§ 16.64.090  PERMITTED PARKING ALTERNATIVES.
   A.   Collective Parking. Off-street parking spaces for separate uses may be provided collectively if the aggregate number of spaces provided is not less than the sum of the spaces required in Table 16.64-2: Collective Parking Calculation. Table 16.64-2 is applied in the following manner:
      1.   The required number of spaces for each use is calculated according to Table 16.64-1: Required Off-Street Parking.
      2.   The required number of spaces for each use is then applied to the percentages for each time, according to the appropriate land use category, in Table 16.64-2 to determine the number of required spaces. This is done for each time category.
      3.   The numbers are sum for all land uses within each time category and the highest sum total in a time category is the required number of spaces.
 
TABLE 16.64-2:  COLLECTIVE PARKING CALCULATION
LAND USE
Weekday
Weekend
Mid–7 am
7 am–6 pm
6 pm–Mid
Mid–7 am
7 am–6 pm
6 pm–Mid
Residential
100%
55%
85%
100%
65%
75%
Commercial
0%
100%
80%
0%
100%
60%
Educational Facility
0%
100%
50%
0%
0%
0%
Place of Worship
0%
80%
10%
20%
100%
20%
Restaurant
50%
70%
100%
45%
70%
100%
Hotel/Motel
100%
65%
90%
100%
65%
80%
Movie Theater
0%
70%
100%
5%
70%
100%
Office
5%
100%
5%
0%
10%
10%
Industrial
5%
100%
5%
0%
60%
10%
 
      4.   The Zoning Enforcement Officer may approve the provision of fewer collective parking spaces based on specific data regarding the hours of operation and parking demands of the individual uses.
      5.   The users of the collective parking arrangement record an agreement to share parking facilities and cross access easements, subject to approval by the Zoning Enforcement Officer. A copy of the recorded agreement and cross access easements shall be submitted to the Zoning Enforcement Officer.
      6.   The off-site parking facilities are located within six hundred (600) feet of the lot line of the use or structure served.
   B.   Land Banked Future Parking. Land banking allows for designating a portion of land on a site that would be required for parking to be held and preserved as open space, rather than constructed as parking. The land banking of up to twenty-five percent (25%) of the required parking spaces may be approved through the site plan review process, subject to the following.
      1.   Sufficient evidence is provided by the applicant that supports the reduced parking needs.
      2.   The area proposed for land banking of parking spaces shall be an area suitable for parking at a future time.
      3.   Landscape of the land banked area shall be in full compliance of the zoning regulations and, at a minimum, landscaped with live groundcover. Additional landscape may be required.
      4.   The land banked area cannot be used for any other use and shall be part of the same zoning lot and all under the same ownership.
      5.   As part of the site plan review process, the applicant shall show the area to be banked on the site plan and marked as “Land Banked Future Parking.”
      6.   The Zoning Enforcement Officer, based on evidence that the provided parking is insufficient to meet the parking demand for the use, may require the construction of all or part of the required parking within the land banked area.
   C.   Cross-Access Easements.
      1.   Adjacent non-residential uses that possess dedicated parking areas are encouraged to provide a cross-access drive to allow circulation between sites. Property owners are required to pursue cross-access with neighboring property owners at the time of site plan review. If cross-access will not be provided, the County shall require that the property owner provide proof that adjacent property owners have been contacted in writing regarding the provision of cross-access. (See Figure 16.64-3: Cross-Access Easement)
Figure 16.64-3:  Cross-Access Easement
 
      2.   Joint use driveways and cross-access easements shall incorporate the following:
         a.   A minimum width of twenty-four (24) feet to ensure two-way travel aisles to accommodate automobiles, service vehicles, and loading vehicles.
         b.   Bump-outs and other design features to make it visually obvious that the abutting properties are tied together.
         c.   A unified access and circulation plan for coordinated or shared parking areas.
      3.   Pursuant to this section, property owners who establish cross-access easements shall:
         a.   Record an easement allowing cross-access to and from properties served by the joint use driveways and cross-access easement.
         b.   Record a joint maintenance agreement defining the maintenance responsibilities of each property owner.
   D.   On-Street Parking. On-street parking spaces are those that are within a road right-of-way. They may be substituted for required off-street parking when located in a Legacy Neighborhood Overlay District, on a street with a posted speed limit of thirty-five (35) miles-per-hour or less, and not prohibited by the applicable road jurisdiction(s), which may have additional requirements.
(Ord. O-201410-10-035, passed 10-14-2014; Ord. O-201601-ZBA-006, passed 1-19-2016; Ord. O-201603-ZBA-010, passed 3-17-2016, § 16.9; Ord. O-201803-ZBA-10-08, passed 3-19-2018; Ord. O-201808-10-033, passed 8-21-2018)