§ 156.01  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning. In the event that any term used herein is not defined then the definition of such term as used in the latest version of the Dictionary of Architecture and Construction, by Cyril M. Harris, McGraw-Hill Publishing shall be used.
   BLOCK.  The property abutting on a street on one side of the street and lying between the two nearest intersecting streets and/or railroad rights-of-way or waterway, golf course, campus, park or other park or other open space when used otherwise than in a plotted description of specific property.
   BUILDING LINES.  Lines established by Chapter 157 along the front, rear and sides of a lot, which govern the location of structures on a lot.
   CORNER LOT.  Any lot situated at the intersection of two streets and abutting the streets.
   DEVELOPMENT.  The act of building structures and/or installing site improvements.
   DIMENSIONS OF LOTS.  For the:
      (1)   DEPTH OF A LOT.  The distance between the midpoints of straight lines connecting the foremost points of the side lot lines in front and the rearmost points of the side lot lines in the rear.
      (2)   WIDTH OF A LOT.  The distance between the side lines of the lot if the side lines are parallel to each other; if side lines are not parallel, width shall be construed as rear width.
   EASEMENT.  A strip of land reserved for public utilities, drainage and other public services, the title to which shall remain in the property owners, subject to the right of use designated in the reservation of the servitude.
   FINAL PLAT.  The final map or drawing on which the subdivisioner’s plan of subdivision is presented to the Town Council for approval and when approved will be submitted to the clerk of the circuit court of the county for recording.
   FRONTAGE.  The distance measured along a public street right-of-way.
   INTERIOR LOT.  A lot other than a corner lot with only one frontage on a street.
   LOT.  A parcel of land of at least sufficient size to meet minimum zoning requirements for use, coverage and area, and to provide yards and other open space as are required in this chapter. The LOT shall have frontage on an improved public street or an approved private street and may consist of:
      (1)   A single lot of record;
      (2)   A portion of a lot of record;
      (3)   A combination of complete lots of record, or complete lots of record and portions of lots of record, or of lots of record; or
      (4)   A parcel of land described by metes and bounds, provided that in no case of division of combination shall any residual lot or parcel be created that does not meet the requirements of this chapter.
   LOT LINE.  The boundary line of a lot.
   PRELIMINARY PLAT.  A preliminary map, drawing or chart indicating the proposed layout of the subdivision to be submitted to the Planning and Zoning Board for recommendation and to the Town Council for approval.
   REVERSED-FRONTAGE LOT.  A lot on which the frontage is at right angles or approximately right angles (interior angle less than 120 degrees) to the general pattern on the area. A REVERSED-FRONTAGE LOT may also be a corner lot, an interior lot or a through lot.
   RIGHT-OF-WAY.  Land reserved, used or to be used for a street, alley, walkway, drainage facility or other public purpose.
   STREETS AND ALLEYS.  A way for a vehicular traffic, whether designated as a street, highway, thoroughfare, parkway, throughway, road, avenue, boulevard, land, place or however otherwise designated.
      (1)   ALLEYS.  Minor ways used primarily for vehicular service access to the back or the side of properties otherwise abutting on a street.
      (2)   ARTERIAL STREETS FOR HIGHWAYS. Those used primarily for fast or heavy traffic.
      (3)   COLLECTOR STREETS.  Those that carry traffic from minor streets to the motor system or arterial streets and highways, including the principal entrance streets of a residential development and streets for circulation within a development.
      (4)   MARGINAL ACCESS STREETS.  Minor streets parallel to and adjacent to arterial streets and highways, and provide access to abutting properties and protection from through traffic.
      (5)   MINOR STREETS.  Those used primarily for access to the abutting properties.
   SUBDIVISION.  Includes and encompasses the following:
      (1)   In those cases in which new public or approved private streets are required to be constructed for access prior to building as required by Chapter 157 of this code, all divisions of a tract or parcel of land into three or more lots, parcels, building sites or other divisions of land for the purpose of transfer of ownership or building development;
      (2)   In those cases involving the dedication of a new street or a change of existing streets, all divisions of a tract or parcel of land in two or more lots, parcels, building sites or other divisions of land for the purpose of a transfer of ownership or building development;
      (3)   Notwithstanding other provisions of this section, the following shall not be included within the definition of the term SUBDIVISION nor be subject to the regulations prescribed by this chapter:
         (a)   The combination or recombination of portions of previously platted plots where the total number of lots is not increased, the resultant lots are equal to or exceed the standards of the town as required by Chapter 157 of this code, and necessary adjustments in utilities and site improvements meet the approval of the Building Official;
         (b)   The division of land into parcels greater than five acres where no street right-of-way dedication is involved; and
         (c)   The public acquisition of strips of land for the widening or opening of streets.
      (4)   Resubdivision, and when appropriate to the context, shall relate to the process of subdividing or to the land subdivided; and
      (5)   A group development developed so that it might be broken into smaller parcels at some future time, which shall also meet the requirements of this chapter.
   THROUGH LOT.  A lot other than a corner lot with frontage on more than one street. Through lots abutting two streets may be referred to as a double-frontage lot.
   UTILITIES.  Means but is not limited to power systems, gas systems, sanitary sewer systems, storm drainage systems, telephone systems and television cable systems.
(2000 Code, § 58-1)  (Ord. 88-01, passed 5-24-1988; Ord. 2014-04, passed 3-25-2014)