§ 153.189  OFF-STREET PARKING FACILITY DESIGN.
   (A)   Off-street parking location and setbacks.
      (1)   Side and rear yard limitation. Off-street parking lots shall meet the side setback requirements as specified in the zoning district and shall not be closer than 15 feet from the rear property line.
      (2)   Front yard limitation. In the CBD, GC, PO and CM Districts, the required front yard setback shall not be used for off-street parking, loading or unloading and shall remain open, unoccupied and unobstructed, except for landscaping or vehicle access drives.
      (3)   Proximity. Required off street parking facilities for all uses, other than residential dwellings, shall be located on the same lot as the use, or within 300 feet of the building(s) or use they are intended to serve. Distance shall be measured from the nearest point of the building to the nearest point of the off street parking lot.
         (a)   Required off street parking facilities for residential dwellings shall be located on the same property as the premises they are intended to serve and shall consist of a driveway, a parking apron and/or a garage.
         (b)   In the CBD District, parking facilities shall be located within 600 feet of the building or use to be served. Distance shall be measured from the nearest point of the building to the nearest point of the off-street parking lot.
   (B)   Parking construction and development. The construction of a parking lot shall require an approved site plan, in accordance with §§ 153.230 through 153.243 of this chapter. Construction shall be completed and approved by the Zoning Administrator.
   (C)   Pavement. Unless alternative materials are specifically permitted as provided in this division (C), all parking lots and vehicle and equipment storage areas shall be hard-surfaced using asphalt, concrete or concrete or brick pavers and shall be appropriately graded and drained. The Planning Commission may approve permeable paving for all or part of a parking lot. For storage areas, a substitute for hard surface paving may be allowed if the Planning Commission finds adjoining properties will not be adversely affected.
   (D)   Curbs. A parking lot shall be surrounded by a six-inch concrete curb, except for driveway openings, sidewalk dub-downs and approved drainage systems, to protect landscaped or pedestrian areas, buildings or adjacent property from potential vehicle encroachment. The Planning Commission may approve an alternative to a fully curbed parking facility as long as the intent of this division (D) is achieved. To avoid conflicts with swinging car doors and overhanging bumpers, in such circumstances all plants shall be set back at least two feet from the edge of pavement.
   (E)   Dimensions. Table 153.189 specifies applicable parking space and aisle dimension requirements.
      (1)   Angled parking between the specified ranges shall be to the nearest degree.
      (2)   The length of a parking stall may be reduced by up to two feet if the parked vehicle can overhang an unobstructed landscaped area or sidewalk by not less than two feet. In such instances a sidewalk shall be at least seven feet wide.
      (3)   At least seven feet shall be maintained between a parking lot and building.
      (4)   All parking lots shall be striped and maintained showing individual parking bays in accordance with the following dimensions:
 
Table 153.189: Dimensional Requirements (Feet)
Parking Pattern (Degree)
Parking Space
Maneuvering Lane Width
Total 1 Row of Parking and Maneuvering Lane
Total Bay (2 Rows of Parking and Maneuvering Lane)
Width
Length
0 degree (parallel)
8
23
12
20
28
30 to 53
9
20
12
32
52
54 to 74
9
20
15
36.5
58
75 to 90
9
18
24
42
60
 
   (F)   Stacking spaces. Waiting/stacking spaces for a drive-through use (such as a bank, restaurant, car wash, pharmacy, dry cleaner or oil change establishment) shall be at least 24 feet long and ten feet wide and shall not block off-street parking spaces. Where the waiting/stacking lane is a single lane accommodating five or more vehicles, an escape lane shall be provided for vehicles wishing to by-pass the drive-up window.
   (G)   Ingress and egress. Clearly defined and limited driveways shall provide adequate vehicular access to a parking lot. Interior access and circulation aisles for all parking spaces shall be provided. A public street shall not be used as a maneuvering space for a vehicle to get into or out of an off-street parking space. Access drives serving a parking lot in a non-residential zoning district shall not cross a residential district, except when access is provided by means of an alley that forms a boundary between a residential and non-residential district.
   (H)   Landscaping. Off-street parking areas shall be landscaped in accordance with the requirements of § 153.171(H) of this chapter.
   (I)   Fire lanes. All fire lanes shall be designated on a site and posted with signs prior to occupancy.
   (J)   Barrier free parking. Signed and marked barrier free parking spaces shall be provided at convenient locations in a parking lot in accordance with the state barrier free parking requirements. Barrier free spaces shall be located as close as possible to building entrances.
   (K)   Maintenance. All parking lots and structures shall be maintained free of trash and debris and all surfaces, curbs, light fixtures and signs shall be maintained in good condition.
(Prior Code, § 5.94) (Ord. 807, passed 9-3-2019)  Penalty, see § 153.999