§ 150.02  PROPERTY MAINTENANCE CODE ADOPTED.
   (A)   A certain document, three copies of which are on file in the office of the City Clerk, being marked and designated as The BOCA National Property Maintenance Code, Fourth Edition, 1993, as published by the Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc., be and is hereby adopted as the Property Maintenance Code of the city for the control of buildings and structures as herein provided and each and all of the regulations, provisions, penalties, conditions and terms of the BOCA National Property Maintenance Code are hereby referred to, adopted and made a part hereof as if fully set out in this chapter, with the additions, insertions, deletions and changes, if any, as may be prescribed by the City Council.
   (B)   The BOCA National Property Maintenance Code is amended and revised in the following respects.
      (1)   Section PM-101.1 (page 1, second line):  Insert “City of Saugatuck.”
      (2)   Section PM-106.2 (page 3, third line):  Insert “Not more than $500.”
      (3)   Section PM-106.2 (page 3, fourth line):  Insert “And/or 90 days.”
      (4)   Section PM-304.12 (page 11, first line):  Insert “April 1st to November 1st.”
      (5)   Section PM-602.2.1 (page 17, fifth line):  Insert “September 1st to April 30th.”
      (6)   Section PM-602.3 (page 17, third line):  Insert “September 1st to April 30th.”
   (C)   BOCA National Property Maintenance Code (Text included here for reference purposes):
SECTION PM-101.0 GENERAL
PM-101.1 Title: These regulations shall be known as the Property Maintenance Code of Saugatuck hereinafter referred to as “this code.”
PM-101.2 Scope: This code is to protect the public health, safety and welfare in all existing structures, residential and nonresidential, and on all existing premises by establishing minimum requirements and standards for premises, structures, equipment, and facilities for light, ventilation, space, heating, sanitation, protection from the elements, life safety, safety from fire and other hazards, and for safe and sanitary maintenance; fixing the responsibility of owners, operators and occupants; regulating the occupancy of existing structures and premises, and providing for administration, enforcement and penalties.
PM-101.3 Intent: This code shall be construed to secure its expressed intent, which is to insure public health, safety and welfare insofar as they are affected by the continued occupancy and maintenance of structures and premises. Existing structures and premises that do not comply with these provisions shall be altered or repaired to provide a minimum level of health and safety as required herein.
PM-101.4 Referenced standards: The standards referenced in this code and listed in Chapter 8 shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference. Where differences occur between provisions of this code and referenced standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
PM-101.5 Existing remedies: The provisions in this code shall not be construed to abolish or impair existing remedies of the jurisdiction or its officers or agencies relating to the removal or demolition of any structure which is dangerous, unsafe and unsanitary.
PM-101.6 Workmanship: All repairs, maintenance work, alterations or installations which are caused directly or indirectly by the enforcement of this code shall be executed and installed in a workmanlike manner.
PM-101.7 Application of other codes: Any repairs, additions or alterations to a structure or changes of occupancy, shall be done in accordance with the procedures and provisions of the building, plumbing and mechanical codes and NFiPA 70 listed in Chapter 8.
SECTION PM-102.0 VALIDITY
PM-102.1 Validity: If any section, subsection, paragraph, sentence, clause or phrase of this code shall be declared invalid for any reason whatsoever, such decision shall not affect the remaining portions of this code which shall continue in full force and effect, and to this end the provisions of this code are hereby declared to be severable.
PM-102.2 Saving clause: This code shall not affect violations of any other ordinance, code or regulation existing prior to the effective date hereof, and any such violation shall be governed and shall continue to be punishable to the full extent of the law under the provisions of those ordinances, codes or regulations in effect at the time the violation was committed.
SECTION PM-103.0 MAINTENANCE
PM-103.1 Required: All equipment, systems, devices and safeguards required by this code or a previous statute or code for the structure or premises when erected or altered shall be maintained in good working order. The requirements of this code are not intended to provide the basis for removal or abrogation of fire protection and safety systems and devices in existing structures.
SECTION PM-104.0 APPROVAL
PM-104.1 Approved materials and equipment: All materials, equipment and devices approved by the code official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
PM-104.2 Modifications: Where there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out structural or mechanical provisions of this code, the code official shall have the right to vary or modify such provisions upon application of the owner or the owners representative, provided that the spirit and intent of the law is observed and that the public health, safety and welfare is assured.
