CHAPTER 20:  TRAFFIC
Article 1:  Definitions
   20-1.   Definitions; words and phrases
Article 2:  Administration and Obedience
   20-15.   Duty of Police Department and Fire Department
   20-16.   Emergency and experimental regulations
   20-17.   Required obedience to chapter
   20-18.   Obedience to officials
   20-19.   Persons propelling push carts and the like
   20-20.   Use of coasters, roller skates and the like
   20-21.   Public officers and employees to obey regulations
   20-22.   Persons working on streets; exceptions
   20-23.   Maintenance and construction
   20-24.   Authorized emergency vehicles
   20-25.   Operation of vehicles on approach
   20-26.   Accidents
Article 3:  Prohibited Vehicles and Equipment
   20-40.   Vehicles injurious to streets
   20-41.   Obstructive and dangerous vehicles
   20-42.   Equipment
   20-43.   Seat belts
   20-44.   Mufflers and cut-outs
   20-45.   Width, height and the like
   20-46.   Load regulations
   20-47.   Inspection of vehicles
Article 4:  Traffic-Control Devices
   20-60.   Authority to install
   20-61.   Manual and specifications
   20-62.   Obedience to devices
   20-63.   Enforcement procedures
   20-64.   Traffic-control signal legend
   20-65.   Pedestrian control signals
   20-66.   Flashing signals
   20-67.   Pedestrian-actuated school crossing signals
   20-68.   Display of signs, signals or markings
   20-69.   Alteration or destruction of signs
   20-70.   Play streets
   20-71.   Crosswalks and safety zones
   20-72.   Traffic lanes
Article 5:  Operation Requirements
   20-85.   Driving on right side of roadways; exceptions
   20-86.   Passing vehicles proceeding in opposite direction
   20-87.   Overtaking a vehicle on the left
   20-88.   Overtaking a vehicle on the right; when permitted
   20-89.   Limitations
   20-90.   No passing zones
   20-91.   Driving on roadways laned for traffic
   20-92.   Following too closely
   20-93.   Passing in school zones; church and school buses
Article 6:  Speed Regulations
   20-105.   Basic rule and maximum limits
Article 7:  Reckless Driving; License Requirements
   20-115.   Reckless driving
   20-116.   Careless or negligent driving and the like
   20-117.   Inattentive driving
   20-118.   Persons under the influence of alcohol
   20-119.   Driver’s license required
   20-120.   Operation without state permit
   20-121.   Driving without license prohibited
Article 8:  Turning Movements; Signals
   20-135.   Required position and method of turning
   20-136.   Authority to place; obedience
   20-137.   Authority to place restricted turn signs
   20-138.   Obedience to no turn signs
   20-139.   Limitations on turning around
   20-140.   Turning movements
   20-141.   Signals by hand or arm or signal lamps
Article 9:  One-Way Streets and Alleys
   20-155.   Authority to sign
   20-156.   One-way streets and alleys
   20-157.   Rotary traffic island
Article 10:  Rights-of-Way, Intersections and Crossings
   20-170.   Approaching or entering intersection
   20-171.   Turning left at intersections
   20-172.   Through streets
   20-173.   Signs required at through streets
   20-174.   Other intersections
   20-175.   Stop signs and yield signs
   20-176.   Entering stop intersection
   20-177.   Entering yield intersection
   20-178.   Two or more vehicles
   20-179.   Emerging from alley, driveway or building
   20-180.   Traffic obstructions
   20-181.   Obedience to train signals
   20-182.   Railroad grade crossings
Article 11:  Miscellaneous Regulations
   20-195.   Following fire apparatus prohibited
   20-196.   Crossing fire hose
   20-197.   Driving through funeral or other procession
   20-198.   Drivers in a procession
   20-199.   Funeral processions to be identified
   20-200.   Parades and processions; permits required
   20-201.   Driving on sidewalks
   20-202.   Starting parked vehicles
   20-203.   Limitations on backing
   20-204.   Opening and closing vehicle doors
   20-205.   Riding on motorcycles
   20-206.   Obstructions to driver’s view
   20-207.   Clinging to vehicles
   20-208.   Controlled access
   20-209.   Boarding or alighting from vehicles
   20-210.   Driving through safety zone
   20-211.   Dangerous objects in streets
   20-212.   Motor scooters and the like
   20-213.   Water meters not to be obstructed
   20-214.   Skates, blades, and the like prohibited in the Central Business District
Article 12:  Pedestrians
   20-225.   Subject to traffic-control signals
   20-226.   Right-of-way in crosswalks
   20-227.   Use of right half of crosswalks
   20-228.   Crossing at right angles
   20-229.   Yielding
   20-230.   Prohibited crossing
   20-231.   Obedience to railroad signals
   20-232.   Walking along roadways
   20-233.   Soliciting rides or business
   20-234.   Drivers to exercise due care
   20-235.   Blind persons carrying canes
   20-236.   Drivers to give right-of-way to blind persons
Article 13:  Bicycles
   20-250.   Effect of regulations
   20-251.   Applicability
   20-252.   Obedience to traffic-control devices required
   20-253.   Riding on bicycles
   20-254.   Riding on roadways and bicycle paths
   20-255.   Speed
   20-256.   Emerging from alley or driveway
   20-257.   Carrying articles
   20-258.   Parking
   20-259.   Riding on sidewalks
   20-260.   Lamps and other equipment
   20-261.   Penalties
Article 14:  Motorcycles
   20-270.   Motorcycles and motor scooters
   20-271.   Special speed regulations
   20-272.   Required equipment
Article 15:  Method of Parking
   20-285.   Standing or parking too close to curb
   20-286.   Brakes; motor not to be left running; animals
   20-287.   Signs or markings indicating angle parking
   20-288.   Obedience to angle-parking signs or markings
   20-289.   Marked off spaces
   20-290.   Permits for loading and unloading at an angle
Article 16:  Parking Regulations
   20-300.   Parking prohibited in certain places
   20-301.   Obstructing traffic
   20-302.   Parking for prohibited purposes
   20-303.   Parking time limits may be established; prohibitions
   20-304.   Parking more than 24 hours prohibited
   20-305.   Standing or parking on one-way roadways
   20-306.   Limited parking of trucks exceeding one ton
   20-307.   Parking prohibited for gasoline transport or storage trucks, and the like
Article 17:  Stopping for Loading and Unloading Only
   20-320.   Curb loading zones may be designated
   20-321.   Standing in passenger curb loading zone
   20-322.   Standing in freight curb loading zone
   20-323.   Stopping, standing, and parking of buses and taxicabs regulated
   20-324.   Restricted use of bus and taxicab stands
Article 18:  Truck Routes
   20-355.   Truck routes
Article 19:  Penalties; Procedure on Arrest
   20-365.   Penalty
   20-366.   Eluding officers
   20-367.   Citation tags
   20-368.   Failure to comply with citation tag
   20-369.   Presumption in reference to illegal parking
   20-370.   Complaints; warrants issued
   20-371.   Authority to impound vehicles
Article 20:  Insurance Verification
   20-385.   Insurance or certificate required
   20-386.   Penalty
   20-387.   Production of proof
Article 21:  Surrey Regulations
   20-400.   Purposes and effects
   20-401.   Applicability
   20-402.   Operation
   20-403.   Equipment
   20-404.   Permits
   20-405.   Permit fees
   20-406.   Approval of vehicle rates
   20-407.   Hours of operation
   20-408.   Inspection
   20-409.   Offense and penalty
Article 22:  State Motor Vehicle Code
   20-501.   State Motor Vehicle Code adopted
ARTICLE 1:  DEFINITIONS
§ 20-1  DEFINITIONS; WORDS AND PHRASES.
