminous concrete, or equivalent surfacing and so graded and drained as to dispose of all surface water accumulation within the area. All lighting used to illuminate such parking areas shall be so arranged as to direct the light away from adjoining premises or streets and no open light sources such as the stringing of light bulbs shall be permitted. Wheel guards, including bumper guards as may be necessary, shall be provided in connection with any off-street parking area of five cars or more, and shall be constructed so as to confine the storm water surface drainage to the premises; to contain the cars on sloping surfaces; and to prevent bumper overhang.
   (d)    Entrances and Exits. Entrances and exits shall be located to minimize traffic congestion and avoid undue interference with pedestrain access at street intersection corners. There shall not be more than two accessways abutting on any one street. The minimum and maximum widths of such accessways shall be determined by the City Engineer in accordance with ODOT Location and Design Manual, Volume 1, Section 803, with concurrence of the Planning Director, except that residential uses shall have accessways of not less than eight feet.
   (e)    Truck Circulation. Truck parking areas, maneuvering lanes and accessways to public roads shall be designed to cause no interference with the safe and convenient movement of automobile and pedestrian traffic on and adjacent to the site.
   (f)    Residential and/or Commercial Districts. The parking and loading regulations for all districts which permit multiple uses shall be the same as the regulations for commercial and/or residential uses as they would otherwise apply individually. The Planning and Zoning Commission may reduce the parking and loading space requirements for multiple uses as a conditional use in accordance with Sections 1155.03 and 1155.04.
   (g)    Yard Restrictions.
      (1)    In all O-C, R-R, R-1 and R-2 Districts, required off-street parking facilities shall not occupy any portion of the required front or side yard, but where open may be included as part of a required open space for a rear yard.
      (2)    In all R-3, R-O and I Districts, open off-street parking facilities may be located in all yards provided that at least a twenty foot wide landscaped strip is located between the parking area and the street right-of-way line. When off-street parking facilities are located in the required side or rear yard on the portion of the lot adjacent to a parcel in an O-C, R-R, R-1, R-2, R-3, and R-O District, a minimum ten foot wide landscaped area shall be located between such parking area and the side or rear lot line, and such parking lot shall be screened from the adjacent parcel by a fence, wall or compact hedge at least four feet in height.
   (h)    Location. The parking spaces required for dwelling units shall be located on the lot and parking spaces required for other uses shall be located on the lot or within 500 feet of the use measured along lines of public access to the property but shall not be allowed in residential districts, except as provided in subsection (i) hereof.
   (i)    Joint Use.
      (1)    Parking spaces already provided to meet off-street parking requirements for places of public assembly, commercial and industrial establishments, lying within 500 feet of a church measured along lines of public access, and that are not normally used between the hours of 6:00 a. m. and 6:00 p. m. on Sundays, and are made available for other parking, may be used to meet no more than seventy-five percent (75%) of the off-street parking requirements of a church.
      (2)    Parking spaces already provided to meet off-street parking requirements for commercial and industrial establishments lying within 500 feet of a place of public assembly along lines of public access, that are not normally in use between 6:00 p. m. and midnight, and are made available for other parking, may be used to meet not more than fifty percent (50%) of the total requirements of parking space.
      (3)    In the case of a mixed use facility, the number of off-street parking facilities required shall equal the sum of the required spaces of the various uses computed individually if the Planning and Zoning Commission determines that special characteristics of the uses within such a facility will require fewer spaces than the computed sum, in which case the Commission may reduce the required number of spaces by no more than one-half of the sum of the spaces required for each individual use as a conditional use.
   (j)    Parking Lots in Residential District. The Planning and Zoning Commission may issue a conditional zoning certificate for parking lots in residential districts subject to the following conditions:
      (1)    The parking lot shall be accessory to and for the use in connection with one or more permitted or conditionally permissible uses in and adjoining commercial or industrial district.
