CHARTER
Section
Article I. Incorporation, Corporate Powers and Boundaries
   1.1.   Incorporation
   1.2.   Powers
   1.3.   Corporate limits
Article II. Governing Body
   2.1.   Mayor and Council
   2.2.   Council; composition; terms of office
   2.3.   Mayor; term of office; duties
   2.4.   Mayor Pro Tempore
   2.5.   Meetings
   2.6.   Ordinances and resolutions
   2.7.   Voting requirements; quorum
   2.8.   Compensation; qualifications for office; vacancies
Article III. Elections
   3.1.   Regular municipal elections
   3.2.   Wards; revision
   3.3.   Election of Council members
   3.4.   Election of the Mayor
   3.5.   Special elections and referendums
Article IV. Organization and Administration
   4.1.   Form of government
   4.2.   Town Manager
   4.3.   Town Clerk
   4.4.   Tax Collector
   4.5.   Town Attorney
   4.6.   Other administrative officers and employees
Article V. Special Assessment Provisions
Part 1. Streets and Sidewalks
   5.1.   Authority to assess for street improvements
   5.2.   Authority to assess for sidewalk improvements and repairs
   5.3.   Assessment procedure
   5.4.   Effect of assessment
   5.5.   Exemption of corner lots
Part 2. Water and Sewer
   5.6.   Authority to levy by alternate methods
   5.7.   Average costs
   5.8.   Subdivisions
   5.9.   Exemption of corner lots
Editor’s note:
   No stylistic or grammatical changes have been made to this document, other than to systemize and make consistent the format of the charter analysis above and the section headers below.
Statutory reference:
   The Charter of the Town of Edenton was revised and consolidated in 1986, per North Carolina House Bill 1461, Chapter 815.
ARTICLE I. INCORPORATION, CORPORATE POWERS AND BOUNDARIES
§ 1.1  INCORPORATION.
   The Town of Edenton, North Carolina, in Chowan County, and the inhabitants thereof, shall continue to be a municipal body politic and corporate, under the name of the ‘Town of Edenton’, hereinafter at times referred to as the ‘Town’.
§ 1.2  POWERS.
   The Town shall have and may exercise all of the powers, duties, rights, privileges and immunities conferred upon the Town of Edenton specifically by this Charter or upon municipal corporations by general law. The term ‘general law’ is employed herein as defined in G.S. 160A-1.
§ 1.3  CORPORATE LIMITS.
   The corporate limits shall be those existing at the time of ratification of this Charter, as set forth on the official map of the Town, and as they may be altered from time to time in accordance with law. An official map of the Town, showing the current boundaries, shall be maintained permanently in the office of the Town Clerk and shall be available for public inspection. Immediately upon alteration of the corporate limits made pursuant to law, the appropriate changes to the official map shall be made, and copies shall be filed in the offices of the Secretary of State, the Chowan County Register of Deeds and the appropriate board of elections.
ARTICLE II. GOVERNING BODY
§ 2.1  MAYOR AND COUNCIL.
   The Mayor and Council shall be the governing body of the Town.
§ 2.2  COUNCIL; COMPOSITION; TERMS OF OFFICE.
   The Council shall be composed of six members elected for staggered terms of four years. One Council Member shall be elected by the qualified voters of each of the four wards. Each person so elected shall have resided in the respective ward for a period of not less than 30 days next preceding the date of the election. Two Council members shall be elected by all the qualified voters of the Town.
§ 2.3  MAYOR; TERM OF OFFICE; DUTIES.
   The Mayor shall be elected by all the qualified voters of the Town for a term of four years; shall be the official head of the Town government and preside at meetings of the Council; shall have the right to vote only when there is an equal division on any question or matter before the Council; and shall exercise the powers and duties conferred by law or as directed by the Council.
§ 2.4  MAYOR PRO TEMPORE.
   The Council shall elect one of its members as Mayor Pro Tempore to perform the duties of the Mayor during his or her absence or disability, in accordance with general law. The Mayor Pro Tempore shall serve in such capacity at the pleasure of the other members of the Council.