   For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE.  Vehicles of the Fire Department, police vehicles and ambulances.
   BICYCLE.  Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels either by which is more than 20 inches in diameter.
   BUS.  Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
   BUSINESS DISTRICT.  The territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any 600 feet along the highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks, office buildings, railroad stations and public buildings, which occupy at least 300 feet of frontage on one side or 300 feet collectively on both sides of the highway.
   CONTROLLED-ACCESS HIGHWAY.  Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same, except at the points only and in a manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over the highway, street or roadway.
   CROSSWALK.
      (1)   The part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway.
      (2)   Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
   CURB LOADING ZONE.  A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
   DRIVER.  Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
   FREIGHT CURB LOADING ZONE.  A space adjacent to a curb for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight or passengers.
   HIGHWAY or STREET.  The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.  The words HIGHWAY and STREET are synonymous herein.
   INTERSECTION.
      (1)   The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
      (2)   Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate INTERSECTION. In the event the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of the highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.
   LANED ROADWAY.  A roadway which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
   MOTOR VEHICLE.  Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, provided, however, that MOTOR VEHICLE shall not include IMPLEMENTS OF HUSBANDRY as defined in 47 O.S. § 1-125.
   MOTORCYCLE.  Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor or a motorized bicycle.
   OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD.  Whenever certain hours are named herein, they shall mean standard time or daylight-savings time as may be in current use in the city.
   OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES.  All signs, barricades, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
   PARK or PARKING.  The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.
   PASSENGER CURB LOADING ZONE.  A place adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
   PEDESTRIAN.  Any person afoot.
   PERSON.  Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association or corporation.
   POLICE OFFICER.  Every officer of the Police Department or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
   PRIVATE ROAD or DRIVEWAY.  Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.
   RAILROAD.  A carrier of persons or property upon cars operated upon stationary rails.
   RAILROAD TRAIN.  A steam engine, diesel, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.
   RESIDENCE DISTRICT.  The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
   RIGHT-OF-WAY.  The privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
   ROADWAY.  The portion of a highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulder. In the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term ROADWAY, as used herein, refers to any roadway separately but not to all roadways collectively.
   SAFETY ZONE OR ISLAND.  An area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone or island.
   SIDEWALK.  The portion of a street between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians.
   STAND or STANDING.  The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
   STOP.  When required, complete cessation from movement.
   STOP or STOPPING.  When prohibited, any halting even momentarily of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.
   THROUGH HIGHWAY.  Every highway or portion thereof on which vehicle traffic is given preferential right-of-way and at the entrances to which vehicle traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield right of way to vehicles on such THROUGH HIGHWAY in obedience to either a stop sign or a yield sign, when the signs are erected as provided in this chapter.
   TRAFFIC.  Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel.
   TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL.  Any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
   URBAN DISTRICT.  The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than 100 feet for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.
   VEHICLE.  Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks, provided, however, that VEHICLE shall not include implements of husbandry as defined in 47 O.S. § 1-125.
(47 O.S. §§ 1-101 et seq.)  (`90 Code, § 20-1)
ARTICLE 2:  ADMINISTRATION AND OBEDIENCE
§ 20-15  DUTY OF POLICE DEPARTMENT AND FIRE DEPARTMENT.
   (A)   It is the duty of the Police Department to enforce the street traffic regulations of the city and all of the state vehicle laws applicable to street traffic in the city, to make arrests for traffic violations, to investigate accidents and to cooperate with other officers of the city in the administration of the traffic laws and in developing ways and means to improve traffic conditions, and to carry out those duties specially imposed upon the Department by this chapter and any other traffic ordinances of the city.
   (B)   Officers of the Police Department or officers as are assigned by the Chief of Police are hereby authorized to direct all traffic by voice, hand or signal in conformance with traffic lays and ordinances.  In the event of a fire or other emergency or to expedite traffic or to safeguard pedestrians, officers of the Police Department may direct traffic as conditions may require notwithstanding the provisions of the traffic laws and ordinances.
   (C)   Officers of the Fire Department, when at the scene of a fire or other emergency, may direct or assist the police in directing traffic thereat or in the immediate vicinity.
(`90 Code, § 20-2)
§ 20-16  EMERGENCY AND EXPERIMENTAL REGULATIONS.
   (A)   (1)   The City Manager, subject to any directions which the Council may give by motion or resolution, is hereby empowered to make regulations necessary to make effective the provisions of the traffic ordinances of the city and to make temporary or experimental regulations to cover emergencies or special conditions.
      (2)   No temporary or experimental regulation shall remain in effect for more than 90 days.
   (B)   The City Manager may have traffic-control devices tested unto actual conditions of traffic.
(`90 Code, § 20-3)
§ 20-17  REQUIRED OBEDIENCE TO CHAPTER.
   It is an offense against the city for any person to do any act forbidden fail to perform any act required by this chapter.
(`90 Code, § 20-4)
§ 20-18  OBEDIENCE TO OFFICIALS.
   No person shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of a police officer or Fire Department official.
(`90 Code, § 20-5)
§ 20-19  PERSONS PROPELLING PUSH CARTS AND THE LIKE.
   Every person propelling any push cart or riding an animal upon a roadway and every person driving animal-drawn vehicle shall be subject to the provisions of this chapter applicable to the driver of any vehicle, except those provisions which, by their very nature can have no application.
(47 O.S. § 11-104)  (`90 Code, § 20-6)
§ 20-20  USE OF COASTERS, ROLLER SKATES AND THE LIKE.
   No person upon roller skates or riding in or by means of any coaster, toy vehicle or similar device shall go upon any roadway, except while crossing a street on a crosswalk.  When so crossing, the person shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to pedestrians. This section shall not apply upon any street while set aside as a play street as authorized by ordinance of this city.
(`90 Code, § 20-7)
§ 20-21  PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES TO OBEY REGULATIONS.
   The provisions of this chapter shall apply to the driver of any vehicle owned by or used in the service of the United States Government, any state, county, city or other governmental unit or agency, as well as to other vehicles.  It is unlawful for any driver to violate any of the provisions of this chapter, except as otherwise permitted in this chapter or by state statute.  This chapter shall not apply to the military forces of the United States and organizations of the National Guard when performing any military duty.
(`90 Code, § 20-8)
§ 20-22  PERSONS WORKING ON STREETS; EXCEPTIONS.
   Unless specifically made applicable, the provisions of this chapter except those relating to reckless driving and driving while intoxicated, shall not apply to persons, teams, motor vehicles and other equipment while actually engaged in work upon the surface of a street, or to persons, motor vehicles and other equipment while actually engaged in construction, maintenance or repair of public utilities.  All highway and public utility operations shall be protected by adequate warning signs, signals, devices or flagmen.  This chapter shall apply to persons and vehicles when traveling to or from work.
