§ 153.187  PARKING REQUIREMENTS AND LIMITATIONS.
   (A)   Off-street parking shall only be used for temporary vehicle parking related to the activities on the premise. The storage of merchandise, motor vehicles for sale, recreational vehicles, limousines, trucks and trailers is prohibited, except under the conditions of § 153.153 of this chapter. Use of off-street parking to store or park wrecked or junked cars, or to repair vehicles is prohibited.
   (B)   When calculations for required parking spaces result in a fraction over one-half, one full parking space shall be required.
   (C)   For a use not specifically included in Table 153.187, off-street parking requirements shall be in accordance with a use determined by the Zoning Administrator to have comparable parking characteristics. For any use determined as not having a comparable parking requirement, it shall be determined by the Planning Commission based on recent and published parking research, or by accepting the findings of a parking study provided by the applicant in accordance with § 153.188(B)(6) of this chapter.
   (D)   For benches, pews or similar seating, each 24 inches shall be counted as one seat unless plans filed with the city specify a maximum seating capacity, which shall then be used to determine parking requirements.
   (E)   Unless otherwise indicated, floor area shall refer to usable floor area (UFA).
   (F)   Where parking requirements are established by maximum building seating or occupancy, capacity shall be based on the building and/or fire code, whichever is more restrictive.
   (G)   Minimum parking space requirements shall not be exceeded unless approved by the Planning Commission based on documented evidence that additional spaces are required to accommodate parking demand on a typical day. The Planning Commission may require any additional spaces to be constructed using alternate paving materials, such as pervious pavers or concrete. A required or requested use of alternative paving materials shall include a maintenance plan and agreement from the property owner deemed satisfactory to the Planning Commission.
   (H)   The minimum required number of off-street parking spaces shall be determined based on the requirements listed in Table 153.187.
Table 153.187: Parking and Access Requirements by Use
Use
Number of Parking Spaces
Table 153.187: Parking and Access Requirements by Use
Use
Number of Parking Spaces
RESIDENTIAL USES
Bed and breakfast
See § 153.116(C)
Boarding or rooming house
1 space per 2 beds, plus 1 additional space for owner or employee use
Dwellings above first floor businesses
1 space per dwelling unit
Multiple-family residential dwellings
1.5 spaces per dwelling unit
Senior apartments and senior independent living
0.5 space per unit, and 1 space per employee. Should units revert to general occupancy, the requirements for multiple-family residential dwellings shall apply
Single-family and two-family dwellings
2 spaces per dwelling unit
INSTITUTIONAL USES
Auditoriums, assembly halls, meeting rooms, theaters and similar places of assembly
1 space per 4 seats, based on maximum seating capacity in the main place of assembly, as established by the city’s Fire and Building Codes
Day care facility, nursery school, child care center, family day care home, group day care home
1 per 700 sq. ft. of UFA, plus 1 per employee. Sufficient area shall be designated for drop-off of children or adults in a safe manner that will not result in traffic disruptions
Elementary and middle schools
1 per teacher, employee and administrator
Convalescent or nursing home
1 per 6 beds or occupants and 1 space per staff member or employee on the largest shift
Hospitals and similar facilities for human care
1 per 5 beds, plus 1 per employee on the largest shift
Churches and customary related uses
1 for every 5 seats in the main place of assembly
High schools; colleges and universities; business, trade, technical, vocational or industrial schools; performing and fine arts schools
1 per teacher, employee and administrator, and 1 for every 10 students
RETAIL USES
Retail stores, except as otherwise specified
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 500 sq. ft. of UFA
Multi-tenant shopping centers
   With 60,000 sq. ft. or less of retail
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 350 sq. ft. of retail UFA
   With over 60,000 sq. ft. of retail
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 300 sq. ft. of retail UFA
   With restaurants
If more than 20% of the shopping center’s floor area is occupied by restaurants or entertainment uses, parking requirements for these uses shall be calculated separately. Where the amount of restaurant space is unknown, it shall be calculated at 20%
Agricultural sales, greenhouses and nurseries or roadside stands
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 350 sq. ft. of permanent or temporary area devoted primarily to sales
Animal grooming, training, day care and boarding
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 1,000 sq. ft. of UFA
Furniture and appliance, household equipment, show-room of a plumber, decorator, electrician, hardware, wholesale and repair shop or other similar uses
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 1,000 sq. ft. of net UFA, plus 1 additional space per employee