PM-104.2.1 Records: The application for modification and the final decision of the code official shall be in writing and shall be officially recorded in the permanent records of the department.
PM-104.3 Material and equipment reuse: Materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and placed in good and proper working condition and approved.
PM-104.4 Alternative materials and equipment: The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material or method of construction shall be approved when the code official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
PM-104.5 Research and investigations: Sufficient technical data shall be submitted to substantiate the proposed installation of any material or assembly. If it is determined that the evidence submitted is satisfactory proof of performance for the proposed installation, the code official shall approve such alternative subject to the requirements of this code. The cost of all tests, reports and investigations required under these provisions shall be paid by the applicant.
SECTION PM-105.0 DUTIES AND POWERS OF CODE OFFICIAL
PM-105.1 General: The code official shall enforce all of the provisions of this code.
PM-105.2 Notices and orders: The code official shall issue all necessary notices or orders to ensure compliance with the code.
PM-105.3 Right of entry: The code official is authorized to enter the structure or premises at reasonable times to inspect. Prior to entering into a space not otherwise open to the general public, the code official shall make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the structure or premises, present proper identification and request entry. If requested entry is refused or not obtained, the code official shall pursue recourse as provided by law.
PM-105.4 Access by owner or operator: Every occupant of a structure or premises shall give the owner or operator thereof, or agent or employee, access to any part of such structure or its premises at reasonable times for the purpose of making such inspection, maintenance, repairs or alterations as are necessary to comply with the provisions of this code.
PM-105.5 Identification: The code official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.
PM-105.6 Coordination of enforcement: Inspection of premises, the issuance of notices and orders and enforcement thereof shall be the responsibility of the code official so charged by the jurisdiction. Whenever inspections are necessary by any other department the code official shall make reasonable effort to arrange for the coordination of such inspections so as to minimize the number of visits by inspectors, and to confer with the other departments for the purpose of eliminating conflicting orders before any are issued. A department shall not, however, delay the issuance of any emergency orders.
PM-105.7 Rule-making authority: The code official shall have power as necessary in the interest of public health safety and general welfare, to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations to interpret and implement the provisions of this code to secure the intent thereof and to designate requirements applicable because of local climatic or other conditions. Such rules shall not have the effect of waiving structural or fire performance requirements specifically provided for in this code or of violating accepted engineering practice involving public safety.
PM-105.8 Organization: The code official shall appoint such number of officers, technical assistants, inspectors and other employees as shall be necessary for the administration of this code and as authorized by the appointing authority. The code official is authorized to designate an employee as deputy who shall exercise all the powers of the code official during the temporary absence or disability of the code official.
PM-105.9 Restriction of employees: An official or employee connected with the enforcement of this code, except one whose only connection is that of a member of the board of appeals established under the provisions of Section PM-111.0, shall not be engaged in, or directly or indirectly connected with, the furnishing of labor, materials or appliances for the construction, alteration or maintenance of a building, or the preparation of construction documents thereof, unless that person is the owner of the building; nor shall such officer or employee engage in any work that conflicts with official duties or with the interests of the department.
PM-105.10 Relief from personal responsibility: The code official, officer or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction, shall not thereby be rendered liable personally, and is hereby relieved from all personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of any act required or permitted in the discharge of official duties. Any suit instituted against an officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer and employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by the legal representative of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in any action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code; and any officer of the department of building inspection, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be free from liability for acts performed under any of its provisions or by reason of any act or omission in the performance of official duties in connection therewith.
PM-105.11 Official records: An official record shall be kept of all business and activities of the department specified in the provisions of this code, and all such records shall be open to public inspection at all appropriate times and according to reasonable rules to maintain the integrity and security of such records.
SECTION PM-105.0 VIOLATIONS
PM-106.1 Unlawful acts: It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, extend, repair, remove, demolish, maintain, fall to maintain, provide, fail to provide, occupy, let to another or occupy or permit another person to occupy any structure or equipment regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, contrary to or in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code, or to fail to obey a lawful order of the code official, or to remove or deface a placard or notice posted under the provisions of this code.
PM-106.2 Penalty: Any person who shall violate a provision of this code shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a fine of not less than [AMOUNT] nor more than [AMOUNT] or imprisonment for a term not to exceed [NUMBER] days, or both, at the discretion of the court. Each day that a violation continues after due notice has been served shall be deemed a separate offense.