(`90 Code, § 20-9)
§ 20-23  MAINTENANCE AND CONSTRUCTION.
   (A)   City personnel or contractors, while repairing or improving the streets of the city, and city personnel and utility companies, when installing, improving or repairing lines or other utility facilities in the streets, are hereby authorized as necessary, subject to control by the City Manager, to close any street or section thereof to traffic during the repair, maintenance or construction and in exercising the authority, shall erect or cause to be erected proper control devices and barricades to warn and notify the public that the street has been closed to traffic.
   (B)   (1)   When any street has been closed to traffic under the provisions of division (A) above and traffic-control devices or barricades have been erected, it is unlawful for any person to drive any vehicle through, under, over or around the traffic-control devices or barricades, or otherwise to enter the closed area.
      (2)   The provisions of this division shall not apply to persons while engaged in the construction, maintenance and repair or to persons entering therein for the protection of lives or property.  Persons having their places of residence or places of business within the closed area may travel, when possible to do so, through the area at their own risk.
   (C)   (1)   Whenever construction, repair or maintenance of any street or utility line or facility is being performed under traffic, the city personnel, contractor or utility company concerned shall erect or cause to be erected traffic-control devices to warn and guide the public.
      (2)   Every person using the street shall obey all signs, signals, markings, flagmen or other traffic-control devices which are placed to regulate, control and guide traffic through the construction or maintenance area.
(`90 Code, § 20-10)
§ 20-24  AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLES.
   (A)   The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an emergency call or when in the pursuit or an actual or suspected violator of the law or ordinance or when responding to but not upon returning from a fire alarm, may exercise the privileges set forth in this section, but subject to the conditions herein stated.
   (B)   The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle may:
      (1)   Park or stand, irrespective of the provisions of this article;
      (2)   Proceed past a red or stop signal or stop sign, but only after slowing down as may be necessary for safe operation;
      (3)   Exceed the maximum speed limits so long as he or she does not endanger life or property; and
      (4)   Disregard regulations governing direction of movement or turning in specific directions.
   (C)   The exemptions herein granted to an authorized emergency vehicle shall apply only when the driver of any vehicle is making use of audible and visual signals as required by law, except that an authorized emergency vehicle operated as a police vehicle need not be equipped with or display a red light visible from in front of the vehicle.  This division shall not be construed as requiring a peace officer operating a police vehicle properly and lawfully in response to a crime in progress to use audible signals.
   (D)   The foregoing provisions shall not relieve the driver of an  authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor shall the provisions protect the driver from the consequences of his or her reckless disregard for the safety of others.
(47 O.S. § 11-106)  (`90 Code, § 20-11)
§ 20-25  OPERATION OF VEHICLES ON APPROACH.
   (A)   Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle making use of audible and visual signals meeting the requirements of the laws of this state, or of a police vehicle properly and lawfully making use of an audible signal only, the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right-of- way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as close as possible to, the right-hand edge or curb of the roadway clear of any intersection, and shall stop and remain in the position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except if otherwise directed by a police officer.
   (B)   This section shall not be construed to require a peace officer operating a police vehicle properly and lawfully in response to a crime in progress to use audible signals nor shall this section operate to relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons using the highway.
(47 O.S. § 11-405)  (`90 Code, § 20-12)
§ 20-26  ACCIDENTS.
   (A)   The provisions of this section shall apply upon public roadways, streets, highways, turnpikes, alleys, municipal property and public parking lots within the city limits of the city.
   (B)   (1)   The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to or death of any person or resulting only in damage to a vehicle which is driven or attended by any person shall immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident or as close thereto as possible, but shall forthwith return to and in every event shall remain at the scene of the accident until he or she has fulfilled the requirements of division (C) below.
      (2)   Every stop shall be made without obstructing traffic more than is necessary.
   (C)   The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to or death of any person or damage to any vehicle which is driven or attended by any person shall give his or her correct name, address and registration number of the vehicle he or she is driving, and shall upon request and if available, exhibit his or her operator’s or chauffeur’s license to the person struck or the driver or occupant of or person attending any vehicle collided with, and shall render to any person injured in an accident reasonable assistance, including the carrying or the making of arrangements for the carrying of the person to a physician, surgeon or hospital for medical or surgical treatment if it is apparent that the treatment is necessary or if the carrying is requested by the injured person.
   (D)   The driver of any vehicle which collides with any vehicle which is unattended shall immediately stop and shall then and there either locate and notify the operator or owner of the vehicle of the correct name and address of the driver and owner of the vehicle striking the unattended vehicle or shall leave in a conspicuous place in the vehicle struck, a written notice giving the name and address of the driver and of the owner of the vehicle doing the striking and a statement of the circumstances thereof.
   (E)   The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting only in damage to fixtures or other property legally upon or adjacent to a public roadway, a street, a highway, a turnpike, an alley, municipal property or a public parking lot, shall take reasonable steps to locate and notify the owner or person in charge of the property of the fact and of his or her name and address and of the registration number of the vehicle he or she is driving and shall upon request and if available exhibit his or her operator’s or chauffeur’s license and shall make report of the accident when and as required in division (G) below.
   (F)   The driver of a vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to or death of any person shall immediately, by the quickest means of communication, give notice of the accident to the Police Department after complying with division (C) above.
   (G)   The driver of a vehicle which is in any manner involved in an accident resulting in bodily injury to or death of any person or in which it is apparent that damage to one vehicle or other property is in excess of $300 shall, within ten days of the accident, report the accident in writing to the Police Department.  Making out a written report of the accident in the Office of the Police Department as soon as is practicable after the accident to be forwarded to the Department of Public Safety of the state, in accordance with the applicable state statutory law, 47 O.S. § 10-108, shall also be deemed compliance with this section.
   (H)   (1)   An accident report is not required under this section from any person who is physically incapable of making a report during the period of the incapacity.
      (2)   Whenever the driver of a vehicle is physically incapable of giving an immediate notice of an accident as required in division (F) above and there was another occupant in the vehicle at the time of the accident capable of doing so, the occupant shall make or cause to be given the notice not given by the driver.
   (I)   Any person convicted of failing to comply with any provision of this section shall be punished as provided herein.
(`90 Code, § 20-13)  (Ord. 2652, passed - -)
Statutory reference:
   Similar provisions, see 47 O.S. §§ 10-101 et seq.
ARTICLE 3:  PROHIBITED VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT
§ 20-40  VEHICLES INJURIOUS TO STREETS.
   No vehicles or object which injures or is likely to injure the surface of a street shall be driven or moved on any street.
(`90 Code, § 20-14)
§ 20-41  OBSTRUCTIVE AND DANGEROUS VEHICLES.
   No person shall drive any vehicle in a condition, so constructed or so loaded as to cause delay or be likely to cause delay in traffic, or as to constitute a hazard to persons or property, except by permit issued by the Chief of Police and in accordance with the terms of the permit.
(`90 Code, § 20-15)
§ 20-42  EQUIPMENT.
