§ 158.136  REQUIREMENTS; HOW CALCULATED.
   (A)   Required parking spaces.
      (1)   Parking requirement calculations shall be based on gross square footage of each land use type, unless otherwise specified. Except as may be established by an approved alternate parking plan, approved pursuant to § 158.138 of this chapter, parking spaces shall be provided in not less than the number of spaces (rounded up to the next whole number) necessary to address the applicable use as set forth on the table entitled, “Minimum Parking Guidelines, By Use”. Developments containing two or more of the uses listed on the table shall provide the combined number of spaces required for each use, except as may be reduced under § 158.138(C) of this chapter.
      (2)   Required additional off-street parking spaces for enlarged or expanded uses or buildings shall be calculated based only the increased use or building, provided that in all cases the number of off-street parking spaces provided for the entire use (preexisting, plus expansion) must equal at least 75% of the minimum ratio established in the table entitled, “Minimum Parking Guidelines, By Use”. In cases of expansion to parking areas, gravel lots anywhere on the site shall be upgraded to an asphalt or concrete surface.
   (B)   Calculation of required spaces. For purposes of calculations set forth in the table, the following terms and methods shall govern.
      (1)   Gross leasable area (“GLA”) shall be determined by the total area in square feet (“SF”) of all floors intended for occupancy and the exclusive use of tenants, specifically excluding public or common
areas such as utility rooms, stairwells, enclosed malls and interior hallways; gross floor area (“GFA”) is determined by the total area in square feet of all floors, measured between the exterior walls of a building.
      (2)   Parking requirements based on employees or capacity calculations shall be based on the largest number of persons working on any single shift or the maximum fire-rated ICC occupant load, whichever is applicable and results in the greater number of spaces.
      (3)   Parking requirements for churches, theaters or other similar assembly uses shall be based on a ratio of one parking space required for each two and one-half seats permanently and/or temporarily placed for the largest aggregate assembly or assemblies on-site. If seating is horizontal, as with a pew, one seat is measured as 30 horizontal inches.
      (4)   The required number of stacking spaces for drive-thru establishments shall include the automobile already located at the window, teller, bay or other applicable drive-thru structure.
 
Table: Minimum Parking Requirements, By Use
Use
Number of Parking Spaces
Required for Each
RESIDENTIAL
   Group quarters: fraternity and sorority houses, dormitories and the like
1
Room to be rented, plus 1 per 2 employees
   Multi-family residence
2
Dwelling unit
   Retirement facility
1
Bed
   Single-family residence, attached and detached; includes mobile and modular homes
2
Dwelling unit
   Two-family residence
2
Dwelling unit
COMMERCIAL
   Automobile, truck, recreation vehicle, manufactured home or utility structure sales
3
1,000 SF of indoor sales area, plus
1
2,500 SF of outdoor display, plus
3
Service bay
   Banks
4
1,000 GFA, plus 4 stacking spaces for each bank teller drive thru window or ATM machine
   Bowling center
4.5
Lane
   Building supplies, brick or lumber yard
2
1,000 SF of indoor sales area, plus
1
2,500 SF of outdoor display
   Day care center
1
400 GFA, or
2
Per each employee, or
1
For each 6 children, whichever is greater
* Additional requirement - a day care requires an unobstructed pick up area to include either a minimum of 2 dedicated spaces, a pull off lane or other dedicated pick-up area, in addition to a safe pedestrian walkway
   Funeral home
35
Per viewing room, or
1
For 4 seats, whichever is greater
   Furniture or carpet store
3
1,000 GFA of showroom space, plus
2
For each 3 employees
   Hotel or motel:
      Convention hotel or a motel with a restaurant or lounge
1.5
Room, plus
2
For 3 employees
      Non-convention hotel or a motel with no restaurant or lounge
1
Room, plus
2
For 3 employees
   Mini-warehouse
4
1,000 SF of office space,
1
5 storage units in an interior space
   Offices:
      General and professional offices, insurance and real estate offices
4
1,000 GFA
      Medical and dental
4.5
1,000 GFA, or 4 per doctor, plus 1 per each additional employee, whichever is greater
   Restaurant, custom service
9
1,000 GFA
   Restaurant, fast food
9
1,000 GFA, or
1
For each 2 seat plus 2 for every 3 employees, whichever is greater, plus
8
Stacking spaces for each drive-through lane
   Retail sales area or service establishments not listed elsewhere
4
1,000 GFA, plus
3
Stacking spaces minimum, for any retail or service use with a drive-up facility
   Retail, general
4
1,000 GFA
   Service station, gas station, auto repair shop or garage, convenience store or car wash
3
Service bay, plus
1
Fueling position, plus
4
1,000 GFA of retail space, plus
5
Stacking spaces per automatic car wash bay, plus
4
Stacking spaces per self-service car wash bay
   Supermarket
4
1,000 GFA
   Tavern/bar/nightclub
10
1,000 GFA, or
1
3-person capacity based on ICC occupant load, whatever combination is greatest, plus
2
Each 3 employees, whichever is greater
INDUSTRIAL - INCLUDING STORAGE, WHOLESALE AND MANUFACTURING
   Open storage of sand, gravel, petroleum and the like
1
2,500 SF of outdoor sales area, or
1
per 3 employees
   Wholesale warehouse, office-warehouse, manufacturing warehouse, transfer and storage
2.5
1,000 SF of office space, plus
1
per each employee
INSTITUTIONAL AND OTHER
   Auditoriums, churches, theaters, stadiums and other places of assembly
1
2.5 seats, or
1
3-person capacity based on ICC occupant load, whatever combination is greatest
Note: see § 158.136(B)(3)
   Civic clubs, cultural facilities, fraternal lodges and the like
5
1,000 GFA, or
1
Per 3 person capacity based on ICC occupant load, whatever combination is greatest
   College (instructional space)
10
Classroom
   Elementary and junior high schools
2
Per classroom, or 1 per employee, or
1
Per 2 seats in the gym, individually or as measured on horizontal benches at 30", whichever is greater
   Hospital
2
Bed, plus 1 for each doctor and employee
   Senior high schools
6
Per classroom, plus
1
Per employee
   Technical college, trade school
10
Per classroom
RECREATION/ENTERTAINMENT
   Amusement parlor, recreational attraction, roller skating or ice skating rink
10
1,000 GFA
   Entertainment event, major
1
3-person capacity based on ICC occupant load
   Golf course or country club
2
Hole, plus
1
2 employees
   Golf driving range
2
Tee
   Golf, miniature
2
Hole
   Health club or fitness center
4.5
1,000 GFA
   Movie theater
1
2.5 seats
 
(Ord. 623, passed 9-8-1970)