13.12.020 Findings.
   (a)   The federal Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. Section 1251, et seq.,) provides for the regulation and reduction of pollutants discharged into the waters of the United States by extending National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System ("NPDES") requirements to stormwater and urban runoff discharge into municipal storm drain systems;
   (b)   Stormwater and urban runoff flows from individual properties onto streets, then through storm drains passing through the city and finally into the waters of the United States;
   (c)   The city is a co-permittee under the "Waste Discharge Requirements for Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System ("MS4") discharges within the Coastal Watersheds of Los Angeles County, except those discharges originating from the city of Long Beach MS4, which also serves as a NPDES permit under the federal Clean Water Act (NPDES No. CAS614001), as well as waste discharge requirements under California law (the "municipal NPDES permit") and, as a co-permittee under the municipal NPDES permit, the city is required to adopt ordinances and implement procedures with respect to the entry of non-stormwater discharges into the municipal stormwater system;
   (d)   Part III, Section A of the municipal NPDES permit requires the city to effectively prohibit non-stormwater discharges from within its boundaries, into that portion of the MS4 which it owns or operates and into watercourses, except where such discharges are:
      (1)   In compliance with a separate individual or general NPDES permit, or
      (2)   Identified and in compliance with Part III. A (non-stormwater discharges) of the municipal NPDES permit, or
      (3)   Originate from federal, state or other facilities which the city is preempted from regulating, and further provides that compliance with the terms of the municipal NPDES permit through the development and implementation of the programs described in the municipal NPDES permit will constitute compliance with the discharge prohibition in the municipal NPDES permit;
   (e)   Part VI, Section A.2 of the municipal NPDES permit requires the city to establish and maintain the legal authority necessary to control discharges to and from those portions of the MS4 over which it has jurisdiction, so as to comply with the municipal NPDES permit and to specifically prohibit certain discharges identified in the municipal NPDES permit;
   (f)   The Municipal NPDES Permit contemplates the development of a Watershed Management Program in which the city will participate, which will in turn require the development and the implementation of programs for, among other things, the elimination of illicit connections and illicit discharges, development planning, development construction, and public information and education requirements, and which may require the later adoption of additional legal authority to implement such programs as they are developed by the permittees and approved by the Regional Board;
   (g)   In order to control, in a cost-effective manner, the quantity and quality of stormwater and urban runoff to the maximum extent practicable, the adoption of the ordinance codified in this chapter is essential.
(Ord. 671 § 1,2014)