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For the purpose of this Traffic Code the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
ALLEY. A service way providing a secondary means of public access to abutting property and not intended for general traffic circulation.
AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE. Vehicles of the Public Safety Department and such ambulances and emergency vehicles of municipal departments or public service corporations as are designated or authorized by the Chief of Public Safety.
BICYCLE. Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, usually having two tandem wheels either of which is 16 inches in diameter or larger.
BLOCK. A portion of any street located between any two intersections of any two streets, next adjacent to each other.
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT. The central area of the city used primarily for purposes of retail business and offices, bounded by Church Street from Charlotte Avenue east to Windsor Street; thence up Windsor Street from Church Street west to Hayne Street; thence down Hayne Street from Windsor Street south to Morrow Street; then out Morrow Street from Hayne Street to Main Street; then out Lancaster Avenue from Main Street to Stewart Street; thence down Stewart Street from Lancaster Avenue north to Franklin Street; thence out Franklin Street from Stewart Street West to Charlotte Avenue; thence down Charlotte Avenue from Franklin Street north to Church Street, the point of beginning.
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE. Every vehicle designed, maintained or used primarily for the transportation of property.
CONTROLLED-ACCESS HIGHWAY. Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting property or lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same, except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street or roadway.
CROSSWALK. That portion of any street or roadway ordinarily including within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections. Any portion of a roadway or street distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other marking on the surface of such street or roadway.
DRIVER. Every person who shall drive or who shall be in actual physical control of the operation of any vehicle.
FREIGHT CURB LOADING ZONE. A space adjacent to a curb for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight.
(1) The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines or, if none, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of the two highways which join one another at or approximately at right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
(2) Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
LANED ROADWAY. A roadway which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
MOTORCYCLE. Every motor vehicle having a saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
MOTOR VEHICLE. Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle designed to run upon the streets which is pulled by a self-propelled vehicle.
OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD. Whenever certain hours are named herein they shall mean standard time or daylight saving time as may be in current use in the city.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICE. Any sign, signal, marking or device, not inconsistent with this Traffic Code, placed or erected by authority of the governing body, for the purpose of regulating, warning, prohibiting or guiding traffic upon the streets and thoroughfares of the city.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC SIGNALS. Any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, whereby traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed, or to turn, or to proceed with caution.
PARK. The stationary positioning of a vehicle while not in use or with the intention of leaving the vehicle unattended by a licensed driver.
PARKING LANE. That portion of the paved roadway normally used for the parking of vehicles. The parking lane is separated from the traffic lane by a solid white line on the roadway.
PEDESTRIAN. Any person afoot.
PERSON. Every natural person, firm, co-partnership, association or corporation, or govern-mental agency.
PRIVATE ROAD or DRIVEWAY. Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons. The function is to provide traffic access within group developments. Right-of-way improvements remain private property and the city is not responsible for maintenance.
PUBLIC CONVEYANCE. Any vehicle other than a taxicab or railroad train for transporting persons for a fare.
PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER. Every peace officer of the city, including every employee of the city authorized and empowered to regulate traffic and to make arrests for any violations of the provisions of this Traffic Code.
RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT. Various areas in the city where the exclusive use and zoning of property is residential, whether single-family, duplex or apartments. The intent of this definition is to exclude areas in which residents exist in areas zoned for business, office or industrial uses.
ROADWAY. That portion of a street or highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. In the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term “roadway” as used herein shall refer to any such roadways separately but not to all such roadways collectively.
SAFETY ZONE. The area of space officially set apart within any roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which space shall be so protected or marked or indicted by visible and adequate markers or signs as shall be visible at all times while so set apart as a safety zone for pedestrians.
SIDEWALK. That portion of a street off the roadway behind the curb or ditch line, constructed primarily for the use of pedestrians.
SIDEWALK STANDING. The brief stopping of a vehicle for the immediate loading or unloading of passengers.
STOP. When required, the complete cessation of movement of any vehicle.
STOP or STOPPING. When prohibited, any stopping of any vehicle, except when such stopping means that it shall be necessary to stop such vehicle to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of any peace officer of the city or by reason of any traffic-control sign or signal or by reason of any emergency.
STREET and HIGHWAY. The entire width between property lines of every way or place of whatever nature, when any part thereof is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for the purposes of vehicular traffic.
STREET RIGHT-OF-WAY. The legal bound-aries of the street adjacent to or crossing private and public properties.
THROUGH HIGHWAY. Every street or high-way or portion thereof at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting streets or highways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same and when stop signs are erected as provided in this Traffic Code.
TRAFFIC. Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles of all kinds, conveyances, tractors, bicycles, motorcycles and the like, either singly or together, while using any street or alleyway for travel, including the operation of, the loading or unloading of, or the parking of any vehicle upon any of the public streets of the city.
TRAFFIC DIVISION. The Traffic Division of the Public Safety Department of this city, or in the event a traffic division is not established, such term whenever used herein shall be deemed to refer to the Public Safety Department of the city.
TRAFFIC LANE. That portion of the paved roadway normally used for the movement of traffic.
VEHICLE. Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon any street within the corporate limits, and for the purposes of this Traffic Code any bicycle shall be deemed a vehicle.
VEHICULAR or PEDESTRIAN RIGHT- OF-WAY. The privilege of the immediate use of the street or roadway.
('84 Code, § 16-1)