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For the purpose of this Part, all words used in present tense include the future tense. All words in the plural number include the singular number and all words in the singular number include the plural number, unless the natural construction of the word clearly indicates otherwise. The word "shall" is mandatory and not discretionary. The word "used" includes "designated, intended, built, or arranged to be used."
BLIGHTED PROPERTY —
(1) Any premises which because of physical condition or use is regarded as a public nuisance at common law, or has been declared a public nuisance in accordance with the local housing, building, plumbing, fire and related codes.
(2) Any premises which because of physical condition, use or occupancy is considered an attractive nuisance to children, including but not limited to abandoned wells, shafts, basements, excavations, and unsafe fences or structures.
(3) Any dwelling which because of its dilapidated, unsanitary, unsafe, vermin-infested or lacking in the facilities and equipment required by the housing or building codes of the municipality, has been designated by the department responsible for enforcement of the code as unfit for human habitation.
(4) Any structure which is a fire hazard, or is otherwise dangerous to the safety of persons or property.
(5) Any structure from which utilities, plumbing, heating, sewerage or other facilities have been disconnected, destroyed, removed, or rendered ineffective so that the property is unfit for its intended use.
(6) Any vacant or unimproved lot or parcel of ground in a predominantly built-up neighborhood, which by reason of neglect or lack of maintenance has become a place for accumulation of trash and debris, or a haven for rodents or other vermin.
(7) Any unoccupied property which has been tax delinquent for a period of two years prior to the effective date of this Part, and those in the future having a two-year tax delinquency.
(8) Any property which is vacant, but not tax delinquent, which has not been rehabilitated within one year of the receipt of notice to rehabilitate from the appropriate code enforcement agency.
(9) Any abandoned property. A property shall be considered abandoned if:
(a) It is a vacant or unimproved lot or parcel of ground on which a municipal lien for the cost of demolition of any structure located on the property remains unpaid for a period of six months.
(b) It is a vacant property or vacant or unimproved lot or parcel of ground on which the total of municipal liens on the property for tax or any other type of claim of the municipality are in excess of 150% of the fair market value of the property as established by any body with legal authority to determine the taxable value of the property.
(c) The property has been declared abandoned by the owner, including an estate that is in possession of the property.
(10) A property which has defective or unusual conditions of title or no known owners, rendering title unmarketable. [Added 10-22-2012 by Ord. No. 106-2010]
(11) A property which has environmentally hazardous conditions, solid waste pollution or contamination in a building or on the land which poses a direct and immediate threat to the health, safety and welfare of the community. [Added 10-22-2012 by Ord. No. 106-2010]
(12) A property having three or more of the following characteristics: [Added 10-22-2012 by Ord. No. 106-2010]
(a) Has unsafe or hazardous conditions that do not meet current use, occupancy or fire codes;
(b) Has unsafe external and internal accessways;
(c) Is being served by an unsafe public street or right-of-way;
(d) Violates the applicable property maintenance code adopted by a municipality and is an immediate threat to public health and safety;
(e) Is vacant;
(f) Is located in a redevelopment area with a density of at least 1,000 people per square mile or a redevelopment area with more than 90% of the units of property being nonresidential or a municipality with a density of at least 2,500 people per square mile.
B. Multiple properties. Blighted property shall include: [Added 10-22-2012 by Ord. No. 106-2010]
(1) A majority of the units of property meet any of the requirements under Subsection A and represent a majority of the geographical area; or
(2) Properties representing a majority of the geographical area meet one or more of the conditions set forth in Subsection A(1) through (11) or satisfy the conditions of Subsection A(12) that are necessary for a declaration of blight under Subsection A and at least 1/3 of the units of property meet two or more of the requirements under Subsection A(1) through (11) or satisfy the conditions of Subsection A(12) and one or more of the requirements under Subsection A(1) though (11).
CITY — The City of Reading.
CITY COUNCIL — The legislative body of the City of Reading, composed of Council President and six district representatives.
CODE — The health, housing, building, fire, electrical, plumbing or other related code of the City of Reading.
COMMISSION — The Reading Planning Commission.
COMMITTEE — The Blighted Property Review Committee.
GOVERNING BODY — The City Council of the City of Reading.
PUBLIC NUISANCE or NUISANCE — Any condition or usage whatsoever in or about buildings, structures or land or the streets or private ways and places, or elsewhere, within the City, whether public or private, which is found to be detrimental to the public health as determined by the Committee or other appropriate City office or agency.
REDEVELOPMENT AREA — Any area, whether improved or unimproved, which the Planning Commission may find to be blighted so as to require development.
REDEVELOPMENT AREA PLAN — A plan for the redevelopment of all or part of a redevelopment area made by a Planning Commission.
REDEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY — Redevelopment Authority of the City of Reading.
REDEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL — A proposal, including a copy of the redevelopment area plan and supporting data, submitted for approval to the governing body by an authority for the redevelopment of all or part of a redevelopment area.
RESIDENTIAL AND RELATED USE — Includes residential property for sale or rental and related uses, including but not limited to, park and recreation areas, neighborhood community services, and neighborhood parking lots.
VACANT — Any unoccupied or unimproved lot or parcel of ground, which by reason or neglect or lack of maintenance shows to be unlikely habitable, implying abandonment on the part of the previous tenants or owner.