§ 70.02  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this chapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   "ALLEY."  A public thoroughfare which affords only secondary means of vehicular access to abutting property and is not over 20 feet in width.
   "AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE.
      (1)   The following vehicles:
         (a)   Fire department vehicles.
         (b)   Police department vehicles.
         (c)   Ambulances.
         (d)   Emergency vehicles operated by or for hospitals or health and hospital corporations under IC 16-22-8.
      (2)   Vehicles designated as emergency vehicles by the Indiana Department of Transportation under IC 9-21-20-1.
      (3)   Motor vehicles that, subject to IC 9-21-20-2, are approved by the Indiana Emergency Medical Services Commission that are:
         (a)   Ambulances that are owned by persons, firms, limited liability companies, or corporations other than hospitals; or
         (b)   Not ambulances and that provide emergency medical services, including extrication and rescue services (as defined in IC 16-18-2-110).
      (4)   Vehicles of the Department  of Correction that, subject to IC 9-21-20-3, are:
         (a)   Designated by the Department of Correction as emergency vehicles; and
         (b)   Responding to an emergency.
   "BICYCLE."  Any foot-propelled vehicle, irrespective of the number of wheels in contact with the ground.
   "BUS CURB LOADING ZONE."  A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
   "BUSINESS DISTRICT."  All streets and portions of streets within the areas described as follows:
      (1)   Central area.  All that part of the city included within the territory bounded by Tipton Street on the north, Guilford Street on the east, Poplar Street on the west, and the river on the south.
      (2)   Southside area.  All that part of the city included in the territory bounded by Whitelock Street on the east, High Street on the south, Henry Street and Charles Street on the west, and the river on the north.
      (3)   Eastside area.  All that part of the city included in the territory bounded by Washington Street on the north, Second Street on the west, Franklin Street on the south, and the Erie Railroad right-of- way on the east.
   "COMMERCIAL LOADING ZONE."  A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
   "CROSSWALK.
      (1)  That part of a roadway at an intersection including within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edge of the traversable roadway.
      (2)   Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
   "DRIVER."  Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
   "INTERSECTION."  The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways, which join one another at or approximately at right angles or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
   "LANED ROADWAY."  A roadway which is divided into three or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
   "MOTOR VEHICLE."  Every vehicle except a motorized bicycle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.
   "MOTORCYCLE."  A motor vehicle, except a farm tractor or a motorized bicycle, with motive power having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground.
   "MOTORIZED BICYCLE."  A two- or three-wheeled vehicle which may be propelled by an internal combustion engine or a battery powered motor, and when powered by an internal combustion engine, having:
      (1)  An engine rating of no more than two horsepower and a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cubic centimeters.
      (2)   An automatic transmission.
      (3)   A maximum design speed of no more than 25 m.p.h. on a flat surface.
   "OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD."  Whenever certain hours are named herein they shall mean standard time or daylight saving time as may be in current use in this city.
   "OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES."  All signs, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this traffic code placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
   "PARK."  The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading.
   "PARKING METER."  Any mechanical device or meter not inconsistent with the traffic code.  Each parking meter installed shall indicate by proper legend the legal parking time established by the city and when operated shall at all times indicate the balance of legal parking time, and at the expiration of the period shall indicate illegal or overtime parking.
   "PARKING METER SPACE."  Any space within the parking meter zone adjacent to a parking meter and which is duly designated for the parking of a single vehicle by lines painted or otherwise durably marked on a curb or on the surface of a street adjacent to or adjoining the parking meters.
   "PARKING METER ZONE."  Any restricted street upon which parking meters are installed and in operation.
   "PEDESTRIAN."  Any person afoot.
   "POLICE OFFICER."
      (1)   "POLICE OFFICER" means, except as provided in division (2), the following:
         (a)   A regular member of the Police Department.
         (b)   A regular member of a city or town police department.
         (c)   A town marshal or town marshal deputy.
         (d)   A regular member of a county sheriff's department.
         (e)   A conservation officer of the department of natural resources.
      (2)   "POLICE OFFICER," for purposes of IC 9-21, means an officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
   "PRIVATE BUS."  Every motor vehicle, designed and constructed for the accommodation of passengers and which is used for transportation of passengers by a religious, fraternal, charitable, or benevolent organization, a youth association, or a public or private institution of higher education.  "PRIVATE BUS" shall include either the chassis or the body of the vehicle or shall include both the body and the chassis of any such vehicle.  However, any vehicle having the seating capacity of 15 persons or less shall not be deemed to be a "PRIVATE BUS", nor shall any school bus or any bus used to carry passengers for hire be considered a "PRIVATE BUS".
   "PRIVATE ROAD" or "DRIVEWAY."  Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular traffic by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.
   "RAILROAD."  A carrier of person or property upon cars, other than streetcars, operated upon stationary rails.
   "RAILROAD TRAIN."  A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, except streetcars.
   "RESIDENCE DISTRICT."  The territory contiguous to and including the highway not comprising a business district when the property on the highway for a distance of 500 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
   "RIGHT-OF-WAY."  The privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
   "ROADWAY."  That portion of a street or highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.  If a highway includes two or more separate roadways, "ROADWAY" as used herein shall refer to any roadway separately but not to all the roadways collectively.
   "SCHOOL BUS."  Every motor vehicle owned by a public or governmental agency and operated for the transportation of children to or from school or privately owned and operated for compensation for the transportation of children to and from school.
   "SCHOOL MOTOR VEHICLE ROUTE."  Same as a street or highway, except that it is located upon controlled school property and is maintained by the Huntington County Community School Corporation.
   "SCHOOL TRAFFIC LAND."  All school motor vehicle route areas not otherwise designated as parking spaces, concrete medians, or curbs on the plat.
   "SIDEWALK."  That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
   "STOP."  When required, means the complete cessation of movement.
   "STOP", "STOPPING", or "STANDING."  When prohibited, means any stopping or standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.
   "STREET" or "HIGHWAY."  The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for the purpose of vehicular travel.
   "THROUGH HIGHWAY."  Every street, highway, or portion thereof at the entrance to which vehicular traffic from intersecting streets or highways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same and when stop signs are erected as provided in this code.
   "TRAFFIC."  Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any street for purposes of travel.
   "TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL."  Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
   "TRAFFIC DIVISION."  The traffic division of the Police Department of the city, or in the event a traffic division is not established, then the term whenever used herein shall be deemed to refer to the Police Department of this city.
   "VEHICLE."  Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
(IC 9-13-2-1 et seq.)  ('75 Code, § 40.2)  (Ord. 1-C-76, passed 4-13-76)