885.05   COLLECTION AT SOURCE.
   (a)   Collection at source; withholding from qualifying wages.
      (1)   A.    Each employer, agent of an employer, or other payer located or doing business in the municipality shall withhold from each employee an amount equal to the qualifying wages of the employee earned by the employee in the municipality multiplied by the applicable rate of the municipality’s income tax, except for qualifying wages for which withholding is not required under section 885.05(b) of this chapter or division (a)(4) or (5) of this section.  An employer, agent of an employer, or other payer shall deduct and withhold the tax from qualifying wages on the date that the employer, agent, or other payer directly, indirectly, or constructively pays the qualifying wages to, or credits the qualifying wages to the benefit of, the employee.
         B.   In addition to withholding the amounts required under division (a)(1)A. of this section, an employer, agent of an employer, or other payer may also deduct and withhold, on the request of an employee, taxes for the municipal corporation in which the employee is a resident.
      (2)   A.   An employer, agent of an employer, or other payer shall remit to the Tax Administrator of the municipality the greater of the income taxes deducted and withheld or the income taxes required to be deducted and withheld by the employer, agent, or other payer, along with any report required by the Tax Administrator to accompany such payment, according to the following schedule:
            i.   Any employer, agent of an employer, or other payer not required to make payments under division (a)(2)A.ii. of this section of taxes required to be deducted and withheld shall make quarterly payments to the Tax Administrator not later than the last day of the month following the last day of each calendar quarter.
            ii.   Taxes required to be deducted and withheld shall be remitted monthly to the Tax Administrator if the total taxes deducted and withheld or required to be deducted and withheld by the employer, agent, or other payer on behalf of the municipal corporation in the preceding calendar year exceeded two thousand three hundred ninety-nine dollars, or if the total amount of taxes deducted and withheld or required to be deducted and withheld on behalf of the municipality in any month of the preceding calendar quarter exceeded two hundred dollars. Payments under division (a)(2)A.ii. of this section shall be made by to the Tax Administrator not later than fifteen days after the last day of each month.
            iii.   An employer, agent of an employer or other payer is required to make payment by electronic funds transfer to the Tax Administrator of all taxes deducted and withheld on behalf of the employee for remittance to the municipality if the employer, agent of an employer, or other payer is required to make payments electronically for the purpose of paying federal taxes withheld on payments to employees under section 6302 of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 C.F.R. 31.6302-1, or any other federal statute or regulation. The payment of tax by electronic funds transfer under this division does not affect an employer’s, agent’s, or other payer’s obligation to file any return as required under this section.  Once the threshold for remitting payment electronically for federal purposes has been met, any accrued municipal income tax withheld from employee qualifying wages earned within the municipality shall be remitted to the municipality at the same time that the federal tax withholding payment is due.
      (3)   An employer, agent of an employer, or other payer shall make and file a return showing the amount of tax withheld by the employer, agent, or other payer from the qualifying wages of each employee and remitted to the Tax Administrator.  A return filed by an employer, agent, or other payer under this division shall be accepted by the municipality as the return required of an employee whose sole income subject to the tax under this chapter is the qualifying wages reported by the employee’s employer, agent of an employer, or other payer, unless the municipality requires all resident individual taxpayers to file a tax return under section 885.09(a) of this chapter.
      (4)   An employer, agent of an employer, or other payer is not required to withhold municipal income tax with respect to an individual’s disqualifying disposition of an incentive stock option if, at the time of the disqualifying disposition, the individual is not an employee of either the corporation with respect to whose stock the option has been issued or of such corporation’s successor entity.
      (5)   A.   An employee is not relieved from liability for a tax by the failure of the employer, agent of an employer, or other payer to withhold the tax as required  under this chapter or by the employer’s, agent’s, or other payer’s exemption from the requirement to withhold the tax.
         B.   The failure of an employer, agent of an employer, or other payer to remit to the municipality the tax withheld relieves the employee from liability for that tax unless the employee colluded with the employer, agent, or other payer in connection with the failure to remit the tax withheld.
      (6)   Compensation deferred before June 26, 2003, is not subject to any municipal corporation income tax or municipal income tax withholding requirement to the extent the deferred compensation does not constitute qualifying wages at the time the deferred compensation is paid or distributed.