PM-106.3 Prosecution: In case of any unlawful acts the code official shall institute an appropriate action or proceeding at law to exact the penalty provided in Section PM-106.2. Also, the code official shall ask the jurisdiction’s legal representative to proceed at law or in equity against the person responsible for the violation for the purpose of ordering that person:
   1.   To restrain, correct or remove the violation or refrain from any further execution of work;
   2.   To restrain or correct the erection, installation, maintenance, repair or alteration of such structure;
   3.   To require the removal of work in violation; or
   4.   To prevent the occupancy of the structure that is not in compliance with the provisions of this code.
SECTION PM-107.0 NOTICES AND ORDERS
PM-107.1 Notice to owner or to person or persons responsible: Whenever the code official determines that there has been a violation of this code or has grounds to believe that a violation has occurred, notice shall be given to the owner or the person or persons responsible therefore in the manner prescribed in Sections PM-107.2 and PM-107.3. Notices for condemnation procedures shall also comply with Section PM-108.3.
PM-107.2 Form: Such notice prescribed in Section PM-107.1 shall:
   1.   Be in writing;
   2.   Include a description of the real estate sufficient for identification;
   3.   Include a statement of the reason or reasons why the notice is being issued; and
   4.   Include a correction order allowing a reasonable time for the repairs and improvements required to bring the dwelling unit or structure into compliance with the provisions of this code.
PM-107.3 Method of service: Such notice shall be deemed to be properly served if a copy thereof is (a) delivered to the owner personally; or (b) sent by certified or registered mail addressed to the owner at the last known address with return receipt requested. If the certified or registered letter is returned showing that the letter was not delivered, a copy thereof shall be posted in a conspicuous place in or about the structure affected by such notice. Service of such notice in the foregoing manner upon the owner’s agent or upon the person responsible for the structure shall constitute service of notice upon the owner.
PM-107.4 Penalties: Penalties for noncompliance with orders and notices shall be as set forth in Section PM-106.2.
PM-107.5 Transfer of ownership: It shall be unlawful for the owner of any dwelling unit or structure who has received a compliance order or upon whom a notice of violation has been served to sell, transfer, mortgage, lease or otherwise dispose of to another until the provisions of the compliance order or notice of violation have been complied with, or until such owner shall first furnish the grantee, transferee, mortgagee or lessee a true copy of any compliance order or notice of violation issued by the code official and shall furnish to the code official a signed and notarized statement from the grantee, transferee, mortgagee or lessee, acknowledging the receipt of such compliance order or notice of violation and fully accepting the responsibility without condition for making the corrections or repairs required by such compliance order or notice of violation.
SECTION PM-108.0 UNSAfE STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENT
PM-108.1 General: When a structure or equipment is found by the code official to be unsafe, or when a structure is found unfit for human occupancy, or is found unlawful, such structure shall be condemned pursuant to the provisions of this code.
PM-108.1.1 Unsafe structure: An unsafe structure is one that is found to be dangerous to the life, health, property or safety of the public or the occupants of the structure by not providing minimum safeguards to protect or warn occupants in the event of fire, or because such structure contains unsafe equipment or is so damaged, decayed, dilapidated, structurally unsafe, or of such faulty construction or unstable foundation, that partial or complete collapse is likely.
PM-108.1.2 Unsafe equipment: Unsafe equipment includes any boiler, heating equipment, elevator, moving stairway, electrical wiring or device, flammable liquid containers or other equipment on the premises or within the structure which is in such disrepair or condition that such equipment is a hazard to life, health, property or safety of the public or occupants of the premises or structure.
PM-108.1.3 Structure unfit for human occupancy: A structure is unfit for human occupancy whenever the code official finds that such structure is unsafe, unlawful or, because of the degree to which the structure is in disrepair or lacks maintenance, is unsanitary, vermin or rat infested, contains filth and contamination, or lacks ventilation, illumination, sanitary or heating facilities or other essential equipment required by this code, or because the location of the structure constitutes a hazard to the occupants of the structure or to the public.
PM-108.1.4 Unlawful structure: An unlawful structure is one found in whole or in part to be occupied by more persons than permitted under this code, or was erected, altered or occupied contrary to law.