§ 2.5  MEETINGS.
   In accordance with general law, the Council shall establish a suitable time and place for its regular meetings. Special and emergency meetings ma y be held as provided by general law.
§ 2.6  ORDINANCES AND RESOLUTIONS.
   The adoption, amendment, repeal, pleading and proving of Town ordinances and resolutions shall be in accordance with general law. All ordinances and resolutions shall be effective upon adoption unless otherwise provided.
§ 2.7  VOTING REQUIREMENTS; QUORUM.
   Official actions of the Council and all votes shall be taken in accordance with applicable provisions of general law, particularly G.S. 160A-75. A majority of the members of the Council, excluding vacancies, shall constitute a quorum.
§ 2.8  COMPENSATION; QUALIFICATIONS FOR OFFICE; VACANCIES.
   The compensation and qualifications of the Mayor and Council members shall be in accordance with general law. Vacancies that occur in any elective office of the Town shall be filled by appointment of the Council for the remainder of the unexpired term.
ARTICLE III. ELECTIONS
§ 3.1  REGULAR MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS.
   Regular municipal elections shall be held in each odd-numbered year in accordance with the uniform municipal election laws of North Carolina. Elections shall be conducted and the results determined on a nonpartisan plurality basis as provided in G.S. 163-292.
§ 3.2  WARDS; REVISION.
   The four wards established for the purpose of elections and their respective boundaries shall be those existing at the time of ratification of this Charter and set forth on the official map of the Town, as required by G.S. 16GA-23. The Council may revise ward boundaries as provided in G.S. 160A-23 by adoption of an appropriate ordinance. The Counci1 may make other revisions, including changing the number of wards, by following the procedure set out in G.S. Chapter 160A, Article 5, Part 4, and applicable provisions of State and federal law.
§ 3.3  ELECTION OF COUNCIL MEMBERS.
   The Council members serving on the date of ratification of this Charter shall serve until the expiration of their terms. In the municipal election in 1987 and every four years thereafter, one Council member shall be elected at large, one Council member shall be elected by and from the First Ward and one Council member shall be elected by and from the Second Ward. In the municipal election in 1989 and every four years thereafter, one Council member shall be elected at large, one Council member shall be elected by and from the Third Ward and one Council member shall be elected by and from the Fourth ward.
§ 3.4  ELECTION OF THE MAYOR.
   The Mayor serving on the date of ratification of this Charter shall serve until the expiration of his or her term. At the municipal election in 1987 and every four years thereafter, there shall be elected a Mayor to serve as provided in Article II.
§ 3.5  SPECIAL ELECTIONS AND REFERENDUMS.
   Special elections and referendums may be held only as provided by general law or applicable local acts of the General Assembly.
ARTICLE IV. ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
§ 4.1  FORM OF GOVERNMENT.
   The Town shall operate under the council-manager form of government, in accordance with G.S. Chapter 160A, Article 7, Part 2.
§ 4.2  TOWN MANAGER.
   The Council shall appoint a Town Manager who shall be responsible for the administration of all departments of the Town government. The Town Manager shall have all the powers and duties conferred by general law, except as expressly limited by the provisions of  this Charter.
§ 4.3  TOWN CLERK.
   The Council shall appoint a Town Clerk to keep a journal of the proceedings of the Council; to maintain official records and documents; to give notice of meetings; and to perform such other duties required by law or as the Council may direct.
§ 4.4  TAX COLLECTOR.
   The Council shall appoint a Tax Collector to collect all taxes owed to the Town, subject to general law, this Charter and Town ordinances.
§ 4.5  TOWN ATTORNEY.
   The Council shall appoint a Town Attorney licensed to practice law in North Carolina. It shall be the duty of the Town Attorney to represent the Town, advise Town officials and perform other duties required by law or as the Council may direct.
§ 4.6  OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES.
   The Council may provide for appointment of other officers and employees, and may organize the Town government as deemed appropriate, subject to the requirements of general law.