      (7)   Each employer, agent of an employer, or other payer required to withhold taxes is liable for the payment of that amount required to be withheld, whether or not such taxes have been withheld, and such amount shall be deemed to be held in trust for the municipality until such time as the withheld amount is remitted to the Tax Administrator.
      (8)   On or before the last day of February of each year, an employer shall file a Withholding Reconciliation Return with the Tax Administrator listing the names, addresses, and social security numbers of all employees from whose qualifying wages tax was withheld or should have been withheld for the Municipality during the preceding calendar year, the amount of tax withheld, if any, from each such employee’s qualifying wage, the total amount of qualifying wages paid to such employee during the preceding calendar year, the name of every other municipal corporation for which tax was withheld or should have been withheld from such employee during the preceding calendar year, any other information required for federal income tax reporting purposes on Internal Revenue Service form W-2 or its equivalent form with respect to such employee, and other information as may be required by the Tax Administrator.
      (9)   The officer or the employee of the employer, agent of an employer, or other payer with control or direct supervision of or charged with the responsibility for withholding the tax or filing the reports and making payments as required by this section, shall be personally liable for a failure to file a report or pay the tax due as required by this section. The dissolution of an employer, agent of an employer, or other payer does not discharge the officer’s or employee’s liability for a failure of the employer, agent of an employer, or other payer to file returns or pay any tax due.
      (10)   An employer is required to deduct and withhold municipal income tax on tips and gratuities received by the employer’s employees and constituting qualifying wages only to the extent that the tips and gratuities are under the employer’s control. For the purposes of this division, a tip or gratuity is under the employer’s control if the tip or gratuity is paid by the customer to the employer for subsequent remittance to the employee, or if the customer pays the tip or gratuity by credit card, debit card, or other electronic means.
      (11)   A Tax Administrator shall consider any tax withheld by an employer at the request of an employee when such tax is not otherwise required to be withheld by this chapter to be tax required to be withheld and remitted for the purposes of this section.
(ORC 718.03)
   (b)   Collection at source; occasional entrant.
      (1)    The following terms as used in this section:
         A.   “Employer” includes a person that is a related member to or of an employer.
         B.   “Professional athlete” means an athlete who performs services in a professional athletic event for wages or other remuneration.
         C.   “Professional entertainer” means a person who performs services in the professional performing arts for wages or other remuneration on a per-event basis.
         D.   “Public figure” means a person of prominence who performs services at discrete events, such as speeches, public appearances, or similar events, for wages or other remuneration on a per-event basis.
         E.   “Fixed location” means a permanent place of doing business in this state, such as an office, warehouse, storefront, or similar location owned or controlled by an employer.
         F.   “Worksite location” means a construction site or other temporary worksite in this state at which the employer provides services for more than 20 days during the calendar year. “Worksite location” does not include the home of an employee.
         G.   “Principal place of work” means the fixed location to which an employee is required to report for employment duties on a regular and ordinary basis. If the employee is not required to report for employment duties on a regular and ordinary basis to a fixed location, “principal place of work” means the worksite location in this state to which the employee is required to report for employment duties on a regular and ordinary basis. If the employee is not required to report for employment duties on a regular and ordinary basis to a fixed location or worksite location, “principal place of work” means the location in this state at which the employee spends the greatest number of days in a calendar year performing services for or on behalf of the employee’s employer.
   If there is not a single municipal corporation in which the employee spent the “greatest number of days in a calendar year” performing services for or on behalf of the employer, but instead there are two or more municipal corporations in which the employee spent an identical number of days that is greater than the number of days the employee spent in any other municipal corporation, the employer shall allocate any of the employee’s qualifying wages subject to division (b)(2)A.i. of this section among those two or more municipal corporations. The allocation shall be made using any fair and reasonable method, including, but not limited to, an equal allocation among such municipal corporations or an allocation based upon the time spent or sales made by the employee in each such municipal corporation. A municipal corporation to which qualifying wages are allocated under this division shall be the employee’s “principal place of work” with respect to those qualifying wages for the purposes of this section.