   (A)   (1)   Every vehicle operated upon the streets of the city shall be equipped as required by law and it is unlawful to operate a vehicle upon a street of the city which is not equipped as required by law.  It is also unlawful to fail to use the equipment in the manner required by law or to use it in a manner prohibited by law.
      (2)   It is also unlawful to operate a vehicle which has equipment prohibited by law upon a street of the city.
(`90 Code, § 20-16)
   (B)   (1)   Every driver, when transporting a child under six years of age in a motor vehicle operated on the roadways, streets, or highways of this state, shall provide for the protection of said child by properly using a child passenger restraint system. For purposes of this section, CHILD PASSENGER RESTRAINT SYSTEM means an infant or child passenger restraint system which meets the federal standards as set by 49 C.F.R., Section 571.213.
      (2)   Children at least six years of age but younger than 13 years of age shall be protected by use of a child passenger restraint system or a seat belt.
      (3)   The provisions of this section shall not apply to:
         (a)   The driver of a school bus, taxicab, moped, motorcycle, or other motor vehicle not required to be equipped with safety belts pursuant to state or federal laws;
         (b)   The driver of an ambulance or emergency vehicle;
         (c)   The driver of a vehicle in which all of the seat belts are in use;
         (d)   The transportation of children who for medical reasons are unable to be placed in such devices; or
         (e)   The transportation of a child who weighs more than 40 pounds and who is being transported in the back seat of a vehicle while wearing only a lap safety belt when the back seat of the vehicle is not equipped with combination lap and shoulder safety belts, or when the combination lap and shoulder safety belts in the back seat are being used by other children who weigh more than 40 pounds. Provided, however, for purposes of this division, BACK SEAT shall include all seats located behind the front seat of a vehicle operated by a licensed child care facility or church. Provided further, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that a child has met the weight requirements of this division if, at the request of any law enforcement officer, the licensed child care facility or church provides the officer with a written statement verified by the parent or legal guardian that the child weighs more than 40 pounds.
      (4)   A law enforcement officer is hereby authorized to stop a vehicle if it appears that the driver of the vehicle has violated the provisions of this section and to give an oral warning to said driver. The warning shall advise the driver of the possible danger to children resulting from the failure to install or use a child passenger restraint system or seat belts in the motor vehicle.
      (5)   A violation of the provisions of this section shall not be admissible as evidence in any civil action or proceeding for damages.
      (6)   In any action brought by or on behalf of an infant for personal injuries or wrongful death sustained in a motor vehicle collision, the failure of any person to have the infant properly restrained in accordance with the provisions of this section shall not be used in aggravation or mitigation of damages.
      (7)   Any person convicted of violating this section shall be punished by a fine of $50 and shall pay all court costs thereof. Revenue from such fine shall be apportioned to the Department of Public Safety Revolving Fund and used by the Oklahoma Highway Safety Office to promote the use of child passenger restraint systems. This fine shall be suspended and the court costs limited to a maximum of $15 in the case of the first offense upon proof of purchase or acquisition by loan of a child passenger restraint system. Provided, the Department of Public Safety shall not assess points to the driving record of any person convicted of a violation of this section.
(`90 Code, § 20-16.1)  (Ord. 2336, passed 12-1-87; Am. Ord. 3069, passed 8-15-00; Am. Ord. 3201, passed 4-7-09)
§ 20-43  SEAT BELTS.
   (A)   Every operator and front seat passenger of a passenger car operated in the corporate city limits shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety seat belt system, required to be installed in the motor vehicle when manufactured pursuant to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208.  For the purposes of this section, “passenger car” shall mean “vehicle,” as defined in 47 O.S. § 1102, except that “passenger car” shall not include trucks, truck-tractors, recreational vehicles, motorcycles, motorized bicycles or vehicles used primarily for farm use and licenses pursuant to the provisions of 47 O.S. § 1134.
   (B)   This section shall not apply to an operator or passenger of a passenger car in which the operator or passenger possesses a written verification from a physician licensed in the state that the individual is unable to wear a safety belt system for medical reasons.  The issuance of the verification by a physician, in good faith, shall not give rise to, nor shall the physician thereby incur any liability whatsoever in damages or otherwise, to any person injured by reason of the failure to wear a safety seat belt system.
   (C)   This section shall not apply to an operator of a motor vehicle who is a route carrier of the U.S. Postal Service.  (47 O.S. § 12-417) 
(Ord. 3064, passed 6-20-00)
Statutory reference:
   Additional requirements, 47 O.S. §§ 12-201 et seq.
§ 20-44  MUFFLERS AND CUT-OUTS.
   (A)   No motor vehicles with an internal combustion engine shall be operated within the city unless the exhaust from the engine is muffled by a suitable and sufficient muffler.
   (B)   No muffler cut-out or exhaust or vacuum whistle shall be used on any motor vehicle while operating within the city, except that exhaust whistles may be used on authorized emergency vehicles.
(`90 Code, § 20-17)
§ 20-45  WIDTH, HEIGHT AND THE LIKE.
   No person shall drive or convey through any street any vehicle the width, height, length, weight or load of which exceeds that authorized by state law, except in accordance with a permit issued by state authority or by the Chief of Police.
(`90 Code, § 20-18)
Statutory reference:
   Size, weight and load, 47 O.S. §§ 14-101 et seq.
§ 20-46  LOAD REGULATIONS.
   (A)   It shall be unlawful and an offense to drive or move any vehicle on any street within the corporate limits of the city, unless the vehicle is so constructed or loaded as to prevent any of its load from dropping, sifting, leaking, blowing or otherwise escaping therefrom, except that sand may be dropped for the purpose of securing traction, or water or other substance may be sprinkled on a roadway in clearing and maintaining the roadway.
   (B)   It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, partnership or corporation to operate any loaded vehicle on any street within the corporate limits of the city, unless the load and covering thereon are securely fastened so as to prevent the covering or load from becoming loose, detached or in any manner a hazard to any persons using or living along and contiguous to the street.  Any vehicle loaded with sand, cinders or other loose material susceptible to blowing or otherwise escaping shall have such load covered so as to prevent the blowing or escaping of the load from the vehicle.
   (C)   Covering requirements shall not apply to vehicles loaded with livestock, poultry or unbaled agricultural products, provided that any vehicle shall be so constructed or loaded as to prevent the livestock or poultry from escaping therefrom.
(47 O.S. § 14-105) 
   (D)   The City Council shall reserve the right and may exercise the authority to designate routes for any loaded vehicle, as defined in this section.  The route designation may include any posted truck route or any route deemed necessary to protect the public peace, health, safety and general welfare of the citizens cf the city.
(`90 Code, § 20-18)  (Ord. 2576, passed - -)
§ 20-47  INSPECTION OF VEHICLES.
   Police officers shall have authority to inspect and test any vehicle upon the streets of the city at any time to determine whether it is safe, whether it is properly equipped, and/or whether its equipment is in proper adjustment and repair.
(`90 Code, § 20-19)
ARTICLE 4:  TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES
§ 20-60  AUTHORITY TO INSTALL.
   (A)   All traffic control signs, signals and devices shall conform to the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, hereinafter referred to as the “Manual,” and be approved by the Traffic Engineer.  For purposes of this chapter, the term “Traffic Engineer” shall mean the person appointed by the City Manager and responsible for all traffic control devices, signs, signals and markings.
