§ 152.093  OFF-STREET PARKING.
   All developments, except for those situated within the C-1 Central Commercial Zoning District, shall provide a sufficient number of parking spaces to accommodate the number of vehicles that ordinarily are likely to be attracted to the development in question.  No certificate of occupancy will be issued upon completion of the building unless all off-street parking and loading requirements, shown upon the plans or made part of the building permit, are in place and ready for use and conforming to requirements.
   (A)   Presumptions. The presumptions established by this section are that (1) a development must comply with the parking standards set forth in division (E) to satisfy the standard stated in § 152.094 and (2) any development that does meet these standards is in compliance.  However, the parking space requirements contained in division (E) are only intended to establish a presumption and should be flexibly administered in accordance with division (F).
   (B)   Separate uses. The required parking for separate uses may be combined in one lot, but spaces assigned to one use may not be assigned to another use at the same time; provided, however, one-half of the parking spaces required for churches, theaters or assembly halls, whose peak attendance will be at night or on Sundays, may be assigned to a use which will be closed at night or on Sundays.
   (C)   Remote parking. If the required number of parking spaces cannot reasonably be provided on the same lot as the use being served, required parking spaces may be provided on any lot a substantial portion of which is within 200 feet of such uses.
   (D)   Parking space design.  Each automobile parking space shall not be less than nine feet by 18 feet in area exclusive of adequate access drives and maneuvering space.  Such space shall be provided with vehicular access to a street or alley.  Parking spaces shall not thereafter be encroached upon or altered without prior development authorization as per §§ 152.050 - 152.062, above.
   (E)   Use classifications and parking space requirements. The number of parking spaces provided for any use or development shall equal or exceed the number determined for the use or development by the standards contained herein.  It is recognized that the list of parking requirements contained in this section cannot and does not cover every possible situation that may arise.  Therefore, in cases not specifically covered, the permit issuing authority is authorized to determine the parking requirements using this table as a guide.
Type of Land Use
One Parking Space Required for Each:
Minimum
Maximum
Type of Land Use
One Parking Space Required for Each:
Minimum
Maximum
Residential
Boardinghouses
1 per 2 boarding rooms, plus 1 per resident manager
1 per boarding room, plus 1 per resident manager
Dwellings, multi-family with 2 bedrooms or less
1 per unit
2 per unit
Dwellings, multi-family with 3 bedrooms or more
2 per unit
3 per unit
Dwellings, multi-family elderly or disabled
1 per unit
2 per unit
Dwellings, single-family with 2 bedrooms or less
1 per unit
2 per unit
Dwellings, single-family with 3 bedrooms or more
2 per unit
3 per unit
Dwellings, subsidized low-income
1 per unit
2 per unit
Public Facilities and Institutions
Assisted living facilities
1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per 2 units
1 per employee, plus 1 per 2 units
Adult care facilities
1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per 6 adults
1 per employee, plus 1 per 6 adults
Child care facilities
1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per 10 children
1 per employee, plus 1 per 10 children
Churches and wedding chapels
1 per each 4 seats or each 40 sq. ft. of floor area available for movable seats or for each 200 sq. ft. of gross floor area
1 per 3 seats or each 30 sq. ft. of floor area available for movable seats or for each 150 sq. ft. of gross floor area
Civic, social service, cultural, and fraternal facilities
1 per 350 sq. ft.
1 per 250 sq. ft.
Colleges and universities
1 per 3 employees, plus one per 3 full-time students not residing on campus1 per employee, plus one per each full-time student not residing on campus
 
Family care homes and group homes, children
1 per 2 employees
1 per employee
Family care homes and group homes, adults
1 per 2 employees, plus 1 per 2 residents
1 per employee, plus 1 per 1 resident
Museums and art galleries
1 per 350 sq. ft., plus one per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
1 per 250 sq. ft., plus one per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
Medical facilities
1 per 250 sq. ft.
1 per 200 sq. ft.
