PART FIVE - GENERAL OFFENSES CODE
Art. 501.  Administration and Law Enforcement.
 
Art. 504.  Municipal Court Offenses.
Art. 505.  Animals and Fowl Generally.
Art. 507.  Dogs.
Art. 509.  Disorderly Conduct and Peace Disturbance.
Art. 510.  Noise.
 
Art.511.  Traffic Diversion, Parades, Road Races and Assemblages.
Art. 513.  Gambling.
Art. 515.  Drug Abuse Control.
Art. 517.  Indecency and Obscenity.
Art. 519.  Disposal of Abandoned Motor Vehicles, Junked Motor Vehicles, and Abandoned or Inoperative Household Appliances.
Art. 521.  Liquor Control.
 
Art. 523.  Tobacco Usage Restrictions.
Art. 525.  Minors.
Art. 529.  Offenses Relating to Persons.
Art. 531.  Offenses Relating to Property.
Art. 533.  Railroads.
Art. 537.  Safety and Sanitation.
Art. 545.  Weapons.
ARTICLE 501
Administration and Law Enforcement
501.01   Impersonating an officer.
501.02   Obstructing a law enforcement officer, Human Officer, Park Superintendent or Building Official.
501.03   Obstructing administration of justice; intimidation of police
   officer or judicial officer, witnesses or jurors.
501.99   Penalty.
 
CROSS REFERENCES
See sectional histories for similar State law
Specific types of bribery - see W.Va. Code 3-1-1 et seq., 15-2-17 et seq., 18-2A-9, 61-10-15 and 61-10-22
Penalty not to exceed that provided in W.Va. Code Ch. 61 - see W.Va. Code 8-12-5(56)
Crimes against public justice - see W.Va. Code Art. 61-5
Bribery and corrupt practices generally - see W.Va. Code Art. 61-5A
 
501.01  IMPERSONATING AN OFFICER.
   No person shall impersonate or falsely represent himself as an officer or employee of the City.  (1967 Code Sec. 14-22)
501.02 OBSTRUCTING A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER, HUMANE OFFICER, PARK SUPERINTENDENT OR BUILDING OFFICIAL.
   (a)   Any person who by threats, menaces, acts or otherwise, forcibly or illegally hinders or obstructs, or attempts to hinder or obstruct any law enforcement officer, Humane Officer, Park Superintendent or City Building Official acting in his or her official capacity is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) or confined in the County or Regional Jail not more than thirty days, or both.
   (b)   Any person who, with intent to impede or obstruct a law enforcement officer in the conduct of an investigation of a felony offense, knowingly and willfully makes a materially false statement, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) and not more than two hundred dollars ($200.00) or confined in the County or Regional Jail for five days, or both: provided, that the provisions of this section shall not apply to statements made by a spouse, parent, stepparent, grandparent, sibling, half-sibling, child, stepchild or grandchild, whether related by blood or marriage, of the person under investigation.  Statements made by the person under investigation may not be used as the basis for prosecution under this subsection.
   (c)   Any person who intentionally flees or attempts to flee by any means other than the use of a vehicle from any law enforcement officer, Humane Officer, Park Superintendent or City Building Official, acting in his or her official capacity who is attempting to make a lawful arrest of the person or issue a citation to the person and who knows or reasonably believes that the officer/official is attempting to arrest him or her, or to issue him or her a citation, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) or confined in the County or Regional Jail not more than thirty days, or both.
   (d)   Any person who intentionally flees or attempts to flee in a vehicle from any law enforcement officer, Humane Officer, Park Superintendent or City Building Official acting in his or her official capacity, after the officer/official has given a clear visual or audible signal directing the person to stop, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars ($500.00) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) and shall be confined in the County or Regional Jail not more than thirty days.
   (e)   Any person who intentionally flees or attempts to flee in a vehicle from any law enforcement officer, Humane Officer, Park Superintendent, or City Building Official acting in his or her official capacity, after the officer/offical has given a clear visual or audible signal directing the person to stop, and who causes damage to the real or personal property of any person during or resulting from his or her flight, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one thousand dollars ($1,000) nor more than three thousand dollars ($3,000) and shall be confined in the County or Regional Jail for not more than thirty days.
   (f)   For purposes of this section, “vehicle” includes any motor vehicle, motorcycle, motorboat, all-terrain vehicle, or snowmobile, as those terms are defined in West Va. Code 17-a- 1-1, whether or not it is being operated on a public highway at the time and whether or not it is licensed by the State.
   (g)   For purposes of this section, “flee”, “fleeing” and “flight” do not include any person’s reasonable attempt to travel to a safe place, allowing the pursuing law enforcement officer, Humane Officer, or City Building Official to maintain appropriate surveillance, for the purpose of complying with the officer’s/official’s direction to stop.
(Ord. 2007-03.  Passed 2-19-07.)
501.03  OBSTRUCTING ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE; INTIMIDATION OF POLICE OFFICER OR JUDICIAL OFFICER, WITNESSES OR JURORS.
   (a)   It shall be unlawful for any person to use intimidation, physical force or threats of such, or to attempt to do so, against any person, with the intent to:
      (1)   Impede or obstruct the administration of justice, by any police officer or judicial officer as defined in West Virginia Code 61-5-27, as amended, in the discharge of that person’s duties;
      (2)   Influence, delay, or prevent the testimony of any person in an official proceeding; or
      (3)   Cause or induce any person to:
         A.   Withhold testimony, or withhold a record, document, or other object, from an official proceeding;
         B.     Alter, destroy, mutilate, or conceal an object with intent to impair the object’s integrity or availability for use in an official proceeding;
         C.   Evade legal process summoning that person to appear as a witness, or to produce a record, document, or other object in an official proceeding; or
         D.   Be absent from an official proceeding to which such person has been summoned by legal process.
   (b)   It shall be unlawful for any person to engage in any conduct and thereby cause bodily injury to another person or to damage the tangible property of another person, or to threaten or to attempt to do so, with intent to retaliate against any person:
      (1)   For that person’s discharge of duties as a police officer or judicial officer, witness, juror, or other member of the court; or
      (2)   For the attendance of a witness or party at an official proceeding, or for any testimony given or for the production of any record, document, or other object produced by a witness in an official proceeding.
   (c)   Any person who violates this section shall be punished as provided in Section 501.99.
   (d)   For the purposes of this section, “official proceeding” means a proceeding pending before any judge, and the testimony given or to be given, or the record, document or other object produced or to be produced need not be admissible in evidence or free of a claim of privilege at the time of the commission of any unlawful act as provided in this section.
(Ord. 98-31.  Passed 7-6-98.)
501.99  PENALTY.
   Whoever violates any provision of this Part Five - General Offenses Code for which no other penalty is provided shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.