   (B)   All signs, signals and devices required hereunder for a particular purpose shall so far as practicable be uniform as to type and relative location throughout the city.  All traffic control devices erected and not inconsistent with the provisions of state law or this chapter shall be official traffic-control devices.
(`90 Code, § 20-20)  (Am. Ord. 3031, passed 12-16-97)
Statutory reference:
   Traffic-control devices, 47 O.S. §§ 11-201 et seq.
§ 20-61  MANUAL AND SPECIFICATIONS.
   Whenever the Traffic Engineer determines, based upon a traffic survey and investigation, that traffic-control devices are necessary at a particular intersection or location which meets standards provided in the Manual, he or she shall initiate necessary steps to obtain, install and maintain the same.
(`90 Code, § 20-21)  (Am. Ord. 3031, passed 12-16-97)
§ 20-62  OBEDIENCE TO DEVICES.
   The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of any official traffic-control device applicable thereto placed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter or law, unless otherwise directed by a police officer, subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle in this chapter.
(`90 Code, § 20-22)
§ 20-63  ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES.
   No provision of this chapter for which signs are required shall be enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official sign is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person.  Whenever a particular section does not state that signs are required, the section shall be effective even though no signs are erected or in place.
(`90 Code, § 20-23)
§ 20-64  TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL LEGEND.
   Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals exhibiting the words “Go,” “Caution” or “Stop” or exhibiting different colored lights successively one at a time, or with arrows, the following colors only shall be used, and the terms and lights shall indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
   (A)   Green alone or “Go.”
      (1)   Vehicular traffic facing the signal fray proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign or barricade at a place that prohibits either turn.  But vehicular traffic, including vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time the signal is exhibited.
      (2)   Pedestrians facing a signal may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
   (B)   Steady yellow alone.
      (1)   Vehicular traffic facing the signal is thereby warned that the red or “Stop” signal will be exhibited immediately thereafter, and the vehicular traffic shall not enter or be crossing the intersection when the red or “Stop” signal is exhibited.
      (2)   Pedestrians facing the signal are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway, and any pedestrian then starting to cross shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles.
   (C)   Steady red alone or “Stop.”
      (1)   Whenever a traffic control signal on a street or boulevard in the city exhibits the word “Stop,” in red, then all vehicular traffic facing the signal shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the nearest side of the intersection, or if none, then before entering the intersection and shall remain standing until “Green” or “Go” is shown alone, or, while the signal is still red, vehicular traffic may turn right from the appropriate by an appropriate sign, which reads, “No right turn” or “No turn.”  The vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to-pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
      (2)   With any crossing or intersection in the corporate limits of the city, a right turn on red is not permitted for any reason or if no turn at an intersection is permitted at any time, then there must be erected a clear concise sign informing drivers that the turns are prohibited, the signs shall be designed by the Highway Department and designed to be used for this purpose.
   (D)   Steady red with green arrow.
      (1)   Vehicular traffic facing the signal may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by the arrow, but shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within the crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
      (2)   No pedestrian facing the signal shall enter the roadway until the green or “Go” is shown alone or until authorized so to do by pedestrian “Walk” signal.
   (E)   Erection and maintenance.  In the event an official traffic-control signal is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this section shall be applicable, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application.  Any stop required shall be made at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made.  In the absence of any sign or marking, the stop shall be made at the signal.
(47 O.S. § 11-202)  (`90 Code, § 20-24)
§ 20-65  PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS.
   Whenever special pedestrian-control signals exhibiting the words “Wait” or “Don’t Walk” are in place, the signals shall indicate as follows:
   (A)   “Walk.”  Pedestrians facing the signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal and shall be given the right-of-way by drivers of all vehicles.
   (B)   “Wait” or “Don’t Walk.”  No pedestrians shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of the signal, but any pedestrian who has partially completed his or her crossing when the walk signal shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the wait signal is showing.
(47 O.S. § 11-203)  (`90 Code, § 20-25)
§ 20-66  FLASHING SIGNALS.
   (A)   Whenever an illuminated flashing red or yellow signal is used in a traffic sign or signal, it shall require obedience by vehicular traffic as follows:
      (1)   Flashing red stop signal.  When a red lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk at an intersection or at a limit line when marked, or, if none, then before entering the intersection and the right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.
      (2)   Flashing yellow caution signal.  When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or pass the signal only with caution.
   (B)   This section shall not apply to railroad grade crossings.
(47 O.S. § 11-204)  (`90 Code, § 20-26)
§ 20-67  PEDESTRIAN-ACTUATED SCHOOL CROSSING SIGNALS.
   Whenever a pedestrian-actuated school crossing signal is provided, it requires obedience by vehicular traffic and pedestrians as follows:
   (A)   Flashing yellow.
      (1)   When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers or operators of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or pass the signal only with caution.
      (2)   Pedestrians shall not proceed in conflict with traffic, but may actuate the signal control switch, and shall wait until steady red alone is shown before entering the roadway or intersection controlled by the signal.
   (B)   Steady yellow alone.
      (1)   Vehicular traffic facing the signal is thereby warned that the rest or “Stop” signal will be exhibited immediately thereafter, and the vehicular traffic shall not enter or be crossing the intersection or pass the signal when the red or “Stop” signal is exhibited.
      (2)   No pedestrian shall enter the roadway or intersection on which the signal controls vehicular traffic until steady red alone is shown.
   (C)   Steady red.
      (1)   Vehicular traffic facing the signal shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if none, then before passing the signal or entering the intersection, and shall remain standing until flashing yellow is shown alone.
      (2)   Pedestrians may proceed across the road controlled by the signal and shall be given tie right-of-way by the drivers of all vehicles.
   (D)   Steady red and steady yellow combined.
      (1)   Vehicular traffic facing the signal is thereby warned that the flashing yellow signal will be exhibited immediately thereafter, and that the vehicular traffic shall remain standing until the flashing yellow is shown alone.
      (2)   Pedestrians are thereby warned that the flashing yellow signal is about to be shown, and shall not enter the signal controlled roadway or intersection, or in a direction which conflicts with the movement of vehicular traffic, but any pedestrian who has partially completed his or her crossing shall proceed to the nearest sidewalk or safety island, and shall be given the right-of-way by the drivers of all vehicles.
(`90 Code, § 20-27)
§ 20-68  DISPLAY OF SIGNS, SIGNALS OR MARKINGS.
   (A)   No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any highway any unauthorized sign, signal, marking or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic- control device or railroad sign or signal, or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic, or which projects any flashing or revolving beams of light or which hides from view or interferes with the effectiveness of any official traffic-control device or any railroad sign or signal.
   (B)   No person shall place or maintain nor shall any public authority permit upon any highway any traffic sign, signal or device bearing thereon any commercial advertising.
   (C)   This section shall not prohibit the erection upon private property adjacent to highways of signs giving useful directional information and of a type that cannot be mistaken for official signs.
   (D)   Every prohibited sign, signal, marking or device is hereby declared to be a public nuisance and the city manager is hereby empowered to remove the same or cause it to be removed without notice.
