For the purpose of this chapter, certain abbreviations, terms, phrases, words, and their derivatives shall be construed as defined in this section. Words used in the masculine gender include the feminine; and the feminine, the masculine.
ACCEPTED ENGINEERING PRACTICE: That which conforms to accepted principles, tests, or standards of nationally recognized technical or scientific authorities.
ACCESSORY STRUCTURE: A building the use of which is incidental to that of the main building and which is located on the same lot.
ADDITION: An extension or increase in floor area or height of a building or structure.
AIR CONDITIONING: The treatment of air so as to control simultaneously its temperature, humidity, cleanness and distribution to meet the requirements of a conditioned space.
AIR DUCT: A tube or conduit used for conveying air.
APARTMENT: A dwelling unit within a building containing more than one dwelling unit sometimes having a common entrance to a common hallway.
APPROVED: Approval by the building officer, or his designee, as the result of investigation, inspection and/or tests conducted by him, or by reason of accepted principles or tests by nationally recognized organizations.
APPROVED AGENCY: An established and recognized agency regularly engaged in conducting tests or furnishing inspection services, when the building officer has approved such agency.
APPROVED MATERIAL, EQUIPMENT, AND METHODS: Material, equipment and methods evaluated and approved by the building officer.
ATTIC: The space between the ceiling beams of the top habitable story and the roof rafters.
ATTIC (HABITABLE): A habitable attic is an attic which has a stairway as a means of access and egress and in which the ceiling area at a height of seven and one-third feet (71/3') above the attic floor is not more than one-third (1/3) the area of the floor next below.
AUTOMATIC DETECTING DEVICE: A device which automatically detects heat, smoke, carbon monoxide or other products of combustion.
BALCONY: An exterior floor projecting from and supported by a structure without additional independent supports.
BASEMENT: That portion of a building which is partly below and partly above grade, and having at least one-half (1/2) of its height above grade. (See definitions of Grade, Story and Cellar.)
BUILDING: Any one- and two-family dwelling or portion thereof, which is used, or designed or intended to be used for human habitation, for living, sleeping, cooking, or eating purposes or any combination thereof and shall include structures accessory thereto.
BUILDING (EXISTING): Existing building is a building erected prior to the adoption of this chapter, or one for which a legal building permit has been issued.
BUILDING OFFICER: The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of this building code, or his duly authorized representative.
BUILDING SERVICE EQUIPMENT: The mechanical, electrical, plumbing and elevator equipment, including piping, wiring, fixtures and other accessories, which provide sanitation, lighting, heating, ventilation, firefighting and transportation facilities essential for the habitable occupancy of the building or structure for its designated use and occupancy.
BUILDING SITE: The area occupied by a building or structure, including the yards and courts required for light and ventilation, and such areas that are prescribed for setbacks and/or access to the street.
CEILING HEIGHT: Ceiling heights shall be the clear vertical distance from the finished floor to the finished ceiling.
CELLAR: That portion of a building which is partly or completely below grade and having at least one-half (1/2) of its height below grade. (See definitions of Grade, Story and Basement.)
CERTIFICATE OF USE AND OCCUPANCY: The certificate issued by the building officer which permits the use and/or occupancy of a building which has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications therefor and which certifies compliance with the provisions of law for the use and occupancy of the building in its several parts together with any special stipulations or conditions of the building permit.
CHANGE OF USE: An alteration by change of use in a building heretofore existing to a new use group which imposes other special provisions of law governing building construction, equipment or means of egress.
CHIMNEY: A primarily vertical enclosure containing one or more passageways for conveying gas products of combustion to the outside atmosphere.
   Factory Built Chimneys: A chimney that is composed of listed and labeled factory built components assembled in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions to form the completed chimney and listed by a nationally recognized testing or inspection agency, for venting gas appliances, gas incinerators and solid or liquid fuel burning appliances.
   Masonry Chimney: A field constructed chimney of solid masonry units, bricks, stones, listed hollow masonry units or reinforced concrete lined with a suitable chimney flue liner and built in accordance with nationally recognized standards.
   Metal Chimney (Smokestack): A field constructed chimney made of metal and built in accordance with nationally recognized standards.
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR: A pipe which connects a fuel burning appliance to a chimney.
COMBUSTIBLE (MATERIAL): Applies chiefly to material which is of a nature that it catches fire easily and usually burns quickly. Any material not listed or identified as noncombustible by a nationally recognized testing or inspection agency or this building code.
