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As used in this Title, the following words and terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this Section:
ALLEY: Any narrow highway ordinarily located in the interior portion of platted blocks and ordinarily used for service or delivery purposes at the rear of stores, dwellings or buildings.
AMBULANCE: A motor vehicle constructed, reconstructed or arranged for the purpose of transporting ill, sick or injured persons.
BICYCLE: A device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two (2) tandem wheels.
BUS: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten (10) passengers and used for the transportation of persons, and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
BUSINESS DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to, and including a highway if there are buildings within six hundred feet (600') of the highway in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks or office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet (300') of frontage on one side or three hundred feet (300') collectively on both sides of the highway.
CENTER LANE: Any clearly marked center lane. If the center lane is not marked and no cars are parked on the roadway, then the center lane is equally distanced between the curbs or travelled portion of the roadway. In the event a vehicle is parked on one side of the roadway only, then the center lane is equally distanced from the side of the parked vehicle toward the street and curb on the opposite roadway. If vehicles be parked on each side of the roadway, then the center lane is equally distanced from the edges of the parked vehicles.
COMMERCIAL VEHICLES: Every vehicle designed, maintained or used primarily for the transportation of property.
CONTROLLED ACCESS HIGHWAY: Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same, except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street or roadway.
CROSSWALK: That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the street measured from the curbs; or in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway. "Crosswalk" also means any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
DOUBLE PARK: Parking or stopping a vehicle on the roadway side of another vehicle already parked adjacent to the edge or curbing of the roadway.
DRIVER OR OPERATOR: A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
EMERGENCY: An unforeseeable occurrence of temporary duration causing or resulting in an abnormal increase in traffic volume, cessation or stoppage of traffic movement, or creation of conditions hazardous to normal traffic movement, including fire, storm, accident, riot or spontaneous assembly of large numbers of pedestrians in such a manner as to impede the flow of traffic.
EMERGENCY VEHICLE: Vehicles of the Fire Department, police vehicles and ambulances.
HIGHWAY: See Street, as defined in this Section.
INTERSECTION: A. The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadway of two (2) streets, which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different streets join at any other angle, may come in conflict; or
B. Where a street includes two (2) roadways thirty feet (30') or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided street by an intersecting street, shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting street also includes two (2) roadways thirty feet (30') or more apart, then every crossing of two (2) roadways of such streets shall be regarded as separate intersections.
LANED ROADWAY: A roadway which is divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
LIMIT LINES: Boundaries of parking areas, loading zones and nontraffic areas and lines indicating the proper place for stopping where stops are required.
LIMITED ACCESS HIGHWAY: See Controlled Access Highway, as defined in this Section.
LOADING ZONE: A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or material. A freight curb loading zone is a loading zone for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight; a passenger curb loading zone is a loading zone for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled.
MOTORCYCLE, MOTOR SCOOTER AND MOTOR BICYCLE: A motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle for the use of the driver and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
OFFICIAL TIME: Whenever certain hours are named herein they shall mean Central Standard Time, or Daylight Savings Time, as may be in current use in the City.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICE: All signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this Title, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
PARK OR PARKING: The standing of a vehicle whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of, and while actually engaged in, loading or unloading merchandise or passengers, providing such loading and unloading is in an authorized place.
PEDESTRIAN: Any person afoot.
POLICE OFFICER: Every officer of the City Police Department, or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic, or to make arrests for violation of traffic regulations.
PRIVATE ROAD OR ROADWAY: A way or place in private ownership or leading to property in private ownership and used for vehicular traffic by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner.
PUBLIC PARKING LOT: Any parking lot on right of way dedicated to public use or owned by the State, or a political subdivision thereof, or any way or place, although privately owned, which has been provided for the purpose of vehicular travel and parking by the public in connection with a commercial, business or professional establishment in the City.
RAILROAD: A carrier of persons or property upon cars other than streetcars operated upon stationary rails.
RAILROAD TRAIN: A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, except streetcars.
RESIDENCE DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet (300') or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
RIGHT OF WAY: The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other.
ROADWAY: That portion of a street improved, designed and ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulders. In the event a street includes two (2) or more separate roadways, the term roadway, as used herein, shall refer to any such roadway, separately, but not to all such roadways, collectively.
SAFETY ZONE: The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times, while set apart as a safety zone.
SCHOOL ZONE: All streets or portions of streets immediately adjacent to a school, or school ground, or designated by sign, where the same is adjacent and for a distance of three hundred feet (300') in each direction.
SIDEWALK: That portion of a street between the curb lines or at lateral lines of the roadway and adjacent property lines, intended for use of pedestrians.
STAND OR STANDING: Any stopping of a vehicle whether occupied or not.
STOP: When required, shall mean the complete cessation from movement.
STOP OR STOPPING: When prohibited, means any halting even momentarily of a vehicle whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic signal.
STREET OR HIGHWAY: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is opened to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
THROUGH STREET OR HIGHWAY: A street, or boulevard or highway, or portion thereof, at the entrances to which:
A. Vehicular traffic from intersecting streets or highways is required by law to come to a full stop before entering or crossing; and
B. Stop signs are erected as provided in this title.
TRAFFIC: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances, either singularly or together, while using any highway or street for purpose of travel.
TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES OR SIGNALS: Any device legally authorized and used for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
U-TURN: A turn by which a vehicle reverses its course of travel on the same street.
URBAN DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than one hundred feet (100') for a distance of a quarter mile or more.
VEHICLE: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is, or may be, transported or drawn upon a highway or street, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. (1988 Code § 15-104; amd. 2000 Code)