1177.01  MEANING OF WORDS AND PHRASES.
   For the purposes of the Subdivision Regulations, the following words and terms shall be defined as follows in this Chapter.
(1)   Alley. “Alley” means a right-of-way, not exceeding thirty (30) feet in width, which affords secondary vehicular access to abutting property.
(2)   Block. “Block” means an area comprising the lots having frontage on that part of one side of a street, which is between two intersecting streets.
(3)   Building setback line.  “Building setback line” means the line established by this Code, generally parallel with and measured from a lot line, indicating the minimum distance permitted between a new building and a right-of-way or lot line as regulated by the Zoning Ordinance.
(4)   City. “City” means the City of Sandusky, Ohio.
(5)   City Commission.  “City Commission” means the City Commission of the City of Sandusky, Ohio.
(6)   City Engineer.  “City Engineer” means the Director of Engineering Services of the City of Sandusky, Ohio.
(7)   City Manager.  “City Manager” means the Chief Administrative Officer of the City of Sandusky, Ohio.
(8)   City Law Director.  “City Law Director” means the Law Director of the City of Sandusky, Ohio.
(9)   Comprehensive Plan.  “Comprehensive Plan” means the plan or plans made and adopted by the Planning Commission and City Commission of the City of Sandusky, Ohio indicating the intended location, extent, purpose, features or characteristics of public and private development, including land uses, structures, roads and other transportation, community facilities, housing, utilities, drainage facilities, services, and other aspects of the future development of the community, and including statements of goals, objectives, and recommendations therefor.
(10)   Construction agreement.  “Construction agreement” means a legally binding document executed by the Subdivider and the City Manager which describes the commitments, responsibilities, and authorities of the Subdivider and the City in the design, approval, construction, inspection, finance, maintenance, and use of improvements constructed for a subdivision.
(11)   Director of Community Development. “Director of Community Development” means the Director of the Department of Community Development of the City of Sandusky, Ohio or such other person as the City Manager shall authorize to carry out the responsibilities and authorities assigned to the Director of Community Development by the Subdivision Regulations.
(12)   Dwelling, Single-Family.  “Single-Family Dwelling” means a building designed for or occupied exclusively by one family.
(13)   Easement. “Easement” means a grant by a property owner of a specific use of the property owner’s land.
(14)   Engineering Design and Construction Standards. “Engineering Design and Construction Standards” means the standards, specifications and policies, prepared by the City Engineering Department as kept on file with the Department of Engineering Services, for the proper design, documentation, inspecting, testing, maintenance, ownership, and operation of improvements.
(15)   Engineer, professional.  “Professional engineer” means a person registered as a professional engineer by the Ohio State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Surveyors.
(16)   Flood Control. “Flood Control” shall refer to Chapter 1157 of the Planning and Zoning Code.
(17)   Frontage. “Frontage” means that portion of a lot abutting on a street and through which vehicular movement or access may be permitted from the lot onto such street. On a corner lot, for the purposes of enforcement of the regulations of this code, “frontage” shall be considered the shorter of the two dimensions of the lot that abuts a street. For through lots, “frontage” shall be the portion of the lot that fronts on the main street.
(18)   Improvements.  “Improvements” means street pavements, curbs and gutters, sidewalks, water mains, sanitary and storm sewers, street trees and other forms of construction.
(19)   Lot. “Lot” means a parcel of land legally existing under the ordinances of the City of Sandusky, Ohio, intended as a unit for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of transfer of ownership or for building development.
(20)   Lot, corner. “Corner lot” means a lot having frontage upon two (2) or more streets at their intersection.
(21)   Lot, interior. “Interior Lot” means a lot other than a corner lot or through lot.
(22)   Lot, through.  “Through Lot” means a lot, which has 2 street lines opposite each other, and which are parallel, or within 45 degrees of being parallel to each other.
(23)   Monument.  “Monument” means a visible mark or indication placed on an object, or a pin, marker, or other structure placed and marked to indicate the lines and boundaries of a survey.
(24)   Planning Commission.  “Planning Commission” means the City Planning Commission of the City of Sandusky, Ohio.