CONCRETE: A mixture of cement, aggregates and water, of such proportions and manipulation as to meet specific requirements.
CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT: A building unit or block larger in size than twelve feet by four feet by four inches (12' x 4' x 4") made of cement and suitable aggregates.
CONFLAGRATION HAZARD: The fire risk involved in the spread of fire by exterior exposure to and from adjoining buildings and structures.
CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT: The vehicles, machinery, tools, derricks, hoists, scaffolds, platforms, runways, ladders and all material handling equipment, safeguards and protective devices used in construction operations.
CONSTRUCTION OPERATION: The erection, alteration, repair, renovation, demolition or removal of any building or structure; including, but not limited to, the excavation, filling, grading and regulation of land in connection therewith.
CONTROLLED MATERIALS: Materials which are certified by an accredited authoritative agency as meeting accepted engineering standards for quality and as provided in the 2006 international building code or current adoption.
COURT: A space, open and unobstructed to the sky, located at or above grade level on a lot and bounded on three (3) or more sides by walls or a building.
CRAWL SPACE: An uninhabitable area located beneath the bottom of floor joists and the ground below.
DEAD LOADS: The weight of all materials of construction incorporated into the building, including, but not limited to, walls, floors, roofs, ceilings, stairways, built-in partitions, finishes, cladding, and other similarly incorporated architectural and structural items, and fixed service equipment.
DECK: An exterior floor system supported on at least two (2) opposing sides by an adjoining structure and/or posts, piers, or other independent supports.
DRAFT: The pressure difference existing between the equipment or any component part and the atmosphere which causes a continuous flow of air and products of combustion through the gas passages of the appliance to the atmosphere.
   Forced Draft: The pressure difference created by the action of a fan, blower or ejector which supplies the primary combustion air above atmospheric pressure.
   Induced Draft: The pressure difference created by the action of a fan, blower or ejector which is located between the appliance and the chimney or vent termination.
   Natural Draft: The pressure difference created by a vent or chimney due to its height and the temperature difference between the flue gases and the atmosphere.
DRAFT HOOD: A device built into a gas appliance or made a part of a chimney connector or vent connector from a gas appliance which is designed to:
   A.   Permit the ready escape of flue gases in the event of zero draft, a backdraft or stoppage in the vent beyond the draft hood;
   B.   Permit the ready relief of the back pressure from a backdraft so it does not enter the gas appliance; and
   C.   Neutralize the possible effects of excess draft (stack action) upon the operation of the appliance.
DRAFT REGULATOR: A device which functions to maintain a desired draft in the appliance by automatically reducing the draft to the desired value.
DRAFT STOP: A material, device or construction installed to restrict the movement of air within open spaces of concealed areas of building components such as crawl spaces, floor/ceiling assemblies, roof/ceiling assemblies and attics.
DUCT: A tube or conduit used for conveying or encasing purposes as specifically defined below:
   Air Duct: A tube or conduit used for conveying air. The air passages of self-contained systems are not to be construed as air ducts.
   Pipe Duct: A tube or conduit used for encasing pipe.
   Wire Duct: A tube or conduit used for encasing either moving or stationary wire, rope, etc.
DUMBWAITER: A hoisting and lowering mechanism with a car of limited capacity and size which moves in guides in a substantially vertical direction and is used exclusively for carrying material.
DWELLING: A building, exclusive of mobile homes, recreational vehicles, hotels, and motels as herein defined, containing as the principal use one or more dwelling units.
DWELLING, GROUP: A building, exclusive of mobile homes, recreational vehicles, hotels, or motels, as herein defined, providing, as a minimum, living, sleeping, and toilet facilities for more than three (3) persons not comprising a family.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY: A dwelling containing one dwelling unit.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY: A dwelling containing two (2) dwelling units each with completely separate entrances.
DWELLING UNIT: A room or group of rooms, providing living quarters for not more than one family.
DWELLING UNIT, ATTACHED: A dwelling unit in a building having a principal use other than as a residence.
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT: All installations of electrical conductors, fittings, devices and fixtures within or on public and private buildings.
ELECTRICAL SERVICE EQUIPMENT: The equipment located at a point of entrance of supply conductors to a building which constitutes the main control of supply and means of cutoff of electricity, including circuit breaker, switches, fuses and electrical accessories.
ELEVATOR: Hoisting and lowering mechanism equipment with a car or platform which moves in guides for the transportation of individuals or freight in a substantially vertical direction through successive floors or levels of a building or structure.
