§ 154.067  OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS.
   (A)   All applications for a building permit in all zoning districts shall be accompanied by a site plan drawn to scale indicating the location of off-street parking and loading spaces in compliance with the requirements in this section. All site plans for single-family homes must provide for location of a two-stall garage, whether or not the construction is intended.
   (B)   Each parking space shall be no less than nine feet wide and 20 feet in length, exclusive of access aisles. All driveways, parking and vehicle circulation areas must have a surface of asphalt, concrete or other equivalent material approved by the City Engineer, and shall be graded to drain.
   (C)   The following minimum number of off-street parking spaces shall be provided:
      (1)   (a)   Single-family dwelling units: two spaces per unit;
         (b)   Elderly housing: 0.75 spaces per efficiency or one bedroom unit; 1.5 spaces per two bedroom unit; two spaces per three-bedroom unit; or as needed per market study or City staff analysis;
         (c)   Townhouse, condominium or duplex: two spaces per unit and 0.5 spaces per unit for visitor parking; and
         (d)   Multi-family dwellings: 1.75 spaces per unit and 0.5 spaces per unit for visitor parking.
      (2)   Theaters, churches or places of assembly: one space per every five seats, or as needed;
      (3)   Restaurants, bars and the like: one space for every three seats, or one space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area, whichever is greater; or as needed;
      (4)   Service commercial shops and retail stores:
         (a)   Less than or equal to 15,000 square feet net floor area: five spaces per every 1,000 net square feet floor space;
         (b)   Greater than 15,000 square feet net floor area: four spaces per every 1,000 net square feet floor space, minimum; 4.5 spaces per every 1,000 net square feet floor space, maximum; and
         (c)   Any spaces constructed in excess of the maximum may be allowed by conditional use permit and must be of a permeable surface to allow direct infiltration of storm water into the soil.
      (5)   Motels, hotels: one space per sleeping unit, plus required spaces for banquet rooms, meeting rooms, restaurant and retail shops; or as needed;
      (6)   Industrial/manufacturing establishments: five spaces, plus one space per every two persons of maximum employment during any work period, or as needed;
      (7)   Wholesale, warehouses: one space per every 1,000 square feet of warehouse/floor area, but no less than four, or as needed;
      (8)   Uses not mentioned, or identified “as needed”: the number of parking/loading spaces shall be determined by the City Engineer based upon the best information available;
      (9)   Shared or joint use of required parking spaces between uses on different lots within 300 feet of each other may be permitted by the City if the owners of the property agree to the sharing of spaces and it is demonstrated that the spaces will not be used by the two different uses at the same time. The applicants for shared parking shall make an application and have that application reviewed by the Planning Commission and approved by the City Council;
      (10)   Off-street loading: one off-street loading space shall be provided and maintained on the same lot for each commercial and industrial use requiring regular delivery of goods; and
      (11)   Design and maintenance of off-street parking, dock and traffic circulation areas shall be in accordance with City requirements. All such areas shall have an impervious surface, and shall be graded to drain. Exceptions to this requirement (impervious surface) will be considered based upon anticipated traffic usage and on-site runoff controls.
   (D)   Parking and access in residential districts.
      (1)   All vehicles must be parked in driveways, garages or on approved parking surfaces. No vehicles may be parked on lawn areas, even if fenced.
      (2)   All lots in residential districts are permitted one driveway access to a public street.
      (3)   All property access shall be via a permitted driveway.
      (4)   Driveway surfaces shall be constructed of asphalt, concrete or pavers.
      (5)   The construction, operation or maintaining a parking area, either paved or unpaved, in the front yard of any lot is prohibited in any area zoned for residential use unless it is part of a designated, approved driveway.
      (6)   Use of a vacant lot for parking in an area zoned for a residential use is prohibited.
      (7)   Driveways in any area zoned for residential use shall not exceed 24 feet within the right-of-way up to the front property line.
      (8)   Driveways shall not exceed the width of the garage they access by more than ten feet in any direction.
      (9)   The side and rear yard of any lot may only be used for the parking of an automobile, truck, trailer, tractor, recreational vehicle, camper, travel trailer, camper top, tent, wagon, boat, boat trailer or motor home when on an approved and permitted parking surface.
      (10)   Parking areas may be permitted in the side and rear yards; provided, the areas are surfaced in the same manner as required for a driveway. Parking areas in the rear yard may be also surfaced with gravel. All parking areas shall be accessed by the approved driveway and shall meet the setbacks for driveways from the side yard and structural rear yard setbacks.
      (11)   All driveways and parking areas are subject to impervious surface and lot coverage standards in the zoning district.
      (12)   No driveway or parking area shall be located within three feet of any side lot line or shall be placed within a drainage and utility easement.
      (13)   All parking or storage not conforming to these requirements shall be considered outdoor storage.
      (14)   Driveways shall not have a slope greater than 10%.
      (15)   Parking lots and access drives for multi-family housing shall conform to the same standards as for parking lots in commercial districts.
      (16)   An administrative permit shall be required for any driveway or parking area installation or modification.
   (E)   Parking and access for commercial, industrial and institution uses.
      (1)   Except in the B-1 District, driveways and parking areas in commercial and industrial districts shall maintain a five-foot setback to all property lines.
      (2)   All property access shall be via an approved driveway.
      (3)   Driveways shall meet the standards of § 154.071(B)(6) of this chapter.
      (4)   Required parking areas are intended for the accessory parking for the site. All other utilization of the areas shall be considered outdoor storage.
      (5)   No parking shall be permitted in landscaped areas or other areas not intended for parking.
      (6)   Multiple driveway accesses to a single property may be permitted by the City Engineer in cases where the driveways are more than 100 feet apart and do not interfere with public safety.
(Ord. passed 3-20-2002, § 4, sub. 8; Ord. 2016-09, passed 12-19-2016)