(25)   Plat.  “Plat” means a map upon which the subdivider’s plan of the subdivision for lots, rights-of-way and other features is drawn and which is submitted for the approval of the Planning Commission.  A plat shall be prepared by a professional surveyor or professional engineer.
(26)   Reserve.  “Reserve” means a parcel of land within a subdivision that is specifically dedicated for future use or future subdivision.
(27)   Right-of-way.  “Right-of-way” means an area of land, owned by the City, County of Erie, State of Ohio, or the federal government or over which one or more of the aforementioned governments have possession of rights for public passage, such area being occupied or intended to be occupied by a street, alley, crosswalk or other public improvement relating to public travel or access.
(28)   Street, thoroughfare, road.  The full width between property lines bounding every dedicated travel way, with a part thereof to be used for vehicular traffic and designated as follows:
A.   Alley.  See definition in subsection (1) hereof.
B.   Arterial Street.  A general term denoting a highway primarily for through traffic, carrying heavy loads and large volumes of traffic, usually on a continuous route.  Design speed is generally 55 miles per hour.
C.   Collector Street.  A thoroughfare, whether within a residential, industrial, commercial, or other type of development, which primarily carries traffic from local streets to arterial streets, including the principal entrance and circulation routes within residential subdivisions.  Design speed is generally 35 miles per hour.
D.   Cul-de-sac.  A local street of relatively short length with one end open to traffic and the other end terminating in a vehicular turnaround.  Design speed is generally 25 miles per hour.
E.   Dead-end street.  A street temporarily having only one outlet for vehicular traffic, which may or may not be intended to extend or continued in the future.
F.   Local street.  A street primarily for providing access to residential, commercial, or other abutting property.  Design speed is generally 25 miles per hour.
G.   Loop street.  A type of local street each end of which terminates at an intersection with the same arterial or collector street, and whose principal radius points of the one hundred and eighty (180) degree system of turns are not more than three thousand (3000) feet from said arterial or collector street, nor normally more than six hundred (600) feet from each other.
H.   Marginal access or frontage street.  A local or collector street, parallel and adjacent to an arterial or collector street, providing access to abutting properties and protection from arterial or collector streets. 
(29)   Subdivide.  “Subdivide” means the act of dividing or assembling one or more existing lots of land into one or more new lots of land and or rights-of-way, in conformance with the requirements of the Subdivision Regulations.
(30)   Subdivider.  “Subdivider” means any person who owns property proposed to be subdivided, or the duly authorized agent of such owner, who undertakes the subdivision of land.
(31)   Subdivision.  “Subdivision” means:
A.   The division of any parcel of land shown as a unit or as contiguous units on the last preceding tax roll, into two or more parcels, sites, or lots, any one of which is less than five acres, for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of transfer of ownership, provided, however, that the division or partition of land into parcels of more than five acres not involving any new streets or easements of access, and the sale or exchange of parcels between adjoining lot owners, where such sale or exchange does not create additional building sites, shall be exempted; or
B.   The improvement of one or more parcels of land for residential, commercial or industrial structures or groups of structures involving the division or allocation of land for the opening, widening or extension of any street or streets, except private streets serving industrial structures; the division or allocation of land as open spaces for common use by owners, occupants or lease holders or as easements for the extension and maintenance of public sewer, water, storm drainage or other public facilities. (O.R.C. 711.011)
(32)   Subdivision, major. “Major subdivision” means a subdivision of land involving the opening, widening or extension of a street; or a subdivision of land involving the creation of more than five (5) lots from the original lot.
(33)   Subdivision, minor.  “Minor subdivision” means a subdivision of land which, has frontage on an existing street; does not involve the opening, widening, or extension of a street; and involves the creation of not more than five (5) lots.
(34)   Subdivision Regulations.   “Subdivision Regulations” means the rules and regulations contained in Chapters 1175 to 1187 of the Codified Ordinances of the City of Sandusky.
(35)   Surveyor, professional.  “Professional surveyor” means a person registered as a professional surveyor by the Ohio State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Surveyors.
(36)   Zoning Ordinance.  “Zoning Ordinance” means Part Eleven; Titles One, Three, Five and Seven of the Codified Ordinances of the City of Sandusky, Ohio.
      (Ord. 02-176.  Passed 10-28-02.)