PM-108.2 Closing of vacant structures: If the structure is vacant and unfit for human habitation and occupancy, and is not in danger of structural collapse, the code official is authorized to post a placard of  condemnation  on  the  premises  and order the structure closed up so as  not  to  be  an  attractive nuisance. Upon failure of the owner to close up the premises within the time specified in the order, the code official shall cause the premises to be closed through any available public agency or by contract or arrangement by private persons and the cost thereof shall be charged against the real estate upon which the structure is located and shall be a lien upon such real estate.
PM-108.4 Notice: Whenever the code official has condemned a structure or equipment under the provisions of this section, notice shall be posted in a conspicuous place in or about the structure affected by such notice and served on the owner or the person or persons responsible for the structure or equipment in accordance with Section PM-107.3. The notice shall be in the form prescribed in Section PM-107.2.
PM-108.4 Placarding: Upon failure of the owner or person responsible to comply with the notice provisions within the time given, the code official shall post on the premises or on defective equipment, a placard bearing the word “Condemned” and a statement of the penalties provided for occupying the premises, operating the equipment or removing the placard.
PM-108.5 Prohibited occupancy: Any person who shall occupy a placarded premises or shall operate placarded equipment, and any owner or any person responsible for the premises who shall let anyone occupy a placarded premises or operate placarded equipment shall be liable for the penalties provided by this code.
PM-108.6 Removal of placard: The code official shall remove the condemnation placard whenever the defect or defects upon which the condemnation and placarding action were based have been eliminated. Any person who defaces or removes a condemnation placard without the approval of the code official shall be subject to the penalties provided by this code.
SECTION PM-109.0 EMERGENCY MEASURES
PM-109.1 Imminent danger: When, in the opinion of the code official, there is imminent danger of failure or collapse of a building or structure which endangers life, or when any structure or part of a structure has fallen and life is endangered by the occupation of the structure, or when there is actual or potential danger to the building occupants or those in the proximity of any structure because of explosives, explosive fumes or vapors or the presence of toxic fumes, gases or materials, or operation of defective or dangerous equipment, the code official is hereby authorized and empowered to order and require the occupants to vacate the premises forthwith. The code official shall cause to be posted at each entrance to such structure a notice reading as follows: “This Structure is Unsafe and its Occupancy has been Prohibited by the Code Official.” It shall be unlawful for person to enter such structure except for the purpose of securing the structure, making the required repairs, removing the hazardous condition, or of demolishing the same.
PM-109.2 Temporary safeguards: Notwithstanding other provisions of this code, whenever, in the opinion of the code official, there is imminent danger due to an unsafe condition, the code official shall order the necessary work to be done, including the boarding-up of openings, to render such structure temporarily safe whether or not the legal procedure herein described has been instituted: and shall cause such other action to be taken as the code official deems necessary to meet such emergency.
PM-109.3 Closing streets: When necessary for the public safety, the code official shall temporarily close structures and close, or order the authority having jurisdiction to close, sidewalks, streets, public ways and places adjacent to unsafe structures, and prohibit the same from being utilized.
PM-109.4 Emergency repairs: For the purposes of this section, the code official shall employ the necessary, labor and materials to perform the required work as expeditiously as possible.
PM-109.5 Costs of emergency repairs: Costs incurred in the performance of emergency work shall be paid from the treasury of the jurisdiction on approval of the code official. The legal counsel of the jurisdiction shall institute appropriate action against the owner of the premises where the unsafe structure is or was located for the recovery of such costs.
PM-109.6 Hearing: Any person ordered to take emergency measures shall comply with such order forthwith. Any affected person shall thereafter, upon petition directed to the appeals board, be afforded a hearing as described in this code.
SECTION PM-111.0 DEMOLITION
PM-110.1 General: The code official shall order the owner of any premises upon which is located any structure, which in the code official’s judgement is so old, dilapidated or has become so out of repair as to be dangerous, unsafe, unsanitary or otherwise unfit for human habitation or occupancy, and such that it is unreasonable to repair the structure, to raze and remove such structure; or if such structure is capable of being made safe by repairs, to repair and make safe and sanitary or to raze and remove at the owner’s option; or where there has been a cessation of normal construction of any structure for a period of more than two years, to raze and remove such structure.
