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For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
ALLEY. A street intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic.
AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE.
(1) Vehicles of the Fire Department, police vehicles, and ambulances and other emergency vehicles operated by or for hospitals, or health and hospital corporations under IC 16-22-8.
(2) Vehicles designated as emergency vehicles by the State Department of Transportation under IC 9-21-20-1.
(3) Motor vehicles that, subject to IC 9-21-20-2, are approved by the State Emergency Medical Services Commission that are:
(a) Ambulances that are owned by persons, firms, limited liability companies or corporations other than hospitals; or
(b) Not ambulances and that provide emergency medical services, including extrication and rescue services (as defined in IC 16-18-2-110).
(4) Vehicles of the Department of Correction that, subject to IC 9-21-20-3, are:
(a) Designated by the Department of Correction as emergency vehicles; and
(b) Responding to an emergency.
BICYCLE. Any foot-propelled vehicle, regardless of the number of wheels in contact with the ground.
BUSINESS DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a highway when 50% or more of the frontage thereon for a distance of 500 feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.
CROSSWALK. That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway. Any portion of a roadway, at an intersection or elsewhere, distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
DRIVER. Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
HOLIDAY. The following days of the year shall be designated as holidays: The first day of January (commonly known as New Year's Day); the last Monday of May (commonly known as Memorial Day); July 4 (commonly known as Independence Day); the first Monday of September (commonly known as Labor Day); the fourth Thursday of November (commonly known as Thanksgiving Day); and December 25 (commonly known as Christmas Day).
INTERSECTION. The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines or, if none, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict. The junction of any alley with a street shall not constitute an INTERSECTION.
LOADING ZONE. A space reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or property.
OFFICER or POLICE OFFICER. Every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD. Standard time or daylight-saving time, as may be in current use in the town.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES. All signs, signals, markings, and devices including railroad advance warning signs, not inconsistent with this traffic code, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
PARK or PARKING. The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.
PARKING SPACE or PARKING PLACE. A designated portion of the surface of a street of sufficient length and depth to accommodate a vehicle of reasonable dimensions to be parked. The designated portion shall be specified and marked off as provided in this traffic code.
PEDESTRIAN. Any person afoot.
PERSON. Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation.
RESIDENCE DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district, when the property on such highway for a distance of 500 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
RIGHT-OF-WAY. The privilege of the immediate use of the highway.
ROADWAY. That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
SIDEWALK. That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians.
STAND or STANDING. The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
STATE LAW. Indiana laws regulating and relating to motor vehicles and their operation.
STOP or STOPPING. Complete cessation from movement. When prohibited, STOP means any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.
STREET or HIGHWAY. The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained, when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
TOWN COUNCIL. A simple majority vote of the Town Council of the town.
TRAFFIC. Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel.
TRUCK. Every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.
VEHICLE. Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
(IC 9-13-1-1 et seq.)