ARTICLE V. SPECIAL ASSESSMENT PROVISIONS
Part 1. Streets and Sidewalks
§ 5.1  AUTHORITY TO ASSESS FOR STREET IMPROVEMENTS.
   In addition to the authority granted by general law, the Council is authorized to order street improvements and to assess fifty percent of the total costs against abutting property owners in accordance with the provisions of this Article, without the necessity of a petition of property owners.
§ 5.2  AUTHORITY TO ASSESS FOR SIDEWALK IMPROVEMENTS AND REPAIRS.
   In addition to the authority granted by general law, the Council is authorized to order sidewalk improvements or repairs according to standards and specifications of the Town, and to assess fifty percent of the total costs against abutting property owners, without the necessity of a petition of property owners.
§ 5.3  ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE.
   In exercising the authority granted by this Article, the Council shall follow the procedure provided by the General Statutes relating to street and sidewalk assessments, except those provisions relating to the petition of property owners.
§ 5.4  EFFECT OF ASSESSMENT.
   The effect of the act of levying assessments under authority of this Article shall for all purposes be the same as if the assessments were levied under authority of the General Statutes.
§ 5.5  EXEMPTION OF CORNER LOTS.
   The Council shall have authority to exempt from assessment for street improvements for corner lots one hundred fifty feet of the frontage of any side of a corner lot when street improvements are installed along both sides of such lot, or exemptions may be made as provided in G.S. 160A-219.
Part 2. Water and Sewer
§ 5.6  AUTHORITY TO LEVY BY ALTERNATE METHODS.
   In addition to the authority granted by general law for assessing the costs of water and sewer lines and laterals, the Council is authorized to levy any such assessments according to either of the following methods: (1) equally against each of the lots capable of being served by such line or lines, or (2) on the basis of the frontage of land upon a public street by an equal rate per foot of such frontage.
§ 5.7  AVERAGE COSTS.
   In lieu of assessing the total cost of a particular project as herein provided, the Council annually between the first days of January and July of each year, may determine the average cost of installing water and sewer mains or lines and on the basis of such determination may make assessments of such average cost of any portion thereof during the following fiscal year beginning July 1. The average cost of such installation shall include the cost of the particular size and material of lines completed during the preceding calendar year. It also may include the anticipated increase in labor and materials costs based upon the average of such increases during the preceding five calendar years. The assessment of the average cost of such line shall not be made until after the particular assessment project has been completed. The purpose of this is to distribute before equitably the cost of the installation of water and sewer lines throughout the Town; to permit a property owner to know in advance what the cost of installation of water and sewer lines benefitting his property will be; and to permit the most expeditious assessment of cost against property after completion of the installation of such lines. The actual cost of acquisition of rights-of-way also may be assessed as a part of the cost of an individual project. If the right-of-way costs have not been determined and assessed with the assessment of the average installation costs at the time of the completion of the project, such costs may be assessed separately when they are determined.
§ 5.8  SUBDIVISIONS.
   If a lot or parcel of land used for a single-family residential purpose is assessed under this section and the lot or parcel of land is subdivided into additional lots for single-family occupancy, the Council may assess the additional lots or parcels of land into which the original parcel of land is from time to time divided on the basis of the average cost as determined under the provisions of this Part at the time the owner of the additional lot requests the utility service. Such assessment shall be made only after the owner of the newly created lot or lots has requested water or sewer service and an assessment against his property or has paid the amount of the assessment in cash. In the absence of such request or payment, the service shall be withheld from the property. If a lot or parcel of land is used for any purpose other than for single-family occupancy, the Council may assess the lot or parcel of land used for such other purpose in an amount equal to the multiple of the assessment for a single-family lot by the nearest number of times that the area so used is divisible by twenty thousand feet but in no case shall the assessment be less than the assessment which would be made against a single-family dwelling lot.
§ 5.9  EXEMPTION OF CORNER LOTS.
   The Council shall have authority to exempt from assessment for water and sewer extensions for corner lots one hundred fifty feet of the frontage of any side of a corner lot when water and sewer extensions are installed along both sides of such lot, or exemptions may be made as provided in G.S. 160A-219.