PM-110.2 Order: All notices and orders shall comply with Section PM-107.0.
PM-110.3 Failure to comply: if the owner of a premises fails to comply with a demolition order within the time prescribed, the code official shall, cause the structure to be razed and removed, either through an available public agency or by contract or arrangement with private persons and the cost of such razing and removal shall be charged against the real estate upon which the structure is located and shall be a lien upon such real estate.
PM-110.4 Salvage materials: When any structure has been ordered razed and removed, the governing body or other designated officer under said contract or arrangement aforesaid shall have the right to sell the salvage and valuable materials at the highest price obtainable. The net proceeds of such sale, after deducting the expenses of such razing and removal, shall be promptly remitted with a report of such sale or transaction, including the items of expense and the amounts deducted, for the person who is entitled thereto, subject to any order of a court if such a surplus does not remain to be turned over, the report shall so state.
SECTION PM-111.0 MEANS Of APPEAL
PM-111.1 Application for appeal: Any person affected by a decision of the code official or a notice or order issued under this code shall have the right to appeal to the board of appeals, provided that a written application for appeal is filed within 20 days after the day the decision, notice or order was served. An application for appeal shall be based on a claim that the true intent of this code or the rules legally adopted thereunder have been incorrectly interpreted, the provisions of this code do not fully apply, or the requirements of this code are adequately satisfied by other means.
PM-111.2 Membership of the board: The board of appeals shall consist of five members appointed by the chief appointing authority as follows: one for five years, one for four years, one for three years, one for two years, and one for one year. Thereafter, each new member shall serve for five years or until a successor has been appointed.
PM-111.2.1 Qualifications: The board of appeals shall consist of five individuals, one from each of the following professions or disciplines:
   1.   Registered design professional that is a registered architect; or a builder or superintendent of building construction with at least ten-years experience, five of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
   2.   Registered design professional with structural engineering or architectural experience.
   3.   Registered design professional with mechanical or plumbing engineering experience; or a mechanical or plumbing contractor with at least ten-years experience, five of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
   4.   Registered design professional with electrical engineering experience; or an electrical contractor with at least ten-years experience, five of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
   5.   Registered design professional with fire protection engineering experience; or a fire protection contractor with at least ten-years experience, five of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
PM-111.2.2 Alternate members: The chief appointing authority shall appoint two alternate members who shall be called by the board chairman to hear appeals during the absence or disqualification of a member. Alternate members shall possess the same qualifications required for board membership, and shall be appointed for five years or until a successor has been appointed.
PM-111.2.3 Chairman: The board shall annually select one of its members to serve as chairman.
PM-111.2.4 Disqualification of member: A member shall not hear an appeal in which that member has any personal, professional or financial interest.
PM-111.2.5 Secretary: The chief administrative officer shall designate a qualified clerk to serve as secretary to the board. The secretary shall file a detailed record of all proceedings in the office of the chief administrative officer.
PM-111.2.6 Compensation of members: Compensation of members shall be determined by law.
PM-111.3 Notice of meeting: The board shall meet upon notice from the chairman, within ten days of the filing of an appeal, or at stated periodic meetings.
PM-111.4 Open hearing: All hearings before the board shall be open to the public. The appellant, the appellant’s representative, the code official, and any person whose interests are affected shall be given an opportunity to be heard.
PM-111.4.1 Procedure: The board shall adopt and make available to the public through, the secretary, procedures under which a hearing will be conducted. The procedures shall not require compliance with strict rules of evidence but shall mandate that only relevant information be received.
PM-111.5 Postponed hearing: When five members are not present to hear an appeal, either the appellant or the appellant’s representative shall have the right to request a postponement of the hearing.
PM-111.6 Board decision: The board shall modify or reverse the decision of the code official by a concurring vote of three members.
PM-111.6.1 Resolution: The decision of the board shall be by resolution. Certified copies shall be furnished to the appellant and to the code official.
PM-111.6.2 Administration: The code official shall take immediate action in accordance with the decision of the board.
PM-111.7 Court review: Any person, whether or not a previous party of the appeal, shall have the right to apply to the appropriate court for a writ of certiorari to correct errors of law. Application for review shall be made in the manner and time required by law following the filing of the decision in the office of the chief administrative officer.
(Ord. passed 11-27-1995; Am. Ord. passed 11-27-1995)