   For the purposes of this division, the location at which an employee spends a particular day shall be deemed in accordance with division (b)(2)B. of this section, except that “location” shall be substituted for “municipal corporation” wherever “municipal corporation” appears in that division.
      (2)   A.   Subject to divisions (b)(3), (5), (6), and (7) of this section, an employer is not required to withhold municipal income tax on qualifying wages paid to an employee for the performance of personal services in a municipal corporation that imposes such a tax if the employee performed such services in the municipal corporation on twenty or fewer days in a calendar year, unless one of the following conditions applies:
            i.   The employee’s principal place of work is located in the municipality.
            ii.   The employee performed services at one or more presumed worksite locations in the municipality. For the purposes of this division, “presumed worksite location” means a construction site or other temporary worksite in this state at which the employer provides services that can reasonably be expected by the employer to last more than 20 days in a calendar year. Services can “reasonably be expected by the employer to last more than 20 days” if either of the following applies at the time the services commence:
               a.   The nature of the services are such that it will require more than twenty days of actual services to complete the services;
               b.   The agreement between the employer and its customer to perform services at a location requires the employer to perform actual services at the location for more than twenty days.
            iii.   The employee is a resident of the municipality and has requested that the employer withhold tax from the employee’s qualifying wages as provided in section 885.05(a) of this chapter.
            iv.   The employee is a professional athlete, professional entertainer, or public figure, and the qualifying wages are paid for the performance of services in the employee’s capacity as a professional athlete, professional entertainer, or public figure within the municipality.
         B.   For the purposes of division (b)(2)A. of this section, an employee shall be considered to have spent a day performing services in a municipal corporation only if the employee spent more time performing services for or on behalf of the employer in that municipal corporation than in any other municipal corporation on that day.  For the purposes of determining the amount of time an employee spent in a particular location, the time spent performing one or more of the following activities shall be considered to have been spent at the employee’s principal place of work:
            i.   Traveling to the location at which the employee will first perform services for the employer for the day;
            ii.   Traveling from a location at which the employee was performing services for the employer to any other location;
            iii.   Traveling from any location to another location in order to pick up or load, for the purpose of transportation or delivery, property that has been purchased, sold, assembled, fabricated, repaired, refurbished, processed, remanufactured, or improved by the employee’s employer;
            iv.   Transporting or delivering property described in division (b)(2)B.iii. of this section, provided that, upon delivery of the property, the employee does not temporarily or permanently affix the property to real estate owned, used, or controlled by a person other than the employee’s employer;
            v.   Traveling from the location at which the employee makes the employee’s final delivery or pick-up for the day to either the employee’s principal place of work or a location at which the employee will not perform services for the employer.
      (3)   If the principal place of work of an employee is located in a municipal corporation that imposes an income tax in accordance with this chapter, the exception from withholding requirements described in division (B)(1) of this section shall apply only if, with respect to the employee’s qualifying wages described in that division, the employer withholds and remits tax on such qualifying wages to the municipal corporation in which the employee’s principal place of work is located.
      (4)   A.   Except as provided in division (b)(4)B. of this section, if, during a calendar year, the number of days an employee spends performing personal services in a municipal corporation exceeds the twenty-day threshold described in division (b)(2)A. of this section, the employer shall withhold and remit tax to that municipal corporation for any subsequent days in that calendar year on which the employer pays qualifying wages to the employee for personal services performed in that municipal corporation.
         B.   An employer required to begin withholding tax for a municipal corporation under division (b)(4)A. of this section may elect to withhold tax for that municipal corporation for the first twenty days on which the employer paid qualifying wages to the employee for personal services performed in that municipal corporation.
         C.   If an employer makes the election described in division (b)(4)B. of this section, the taxes withheld and paid by such an employer during those first twenty days to the municipal corporation in which the employee’s principal place of work is located are refundable to the employee.
      (5)   Without regard to the number of days in a calendar year on which an employee performs personal services in any municipal corporation, an employer shall withhold municipal income tax on all of the employee’s qualifying wages for a taxable year and remit that tax only to the municipal corporation in which the employer’s fixed location is located if the employer qualifies as a small employer as defined in section 885.03 of this chapter. To determine whether an employer qualifies as a small employer for a taxable year, a Tax Administrator may require the employer to provide the Tax Administrator with the employer’s federal income tax return for the preceding taxable year.