      (2)    Such parking lot shall contain not less than 5,000 square feet, which shall abut at least fifty feet, either directly or across an alley or street, on the district in which the use for which the parking is provided, permitted or conditionally permissible.
      (3)    Such parking lot area shall conform to the minimum building lines of the district in which the parking area is located.
      (4)    Such parking lot shall be used solely for the parking of passenger vehicles and no commercial repair work or service of any kind shall be conducted on such parking lot.
      (5)    No sign of any kind, other than those designating entrances, exits and conditions of use shall be maintained on such parking lot. Entrances and exits shall be at least twenty feet from any adjacent property located in any residential district. Such parking lot shall be efficiently screened on each side by a fence of acceptable design, wall or compact hedge. Such fence, wall or hedge shall be not less than four feet in height and no solid portion shall be more than six feet in height and shall be maintained in good condition. The planting strip for hedges shall be no less than three feet in width. At least one water outlet shall be provided not more than fifty feet from the lot for maintenance of plant materials. The space between such fence, wall or hedge and the side lot line of adjoining premises in any residential district shall be landscaped with grass, hardy shrubs or evergreen ground cover and maintained in good condition
   (k)    Off-Street Parking Landscaping. Parking areas, in any zoning district, shall be provided with fifteen square feet of landscaping per space within the parking area which shall be distributed reasonably evenly across the parking area when the following conditions exist:
      (1)    The parking area has a minimum of thirty parking spaces;
      (2)    The parking area consists of one or more double-loaded parking aisles; and
      (3)    The parking area, or portion thereof, is in full view from the street right of way or adjacent to residential district.
The Planning and Zoning Commission, in reviewing the development plan pursuant to Section 1151.27, may reduce the amount of landscaping required when it determines that the landscaping required is not necessary in reducing the adverse impact of such parking area on adjacent street right of ways or adjacent residential property.
(Ord. 2018-80.  Passed 6-11-18.)
   (l)   With respect to any retail, service, mixed use, industrial or multi-family dwelling, the Planning Commission may, upon finding that the number of parking spaces required by Section 1155.02 are not reasonably necessary in order to provide adequate parking for a proposed development, authorize or require a developer to provide a lesser number of actual parking spaces and to landbank the remaining spaces required by Section 1155.02 for future parking needs.  The entire landbanked area shall be shown on the site plan and improved with landscape plantings as approved by the Commission.  In the event a future change of use or tenancy or expansion of a use requires, in the determination of the Commission, additional actual parking, then the Commission shall require that additional parking spaces be provided from the previously landbanked area of the development.  An agreement executed between the City and the applicant shall be recorded with the Portage County Recorder’s Office and shall attach said restrictions to the real property under the doctrine of lis pendens to be filed at the applicant’s cost prior to occupancy permit being issued.
(Ord. 2009-76.  Passed 6-22-09.)
   1155.04  MINIMUM LOADING AND UNLOADING SPACES.
   Every building used for nonresidential purposes which customarily receives or distributes goods by motor vehicle shall provide sufficient space on the premises for all loading and service purposes on the basis of the following minimum regulations:
   (a)    Access to truck loading and unloading space shall be provided directly from a public street or alley or from any right of way that will not interfere with public convenience and that will permit the orderly and safe movement of such trucks.
   (b)    Loading space required pursuant to this section shall be provided in addition to off-street parking spaces required under Section 1155.01 and shall not be considered as supplying any portion of the required off-street parking spaces.
      (Ord. 1980-20. Passed 1-28-80.)
   1155.05  PARKING AND LOADING FOR USES NOT SPECIFIED.
   Where the off-street parking and loading requirements for a use are not specifically defined herein, the parking and loading facilities for such use shall be developed so as to be sufficient to meet all the parking and loading needs of the proposed use; no parking, loading or servicing shall be done on the right of way of any publicly dedicated thoroughfare.
(Ord. 1980-20. Passed 1-28-80.)