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(D) All new electrical, heating, ventilation, plumbing, air conditioning equipment, and other service equipment shall be located at or above the RFPE, or designed and installed to prevent water from entering or accumulating within the components during the occurrence of the base flood. These include, but are not limited to, HVAC equipment, water softener units, bath/kitchen fixtures, ductwork, electric/gas meter panels/boxes, utility/cable boxes, water heaters, and electric outlets/switches.
(H) Nothing in this article shall prevent the repair, reconstruction, or replacement of a building or structure existing on the effective date of this article, and located totally or partially within the floodway, non-encroachment area, or stream setback, provided there is no additional encroachment below the regulatory flood protection elevation in the floodway, non-encroachment area, or stream setback, and provided that such repair, reconstruction, or replacement meets all of the other requirements of this article.
(I) New solid waste disposal facilities and sites, hazardous waste management facilities, salvage yards, and chemical storage facilities shall not be permitted, except by variance as specified in division 16.6.5(J). A structure or tank for chemical or fuel storage incidental to an allowed use, or to the operation of a water treatment plant or wastewater treatment facility, may be located in a Special Flood Hazard Area only if the structure or tank is either elevated or floodproofed to at least the regulatory flood protection elevation, and certified in accordance with the provisions of division 16.6.2(C).
(A) Residential construction. New construction and substantial improvement of any residential structure (including manufactured homes) shall have the reference level, including basement, elevated no lower than the regulatory flood protection elevation, as defined in § 17.2.
(B) Nonresidential construction. New construction and substantial improvement of any commercial, industrial, or other nonresidential structure shall have the reference level, including basement, elevated no lower than the regulatory flood protection elevation, as defined in § 17.2. Structures located in Zones A, AE, AH, AO, A99 may be floodproofed to the regulatory flood protection elevation in lieu of elevation, provided that all areas of the structure, together with attendant utility and sanitary facilities, below the regulatory flood protection elevation are watertight, with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water, using structural components having the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and the effect of buoyancy. For AO Zones, the floodproofing elevation shall be in accordance with division 16.7.4(B). A registered professional engineer or architect shall certify that the standards of division 16.7.4(B) are satisfied. Such certification shall be provided to the Floodplain Administrator, as set forth in division 16.6.2(C), along with the operational and maintenance plans.
(1) New and replacement manufactured homes shall be elevated so that the reference level of the manufactured home is no lower than the regulatory flood protection elevation, as defined in § 17.2.
(2) Manufactured homes shall be securely anchored to an adequately anchored foundation to resist flotation, collapse, and lateral movement, either by a certified engineered foundation system, or in accordance with the most current edition of the State Regulations for Manufactured Homes adopted by the Commissioner of Insurance pursuant to G.S. § 143-143.15. Additionally, when the elevation would be met by an elevation of the chassis 36 inches or less above the grade at the site, the chassis shall be supported by reinforced piers or engineered foundation. When the elevation of the chassis is above 36 inches in height, an engineering certification is required.
(3) All enclosures or skirting below the lowest floor shall meet the requirements of division 16.7.2(D).
(4) An evacuation plan must be developed for evacuation of all residents of all new, substantially improved, or substantially damaged manufactured home parks or subdivisions located within flood-prone areas. This plan shall be filed with and approved by the Floodplain Administrator and the local Emergency Management Coordinator.
(1) Shall not be designed or used for human habitation, but shall only be used for parking of vehicles, building access, or limited storage of maintenance equipment used in connection with the premises. Access to the enclosed area shall be the minimum necessary to allow for parking of vehicles (garage door) or limited storage of maintenance equipment (standard exterior door), or entry to the living area (stairway or elevator). The interior portion of such enclosed area shall not be finished or partitioned into separate rooms, except to enclose storage areas;
(4) Shall include, in Zones A and AE, flood openings to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on walls by allowing for the entry and exit of floodwaters. To meet this requirement, the openings must either be certified by a professional engineer or architect, or meet or exceed the following minimum design criteria:
(4) Any combination of repair, reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition or improvement of a building or structure taking place during a one-year period, the cumulative cost of which equals or exceeds 50% of the market value of the structure before the improvement or repair is started, must comply with the standards for new construction. For each building or structure, the one-year period begins on the date of the first improvement or repair of that building or structure subsequent to the effective date of this article. Substantial damage also means flood-related damage sustained by a structure on two separate occasions during a ten-year period, for which the cost of repairs at the time of each such flood event, on the average, equals or exceeds 25% of the market value of the structure before the damage occurred. If the structure has sustained substantial damage, any repairs are considered substantial improvement regardless of the actual repair work performed. The requirement does not, however, include either:
(G) Temporary nonresidential structures. Prior to the issuance of a floodplain development permit for a temporary structure, the applicant must submit to the Floodplain Administrator a plan for the removal of such structure(s) in the event of a hurricane, flash flood, or other type of flood warning notification. The following information shall be submitted in writing to the Floodplain Administrator for review and written approval:
(5) Accessory structures shall be firmly anchored in accordance with the provisions of division 16.7.1(A);
(6) All service facilities such as electrical shall be installed in accordance with the provisions of division 16.7.1(D); and
(7) Flood openings to facilitate automatic equalization of hydrostatic flood forces shall be provided below regulatory flood protection elevation in conformance with the provisions of division 16.7.2(D)(4).