(47 O.S. § 11-206)  (`90 Code, § 20-28)
§ 20-69  ALTERATION OR DESTRUCTION OF SIGNS.
   No person shall, without lawful authority, attempt to or in fact alter, deface, injure, knock down or remove any official traffic-control device, including any 911 emergency telephone service route markers, or any railroad sign or signal or any inscription, shield or insignia thereon, or any other part thereof.
(47 O.S. § 11-207)  (`90 Code, § 20-29)
§ 20-70  PLAY STREETS.
   (A)   The City Manager, subject to any directions which the Council may give by motion or resolution, shall have authority to declare any street or part thereof a play street and to have placed appropriate signs or devices in the roadway indicating and helping to protect the same. 
(`90 Code, § 20-30)
   (B)   Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating any street or part thereof as a play street, no person shall drive a vehicle upon any such street or portion thereof, except drivers of vehicles having business or whose residences are within the closed area, and then any driver shall exercise the greatest of care in driving upon the street. 
(`90 Code, § 20-31)
§ 20-71  CROSSWALKS AND SAFETY ZONES.
   The City Manager, subject to any directions which the Council may give by motion or resolution, is hereby authorized:
   (A)   To designate and maintain by appropriate devices, marks or lines upon the surface of the roadway, crosswalks at intersections where, in his or her opinion, there is particular danger to pedestrians crossing the roadway, and at other places as he or she may deem necessary; and
   (B)   To establish safety zones or islands of a kind and character and at places as he or she may deem necessary for the protection of pedestrians.
(`90 Code, § 20-32)
§ 20-72  TRAFFIC LANES.
   (A)   The City Manager, subject to any directions which the Council may give by motion or resolution, is hereby authorized to have traffic lanes marked upon the roadway or any street where a realignment of traffic is necessary.
   (B)   Where the traffic lanes have been marked, it is unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to fail or refuse to keep the vehicle within the boundaries of any lane, except when lawfully passing another vehicle or preparatory to making a lawful turning movement or otherwise authorized by ordinance.
(`90 Code, § 20-33)
ARTICLE 5:  OPERATION REQUIREMENTS
§ 20-85  DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAYS; EXCEPTIONS.
   (A)   Upon all roadways or sufficient width, a vehicle shall be driven upon the right-half of the roadway, except as follows:
      (1)   When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing the movement;
      (2)   When the right-half of a roadway is closed to traffic while under construction or repair;
      (3)   Upon a roadway divided into three marked lanes for traffic under the rules applicable thereon;
      (4)   Upon a roadway designated and signposted for one-way traffic;
      (5)   When an obstruction exists making it necessary to drive to the left of the center of the highway; provided, any person so doing shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles traveling in the proper direction upon the unobstructed portion of the highway within such distance as to constitute an immediate hazard; and
      (6)   Upon a roadway having four or more lanes for moving traffic and providing for two-way movement of traffic.
   (B)   Upon all roadways, any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall be driven in the right-hand lane then available for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction or when preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.
(47 O.S. § 11-301)  (`90 Code, § 20-34)
Statutory reference:
   Driving on right side of road, 47 O.S. §§ 11-301 et seq.
§ 20-86  PASSING VEHICLES PROCEEDING IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION.
   Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right and upon roadways having width for not more than one line of traffic in each direction, each driver shall give to the other at least one-half of the main-traveled portion of the roadway as nearly as possible.
(47 O.S. § 11-302)  (`90 Code, § 20-35)
§ 20-87  OVERTAKING A VEHICLE ON THE LEFT.
   The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to those limitations, exceptions and special rules hereinafter stated:
   (A)   The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
   (B)   Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his or her vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
   (C)   Every driver who intends to pass another vehicle proceeding in the same direction, which requires moving his vehicle from one lane of traffic to another, shall first see that such movement can be made with safety and shall proceed to pass only after giving a proper signal by hand or mechanical device. 
(47 O.S. § 11-303)  (`90 Code, § 20-36)
§ 20-88  OVERTAKING A VEHICLE ON THE RIGHT; WHEN PERMITTED.
   (A)   The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:
      (1)   When the vehicle overtaken is making or about to make a left turn;
      (2)   Upon a street or highway with unobstructed pavement, not occupied by parked vehicles, of sufficient width for one or more lines of vehicles moving in each direction; and
      (3)   Upon a one-way street or upon any roadway on which traffic is restricted to one direction of movement, where the roadway is free from obstructions and of sufficient width for two or more lines of moving vehicles.
   (B)   (1)   The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under conditions permitting the movement in safety.
      (2)   In no event shall movement be made by driving off the pavement or main-traveled portion of the roadway.
(47 O.S. § 11-304)  (`90 Code, § 20-37)
§ 20-89  LIMITATIONS.
   (A)   No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless the left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit the overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken.  In every event, the overtaking vehicle must return to the right-hand side of the roadway before coming within 100 feet of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction. 
(47 O.S. § 11-305)  (`90 Code, § 20-38) 
   (B)   (1)   No vehicle shall at any time be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
         (a)   When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve in the highway where the driver’s view is obstructed within the distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction;
         (b)   When approaching within 100 feet or traversing any intersection or railroad grade crossing; and
         (c)   When the view is obstructed upon approaching within 100 feet of any bridge, viaduct or tunnel.
      (2)   The foregoing limitations shall not apply upon a one-way roadway.
(47 O.S. § 11-306)  (`90 Code, § 20-39)
§ 20-90  NO PASSING ZONES.
   (A)   (1)   The State Department of Highways, as regards to state and federal highways, and the City Manager, as regards all other streets, are hereby authorized to determine those portions of a highway where overtaking and passing or driving to the left of the roadway would be especially hazardous and shall by appropriate signs or markings on the roadway have the beginning and end of the zones indicated.
      (2)   When the signs or markings are in place and clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person, every driver of a vehicle shall obey the directions thereof.
   (B)   Where signs or markings are in place to define a no passing zone as set forth in division (A) above, no driver shall at any time drive to the left side of the roadway within the no passing zone or on the left side of any pavement striping designed to mark the no passing zone throughout its length.
(47 O.S. § 11-307)  (`90 Code, § 20-40)
§ 20-91  DRIVING ON ROADWAYS LANED FOR TRAFFIC.
   Whenever any roadway has been divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the following rules in addition to all others consistent herewith shall apply:
   (A)   A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from the lane until the driver has first ascertained that the movement can be made with safety.
   (B)   Upon a roadway which is divided into three lanes, a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway is clearly visible and the center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, or in preparation for a left turn, or where the center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is signposted to give notice of the allocation.
   (C)   Official signs may be erected directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every sign.
(47 O.S. § 11-309)  (`90 Code, § 20-41)
§ 20-92  FOLLOWING TOO CLOSELY.
   The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of the vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition of the highway.
(47 O.S. § 11-310(a))  (`90 Code, § 20-42)
§ 20-93  PASSING IN SCHOOL ZONES; CHURCH AND SCHOOL BUSES.
   (A)   Definitions.  For the purpose of this section, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   CHURCH BUS.  A church bus is a vehicle operated by a nonprofit religious organization which transports persons including school age children to and from religious services.