   Freight Elevator: A freight elevator primarily used for carrying freight on which only the operator and the persons necessary for loading and unloading and employees are permitted to ride.
   Hand Elevator: A freight elevator that is driven by manual power.
   Hydraulic Elevator: A power elevator in which the motion of the car is obtained through the application of force from liquid under pressure.
   Passenger Elevator: An elevator for the transportation of individuals.
   Power Elevator: An elevator in which the motion of the car is obtained through the application of force other than by hand or obtained through gravity.
   Sidewalk Elevator: A freight elevator which operates between a sidewalk or other area exterior to the building and floor levels inside the building below such area, which does not have a landing opening into the building at its upper limit of travel and which is not used to carry automobiles.
ELEVATOR REPAIRS: All work necessary to maintain present elevator equipment in a safe and serviceable condition and to adjust or replace defective, broken or worn parts, with parts made of equivalent material, strength and design, and only where the replacing part performs the same function as the replaced part.
EMERGENCY ESCAPE AND RESCUE OPENING/WINDOW: An operable window, door or similar device that provides for a means of escape and access for rescue in the event of an emergency.
EXISTING BUILDING: A building erected prior to the adoption of this building code, or one for which a legal building permit has been issued.
EXISTING EQUIPMENT: Any equipment covered by this chapter which was installed prior to the effective date of this code or for which an application for permit to install was filed with the building officer prior thereto.
EXITWAY: That portion of a means of egress which is separated from all other spaces of a building or structure by construction or equipment as required in this code to provide a protected way of travel to the exitway discharge.
EXITWAY ACCESS: That portion of a means of egress which leads to an entrance to an exitway.
EXITWAY DISCHARGE: That portion of a means of egress between the termination of an exitway and a public space.
EXITWAY DISCHARGE COURT: An exterior unoccupied space which is open to the sky for its entire area, located on the same lot with a theater or other assembly building which it serves exclusively as an unobstructed passageway to the street or other public space.
FAMILY: An individual or two (2) or more persons related by blood, marriage, or law, or a group of not more than three (3) persons (excluding servants), who need not be so related, living together in a dwelling unit.
FIRE GRADING: The fire hazard classification of a building or structure in hours or fractions of an hour established for its use group and occupancy.
FIRE RESISTANCE: That property of materials or their assemblies which prevents or retards the passage of excessive heat, hot gases or flames under conditions of use.
FIRE RESISTANT RATING: The time in hours or fractions thereof that materials or their assemblies will resist fire exposure as determined by fire tests conducted in compliance with recognized standards.
FIRE SEPARATION, EXTERIOR FIRE EXPOSURE: The distance in feet measured from any other building on the site, or from an interior lot line, or from the opposite side of a street or other public space to the building.
FIRE SEPARATION WALL: A fire resistance rated assembly of materials not having unprotected openings, designed to restrict the spread of fire.
FIREWALL: A fire resistance rated wall, having protected openings, which restricts the spread of fire and extends continuously from the foundation to or through the roof.
FLAME RESISTANCE: The property of materials or combinations of component materials which restricts the spread of flame as determined by the flame resistance tests specified in this chapter.
FLAME SPREAD: The propagation of flame over a surface.
FLAME SPREAD RATING: The measurement of flame spread on the surface of materials or their assemblies as determined by tests conducted in compliance with recognized standards.
FLAMMABLE: Subject to easy ignition and rapid flaming combustion.
FLEXIBLE TUBING: A gas conduit other than that formed by a continuous one piece metal tube.
FLOOR FILL: The fill between the structural floor arch or slab and the finished flooring.
FLUE: A passage for conveying flue gases from fuel fired appliances or their vent connectors, to the outside atmosphere.
FOUNDATION WALL: A wall below the floor nearest grade serving as a support for a wall, pier, column or other structural part of a building.
FUEL OIL: A liquid mixture or compound derived from petroleum which does not emit flammable vapor below a temperature of one hundred twenty five degrees Fahrenheit (125°F) in a tag closed cup tester (ASTM D56).
   Floor Furnace: A self-contained, connected or vented furnace designed to be suspended from the floor of the space being heated taking air for combustion outside the space being heated.
   Forced Warm Air Furnace: A furnace equipped with a blower to provide the primary means for circulating air.
   Warm Air Furnace: A solid, liquid or gas fired appliance for heating air to be distributed with or without duct systems to the space to be heated.
GRADE: A reference plane representing the average of finished ground level adjoining the building at all exterior walls.