      (6)   Divisions (b)(2)A. and (b)(4) of this section shall not apply to the extent that a Tax Administrator and an employer enter into an agreement regarding the manner in which the employer shall comply with the requirements of section 885.05(a) of this chapter.
(ORC 718.011;  ORC 718.01)
   (c)   Collection at source; casino and vlt.
      (1)   The municipality shall require a casino facility or a casino operator, as defined in Section 6(C)(9) of Article XV, Ohio Constitution, and Ohio R.C. 3772.01, respectively, or a lottery sales agent conducting video lottery terminals sales on behalf of the state to withhold and remit municipal income tax with respect to amounts other than qualifying wages as provided in this section.
      (2)   If a person’s winnings at a casino facility are an amount for which reporting to the internal revenue service of the amount is required by section 6041 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, the casino operator shall deduct and withhold municipal income tax from the person’s winnings at the rate of the tax imposed by the municipal corporation in which the casino facility is located.
      (3)   Amounts deducted and withheld by a casino operator are held in trust for the benefit of the municipal corporation to which the tax is owed.
         A.   On or before the tenth day of each month, the casino operator shall file a return electronically with the Tax Administrator of the municipality, providing the name, address, and social security number of the person from whose winnings amounts were deducted and withheld, the amount of each such deduction and withholding during the preceding calendar month, the amount of the winnings from which each such amount was withheld, the type of casino gaming that resulted in such winnings, and any other information required by the Tax Administrator. With this return, the casino operator shall remit electronically to the municipality all amounts deducted and withheld during the preceding month.
         B.   Annually, on or before the thirty-first day of January, a casino operator shall file an annual return electronically with the Tax Administrator of the municipal corporation in which the casino facility is located, indicating the total amount deducted and withheld during the preceding calendar year. The casino operator shall remit electronically with the annual return any amount that was deducted and withheld and that was not previously remitted. If the name, address, or social security number of a person or the amount deducted and withheld with respect to that person was omitted on a monthly return for that reporting period, that information shall be indicated on the annual return.
         C.   Annually, on or before the thirty-first day of January, a casino operator shall issue an information return to each person with respect to whom an amount has been deducted and withheld during the preceding calendar year. The information return shall show the total amount of municipal income tax deducted from the person’s winnings during the preceding year. The casino operator shall provide to the Tax Administrator a copy of each information return issued under this division.  The administrator may require that such copies be transmitted electronically.
         D.   A casino operator that fails to file a return and remit the amounts deducted and withheld shall be personally liable for the amount withheld and not remitted. Such personal liability extends to any penalty and interest imposed for the late filing of a return or the late payment of tax deducted and withheld.
         E.   If a casino operator sells the casino facility or otherwise quits the casino business, the amounts deducted and withheld along with any penalties and interest thereon are immediately due and payable. The successor shall withhold an amount of the purchase money that is sufficient to cover the amounts deducted and withheld along with any penalties and interest thereon until the predecessor casino operator produces either of the following:
            i.   A receipt from the Tax Administrator showing that the amounts deducted and withheld and penalties and interest thereon have been paid;
            ii.   A certificate from the Tax Administrator indicating that no amounts are due.
If the successor fails to withhold purchase money, the successor is personally liable for the payment of the amounts deducted and withheld and penalties and interest thereon.
         F.   The failure of a casino operator to deduct and withhold the required amount from a person’s winnings does not relieve that person from liability for the municipal income tax with respect to those winnings.
      (4)   If a person’s prize award from a video lottery terminal is an amount for which reporting to the internal revenue service is required by section 6041 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, the video lottery sales agent shall deduct and withhold municipal income tax from the person’s prize award at the rate of the tax imposed by the municipal corporation in which the video lottery terminal facility is located.
      (5)   Amounts deducted and withheld by a video lottery sales agent are held in trust for the benefit of the municipal corporation to which the tax is owed.