   SCHOOL BUS.  Every motor vehicle owned by a public or governmental agency and operated for the transportation of children to or from school or privately-owned vehicles operated for compensation for the transportation of children to or from school.
   SCHOOL ZONE.  Any street or highway or portion thereof officially designated and marked as a school zone.
   (B)   Passing in school zones restricted.  The driver of a vehicle shall not pass any other vehicle which is in motion and being driven in the same direction in any school zone between the hours of 7:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. on all days when any school is in session.  Whenever a school zone is located on a multiple lane street, which is divided into three or more clearly marked lanes for traffic or where the right-half of the roadway has been divided into two or more lanes, vehicles shall be allowed to pass slower moving vehicles being driven in the same direction where the passing does not involve a change of lane movement.
   (C)   Overtaking and passing school and church buses.
      (1)   The driver of a vehicle upon a highway, street or roadway, upon meeting or overtaking from either direction, any school bus or church bus which is stopped on or adjacent to the street, roadway or highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children or other occupants, shall stop the vehicle immediately before passing the school bus or church bus, when there is in operation on the school bus or church bus at the time the bus stops or begins to stop, signal lamps, as required by the statutes of the state for the vehicles.  The driver of the stopped vehicle shall not proceed until the school bus or church bus resumes motion or is signaled by the school or church bus driver to proceed or the visual signals are no longer actuated.  The driver of the vehicle may then proceed past the school bus or church bus at a speed which is reasonable and prudent, not exceeding ten miles per hour.
      (2)   The driver of any vehicle, when passing a school bus or church bus, after stopping as required by this section and being waved to proceed by the school or church bus driver shall use due caution for the safety of the school children and other occupants of the school bus or church bus, which occupants shall have the right-of-way when crossing the street or roadway immediately upon leaving the school bus or church bus.
(`90 Code, § 20-42.1)  (Ord. 2636, passed - -)
Statutory reference:
   Similar provisions, see 47 O.S. §§ 11-705 and 11-705.1
ARTICLE 6:  SPEED REGULATIONS
§ 20-105  BASIC RULE AND MAXIMUM LIMITS.
   (A)   (1)   Any person driving a vehicle on a highway shall drive the same at a careful and prudent speed not greater than nor less than is reasonable and proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface and width of the highway and any other conditions then existing, and no person shall drive any vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than will permit him or her to bring it to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead.
      (2)   Except when a special hazard exists that requires lower speed for compliance with division (A)(1) above, the limits specified in this article, or established as hereinafter authorized, shall be maximum lawful speeds, and no person shall drive a vehicle on a highway at a speed in excess of the maximum limits as follows:
         (a)   Twenty-five miles per hour on any street adjacent to any school between 7:00 a.m. and 8:30 a.m., and between 2:30 p.m. and 4:00 p.m., or in any school zone with a posted school zone sign, or when a school zone flashing light is activated on days when school is in session; and
         (b)   Twenty-five miles per hour on other streets and on street adjacent to schools at other times than that specified immediately above.  The Council by ordinance or resolution may reduce or increase this speed limit on any city street, highways, roads, alleys or public ways or parts thereof and when it does so, appropriate signs shall be placed on the streets or parts of streets indicating the lower or higher speed limit.
      (3)   The City Council, by ordinance or resolution, may prescribe maximum and minimum speeds for all vehicles and any combinations of vehicles using any streets, highways, roads, alleys or public ways, or parts thereof, within the city.  The regulations shall become effective after signs have been posted on these streets, highways, roads, alleys or public ways, or parts thereof within the city, giving notice thereof.  It shall be a violation of this section to drive any vehicle at a faster rate of speed than the prescribed maximum, or at a slower rate of speed than the prescribed minimum.  However, all vehicles shall at all times conform to division (A)(1) above.
      (4)   The driver of every vehicle shall, consistent with the requirements of division (A)(1) above, drive at an appropriate reduced speed when approaching and crossing an intersection or railway grade crossing, when approaching and going around a curve, when approaching a hillcrest, when driving upon any narrow or winding roadway, and when special hazard exists with respect to pedestrians or other traffic, or by reason of weather or highway conditions.
   (B)   Based upon traffic engineering survey and investigation, the speed limit on the following streets shall be as indicated and shall become effective, as to the streets, upon the placing of proper signs and markings thereon:
      (1)   East Noble Avenue, west, from I-35 to .15 miles east of Pine Street, a maximum speed of 45 miles per hour;
      (2)   East Noble Avenue, west, from .15 miles east of Pine Street to 1st Street, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (3)   West Noble Avenue, west, from 1st Street to 5th Street, a maximum speed of 30 miles per hour;
      (4)   West Noble Avenue, west, from 5th Street to .10 miles west of 20th Street, a maximum of 35 miles per hour;
      (5)   West Noble Avenue, west, from .10 miles west of 20th Street to Academy, a maximum speed of 45 miles per hour;
      (6)   West Noble Avenue, west, from Academy to .50 miles to the west city limits line, a maximum speed of 55 miles per hour;
      (7)   East Oklahoma, east, from the east curb line of South Drexel to the south street edge of East Noble, a maximum speed of 30 miles per hour;
      (8)   North Pine Street, south, from Cooksey to East Noble, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (9)   South Pine Street, south, from East Garfield to East Industrial Road, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (10)    South Division Street, north, from 1-35 to Pulse Road, a maximum speed of 55 miles per hour;
      (11)    South Division Street, north, from Pulse Road to Allen Road, a maximum speed of 45 miles per hour;
      (12)    South Division Street, north, from Allen Road to Snake Creek Bridge a maximum speed of 40 miles per hour;
      (13)    South Division Street, north, across Snake Creek Bridge to Springer Avenue, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (14)    Sooner Road, north, from 32 feet south of Seward Road (south city limits line) to Amsey Lane, a maximum speed of 45 miles per hour;
      (15)    Sooner Road, north, from Amsey Lane to South Division, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (16)    Academy road, north, from West University (old Highway 33) to .50 miles north of College Avenue which dead ends at the old landfill, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (17)    West Oklahoma, west, from 19th Street to Academy, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (18)    S.W. 19th Street, southwesterly, from West Oklahoma Avenue to .70 miles from that point, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (19)    S.W. 19th Street, southwesterly, from .70 miles southwest of West Oklahoma Avenue to Academy Road, a maximum speed of 45 miles per hour;
      (20)    East College Avenue, east, from Pine Street to I-35, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (21)    Hillcrest Avenue, east, from Walnut Street to Pine Street, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (22)    Industrial Road, west, from Pine Street to Davis Road, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (23)    Lake Road, west and south, from Sooner Road to Coltrane and Cove Drive, a maximum speed of 30 miles per hour;
      (24)    Seward Road, west, from I-35 to Academy Road (Bryant) a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (25)    Academy Road, north, from Seward Road to Lakewood Drive, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (26)    Liberty Lake Dam Road, west, from Academy Road to Seward Road (west city limits line), a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (27)    Prairie Grove Road, east, from Davis Road to .25 miles east of South Division (east city limits line), a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour;
      (28)    I-35 south bound lanes, south, from College Avenue to Browne Avenue, a maximum speed of 65 miles per hour;
      (29)    I-35 south bound lanes, south, from Roller Coaster Road to 968 feet south of Seward Road (south city limits line), a maximum speed of 65 miles per hour;
      (30)    North Wentz Street, north, from Noble Avenue to and including Bird Creek Bridge (north city limits line), a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour; and
      (31)    Walnut Street, north, from Logan Avenue to Merest Avenue, a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour.