HABITABLE ROOM: Any room meeting the requirements of this chapter for sleeping, living, cooking or dining purposes excluding such enclosed places as closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, hallways, laundries, storage spaces, utility rooms, and similar spaces.
HABITABLE SPACE, MINIMUM HEIGHT: A clear height from finished floor to finished ceiling of not less than seven and one-half feet (71/2'), except that in attics and top half stories the height shall be not less than seven and one-third feet (71/3') over not less than one-third (1/3) the area of the floor when used for sleeping, study or similar activity.
HABITABLE SPACE, MINIMUM SIZE: A space with a minimum dimension of seven feet (7') and a minimum area of eighty (80) square feet, between enclosing walls or partitions, exclusive of closet and storage spaces.
HANDRAIL: A horizontal or sloping rail intended for grasping by the hand for guidance or support.
HEATING APPLIANCE: Any device designed or constructed for the generation of heat from solid, liquid or gaseous fuel or electricity.
   Recessed Heater: A completely self-contained heating unit usually recessed in a wall and located entirely above the floor of the space it is intended to heat.
   Unit Heater: A factory assembled device designed to heat and circulate air. Essential components are a heat transfer element, housing and fan with driving motor. Normally designed for free delivery of recirculated air.
HEIGHT, BUILDING: The vertical distance from the grade to the top of the highest roof beams of a flat roof, or to the mean level of the highest gable or slope of a hip roof. When a building faces on more than one street, the height shall be measured from the average of the grades at the center of each street front.
   Court: The vertical distance from the lowest level of the court to mean height of the top of the enclosing walls.
   Story: The vertical distance from top to top of two (2) successive tiers of beams or finished floor surfaces; and, for the topmost story from the top of the floor finish to the top of the ceiling joists, or where there is not a ceiling, to the top of the roof rafters.
   Wall: The vertical distance from the foundation wall or other immediate support of such wall to the top of the wall.
HOT WATER: Water at a temperature of not less than one hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit (120°F).
HOTEL: A building designed for transient occupancy containing rooms or suites accessible from a common hall or entrance, providing living, sleeping, and toilet facilities; a general kitchen and a dining room may be provided.
INDIVIDUAL SEWER (SEPTIC) DISPOSAL SYSTEM: A system for disposal of sewage by means of a septic tank or mechanical treatment, designed for use apart from a public sewer to serve a single establishment or building.
INDIVIDUAL WATER (WELL) SUPPLY: A supply other than an approved public water supply that serves one or more families.
JURISDICTION: The government unit which has adopted this chapter under due legislative authority.
KITCHEN: An area used, or designed to be used, for the preparation of food.
LISTED AND LISTING: Terms referring to equipment which is shown in a list published by an approved testing agency qualified and equipped for the conduct or supervision of experimental testing and maintaining an adequate periodic inspection of current productions and whose listing shows that the equipment complies with the provisions set forth in this chapter.
LIVING SPACE: Space within a dwelling unit utilized for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, bathing, and washing and sanitation purposes.
LOADS, LIVE AND DEAD: Dead loads are the weight of the walls, partitions, framing, floors, ceilings, roofs and all other permanent stationary construction entering into and becoming a part of the building. Live loads are all loads except dead and lateral loads.
MOBILE HOME: Any vehicle or similar portable structure designed, used or so constructed or modified so as to permit its being used as a dwelling for one or more persons.
MOTEL: A building designed for transient occupancy containing rooms or suites with separate entrances, providing living, sleeping, and toilet facilities.
MULTIPLE STATION SMOKE DETECTORS: Two (2) or more smoke detectors, which are capable of interconnection such that the actuation of one causes all separate audible alarms to operate.
O.C.: On center.
OCCUPANCY: The purpose for which a building, or part thereof, is used or intended to be used.
OCCUPIED SPACE: The total area of all buildings or structures on any lot or parcel of ground projected on a horizontal plane excluding permitted projections as allowed by this chapter.
OWNER: Any person, agent, firm or corporation having a legal or equitable title to and/or interest in the property.
PERMIT: An official document or certificate issued by the authority having jurisdiction authorizing performance of a specified activity.
PERSON: Shall mean and include any individual, corporation, partnership, association, or any other legal entity.
PLATFORM CONSTRUCTION: A method of construction by which the floor framing bears on load bearing walls that is not continuous through the story levels or floor framing.
PREFABRICATED: Construction materials or assembled units fabricated prior to erection or installation in a building or structure.
