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For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
ALLEY. Any driveway or walkway designed or intended to be used by the general public.
AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE. Vehicles of the Fire Department (fire patrol), police vehicles, and such ambulances or emergency vehicles of municipal departments or public service corporations as are designated or authorized by the State Highway Department or by the Chief of Police. (S.C. Code § 56-5-170)
BUSINESS DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a roadway, when, within 600 feet along such roadway, there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks, office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least 300 feet of frontage on one side or 300 feet collectively on both sides of the roadway.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-520)
(1) That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the street, measured from the curbs, or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; or
(2) Any portion of a roadway, at an intersection or elsewhere, distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-500)
DRIVER. Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-400)
(1) The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling on different highways joining at any other angle may come in contact.
(2) When a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, every crossing of each roadway of such highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
LANED HIGHWAYS. A highway, the roadway of which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic. (S.C. Code § 56-5-470)
MOTOR VEHICLE. Every vehicle which is self-propelled. (S.C. Code § 56-5-130)
OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD. Whenever certain hours are named herein, they shall mean standard time or daylight saving time, as may be in current use in this municipality.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES. All signs, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this chapter or S.C. Code, Title 56, Chapter 5, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-540)
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL. Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and proceed.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-550)
OPERATE. Run, drive, pull, draw, tow, or otherwise move on, along, or across a highway any vehicle making use of a highway by means of a motor vehicle being used thereon, or motor vehicle in charge of and under the direction of an operator.
OWNER. Every person who holds the legal title of a vehicle, or in the event a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase on performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee, or a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then such conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the OWNER for the purpose of this title.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-410)
PARK. When prohibited, the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-610)
PEDESTRIAN. Any person afoot.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-390)
POLICE OFFICER. Every officer, regular or special, of the Police Department of this municipality, every member of the State Highway Patrol, and any other officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violation of traffic regulations of this municipality. (S.C. Code § 56-5-420)
PRIVATE ROAD or DRIVEWAY. Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular and other travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons. (S.C. Code § 56-5-450)
RAILROAD. A carrier of persons or property on cars. (S.C. Code § 56-5-270)
RAILROAD TRAIN. A steam engine or electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated on rails. (S.C. Code § 56-5-280)
RESIDENCE DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a BUSINESS DISTRICT when the property on such highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-530)
RIGHT-OF-WAY. The privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-580)
ROADWAY. That portion of a street improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulder or berm. Where a highway includes two roadways, the term ROADWAY shall refer to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively. (S.C. Code § 56-5-460)
SAFETY ZONE. The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-510)
SIDEWALK. That portion of a street between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians. (S.C. Code § 56-5-480)
STANDING. Any stopping of a vehicle, whether occupied or not.
STOP. When required, a complete cessation of movement. (S.C. Code § 56-5-590)
STOP or STOPPING. When prohibited, any stopping of a vehicle or traffic, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-600)
STREET or HIGHWAY. The entire width between property lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for purposes of vehicular or other traffic. (S.C. Code § 56-5-430)
THROUGH HIGHWAY. Every highway or portion thereof, at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same, when stop signs are erected as provided by law and the ordinances, rules, and regulations of this municipality. (S.C. Code § 56-5-440)
TRAFFIC. Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, or single animals whether being led or driven, or other thing, vehicles, bicycles, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any street for purposes of travel.
(S.C. Code § 56-5-570)
VEHICLE. Every device in, on, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. (S.C. Code § 56-5-120)
('81 Code, § 70.01)