(`90 Code, § 20-43)  (Am. Ord. 3001, passed 8-1-95; Am. Ord. 3008, passed 3-19-96; Am. Ord. 3019, passed 5-20-97; Am. Ord. 3212, passed 7-20-10)
ARTICLE 7:  RECKLESS DRIVING; LICENSE REQUIREMENTS
§ 20-115  RECKLESS DRIVING.
   Any person who drives any vehicle in a wanton manner without regard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of reckless driving, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished as provided in this chapter.
(47 O.S. § 11-901)  (`90 Code, § 20-44)
§ 20-116  CARELESS OR NEGLIGENT DRIVING AND THE LIKE.
   It is unlawful for any person to drive, use, operate, park, cause to be parked or stop any vehicle in a careless or negligent manner, or in a manner as to endanger life, limb, person or property, or as to interfere with the lawful movement of traffic or use of the streets.
(`90 Code, § 20-45)
§ 20-117  INATTENTIVE DRIVING.
   The operator of every vehicle while driving shall devote his or her full time and attention to the driving and no person shall drive in an inattentive or imprudent manner without due regard for the width, grade, curves, corners, traffic and use of the streets or other places, or any other attendant circumstances.
(Ord. 3024, passed 7-15-97)
§ 20-118  PERSONS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL.
   (A)   It is unlawful for any person who is under the influence of alcohol to drive or be in actual physical control of any vehicle within this city. 
(`90 Code, § 20-46)  (Ord. 2857, passed 12-20-88)
   (B)   It is unlawful for a person to drive or operate a motor vehicle within this city while his or her ability to drive or operate the vehicle is impaired by the consumption of alcohol. 
(`90 Code, § 20-46.1)
   (C)   Upon the prosecution of any person for a violation of divisions (A) or (B) above, evidence of the alcohol concentration in the blood or breath of the person as shown by analysis of the blood or breath of the person performed in accordance with the provisions of 47 O.S. §§ 752 and 759 or evidence of the presence and concentration of any other intoxicating substance as shown by analysis of the person’s blood, breath, saliva or urine specimens in accordance with the provisions of 47 O.S. §§ 752 and 759 is admissible.  Evidence that the person has refused to submit to either of the analysis is also admissible.  For the purpose of this division:
      (1)   Evidence that there was .05% or less by weight of alcohol in his or her blood is prima facie evidence that the person was not under the influence of alcohol or intoxicating liquor;
      (2)   Evidence that there was more than .05% by weight of alcohol in the person’s blood is relevant evidence of operating a motor vehicle while his or her ability to operate the motor vehicle is impaired by the consumption of alcohol or intoxicating liquor;  (However, no person shall be convicted of the offense of operating a motor vehicle while his or her ability of operate the vehicle is impaired by consumption of alcohol or intoxicating liquor solely because there was more than .05% of alcohol in the person’s blood, in the absence of additional evidence that the person’s driving was affected by the consumption of alcohol to the extent that public health and safety was threatened or that the person had violated a state statute or local ordinance in the operation of a motor vehicle.)
      (3)   Evidence there was 8/100 (.08) of 1% or more by weight of alcohol in his or her blood shall be admitted as prima facie evidence the person was under the influence of alcohol or intoxicating liquor;
      (4)   Percent by weight of alcohol in the blood shall be based upon grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood; and/or
      (5)   To be admissible the evidence must first be qualified by establishing that the specimen was obtained from the subject within not more than two hours of the arrest of the subject.
(`90 Code, § 20-46.2)
(Ord. 2858, passed 12-20-88; Am. Ord. 3077, passed 7-17-01)
Statutory reference:
   Statutory provisions, see 47 O.S. §§ 751 et seq.
§ 20-119  DRIVER’S LICENSE REQUIRED.
   (A)   It is unlawful for any person who does not have a valid driver’s license, as required by state law, for operation of a motor vehicle upon the state highways, to operate a motor vehicle within the city and it is unlawful for any person to possess more than one valid license at any time.
   (B)   It is unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle whose driver’s license has been canceled, suspended, revoked or denied.
   (C)   Every licensee shall have his or her driver’s license in his or her immediate possession at all times when operating a motor vehicle and shall display the same upon demand of a police officer. However, no person charged with violating this section shall be convicted if he or she produces in court a driver’s license theretofore issued to him or her and valid at the time of his or her arrest.
   (D)   It is unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle with an otherwise valid driver’s license but without proper endorsements thereon as required under state law.
   (E)   It is unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle with a valid driver’s license in violation of the restrictions imposed in a restricted license issued to him or her.
(`90 Code, § 20-47)  (Ord. 2651, passed - -; Am. Ord. 2856, passed 12-20-88; Am. Ord. 3003, passed 9-19-95)
§ 20-120  OPERATION WITHOUT STATE PERMIT.
   It is unlawful to operate a vehicle of any kind upon a street of the city without a state vehicle license as required by law or to fail to display the state vehicle license and safety sticker as required by law.
(`90 Code, § 20-48)  (Ord. 3088, passed 8-21-01)
§ 20-121  DRIVING WITHOUT LICENSE PROHIBITED.
   It is unlawful for any person to authorize or knowingly permit a motor vehicle owned by him or her, or under his or her control, to be driven upon any street in the city by any person who is not authorized or licensed to drive a motor vehicle under the laws of the state or under the laws of the state of the driver’s residence.
(`90 Code, § 20-49)
ARTICLE 8:  TURNING MOVEMENTS; SIGNALS
§ 20-135  REQUIRED POSITION AND METHOD OF TURNING.
   The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do so as follows:
   (A)   Right turns.  Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be made as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
   (B)   Left turns or two-way roadways.  At any intersection where traffic is permitted to move in both directions on each roadway entering the intersection, an approach for a left turn shall be made in that portion of the right-half of the roadway nearest the center line thereof and by passing to the right of the center line where it enters the intersection and after entering the intersection, the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection to the right of the center line of the roadway being entered.  Whenever practicable, the left turn shall be made in that portion of the intersection to the left of the center of the intersection.
   (C)   Left turns on other than two-way roadways.  At any intersection where traffic is restricted to one direction on one or more of the roadways, the driver of a vehicle intending to turn left at any intersection shall approach the intersection in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of the vehicle and after entering the intersection, the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection, as nearly as practicable, in the left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction upon the roadway being entered.
(47 O.S. § 11-601)  (`90 Code, § 20-50)
§ 20-136  AUTHORITY TO PLACE; OBEDIENCE.
   The City Manager, subject to any directions which the Council may give by motion or resolution, is authorizes to have placed markers, buttons or signs within or adjacent to intersection’s indicating the course to be traveled by vehicles turning at the intersections.  The course to be traveled, as so indicated, and may conform to or be other than as prescribed by law or ordinance.
(47 O.S. § 11-601)  (`90 Code, § 20-51)
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