PREFABRICATED BUILDING: The completely assembled and erected building or structure, including the service equipment, of which the structural parts consist of prefabricated individual units or subassemblies using ordinary or controlled materials; and in which the service equipment may be either prefabricated or at site construction.
PREFABRICATED SUBASSEMBLY: A built up combination of several structural elements designed and fabricated as an assembled section of wall, ceiling, floor or roof to be incorporated into the structure by field erection of two (2) or more such subassemblies.
PREFABRICATED UNIT: A built up section forming an individual structural element of the building, such as a beam, girder, plank, strut, column or truss, the integrated parts of which are prefabricated prior to incorporation into the structure, including the necessary means for erection and connection at the site to complete the structural frame.
PREFABRICATED UNIT SERVICE EQUIPMENT: A prefabricated assembly of mechanical units, fixtures and accessories comprising a complete service unit of mechanical equipment, including bathroom and kitchen plumbing assemblies, unit heating and air conditioning systems and loop wiring assemblies of electric circuits.
PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT (TREATED MATERIAL): Unless otherwise noted, is impregnation under pressure with a wood preservative. Wood preservative is any suitable substance that is toxic to fungi, insects, borers, and other living wood destroying organisms.
PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER OR ARCHITECT: An individual technically and legally qualified to practice the profession of engineering or architecture.
PUBLIC SEWER: A common sewer directly controlled by a public authority.
RAMP: A walking surface that has a running slope steeper than one unit vertical in twenty (20) units horizontal. Maximum slope for a handicap ramp shall be one unit vertical in twelve (12) units horizontal.
REGISTERED DESIGN PROFESSIONAL: An individual who is registered or licensed to practice their respective design profession as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the state of Illinois.
REPAIR: The reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance.
REROOFING: The process of recovering or replacing an existing roof covering.
REQUIRED: Shall be construed to be mandatory by provisions of this chapter.
RESIDENTIAL REGISTRATION PROGRAM: A program established by the Village to allow certain work to be performed on a residential building or structure or on a residential property that does not require a building permit, but which, in lieu of such permit, requires property owner or the contractor to register the work with the Village in advance of the performance of the work and then to complete the work in conformance with the registration application submitted and in accordance with all applicable provisions of title 8 and the other applicable provisions of this Village Code.
RETURN AIR: Air removed from an approved conditioned space or location and recirculated or exhausted.
SHALL: The term, when used in this chapter, shall be construed as mandatory.
SMOKE DETECTOR: An approved, listed detector sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion.
SOLID MASONRY: Masonry consisting of solid masonry units laid contiguously with the joints between the units filled with mortar, or consisting of plain concrete.
SOLID MASONRY UNIT: A masonry unit whose net cross sectional area in every plane parallel to the bearing surface is seventy five percent (75%) or more of its gross cross sectional area measured in the same plane.
STAIRWAY: One or more flights of stairs, and the necessary landing and platforms connecting them, to form a continuous and uninterrupted passage from one floor to another. A flight of stairs, for the purpose of this chapter, must have at least three (3) risers.
STORY: That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and upper surface of the floor or roof next above except that topmost story shall be that habitable portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above.
STORY ABOVE GRADE: Any story having its finished floor surface entirely above grade, except that a basement shall be considered as a story above grade where the finished surface of the floor above the basement is:
   A.   More than six feet (6') above grade.
   B.   More than six feet (6') above the finished ground level for more than fifty percent (50%) of the total building perimeter.
STRUCTURE: That which is built or constructed.
TOWNHOUSE: A dwelling containing more than two (2) dwelling units each having a complete separate entrance at ground level.
TRUSS DESIGN DRAWING: The graphic depiction of an individual truss, which describes the design and physical characteristics of the truss.
UTILITY ROOM: Room or area enclosed or unenclosed where major housekeeping appliances, laundry facilities and water heating devices are located.
VENEERED WALL: A wall having a facing of masonry or other weather resisting noncombustible materials securely attached to the backing but not so bonded as to exert common action under load.
WALLS: Shall be defined as follows:
   Load Bearing: A wall supporting any vertical load in addition to its own weight.
   Nonload Bearing: A wall, which does not support vertical loads other than its own weight.
WINDOW: A glazed opening, including portions of glazed door.
YARD: An open, unoccupied space, other than a court, unobstructed from the ground to the sky, except where specifically provided by this chapter, on the lot on which a building is situated. (Ord. 2008-09-01, 9-24-2008; amd. Ord. 2019-11-01, 11-18-2019)