Schools, elementary and middle
2 per classroom
3 per classrooms
Schools, high
5 per classroom
10 per classroom
Shelters
1 per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
1 per employee on shift of greatest employment
Office, Business, and Industrial Uses
Barber shops and salons
2 per operator station, plus one per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment   
3 per operator station, plus one per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
Bed and breakfast homestays and inns
1 per room, plus 1 space for the resident manager/owner and 1 per each employee
2 per room, plus 2 spaces for the resident manager/owner and 1 per for each employee
Car wash
2 per wash bay, plus 2 stacking spaces per wash bay
3 per wash bay, no stacking maximum
Convenience stores with gas pumps
1 per 350 sq. ft. (spaces at gas pumps are not recognized as parking spaces)
1 per 200 sq. ft. (spaces at gas pumps are not recognized as parking spaces)
Funeral establishments
1 per 4 seats of largest public room, plus one per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
1 per 2 seats of largest public room, plus one per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
Health and fitness facilities
1 per 200 sq. ft.
1 per 100 sq. ft.
Lodging
1 per 2 bedrooms , plus additional spaces as required for other uses within the hotel/motel
1 per 1 bedroom , plus additional spaces as required for other uses within the hotel/motel
Live-work unit
1 per residential unit plus 1 per each 350 sq. ft. of office/business space
1 per residential unit plus 1 per each 250 sq. ft. of office/business space
Manufacturing, assembly or finishing operations
1 per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
1 per employee on shift of greatest employment
Office: professional, business, or public, including banks. (plus 3 spaces per lane for stacking if drive-through service is proposed)
1 per 350 sq. ft.
1 per 250 sq. ft.
Rental establishments
1 per 350 sq. ft.
1 per 250 sq. ft.
Repair and service businesses providing on-site services
1 per 300 sq. ft.
1 per 200 sq. ft.
Repair and service businesses providing off-site services
2 employees
1 per employee
Restaurants, bars, breweries, private clubs, wine tasting (plus 11 spaces for stacking if drive-through service is proposed)
1 per 3 seats, plus one space per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
1 per 2 seats, plus one space per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
Retail sales
1 per 350 sq. ft.
1 per 200 sq. ft.
Self-service storage facility
1.4 per 100 units plus 1 per 2 employees on shift
2 per 100 units plus 1 per every employee on shift
Servicing, packaging, and storage of commodities
1 per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
1 per employee on shift of greatest employment
Theaters, stadiums, arenas, and sports fields and courts
1 per 4 seats or 1 per 6 feet of bench area
1 per 3 seats or 1 per 4 feet of bench area
Vehicle service stations and auto repair garages (spaces at gas pumps are not recognized as parking spaces)
1 per service bay, plus one per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
3 per service bay, plus one space per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment
Warehouses, wholesale, and distributive businesses
1 per 2 employees on shift of greatest employment, plus one per 350 sq. ft. of area open to the public
1 per employee on shift of greatest employment, plus one per 350 sq. ft. of area open to the public
 
   (F)   Flexible administration. It is recognized that, due to the particularities of any given development, the inflexible application of the parking standards set forth in division (E) may result in a development either with inadequate parking space or parking space far in excess of its needs.  The former situation may lead to traffic congestion or parking violations in adjacent streets as well as unauthorized parking in nearby private lots.  The latter situation results in a waste of money as well as a waste of space that could more desirably be used for valuable development or environmentally useful open space.  Therefore the permit-issuing authority may permit deviations from the presumptive requirements of division (E) and may require more parking or allow less parking whenever it finds that such deviations are more likely to satisfy the standard set forth in division (A).
      (1)   Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the permit-issuing authority may allow deviations from the parking requirements set forth in division (E) when it finds the following:
         (a)   A residential development is irrevocably oriented toward the elderly.
         (b)   A business is primarily oriented toward walk-in trade or trade expected to arrive by means other than an automobile.
      (2)   Whenever the permit-issuing authority allows or requires a deviation from the presumptive parking requirements set forth in division (E) it shall enter on the face of the permit the parking requirement that it imposes and the reasons for allowing or requiring the deviation.
(Ord. passed 10-1-07; Am. Ord. passed - - )