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(a) For the purpose of this section, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
(1) "Data" has the same meaning as in Ohio R.C. 2913.01 and additionally includes any other representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts, or instructions that are being or have been prepared in a formalized manner.
(2) "Deceptive" means that a statement, in whole or in part, would cause another to be deceived because it contains a misleading representation, withholds information, prevents the acquisition of information, or by any other conduct, act, or omission creates, confirms, or perpetuates a false impression, including, but not limited to, a false impression as to law, value, state of mind, or other objective or subjective fact.
(3) "Insurer" means any person that is authorized to engage in the business of insurance in this State under Ohio R.C. Title 39, the Ohio Fair Plan Underwriting Association created under Ohio R.C. 3929.43, any health insuring corporation, and any legal entity that is self-insured and provides benefits to its employees or members.
(4) "Policy" means a policy, certificate, contract, or plan that is issued by an insurer.
(5) "Statement" includes but is not limited to any notice, letter, or memorandum; proof of loss; bill of lading; receipt for payment; invoice, account, or other financial statement; estimate of property damage; bill for services; diagnosis or prognosis; prescription; hospital, medical, or dental chart or other record; x-ray, photograph, videotape, or movie film; test result; other evidence of loss, injury, or expense; computer-generated document; and data in any form.
(b) No person, with purpose to defraud or knowing that the person is facilitating a fraud, shall do either of the following:
(1) Present to, or cause to be presented to, an insurer any written or oral statement that is part of, or in support of, an application for insurance, a claim for payment pursuant to a policy, or a claim for any other benefit pursuant to a policy, knowing that the statement, or any part of the statement, is false or deceptive;
(2) Assist, aid, abet, solicit, procure, or conspire with another to prepare or make any written or oral statement that is intended to be presented to an insurer as part of, or in support of, an application for insurance, a claim for payment pursuant to a policy, or a claim for any other benefit pursuant to a policy, knowing that the statement, or any part of the statement, is false or deceptive.
(c) Whoever violates this section is guilty of insurance fraud. Except as otherwise provided in this division, insurance fraud is a misdemeanor of the first degree. If the amount of the claim that is false or deceptive is five hundred dollars ($500.00) or more, insurance fraud is a felony to be prosecuted under appropriate State law.
(d) This section shall not be construed to abrogate, waive, or modify Ohio R.C. 2317.02(A).