Grocery store/supermarket
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 500 sq. ft. of UFA
Home improvement centers
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 1,000 sq. ft. of UFA
Open air businesses, except as otherwise specified
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 500 sq. ft. of lot area for retail sales, uses and services
Vehicle dealerships, including automobiles, RVs, motorcycles, snowmobiles, ATVs and boats
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 1,000 sq. ft. of floor space of sales room
SERVICE USES
Banks and other financial institutions
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 500 sq. ft. of UFA for the public. Drive-up windows/drive-up ATMs shall be provided with 2 stacking spaces per window or drive-up ATM
Beauty parlor or barber shop
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 parking space per chair/station
Dry cleaners
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 500 sq. ft. of UFA
Laundromats
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 4 combinations of washer-dryer machines, plus 1 space per employee
Mortuary, funeral home
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 3 patron seats at largest capacity
Motel, hotel or other commercial lodging establishment
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 0.5 space per unit. In addition, spaces required for ancillary uses such as lounges, restaurants or places of assembly shall be provided and determined on the basis of the individual requirements for that use
Motor vehicle service stations (gas stations and truck stops)
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus additional parking required for other uses within an automobile service station, such as the retail floor area, restaurants or vehicle repair stalls
Vehicle repair establishment, major or minor
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per service stall
Vehicle wash
   Self-service (coin operated)
4 spaces, plus 2 stacking spaces for every washing stall
   Full-service
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 4 spaces and 3 stacking spaces for every washing stall or line
Restaurants, bars and clubs
   Standard sit-down restaurants with liquor license
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of UFA
   Carry-out restaurant (with limited or no seating for eating on premises)
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 4 per service or counter station
   Open front restaurant/ice cream stand
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 5 spaces and 1 per 6 seats
   Drive-through restaurant
1 for every 2 employees, plus 1 for every 6 seats intended for patrons within the building, plus 4 stacking spaces per food pickup window
   Bars, lounges, taverns, nightclubs (majority of sales consist of alcoholic beverages)
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 200 sq. ft. of UFA
   Private clubs, lodge halls or banquet halls
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 6 persons allowed within the maximum occupancy load as established by the city’s Fire and Building Codes
RECREATION
Athletic clubs, exercise establishments, health studios, sauna baths, martial art schools and other similar uses
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 4 persons allowed within the maximum occupancy load as established by city’s Fire and Building Codes
Billiard parlors
1 per 3 persons allowed within the maximum occupancy load as established by city’s Building and Fire Codes, or 1 per 500 sq. ft. of gross floor area, whichever is greater
Bowling alleys
4 per bowling lane plus additional for accessory uses such as bars
Indoor recreation establishments including gymnasiums, tennis courts and handball, roller or ice-skating rinks, exhibition halls, dance halls and banquet halls
1 space for every 6 persons allowed within the maximum occupancy load as established by the city’s Fire and Building Codes
Miniature or “par-3" courses
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 per 2 holes
Commercial marinas
0.25 space for every boat slip based on the permitted slips by the state’s Department of Natural Resources
OFFICES
Business offices, post offices or professional offices of lawyers, architects or similar professionals
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 300 sq. ft. of UFA, but no less than 5 parking spaces
Medical offices of doctors, dentists, veterinarians or similar professions
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 for every 300 sq. ft. of UFA
INDUSTRIAL USES
Industrial establishments, including manufacturing, research and testing laboratories, creameries, bottling works, printing, plumbing or electrical workshops
1 for every 2 employees or 700 sq. ft. of UFA, whichever is greater
Warehouses and storage buildings
1 per employee on the largest shift
Mini warehouses/self-storage
Unobstructed parking area equal to 1 for every 10 door openings, plus parking for other uses on site such as truck rental
Truck terminal
1 per employee on the largest shift, plus 2 truck spaces of 10 x 70 ft. per truck berth or docking space
Air freight forwarders/distribution facilities
1 per employee on the largest shift
 
(Prior Code, § 5.92) (Ord. 802, passed 4-15-2019; Ord. 807, passed 9-3-2019)