An accessory structure with a footprint less than 150 square feet, or that is a minimal investment of $3,000 or less, and satisfies the criteria outlined above, is not required to meet the elevation or floodproofing standards of division 16.7.2(B). Elevation or floodproofing certifications are required for all other accessory structures in accordance with division 16.6.2(C).
(2) Aboveground tanks, elevated. Aboveground tanks in flood hazard areas shall be elevated to or above the regulatory flood protection elevation on a supporting structure that is designed to prevent flotation, collapse or lateral movement during conditions of the design flood. Tank-supporting structures shall meet the foundation requirements of the applicable flood hazard area.
(3) Aboveground tanks, not elevated. Aboveground tanks that do not meet the elevation requirements of division 16.7.2(B) of this article shall be permitted in flood hazard areas, provided the tanks are designed, constructed, installed, and anchored to resist all flood-related and other loads, including the effects of buoyancy, during conditions of the design flood, and without release of contents in the floodwaters or infiltration by floodwaters into the tanks. Tanks shall be designed, constructed, installed, and anchored to resist the potential buoyant and other flood forces acting on an empty tank during design flood conditions.
(3) Roads and watercourse crossings in regulated floodways and NEAs. Roads and watercourse crossings, including roads, bridges, culverts, low-water crossings and similar means for vehicles or pedestrians to travel from one side of a watercourse to the other side, that encroach into regulated floodways shall meet the limitations of division 16.7.6 of this article.
16.7.4 Standards for floodplains without established base flood elevations. Within the Special Flood Hazard Areas designated as Approximate Zone A and established in division 16.5.2, where no BFE data has been provided by FEMA, the following provisions, in addition to the provisions of division 16.7.1, shall apply.
(A) No encroachments, including fill, new construction, substantial improvements, or new development shall be permitted within a distance of 20 feet each side from top of bank, or five times the width of the stream, whichever is greater, unless certification with supporting technical data by a registered professional engineer is provided, demonstrating that such encroachments shall not result in any increase in flood levels during the occurrence of the base flood discharge.
(3) All subdivision, manufactured home park, and other development proposals shall provide BFE data if the development is greater than five acres or has more than 50 lots/manufactured home sites. Such BFE data shall be adopted by reference in accordance with division 16.5.2 and utilized in implementing this article.
(4) When BFE data is not available from a federal, state, or other source as outlined above, the reference level shall be elevated or floodproofed (nonresidential) to or above the regulatory flood protection elevation, as defined in § 17.2. All other applicable provisions of division 16.7.2 shall also apply.
16.7.5 Standards for riverine floodplains with base flood elevations, but without established floodways or non-encroachment areas. Along rivers and streams where BFE data is provided by FEMA or is available from another source, but neither floodway nor non-encroachment areas are identified for a Special Flood Hazard Area on the FIRM or in the FIS report, the following requirements shall apply to all development within such areas:
(B) Until a regulatory floodway or non-encroachment area is designated, no encroachments, including fill, new construction, substantial improvements, or other development, shall be permitted unless certification with supporting technical data by a registered professional engineer is provided, demonstrating that the cumulative effect of the proposed development, when combined with all other existing and anticipated development, will not increase the water surface elevation of the base flood more than one foot at any point within the community.
16.7.6 Floodways and non-encroachment areas. Areas designated as floodways or non-encroachment areas are located within the Special Flood Hazard Areas established in division 16.5.2. The floodways and non-encroachment areas are extremely hazardous areas due to the velocity of floodwaters that have erosion potential and carry debris and potential projectiles. The following provisions, in addition to standards outlined in divisions 16.7.1 and 16.7.2, shall apply to all development within such areas:
(1) It is demonstrated that the proposed encroachment would not result in any increase in the flood levels during the occurrence of the base flood discharge, based on hydrologic and hydraulic analyses performed in accordance with standard engineering practice and presented to the Floodplain Administrator prior to issuance of a floodplain development permit; or
(B) If division 16.7.6(A) is satisfied, all development shall comply with all applicable flood hazard reduction provisions of this article.
(1) The anchoring and the elevation standards of division 16.7.2(C); and
(2) The no encroachment standard of division 16.7.6(A).
(Ord. A.19.08, passed 11-7-2019)