         A.   The video lottery sales agent shall issue to a person from whose prize award an amount has been deducted and withheld a receipt for the amount deducted and withheld, and shall obtain from the person receiving a prize award the person’s name, address, and social security number in order to facilitate the preparation of returns required by this section.
         B.   On or before the tenth day of each month, the video lottery sales agent shall file a return electronically with the Tax Administrator of the Municipality providing the names, addresses, and social security numbers of the persons from whose prize awards amounts were deducted and withheld, the amount of each such deduction and withholding during the preceding calendar month, the amount of the prize award from which each such amount was withheld, and any other information required by the Tax Administrator. With the return, the video lottery sales agent shall remit electronically to the Tax Administrator all amounts deducted and withheld during the preceding month.
         C.   A video lottery sales agent shall maintain a record of all receipts issued under division (c)(5) of this section and shall make those records available to the Tax Administrator upon request. Such records shall be maintained in accordance with Ohio R.C. 5747.17 and any rules adopted pursuant thereto.
         D.   Annually, on or before the thirty-first day of January, each video lottery terminal sales agent shall file an annual return electronically with the Tax Administrator of the municipal corporation in which the facility is located indicating the total amount deducted and withheld during the preceding calendar year. The video lottery sales agent shall remit electronically with the annual return any amount that was deducted and withheld and that was not previously remitted. If the name, address, or social security number of a person or the amount deducted and withheld with respect to that person was omitted on a monthly return for that reporting period, that information shall be indicated on the annual return.
         E.   Annually, on or before the thirty-first day of January, a video lottery sales agent shall issue an information return to each person with respect to whom an amount has been deducted and withheld during the preceding calendar year. The information return shall show the total amount of municipal income tax deducted and withheld from the person’s prize award by the video lottery sales agent during the preceding year. A video lottery sales agent shall provide to the Tax Administrator of the municipal corporation a copy of each information return issued under this division. The Tax Administrator may require that such copies be transmitted electronically.
         F.   A video lottery sales agent who fails to file a return and remit the amounts deducted and withheld is personally liable for the amount deducted and withheld and not remitted. Such personal liability extends to any penalty and interest imposed for the late filing of a return or the late payment of tax deducted and withheld.
      (6)   If a video lottery sales agent ceases to operate video lottery terminals, the amounts deducted and withheld along with any penalties and interest thereon are immediately due and payable. The successor of the video lottery sales agent that purchases the video lottery terminals from the agent shall withhold an amount from the purchase money that is sufficient to cover the amounts deducted and withheld and any penalties and interest thereon until the predecessor video lottery sales agent operator produces either of the following:
         A.   A receipt from the Tax Administrator showing that the amounts deducted and withheld and penalties and interest thereon have been paid;
         B.   A certificate from the Tax Administrator indicating that no amounts are due.
   If the successor fails to withhold purchase money, the successor is personally liable for the payment of the amounts deducted and withheld and penalties and interest thereon.
      (7)   The failure of a video lottery sales agent to deduct and withhold the required amount from a person’s prize award does not relieve that person from liability for the municipal income tax with respect to that prize award.
      (8)   If a casino operator or lottery sales agent files a return late, fails to file a return, remits amounts deducted and withheld late, or fails to remit amounts deducted and withheld as required under this section, the Tax Administrator of a municipal corporation may impose the following applicable penalty:
         A.   For the late remittance of, or failure to remit, tax deducted and withheld under this section, a penalty equal to 50% of the tax deducted and withheld;
         B.   For the failure to file, or the late filing of, a monthly or annual return, a penalty of five hundred dollars for each return not filed or filed late. Interest shall accrue on past due amounts deducted and withheld at the rate prescribed in Ohio R.C. 5703.47.
      (9)   Amounts deducted and withheld on behalf of a municipal corporation shall be allowed as a credit against payment of the tax imposed by the municipal corporation and shall be treated as taxes paid for purposes of section 885.07 of this chapter. This division applies only to the person for whom the amount is deducted and withheld.
      (10)   The Tax Administrator shall prescribe the forms of the receipts and returns required under this section.
(ORC 718.031)  (Ord. 19-15.  Passed 11-16-15; Ord. 19-16.  Passed 11-21-16.)